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Reconsidering the Role of Procedures for Decision Acceptance

Peter Esaiasson, Mikael Persson, Mikael Gilljam, Torun Lindholm
2016 British Journal of Political Science  
decisions.  ...  Findings from a large number of experiments (both vignette and field) reproduce the expected relationships from previous research and support the additional predictions.  ...  fail to generate higher procedural fairness assessments (while outcome favorability does) is interesting for our understanding of policy decision-making processes and does not undermine the reliability  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0007123416000508 fatcat:3d5ms5lbkjdwtpgy42e75pdeu4

Juvenile Delinquency between Probation and Criminal Careers [chapter]

Giacomo Di Gennaro
2020 Criminology and Post-mortem Studies - Analyzing Criminal Behaviour and Making Medical Decisions [Working Title]  
The results of the research highlight the risk assessment linked to the path of deviance according to the performance of the child recovery activities implemented by the host and penal communities.  ...  Here again an inevitable question: does it make sense to return the child to the family, to relationships, to that environment that directed him to the deviant experience knowing that these are high risk  ...  In such a context, the actors of the procedure will play a priority role and, essentialy, they will be rentirely recognized a function previously attributed to the law.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.94339 fatcat:cx6imwcsbncu7f32hdkpbu7pmi

The Perspectives of Democratic Decision Making in the Information Society

Olaf Winkel
2016 International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology (IJCSIT)  
In this study the viability of these positions is put under scrutiny from a current viewpoint.  ...  In order to structure the debate on the democratic potentials of digital information technology Hubertus Buchstein in 1996 created three ideal types, net optimism, net pessimism and net neutrality.  ...  This, however, of course does not mean that commercialization would pass by the democratic decision-making process without a trace.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijcsit.2016.8201 fatcat:y6lsq3ajlfh6jhveykupbllzga

The Cognitive Heuristics Behind Disclosure Decisions [chapter]

Vincent Marmion, Felicity Bishop, David E. Millard, Sarah V. Stevenage
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We consider that a reliance on cognitive heuristics is key to explaining these aspects of users' disclosure decisions.  ...  Instead the key to supporting users during disclosure decisions could be to positively nudge users through the cues underpinning these simple heuristics.  ...  The evidence in this study contributes to that observation, and further suggests that the often missing narrative could play a significant role.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-67217-5_35 fatcat:h42fpt3v5vb67jn4xgw4of5wfe

Toward a conceptual framework of instrumental antisocial decision-making and behavior in youth

Reid Griffith Fontaine
2007 Clinical Psychology Review  
This paper reviews and organizes relevant theory and research toward a conceptual framework of instrumental antisocial decision-making and behavior in youth.  ...  Though instrumental decision making is paid significant attention in research on adult criminality, there exists no framework by which youths' goal-driven behavioral decisions that are made in pursuit  ...  Clearly, the ways in which youths evaluate and anticipate outcomes play a potentially important role in instrumental antisocial decision-making and behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2007.01.012 pmid:17350739 fatcat:rhufw5fx7jgcrbtk72ig4swvgu

Psychology, Financial Decision Making, and Financial Crises

Tommy Gärling, Erich Kirchler, Alan Lewis, Fred van Raaij
2009 Psychological Science in the Public Interest  
As the market actors appear irrational, it is also understandable that people-lay people and experts alike-believe that psychological factors play a decisive role.  ...  Is there evidence for such a role, and what is the evidence?  ...  What role does anticipated affect play in stock investments?  ... 
doi:10.1177/1529100610378437 pmid:26168238 fatcat:vnay6qslijd4xfiloo5msuz62u

Policing "uncontrollable banshees": factors influencing arrest decision making

Suzanne Young
2015 Safer Communities  
Whilst gender may play a small role in police officers' decision making, it is important to note that police officers need to use situational logic, as described by Karl Popper (1963) , whereby all the  ...  (Smith et al., 1984) , little is known about the role of the offenders' gender in police decision making.  ... 
doi:10.1108/sc-05-2015-0017 fatcat:msmwxmohrff6bfa4dk6rgby6vm

Reporting on Decision-Making Algorithms and some Related Ethical Questions [article]

Benoît Otjacques
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we focus on how companies report on risks and ethical issues related to the increasing use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). We explain some of these risks and potential issues.  ...  Next, we identify some recent initiatives by various stakeholders to define a global ethical framework for AI.  ...  in which subjectivity may play a role.  ... 
arXiv:1911.05731v1 fatcat:qf5knbnal5ayvl323rfbl2yt4y

Honour among thieves? How morality and rationality influence the decision-making processes of convicted domestic burglars

Emmeline Taylor
2013 Criminology & Criminal Justice  
In addition, it was found that a sense of abstracted morality impacted on decision-making.  ...  The findings suggest that the role of neutralization techniques and morality should be (re)incorporated into the understanding of domestic burglars as rational offenders. 1  ...  was relatively low risk but high reward.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1748895813505232 fatcat:mje3ddim5vhhdmyjvm3u7m5ql4


Nadya Septi Nur Aini M
2019 Journal of Economics, Business & Accountancy  
The results of this study indicate that risk perception has a significant negative effect on investment decision making, risk tolerance and overconfidence have a significant positive effect on investment  ...  This study aims to examine the effect of risk perception, risk tolerance, overconfidence and loss aversion on investment decision making.  ...  Perception of risk plays an important role in human behavior, especially related to decision making in uncertain circumstances (Forlani & Mullins, 2000) .  ... 
doi:10.14414/jebav.v21i3.1663 fatcat:4zobamptxjdepdff746q3m57uy

Uncertainty, risk and the use of algorithms in policy decisions: a case study on criminal justice in the USA

Kathrin Hartmann, Georg Wenzelburger
2021 Policy sciences  
In this study, we show how the introduction of risk assessment tools in the criminal justice sector on the local level in the USA has deeply transformed the decision-making process.  ...  They help humans to profile unemployed, support administrations to detect tax fraud and give recidivism risk scores that judges or criminal justice managers take into account when they make bail decisions  ...  Again, research and quality of the evidence is alluded to-whereas blame does not seem to play a role.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11077-020-09414-y fatcat:pnfz5fmlvfalzjaguvu5ykguz4

Roles of information systems in socio-legal context

Xingan Li
2016 Webology  
The article analyzes the legal gaps accompanied by the proliferation of information systems, i.e., the lag of a legal notion, the legislative gap, and the jurisdictional gap.  ...  In this article, information is classified into five categories according to the value it has and by whom it is held: information with positive value, value-neutral information, valueless information,  ...  The introduction of negative information into information systems poses a series of risks that may lead to perilous and erroneous decisions, and cause impairment, suicide, and calamity.  ... 
doaj:fe42ef0f5bfe4729b25b7f9f2819471d fatcat:dcc4jjnxnnbv5bwspq4nb57hme

Reactions to Counterstereotypic Behavior: The Role of Backlash in Cultural Stereotype Maintenance

Laurie A. Rudman, Kimberly Fairchild
2004 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
A. Rudman, 1998) . The authors present a model of the role of backlash in cultural stereotype maintenance from the standpoint of both perceivers and actors.  ...  presumed role for backlash in stereotype maintenance.  ...  However, disconfirming stereotypes does not readily lead to personalization, because the social category can still maintain a grip on impressions.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.87.2.157 pmid:15301625 fatcat:jczyfkuypvhddfhgxiu3yrwqhq

Social status strategy in early adolescent girls: Testosterone and value-based decision making

Stephanie L. Cardoos, Ahna Ballonoff Suleiman, Megan Johnson, Wouter van den Bos, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Ronald E. Dahl
2017 Psychoneuroendocrinology  
Results provide evidence for the role of testosterone and pubertal maturation in girls' motivations to engage in costly decision making in order to gain social status.  ...  There has been strong interest, spanning several disciplines, in understanding adolescence as a developmental period of increased risk-taking behavior.  ...  This strategy is called risk neutral because the participant does not risk losing any money; the worst-case scenario is that the true value is $10.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.03.013 pmid:28407517 fatcat:ppgpq5bv2jdifkpzjabn4ppegy

Resolving Zeckhauser's paradox

Yudi Pawitan, Gabriel Isheden
2019 Theory and Decision  
In summary, the paradox provides a useful lesson about the normative role of the utility function as a rational guide for our decisions and preferences.  ...  You are forced to play a Russian Roulette with a 6-chamber revolver containing either (A) two bullets, or (B) four bullets.  ...  as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11238-019-09740-5 fatcat:7guaoopgp5ekrijtxasbylu4om
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