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Depression and Sleep

Axel Steiger, Marcel Pawlowski
2019 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Most antidepressants suppress REM sleep both in healthy volunteers and depressed patients.  ...  Characteristic sleep-EEG changes in patients with depression include disinhibition of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, changes of sleep continuity, and impaired non-REM sleep.  ...  Heart Rate Variability Derived from REM Sleep in Depressed Patients The study by Adamczyk et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms20030607 fatcat:en4atb46hveijj3ii4m4kh4y54

Sleep state instabilities in major depressive disorder: Detection and quantification with electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling analysis

Albert C. Yang, Cheng-Hung Yang, Chen-Jee Hong, Shih-Jen Tsai, Chung-Hsun Kuo, Chung-Kang Peng, Joseph E. Mietus, Ary L. Goldberger, Robert J. Thomas
2011 Psychophysiology  
Sleep disruption is an important aspect of major depressive disorder but lacks an objective and inexpensive means of assessment.  ...  Relative to controls, unmedicated depressed patients had a reduction in high-frequency coupling, an index of stable sleep, an increase in low-frequency coupling, an index of unstable sleep, and an increase  ...  The authors wish to thank Shan-Ing Chen and Chen-Ru Wang for their excellent technical assistance. This work was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01060.x pmid:20624250 pmcid:PMC2958224 fatcat:iqfmzob6yjaj3bywlnwlh6hbf4

Using heart rate profiles during sleep as a biomarker of depression

Mysa Saad, Laura B. Ray, Brad Bujaki, Amir Parvaresh, Iryna Palamarchuk, Joseph De Koninck, Alan Douglass, Elliott K. Lee, Louis J. Soucy, Stuart Fogel, Charles M. Morin, Célyne Bastien (+2 others)
2019 BMC Psychiatry  
This study assessed the validity of an algorithm using patterns of heart rate changes during sleep to discriminate between individuals with depression and healthy controls.  ...  Abnormalities in heart rate during sleep linked to impaired neuro-cardiac modulation may provide new information about physiological sleep signatures of depression.  ...  Previous findings indeed suggest that heart rate patterns across wake and sleep differ between people with depression, anxiety disorders and healthy controls [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12888-019-2152-1 pmid:31174510 pmcid:PMC6554996 fatcat:ppmi35tfvjh23ctvggrtxmwnti

Heart rate variability during sleep and subsequent sleepiness in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

Fumiharu Togo, Benjamin H. Natelson
2013 Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical  
We determined whether alterations in heart rate dynamics during sleep in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) differed from controls and/or correlated with changes of sleepiness before and after  ...  The fractal scaling index α 1 during non-REM sleep was significantly (p < 0.05) lower than that during awake periods after sleep onset for healthy controls and patients in the a.m. less sleepy group, but  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by NIH #AI-54478 to BHN and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (22500690) to FT.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2013.02.015 pmid:23499514 pmcid:PMC4100066 fatcat:nzdqn55eljayhhczrxtbft54pm

Study of Heart Rate Variability in bipolar disorder: linear and nonlinear parameters during sleep

Matteo Migliorini
2012 Frontiers in Neuroengineering  
Heart rate variability (HRV) signal and movement analysis allowed also obtaining sleep staging and the estimation of REM sleep percentage over the total sleep time.  ...  Many different parameters, in the time and in the frequency domain, linear and non-linear were evaluated during the sleep in a group of normal subject and in one patient in four different conditions.  ...  Patients with depression have an increased baseline heart rate in comparison with non-depressed patients. Furthermore, depressed patients have a rising heart rate pattern during sleep.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneng.2011.00022 pmid:22291638 pmcid:PMC3254053 fatcat:blvgdygkgndppkmlje5zyd2rpy

Modulation of Sleep Quality and Autonomic Functioning by Symptoms of Depression in Women with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Jennifer J. T. Robert, William C. Orr, Sigrid Elsenbruch
2004 Digestive Diseases and Sciences  
to healthy controls and IBS patients without significant depressive symptoms.  ...  KEY WORDS: irritable bowel syndrome; sleep; depression; anxiety; autonomic activity; heart rate variability.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The work was supported by Grant HR02-103 from the Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology and the Lynn Institute for Healthcare Research, Oklahoma  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:ddas.0000037820.54069.6c pmid:15387354 fatcat:kbnqotk3ljexxcxzyie44l6y54

Sleep Abnormalities in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis: A Review

Melinda L. Jackson, Dorothy Bruck
2012 Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine (JCSM)  
There is preliminary evidence that alterations in sleep stage transitions and sleep instability, and other physiological mechanisms, such as heart rate variability and altered cortisol profi les, may be  ...  Polysomnographic and other objective measures of sleep have observed few differences in sleep parameters between CFS/ME patients and healthy controls, although some discrepancies do exist.  ...  Decker reported differences in delta power, with reduced delta power observed in SWS and increased delta power during stage 1 and REM sleep in 35 CFS/ME patients relative to 40 healthy controls. 52 Reductions  ... 
doi:10.5664/jcsm.2276 pmid:23243408 pmcid:PMC3501671 fatcat:nfxgvpoogncwtbpjtyhggjsmki

Heart Rate Variability (HRV)

Karishma Rajbhandari Panday, Dipesh Raj Panday
2018 Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology  
Electronic databases Google Scholar , IMSEAR (Index Medicus for South-East Asia Region), Scopemed and MEDLINE/ PubMed were extensively explored with key words "HRV" or "Heart Rate Variability" from earliest  ...  Heart rate is mainly determined by pacemaker current generated in the SA node. It, in turn, is regulated by autonomic nervous system.  ...  Thus, HRV has prognostic, diagnostic and therapeutic implications. et al. performed a meta-analysis of 18 studies in 673 patients with Major depressive disorder and 407 healthy control subjects.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2155-9880.1000583 fatcat:wellgwd5nrehjhfygq4yhlvubm

Sleep aspects on video-polysomnography in LRRK2 mutation carriers

Mickael Ehrminger, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Florence Cormier, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Marie Vidailhet, Eden Debellemaniere, Alexis Brice, Isabelle Arnulf
2015 Movement Disorders  
Methods: Ten patients with LRRK2-associated PD, 4 healthy LRRK2 mutation carriers, 20 patients with idiopathic PD and 12 healthy controls underwent clinical assessments, and a nighttime video-polysomnography  ...  Results: There were no sleep changes, no rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder or rapid eye movement sleep without atonia in the 14 subjects with LRRK2 mutations compared with controls, while 41%  ...  Acknowledgements: We thank Suzanne Lesage and Cécile Cazeneuve for the  ... 
doi:10.1002/mds.26412 pmid:26468079 fatcat:no5z5hl34jcezgvhjcn7qduole

Alteration of sleep microstructure in psychiatric disorders

Alain Muzet
2005 Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience  
Changes in the occurrence and frequency of phasic events during sleep may be associated with specific psychiatric disorders, and may provide valuable information for both diagnosis and prognosis of these  ...  Psychiatric patients often complain about their sleep, and they may show sleep abnormalities that increase with the severity of their illness.  ...  . 62, [65] [66] [67] In a recent study, 68 borderline personality disorder patients were compared with patients with major depression and matched healthy control subjects.All patients fulfilled the  ... 
pmid:16416707 pmcid:PMC3181747 fatcat:fcwydvlpfbgf3gre6nzszcfdce

The impact of chronic primary insomnia on the heart rate – EEG variability link

F. Jurysta, J.-P. Lanquart, V. Sputaels, M. Dumont, P.-F. Migeotte, S. Leistedt, P. Linkowski, P. van de Borne
2009 Clinical Neurophysiology  
Heart rate variability across first three NREM-REM cycles and sleep stages (NREM, REM and awake) were similar between both groups.  ...  Conclusions: Interaction between changes in cardiac autonomic activity and delta power is altered in chronic primary insomniac patients, even in the absence of modifications in heart rate variability and  ...  all other members of the sleep laboratory for their active participation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2009.03.019 pmid:19403330 fatcat:y7rxngznq5cvpa2ft72cydrze4

Sleep and mental disorders: A meta-analysis of polysomnographic research

Chiara Baglioni, Svetoslava Nanovska, Wolfram Regen, Kai Spiegelhalder, Bernd Feige, Christoph Nissen, Charles F. Reynolds, Dieter Riemann
2016 Psychological bulletin  
Sleep depth and REM pressure alterations were associated with affective, anxiety, autism and schizophrenia disorders. Comorbidity was associated with enhanced REM sleep pressure and more  ...  Sleep alterations were evidenced in all disorders, with the exception of ADHD and seasonal affective disorders. Sleep continuity problems were observed in most mental disorders.  ...  Moreover, the study was supported in part by a NIMH grant (P30 MH90333).  ... 
doi:10.1037/bul0000053 pmid:27416139 pmcid:PMC5110386 fatcat:tanggkphr5belh42dc4apgsvoa

The Effect of Psychosocial Stress on Sleep: A Review of Polysomnographic Evidence

Eui-Joong Kim, Joel E. Dimsdale
2007 Behavioural Sleep Medicine  
Data were limited in terms of response to non-experimental stressors, except for the case of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on sleep, where a number of reports suggest that PTSD patients have increased  ...  Experimental stress resulted in fairly consistent changes: decreases in slow wave sleep, REM sleep, and sleep efficiency (SE), as well as increases in awakenings.  ...  Dow et al. (1996) designed a study to compare PTSD patients with major depression to those with just major depressive patients and to healthy controls.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15402000701557383 pmid:17937582 pmcid:PMC4266573 fatcat:gbt4sn2pcvfpng4whvnnnucowu

Sleep and Depression

Lakshmi Ranganathan, Nagarajan Ramakrishnan
2016 Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine  
Depressed patients often report sleep problems, including difficulty in initiation and maintenance of quality sleep.There are both subjective and objective changes in sleep pattern during depressed states  ...  Sleep disturbance, hence, should be successfully managed in depression, in order to improve the quality of life in these patients.  ...  Patients with depression appear to show greater asymmetry in both REM and NREM stages compared with healthy adults and both more alpha and more beta activity overall 31 .  ... 
doi:10.5958/0974-0155.2016.00010.3 fatcat:usnnt7yeujb2vpq2ajcfdhxvli

Sleep and psychiatry

Vivien C Abad, Christian Guilleminault
2005 Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience  
Many psychiatric disorders are associated with sleep disturbances, and the relationship is often bidirectional.  ...  This paper reviews the prevalence of various psychiatric disorders, their clinical presentation, and their association with sleep disorders.  ...  panic attacks. 34 In a controlled trial comparing heart rate variability (HRV) in response to sodium lactate challenge in patients with PD (n=12 with daytime panic, n=12 with sleep-related panic) and  ... 
pmid:16416705 pmcid:PMC3181745 fatcat:kzo3jhi22rhzlmm4pqdw7ngnka
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