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The Neurobiology of Mammalian Navigation

Steven Poulter, Tom Hartley, Colin Lever
2018 Current Biology  
We discuss how 'replay' may act to consolidate spatial maps, and simulate trajectories to aid navigational planning. Finally, we discuss grid cell models of vector navigation.  ...  This review presents common elements found in mammalian spatial mapping systems, focusing on the cells in the hippocampal formation representing orientational and locational spatial information, and 'core  ...  We would like to acknowledge the contribution of our anonymous reviewers to improving our manuscript, and apologise to colleagues whose work we have been unable to cite due to space restrictions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.050 pmid:30205053 fatcat:pgeh2ue4azdkrojewwn5q3swyq

Spatial Learning and Localization in Rodents: A Computational Model of the Hippocampus and its Implications for Mobile Robots

Karthik Balakrishnan, Olivier Bousquet, Vasant Honavar
1999 Adaptive Behavior  
The hippocampal formation is believed to play a k ey role in spatial learning and navigation in animals.  ...  It also describes a hippocampal model of spatial learning and navigation and analyzes it using Kalman lter based tools for information fusion from multiple uncertain sources.  ...  The hippocampal formation is composed of the dentate gyrus Dg, and areas CA3 and CA1 of Ammon's horn, and for this reason, is often referred to as the trisynaptic circuit.  ... 
doi:10.1177/105971239900700203 fatcat:jgn4op32r5dctcvnxvtk7qsck4

A computational theory of hippocampal function, and empirical tests of the theory

Edmund T. Rolls, Raymond P. Kesner
2006 Progress in Neurobiology  
The main aim of the paper is to present an up-to-date computational theory of hippocampal function and the predictions it makes about the different subregions (dentate gyrus, CA3 and CA1), and to examine  ...  Based on the computational proposal that the dentate gyrus produces sparse representations by competitive learning and via the mossy fiber pathway forces new representations on the CA3 during learning  ...  The author has performed the experimental and theoretical work which is incorporated in some of the ideas presented here on the hippocampus with many colleagues, including Alessandro Treves, Simon Stringer  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2006.04.005 pmid:16781044 fatcat:hhjiojuzhzhsnbmjazrqyyag34

Spatial Processing in the Brain: The Activity of Hippocampal Place Cells

Phillip J. Best, Aaron M. White, Ali Minai
2001 Annual Review of Neuroscience  
This paper reviews the major dimensions of the empirical research on place-cell activity and the development of computational models to explain various characteristics of place fields.  ...  our understanding of the mechanisms by which the brain processes spatial information.  ...  Using a model of CA3 with detailed, multicompartment neurons, Wallenstein &  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.neuro.24.1.459 pmid:11283318 fatcat:63a4k6mhczfuxhyiy5fylfs7hy

Adult neurogenesis: integrating theories and separating functions

James B. Aimone, Wei Deng, Fred H. Gage
2010 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
principal hippocampal areas, the CA3 and CA1.  ...  The continuous incorporation of new neurons in the dentate gyrus of the adult hippocampus raises exciting questions about memory and learning, and has inspired new computational models to understand the  ...  McDonnell Foundation, the Lookout Fund, the Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, the NSF Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center, and the National Institutes of Health (MH-090258).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2010.04.003 pmid:20471301 pmcid:PMC2904863 fatcat:q4mmgl67gbcvzjlrxno6qqfu2a

Neural systems analysis of decision making during goal-directed navigation

Marsha R. Penner, Sheri J.Y. Mizumori
2012 Progress in Neurobiology  
Acknowledgements We thank Yong Sang Jo for helpful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript and for producing all of the figures, Trevor Bortins for producing the video linked to the article, Daniela  ...  Jeremy Clark and Andrea Stocco for insightful discussion regarding the striatum, and Dr. Van Redila for comments on an earlier version. We also thank anonymous reviewers for their comments.  ...  The innervation is also differentially distributed across the subiculum, CA1, CA3, and the dentate gyrus with CA1 and the subiculum receiving more innervation relative to CA3 and the dentate gyrus (Gasbarri  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2011.08.010 pmid:21964237 fatcat:oawthhf5yrgkvhmn3i2esng3ma

Neural mechanisms of navigation involving interactions of cortical and subcortical structures

James R. Hinman, Holger Dannenberg, Andrew S. Alexander, Michael E. Hasselmo
2018 Journal of Neurophysiology  
INVOLVED IN SPATIAL NAVIGATION Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: M.  ...  Animals must perform spatial navigation for a range of different behaviors, including selection of trajectories toward goal locations and foraging for food sources.  ...  The muscarinic depolarization of interneurons match with data from single unit recordings in the hippocampus and dentate gyrus showing increased inhibition of pyramidal neurons and dentate gyrus granule  ... 
doi:10.1152/jn.00498.2017 pmid:29442559 fatcat:ttrtu6yrdffb3etbqoeni7i43a

How Does the Brain Solve the Computational Problems of Spatial Navigation? [chapter]

John Widloski, Ila Fiete
2014 Space,Time and Memory in the Hippocampal Formation  
We review physiological and anatomical data as well as models of hippocampal map building and self-localization, to establish what is understood about the brain's navigational circuits from a computational  ...  Flexible navigation in the real world involves the ability to maintain an ongoing estimate of one's location in the environment, to use landmarks to help navigate, and to construct shortcuts and paths  ...  IF thanks Jeff Magee and Jim Knierim for useful discussions on the roles of CA1 and CA3 in navigation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-1292-2_14 fatcat:gnqdusc56rgppkgz343qwx7tg4

Spatial representations in the primate hippocampus, and their functions in memory and navigation

Edmund T. Rolls, Sylvia Wirth
2018 Progress in Neurobiology  
found during navigation in a virtual environment.  ...  We consider in a formal model the mechanisms by which these different spatial representations may be formed given the presence of the primate fovea, and how these mechanisms may contribute to the representations  ...  of the University of Lyon (grant number ANR-11-LABEX-OO42) (to SW).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2018.09.004 pmid:30219248 fatcat:e3i72mflb5ev7fysayoupxe7sy

A compressed sensing perspective of hippocampal function

Panagiotis C. Petrantonakis, Panayiota Poirazi
2014 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Here, we review evidence of the hypothesis that information flow and processing in the hippocampus complies with the principles of Compressed Sensing (CS).  ...  Input from the cortex passes through convergent axon pathways to the downstream hippocampal subregions and, after being appropriately processed, is fanned out back to the cortex.  ...  We would like to thank Panagiotis Tsakalides and Kyriaki Sidiropoulou for their valuable comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00141 pmid:25152718 pmcid:PMC4126371 fatcat:qwhlz6oa7jalzpwt2ztaev54ja

Neurobiologically inspired mobile robot navigation and planning

Nicolas Cuperlier
2007 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
This architecture is based on a model of the hippocampal and prefrontal interactions.  ...  After a short review of biologically inspired navigation architectures, mainly relying on modeling the hippocampal anatomy, or at least some of its functions, we present a navigation and planning model  ...  The perforating fibers from EC layer II convey the main information stream into HS. They arrive on the pyramidal cells of the dentate gyrus (DG) and of CA3.  ... 
doi:10.3389/neuro.12.003.2007 pmid:18958274 pmcid:PMC2533588 fatcat:hi4p3nxaffcapcwalhbb5bmaxa

Mnemonic contributions of hippocampal place cells [chapter]

Sherri J.Y. Mizumori, D.M. Smith, C.B. Puryear
2007 Neurobiology of Learning and Memory  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work has enjoyed, most recently, support from the NIMH (grants MH58755 and MH067399) and, in the past, support from the NSF, HFSP, the University of Washington, and the University  ...  of Utah.  ...  However, rather than interpreting the movement code in terms of its role in idiothetic-based navigation, it is suggested here that the presence of movement codes engages the spatial reference system, which  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012372540-0/50006-6 fatcat:tdk3ujfqnrh7ncru7nc2xf6mna

The Robot Vibrissal System: Understanding Mammalian Sensorimotor Co-ordination Through Biomimetics [chapter]

Tony J. Prescott, Ben Mitchinson, Nathan F. Lepora, Stuart P. Wilson, Sean R. Anderson, John Porrill, Paul Dean, Charles W. Fox, Martin J. Pearson, J. Charles Sullivan, Anthony G. Pipe
2015 Sensorimotor Integration in the Whisker System  
We consider the problem of sensorimotor co-ordination in mammals through the lens of vibrissal touch, and via the methodology of embodied computational neuroscienceÑusing biomimetic robots to synthesize  ...  and investigate models of mammalian brain architecture.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the European Union FP7 BIOTACT Project ÔBiomimetic Technology for Vibrissal Active TouchÕ (ICT-215910) and the Weizmann Institute of  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-2975-7_10 fatcat:v6332q6usjbfrip325kqmy7yfi

Navigation outside of the box: what the lab can learn from the field and what the field can learn from the lab

Lucia F Jacobs, Randolf Menzel
2014 Movement Ecology  
To reconcile this and other debates within the field of navigation, we return to the concept of the parallel map theory, derived from data on hippocampal function in laboratory rodents.  ...  Here the cognitive map is redefined as the integrated map, which is a construction of dual mechanisms, one based on directional cues (bearing map) and the other on positional cues (sketch map).  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to acknowledge the Ernst Strüngman Forum for arranging the discussions that led to the conception of the present review and, for discussion of these ideas, Ken Cheng, Sara  ... 
doi:10.1186/2051-3933-2-3 pmid:25520814 pmcid:PMC4267593 fatcat:vlpxbwi2efhafhs3hg4seolnjq

Biological Blueprints for Next Generation AI Systems [article]

Thomas Dean, Chaofei Fan, Francis E. Lewis, Megumi Sano
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We survey the relevant neuroscience necessary to appreciate these insights and then describe how we can translate our current understanding of the relevant neurobiology into algorithmic techniques and  ...  With recent advances in machine learning and artificial neural networks, many neuroscientists are partnering with AI researchers and machine learning experts to analyze data and construct models.  ...  The primary components include the entorhinal cortex or EHC, the dentate gyrus or DG and two hippocampal (out of four) nuclei referred to as CA3 and CA1.Figure 4provides additional anatomical detail regarding  ... 
arXiv:1912.00421v1 fatcat:4drdwdgdwnf57b6b4agnzftyhe
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