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Hand, head, and face: Negative constructions in sign languages

Ulrike Zeshan
2004 Linguistic Typology  
Nonmanual negation includes the use of head movements and facial expressions for negation and is of great importance in sign languages as well as particularly interesting from a typological point of view  ...  The results of the study lead to interesting generalisations about similarities and differences between negatives in signed and spoken languages.  ...  I am indebted to my many sign language informants in Pakistan, India, Turkey, and Lebanon for sharing their language with me.  ... 
doi:10.1515/lity.2004.003 fatcat:6ya64fb7fbdg5adrq4eq3pu7xm

Page 475 of Knowledge : A Monthly Record of Science Vol. 7, Issue 188 [page]

1885 Knowledge : A Monthly Record of Science  
Modern Greeks and Turks are said to throw back the head with a cluck of the tongue for negative, and the Turks to express yes by a movement like our shaking the head.  ...  Moreover, in case of refusal, the head is not rarely thrown backwards, or the mouth is closed, so that these movements might likewise come to serve as signs of negation. Mr.  ... 

Sentential negation in South African Sign Language: A case study

Courtney De Barros, Ian Siebörger
2016 Literator  
As with other sign languages, South African Sign Language (SASL) expresses negation using both manual and non-manual features.  ...  We describe the negative headshake as a featural affix which is base-generated in the head of NegP and triggers V-to-Neg raising.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank Asanda Katshwa, Mfundo Lebaka and Kirsty Maclons for their assistance with data collection and analysis in this study.  ... 
doi:10.4102/lit.v37i2.1285 fatcat:xfwxghcq2rahblccxplu3r2mma

A knowledge-based sign synthesis architecture

Stavroula-Evita Fotinea, Eleni Efthimiou, George Caridakis, Kostas Karpouzis
2007 Universal Access in the Information Society  
This paper presents the modules that comprise a knowledge-based sign synthesis architecture for Greek sign language (GSL).  ...  Such systems combine natural language (NL) knowledge, machine translation (MT) techniques and avatar technology in order to allow for dynamic generation of sign utterances.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors wish to acknowledge the assistance of all groups involved in the implementation of the work presented here, especially the GSL research group of ILSP and the IVMS lab.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-007-0094-8 fatcat:mx2qwr255jgb3asap74cjdwn5i

Aspects of Türk Isaret Dili (Turkish Sign Language)

Ulrike Zeshan
2003 Sign Language and Linguistics  
These include a movement derivation signalling completive aspect, three types of nonmanual negation — headshake, backward head tilt, and puffed cheeks — and their distribution, cliticization of the negator  ...  This article provides a first overview of some striking grammatical structures in Türk İş aret Dili (Turkish Sign Language, TID), the sign language used by the Deaf community in Turkey.  ...  Acknowledgments I am deeply grateful to my Deaf informants in Turkey, Ayşe, Burcu, Cihat, Engin, Hasan, Mustafa, Tuba, and many others, who so generously shared their knowledge of their language with me  ... 
doi:10.1075/sll.6.1.04zes fatcat:acy3oeclz5ge3mn5iewqf7bqme

Language against the odds: the learning of British Sign Language by a polyglot savant

GARY MORGAN, NEIL SMITH, IANTHI TSIMPLI, BENCIE WOLL
2002 Journal of Linguistics  
In this paper we report on our attempt to teach the polyglot savant Christopher (' C ' hereinafter) British Sign Language (BSL).  ...  We do not discuss this comparison in depth here (see Morgan et al. in preparation) but refer to some of the test scores as a guide to how normal a sign learner C is.  ...  . Negation There are three main markers of negation in BSL : facial-action, head movement and manual negation signs, or signs with negation incorporated in them.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022226701001220 fatcat:frbddotz2za7hepkj7vtsxnkqu

Page 2105 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 28, Issue 4 [page]

1994 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
der Negation.  ...  Arabic exception particle i//d clausal constructions; 9408111 Arabic negation structures’ distribution, nonverbal predicate heads ac- count; 9407911 Arabic subject/verb agreement, Lebanese/Moroccan/Standard  ... 

Negation, questions, and structure building in a homesign system

Amy Franklin, Anastasia Giannakidou, Susan Goldin-Meadow
2011 Cognition  
If what we see in homesign is a language creation process (Goldin-Meadow, 2003) , and if negation and question formation involve sentential modification, then our analysis implies that homesign has at  ...  referential expressions of location) and thus functions like a category in natural languages.  ...  An earlier version of this paper was presented at the LSA meeting in 2008 and we thank the audience at that meeting for their input, particularly Ronnie Wilbur, Ray Jackendoff, and Susan Fischer.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2010.08.017 pmid:23630971 pmcid:PMC3658158 fatcat:qqg5qa22efbcfdsfym7rvrh7gq

An asymmetry in backward control: subject vs. object control [chapter]

Artemis Alexiadou, Elena Anagnostopoulou
2019 Zenodo  
In this paper we discuss an asymmetry in the distribution of backward control in Greek.  ...  Greek has been argued to have subject backward control; however, as we will show, the language lacks backward object control.  ...  Acknowledgements We are indebted to the editors of this volume and an anonymous reviewer for very insightful comments that helped us restructure this paper. AL 554/10-1 is hereby acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3458063 fatcat:d7wscro7y5fyhie2zv65jchhfu

A Corpus-Based Typology of Negation Strategies in Turkish Sign Language

Bahtiyar MAKAROĞLU
2021 Dilbilim Araştırmaları Dergisi  
This paper investigates the distribution of negation strategies in Turkish Sign Language (TİD) in the light of frequency-based data from a naturalistic TİD Corpus.  ...  In addition, we argue that TİD can be classified as a hybrid negating sign language by proposing frequency-based typological distinction.  ...  , 2006 for Greek Sign Language).  ... 
doi:10.18492/dad.853176 fatcat:4pepysnqcbbr3dvzktq2lgd254

Developing an e-Learning Platform for the Greek Sign Language [chapter]

E. Efthimiou, G. Sapountzaki, K. Karpouzis, S-E. Fotinea
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The platform integrates avatar and animation technologies, exploiting electronic linguistic resources of the Greek Sign Language (GSL), in order to provide a Greek-to-GSL conversion tool that allows to  ...  construct, store and maintain educational material in GSL.  ...  Developing an e-Learning platform for the Greek Sign Language  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-27817-7_163 fatcat:bv66skbty5fwzisrtua523fyeu

Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language

Piotr Tomaszewski, Emmanuel Manalo
2015 PLoS ONE  
This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.  ...  The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language.  ...  Acknowledgments Grateful acknowledgment is due to the deaf signers who took part in the linguistic consultation.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143574 pmid:26619066 pmcid:PMC4664272 fatcat:dygyxnzymvh7xeizzbpqomsryi

The Genesis of Negative Concord: Syntax and Morphology of Negative Doubling

Akira Watanabe
2004 Linguistic Inquiry  
Japanese Japanese has expressions consisting of a wh-phrase and a particle mo that must be licensed by negation, as in (5) , where the double negation reading is impossible. (5) a.  ...  Independent strong empirical evidence for feature copying in the A-movement system has already been presented in Watanabe 2000.  ...  In both languages, double negation is impossible, sentential negation is expressed by a headlike negation marker only, and negative concord does not require phrasal movement.  ... 
doi:10.1162/0024389042350497 fatcat:okvxk7uuzbchhcxffoykf5nuli

Educational resources and implementation of a Greek sign language synthesis architecture

K. Karpouzis, G. Caridakis, S.-E. Fotinea, E. Efthimiou
2007 Computers & Education  
In this paper, we present how creation and dynamic synthesis of linguistic resources of Greek Sign Language (GSL) may serve to support development and provide content to an educational multitask platform  ...  To achieve this, a syntactic parser decodes the structural patterns of written Greek and matches them into equivalent patterns of GSL, which are then signed by a VC.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge the assistance of all colleagues involved in the design and implementation of the discussed platform, the representatives of the Greek Deaf Community who  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.06.004 fatcat:ihutf2avgbhypnhgkzpbobcq6m

Page 2778 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 29, Issue 5 [page]

1995 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
., Possible Worlds, Artificial Intelligence, and Narrative Theory reviewed; 9512143 semiotic interpretation, C. S.  ...  Peirce’s semiotic pragmatics, interpreta- tion theory; 9512211 sign diversity, prelinguistic-level interaction, Peircean semiotics frame- work; observations; infants aged 0:7-1:1/mothers; 9509891 sign-narrative  ... 
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