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Honesty by typing

Massimo Bartoletti, Alceste Scalas, Emilio Tuosto, Roberto Zunino, Alexandra Silva
2017 Logical Methods in Computer Science  
Type inference is decidable, and it allows to safely approximate the honesty of processes using either synchronous or asynchronous communication.  ...  We propose a type system for a calculus of contracting processes. Processes can establish sessions by stipulating contracts, and then can interact either by keeping the promises made, or not.  ...  Reg. of Sardinia P.I.A. 2013 "NOMAD", by EU COST Action IC1201 "Behavioural Types for Reliable Large-Scale Software Systems" (BETTY), and by EU COST Action IC1405 "Reversible Computation -extending horizons  ... 
doi:10.2168/lmcs-12(4:7)2016 fatcat:gjyf6rk4vbb3fkobgau2ua6poa

Honesty by Typing [chapter]

Massimo Bartoletti, Alceste Scalas, Emilio Tuosto, Roberto Zunino
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We propose a type system for a calculus of contracting processes. Processes may stipulate contracts, and then either behave honestly, by keeping the promises made, or not.  ...  Type safety guarantees that a typeable process is honest -that is, the process abides by the contract it has stipulated in all possible contexts, even those containing dishonest adversaries.  ...  [π]u = α ∧ f (u) = T ∧ f π − − → f We extend to process types the notion of honesty of Def. 5.9. Definition 5.24 (Process type honesty).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38592-6_21 fatcat:zxmpd5bweje3pgpkm5qzr5eb7m

Peer Influences on Honesty in Managerial Reporting and Moral Reasoning

Hong Qu, Steven J. Huddart
2012 Social Science Research Network  
Pre-conventional types, who are self-interested, decrease their honesty most; only conventional types, who strive to conform, increase their honesty.  ...  Because the reaction to lesshonest peers is stronger and more pervasive, social influences erode honesty, on average.  ...  The decrease in honesty by the pre-conventional type is significantly greater than the decrease in honesty by the conventional type.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2133072 fatcat:oz4e2fpxvzgcho5afnq7zg27aq

Honesty as a Foundational Virtue According to Islamic Mystical Ethics: Introduction and Definition

Seyed Ahmad Fazeli
2018 Religious Inquiries  
Considering this, one can find different levels and types of the virtue of honesty in mysticism and assess the obstacles in its path.  ...  which it can be understood that many of virtues are not virtues without honesty.  ...  He first mentions a common genus between all types of honesty and then discusses the distinguishing differentia of each type.  ... 
doi:10.22034/ri.2018.63728 doaj:859eca1598ee43dbbaffda06a3477a6a fatcat:4utiki5645bf5lt22g5psgtrse

The role of honesty and benevolence in children's judgments of trustworthiness

Fen Xu, Angela D. Evans, Chunxia Li, Qinggong Li, Gail Heyman, & Kang Lee
2013 International Journal of Behavioral Development  
One hundred and eight 7-, 9-, and 11-year-olds were read four story types in which the character's honesty (honesty or dishonest) was crossed with their intentions (helping or harming).  ...  Further, the relation between dishonesty and trust judgments was mediated by children's judgments of benevolence.  ...  Children's honesty judgments We began by examining whether children's evaluations of honesty varied by the four story types.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0165025413479861 fatcat:ezb4gfvsh5hrdbacspanpkrkyq

The evolution of honesty

E Somanathan, Paul H Rubin
2004 Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  
It is shown that the sign of the payoff differential between honest and dishonest types depends on the ratio of benefits that an employee gets from shirking to the resulting loss of revenue to the firm  ...  A model of the cultural co-evolution of honesty and capital is analyzed.  ...  For example, ineffective contract and law enforcement by a weak or lawless government can raise the payoffs to dishonest types relative to those of honest types, thus lowering h * (k).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2002.10.005 fatcat:kenuyq7anfaljgmzv6vqeofddu

What Is Honesty? Laypersons Interpret High Lie Scale Scores as Reflecting Intentional Dishonesty

Gilad Feldman
2018 Social Psychology and Personality Science  
In a preregistered experiment, I examined the relationship between lie scales and honesty by directly assessing laypersons' perceptions of honesty reflected in lie scales.  ...  debate regarding lie scales and honesty.  ...  I will not reiterate this point, but I call scholars to differentiate between the types of honesty and to clearly identify which type of honesty they aim to capture and by what measure, noting the generalizability  ... 
doi:10.1177/1948550617737141 fatcat:7g7aqefeqnh6rn6bi6v3r7a5km

The Effects of Salesperson Compensation on Perceptions of Salesperson Honesty1

Robert D. Straughan, Michael Lynn
2002 Journal of Applied Social Psychology  
A reputation for honesty and trustworthiness is important to success in sales.  ...  In this article, we report 2 experiments examining the effects on perceived salesperson honesty of information about how the salesperson is compensated (commissions vs. straight salary).  ...  Perceived honesty. As before, an ANOVA was used to check for the compensation type main effect and a possible compensation by gender of salesperson interaction effect.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00239.x fatcat:gvh4f5ctxfhfbjlh5wvsfmwaim

Honesty and trust in economic relationships

Laszlo Zsolnai
2004 Management Research News  
Honesty and competence should be developed to improve trust in economic relationships. Ethics is not a luxury of advanced economies, it is an indispensable means to foster economic development.  ...  Perceived honesty and competence co-determine the trust structures economic agents have in their interactions with others. Trust structures influence the way agents engage in economic relationships.  ...  Acknowledgement The research was conducted when the author was participating in the "Honesty and Trust in the Light of Post-Socialist Transition" project lead by Janos Kornai (Harvard University and Collegium  ... 
doi:10.1108/01409170410784257 fatcat:5weapy7uvrad7l2mvhavc4cco4

Event - Related Potentials on the Application of Deception Detection in the Simulation of Concealing Cases

Ruiying Li
2017 American Journal of Applied Psychology  
Based on the waveform evoked by different issue types, left parietal lobe waveform could be used as judgement of honesty or deception, and the correlation between suspect and the case could be decided.  ...  This study used Event-related Potentials (ERPs) to examine the difference between three issue types (related, foil, and unrelated issues) and two reaction types (honesty and deception reaction).  ...  latency of foil issue, by 2 (reaction types: honesty, deception)×3 (hemisphere: left [FC3, C3, CP3, P3], centre [FCZ, CZ, CPZ, PZ], right [FC4, C4, CP4, P4]).  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.ajap.20170603.13 fatcat:6vh3rbs7unbwlmcmsr2iwt72yi

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HONESTY VALUE IN EARLY YEARS CHILDREN THROUGH SNAKE AND LADDER MEDIA

Endah Hendarwati, Wahono ., Aris Setiawan
2019 Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews  
The four indicators seen children begin to develop so honesty in children can be taught in schools by using the snake ladder media honesty.  ...  In accordance with Gagne's opinion, media is the various types of components in the student environment that can stimulate students to learn.  ...  After the information was collected and analyzed then the test was validated by using a triangulation technique type which means using different techniques to collect the same data.  ... 
doi:10.18510/hssr.2019.7372 fatcat:fljte66qifgmbfqa3i2xtb6vqy

Simple Reputation Systems

John R. Kennes, Aaron Schiff
2005 Social Science Research Network  
We show that a simple reputation system that rewards honesty can enhance welfare by allowing good sellers to truthfully signal their type.  ...  In this case, we show that an alternative simple reputation system that screens for type can be superior.  ...  The welfare of the reputation system for honesty is given by (13) and the welfare of the reputation system for type is given by (10) .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.799525 fatcat:k3ugdcwcrjberbpv7xihbfss3m

Simple Reputation Systems

John Kennes, Aaron Schiff
2007 The Scandinavian Journal of Economics  
We show that a simple reputation system that rewards honesty can enhance welfare by allowing good sellers to truthfully signal their type.  ...  In this case, we show that an alternative simple reputation system that screens for type can be superior.  ...  The welfare of the reputation system for honesty is given by (13) and the welfare of the reputation system for type is given by (10) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9442.2007.00481.x fatcat:q3zsoicxq5dhbb5ozaf54zq6ce

Developing Honest Java Programs with Diogenes [chapter]

Nicola Atzei, Massimo Bartoletti
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Then, they can refine this skeleton into proper Java code, and use the tool to verify that its honesty has not been compromised by the refinement.  ...  Modern distributed applications are typically obtained by integrating new code with legacy (and possibly untrusted) third-party services.  ...  This work has been partially supported by Aut. Reg. of Sardinia P.I.A. 2013 "NOMAD", and by EU COST Action IC1201 "Behavioural Types for Reliable Large-Scale Software Systems" (BETTY).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39570-8_4 fatcat:7wyw5kfpzvfehbr3bsd6jwofom

Gender differences in honesty: The role of social value orientation

Kerstin Grosch, Holger A. Rau
2017 Journal of Economic Psychology  
We detect a novel correlation between subjects' magnitude of concern they have for others (social value orientation) and their moral valuation of the norm honesty.  ...  Abstract This paper experimentally analyzes the determinants of the honesty norm in a lying game. The findings confirm common gender differences, i.e., men cheat significantly more than women.  ...  Hence, the effect induced by subjects' SVO type obviously partly explains the gender effect in honesty behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.joep.2017.07.008 fatcat:rnuzgr5rkvf6vaam74ngdp7il4
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