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Syllable frequency effects on phonological short-term memory tasks

LISA M. NIMMO, STEVEN ROODENRYS
2002 Applied Psycholinguistics  
accuracy on two phonological STM tasks, nonword repetition and serial recall.  ...  accuracy on two phonological STM tasks, nonword repetition and serial recall.  ...  As depicted in Table 1 , recall accuracy was similar across the serial recall and nonword repetition tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716402004071 fatcat:4vcpz3lqrrecjawuyg4psk5xae

A High-p/Low-p Procedure to Improve Recall Memory in Elderly Patients with Mild to Moderate Cognitive Impairment

Dawn Seefeldt, Daniel Houlihan, Jeffrey Buchanan
2016 Advances in Research  
The procedures involved the use of directives for recall compliance with a demonstrated high rate of compliance followed by embedded directives with a demonstrated low rate of recall.  ...  Recall-based interventions were more effective than recognition-based procedures.  ...  Each cycle of memory tasks included a series of a least three high-p memory tasks followed immediately by a low-p recall task.  ... 
doi:10.9734/air/2016/24580 fatcat:dikzycx2m5gnlppk2rdqtqcpla

Effects of Working Memory Capacity on Metacognitive Monitoring: A Study of Group Differences Using a Listening Span Test

Mie Komori
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
The results confirmed significant differences in monitoring accuracy between high and low capacity groups in a multi-task situation.  ...  Therefore, monitoring accuracy, which requires high working memory capacity, improves metacognitive abilities by inhibiting task-irrelevant noise and focusing attention on detecting task-relevant targets  ...  Therefore, I confirmed the difference in monitoring accuracy between high and low WMC groups on target recall during the LST.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00285 pmid:26973577 pmcid:PMC4771747 fatcat:7i4rvxeim5hxpactpvicymcn3a

Variation in working memory capacity, fluid intelligence, and episodic recall: A latent variable examination of differences in the dynamics of free recall

Nash Unsworth
2009 Memory & Cognition  
For each free recall task, recall accuracy, recall latency, and number of intrusion errors were determined, and latent factors were derived for each.  ...  It was found that recall accuracy was negatively related to both recall latency and number of intrusions, and recall latency and number of intrusions were positively related.  ...  Measures of recall accuracy, recall latency, and intrusions were extracted from three different free recall tasks.  ... 
doi:10.3758/mc.37.6.837 pmid:19679863 fatcat:bgdvl4l6qzbxxoshgrxlqnlfvq

Individual differences in working memory capacity and search efficiency

Ashley L. Miller, Nash Unsworth
2018 Memory & Cognition  
accuracy and recall latency for low-WMC and high-WMC individuals.  ...  Namely, the buildup of PI impaired recall accuracy and slowed recall latency for low-WMC individuals to a greater extent than what was observed for high-WMC individuals.  ...  accuracy and IRTs for low-WMC and high-WMC individuals.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-018-0827-3 pmid:29845592 fatcat:bvrgk3okejaztncae35dhsb2ui

Grapheme–color synesthesia can enhance immediate memory without disrupting the encoding of relational cues

Bradley S. Gibson, Gabriel A. Radvansky, Ann C. Johnson, M. Windy McNerney
2012 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
The influences of high and low word frequency on the encoding of ordered relations and the accuracy of immediate free recall were compared across a group of 10 synesthetes and 48 nonsynesthetes.  ...  Often, the encoding of specific features of individual words can disrupt the encoding of ordered relations between words, resulting in an overall decrease in recall accuracy.  ...  Two outcome measures were derived from the immediate free recall task: input-output correspondence and recall accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-012-0306-y pmid:22836925 fatcat:g4257vylwfafpn7dyevb6fltpe

Text mining for software engineering

Jane Huffman Hayes, Alex Dekhtyar, Senthil Sundaram
2005 Software engineering notes  
In this paper, we undertook a pilot study to examine the impact of analyst decisions on the final outcome of a task.  ...  They did not necessarily produce any "worse" final results than the analyst with a high recall trace set (note that the analyst who had the high recall trace set ended with recall that was 24.4% lower)  ...  We assume that precision is high if it is above 60%, and is low when it is under 33%. However, the recall is high when its value is above 70-75%, and is low when it is below 45%.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1082983.1083153 fatcat:63pomzxzgfbd3flhb62n6fwgjy

Text mining for software engineering

Jane Huffman Hayes, Alex Dekhtyar, Senthil Sundaram
2005 Proceedings of the 2005 international workshop on Mining software repositories - MSR '05  
In this paper, we undertook a pilot study to examine the impact of analyst decisions on the final outcome of a task.  ...  They did not necessarily produce any "worse" final results than the analyst with a high recall trace set (note that the analyst who had the high recall trace set ended with recall that was 24.4% lower)  ...  We assume that precision is high if it is above 60%, and is low when it is under 33%. However, the recall is high when its value is above 70-75%, and is low when it is below 45%.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1083142.1083153 dblp:conf/msr/HayesDS05 fatcat:g44b4zgbk5ebjaodvozstsiivq

Phonological similarity in working memory span tasks

Michael Chow, Brooke N. Macnamara, Andrew R. A. Conway
2016 Memory & Cognition  
between the memoranda and the secondary-task stimuli, and is robust to changes in the representation, ordering, and pool size of the secondary-task stimuli.  ...  In a series of four experiments, we explored what conditions are sufficient to produce a phonological similarity facilitation effect in working memory span tasks.  ...  Item recall accuracy performance was best in low-interference tasks; in high-interference tasks, recall was higher when rhyming memoranda were presented, relative to nonrhyming memoranda.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-016-0609-8 pmid:27048510 fatcat:sgkkiye4dzaudc5q55fhqk4cmy

Computer Mediated Social Comparative Feedback Does Not Affect Metacognitive Regulation of Memory Reports

Joanne Rechdan, James D. Sauer, Lorraine Hope, Melanie Sauerland, James Ost, Harald Merckelbach
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Participants then completed a subsequent recall task, for which they were told their performance would not be scored.  ...  In Experiment 1, 87 participants received negative, positive, or no feedback about a co-witness's performance on a task querying recall of a crime video.  ...  for a subsequent recall task.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01433 pmid:28890704 pmcid:PMC5575153 fatcat:q5vevjzhkjawzoid7ahhz65w64

What moderates the accuracy of ease of learning judgments?

Andreas Jemstedt, Veit Kubik, Fredrik U. Jönsson
2017 Metacognition and Learning  
In addition, Experiments 2 and 3 indicate other factors to be non-influential for EOL accuracy, such as the task used to measure the EOL judgments, and whether items were judged sequentially (i.e., one  ...  Furthermore, in Experiment 1 and 3, we showed that the relative accuracy was reliably higher when the EOL judgments were correlated with a binary criterion (i.e., if an item was recalled or not on a test  ...  High variability led to a high accuracy, and low variability led to a low accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11409-017-9172-3 fatcat:ldkaxh4ycra2jkerv54fz3ik2u

Learning to Calibrate: Providing Standards to Improve Calibration Accuracy for Different Performance Levels

Marloes L. Nederhand, Huib K. Tabbers, Remy M.J.P. Rikers
2019 Applied Cognitive Psychology  
Results showed that providing standards led to better calibration accuracy, both on current tasks and on new, similar tasks, when standards were not available yet.  ...  After reading each text, participants recalled the correct definitions of the key terms and estimated the quality of their recall.  ...  | Conclusion Our study is the one of the first to investigate the role of performance level when students receive standards to improve their calibration accuracy on textual recall tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1002/acp.3548 fatcat:4yy62g4cg5fathiaremcmvlrqa

Effects of Users' Familiarity With the Objects Depicted in Icons on the Cognitive Performance of Icon Identification

Zhangfan Shen, Chengqi Xue, Haiyan Wang
2018 i-Perception  
The results showed that, in both the visual search task and the semantic information recall task, participants performed significantly better when the icons were more familiar.  ...  Importantly, the effects of icon complexity in the visual search task diminished as participants became familiar with the icons, and the beneficial effects of familiarity in the semantic information recall  ...  When the icons were simple, the recall accuracy for both high-frequency icons and low-frequency icons was high.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2041669518780807 pmid:29977490 pmcid:PMC6024531 fatcat:fucvbhmh6zahffkl4xsicodlqm

Characterization of medical students recall of factual knowledge using learning objects and repeated testing in a novel e-learning system

Tiago Taveira-Gomes, Rui Prado-Costa, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
2015 BMC Medical Education  
The intervention employed a study task, and a quiz task that consisted in mentally answering open-ended questions about each flashcard and grading recall accuracy.  ...  Results: At s0 there were no differences in recall accuracy between groups. The experiment group achieved a significant increase in recall accuracy that was superior to the quiz group in s1 and s2.  ...  We found that the quiz task alone led to a modest increase on recall accuracy, and that the study-quiz task had high impact in recall accuracy.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12909-014-0275-0 pmid:25616353 pmcid:PMC4326410 fatcat:aah2rjbdqbbdtkjebfw2voyr2a

The curse of expertise: The effects of expertise and debiasing methods on prediction of novice performance

Pamela J. Hinds
1999 Journal of experimental psychology. Applied  
In Study 1, experts, intermediate users, and novices predicted the time it would take novices to complete a complex task. In Study 2, expertise was experimentally manipulated.  ...  Experts are often called on to predict the performance of novices, but cognitive heuristics may interfere with experts' ability to capitalize on their superior knowledge hi predicting novice task performance  ...  Hypothesis 2: Experts' predictions of novice task times will increase in accuracy when they are asked to recall their own experience.  ... 
doi:10.1037/1076-898x.5.2.205 fatcat:e7wbstmebfgvvcfq3mn7kw4hmm
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