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Hardware is the new Software

Andrew Baumann
2017 Proceedings of the 16th Workshop on Hot Topics in Operating Systems - HotOS '17  
In this paper we highlight some of the challenges arising from recent security-focused extensions, and speculate about the longer-term implications.  ...  This calls for a rethink of how we approach the instruction set.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks are due to Chris Hawblitzel, Jay Lorch, Bryan Parno, Stefan Saroiu, and the anonymous reviewers, all of whom provided valuable feedback on drafts of this paper, and to the workshop  ... 
doi:10.1145/3102980.3103002 dblp:conf/hotos/Baumann17 fatcat:4ybnuy6olzbuvaj3prv64tty34

Development trends and distinctive features of online insurance

Gulnora Akramova, Bakhodir Sadritdinov
2022 Научные исследования и инновации в индустрии 4.0.  
Since the use of modern information technologies is necessary for the development of insurance services.  ...  To ensure the reliability and transparency of the financial and economic activities of insurance companies, as well as in pursuance of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated 03.04.2014  ...  out using some hardware or software solutions.  ... 
doi:10.47689/4.v1i1.3555 fatcat:m6i73egrrvesfirvk2nrte2vja

Background of borrowed words in the english language and their translation

A Avezimbetova, U Kaljanova
2022 Ренессанс в парадигме новаций образования и технологий в XXI веке  
This is less likely to be the case when the grammar of the proposed calque is quite different from that of the language proposed to be borrowing, or the calque contains less obvious imagery.  ...  Used as a verb, "to calque" means to borrow a word or phrase from another language while translating its components so as to create a new lexeme in the target language.  ...  You probably know hardware and software, but do you know liveware and wetware, formed on the same principles?  ... 
doi:10.47689/innovations-in-edu-vol-iss1-pp63-64 fatcat:cul5nxe2wfel5g2cj22d5kdpty

C for system level design

Guido Arnout
1999 Proceedings of the conference on Design, automation and test in Europe - DATE '99  
With the right hardware support a system team has the flexibility to make cost, performance, power trade-offs and decide later in the game how much of the system is software and how much is hardware.  ...  Another issue is legacy software and hardware. Legacy C software is well understood but legacy hardware is usually only available as RTL (Verilog or VHDL) at best.  ...  Another issue is legacy software and hardware. Legacy C software is well understood but legacy hardware is usually only available as RTL (Verilog or VHDL) at best.  ... 
doi:10.1145/307418.307528 fatcat:6xl5d5dnxbabhnoec35ruejfxy

Page 31 of Journal of Systems Management Vol. 34, Issue 11 [page]

1983 Journal of Systems Management  
Another major concern in the selection of hardware is its compatability with the existing equipment if it is not a new system or its future expansion potential if it is a new system.  ...  In 1985, the software cost is anticipated to be about 80 percent of the total system cost— the remaining goes to hardware.  ... 

Replacement strategy for aging avionics computers

J. Luke, J.W. Bittorie, W.J. Cannon, D.G. Haldeman
1999 IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine  
It is based on a real-time embedded software technology that executes legacy binary code on the latest generation COTS microprocessors.  ...  software code as is while providing a flexible framework for incremental upgrades and managed change.  ...  This is because a rehost activity must still address new machine dependencies and the immaturity of the associated software tools that are targeted for the new hardware.  ... 
doi:10.1109/62.750422 fatcat:s6olnb3gajbsnhkgaicpdi3l3e

Automating Hardware and Software Evolution Analysis

Brian Dougherty, Jules White, Chris Thompson, Douglas C. Schmidt
2009 2009 16th Annual IEEE International Conference and Workshop on the Engineering of Computer Based Systems  
Selecting the lowest cost set of software components that meet DRE system resource constraints, such as total memory and available CPU cycles, is an NP-Hard problem.  ...  Cost-effective software evolution is critical to many distributed real-time and embedded (DRE) systems.  ...  Motivating Example It is hard to upgrade the software and hardware in a DRE system to support new software features and adhere to resource constraints.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ecbs.2009.22 dblp:conf/ecbs/DoughertyWTS09 fatcat:773cf7wykjgtpfympygil3xriy

Cycle-Accurate Evaluation of Software-Hardware Co-Design of Decimal Computation in RISC-V Ecosystem [article]

Riaz-ul-haque Mian and Michihiro Shintani and Michiko Inoue
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The obtained performance result is compared with an estimation with dummy functions.  ...  In a software-hardware co-design solution, a part of solution requires dedicated hardware. In our evaluation framework, we develop new decimal oriented instructions supported by an accelerator.  ...  Once the accelerator design is completed, the new chip is generated with the new accelerator. B.  ... 
arXiv:2003.05315v1 fatcat:s3w2ipar45conasv7izoyyehzu

A framework for testing hardware-software security architectures

Jeffrey S. Dwoskin, Mahadevan Gomathisankaran, Yu-Yuan Chen, Ruby B. Lee
2010 Proceedings of the 26th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference on - ACSAC '10  
New security architectures are difficult to prototype and test at the design stage. Fine-grained monitoring of the interactions between hardware, the operating system and applications is required.  ...  We have designed and prototyped a testing framework, using virtualization, that can emulate the behavior of new hardware mechanisms in the virtual CPU and can perform a wide range of hardware and software  ...  SP allows a TSM (and no other software) to derive new keys from the Device Root Key using a new hardware instruction, DRK DeriveKey.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1920261.1920318 dblp:conf/acsac/DwoskinGCL10 fatcat:cdxvpmsw25crzhob7oukr6idsm

Automated software and hardware evolution analysis for distributed real-time and embedded systems

Brian Dougherty, Jules White, Douglas Schmidt
2011 Open Computer Science  
Determining the optimal set of software and hardware components to evolve that (1) incorporate cutting-edge technology and (2) satisfy DRE system resource constraints, such as memory, power, and CPU usage  ...  AbstractSoftware evolution is critical to extending the utility and life of distributed real-time and embedded (DRE) systems.  ...  Software evolution analysis [2] is the process of updating a system with new software and hardware so that new technology can be utilized as it becomes available.  ... 
doi:10.2478/s13537-011-0006-0 fatcat:oqt7xbhaonfzva3hndyzy6swjm

Enumerating Hardware-Software Splits with Program Rewriting [article]

Gus Smith, Zachary Tatlock, Luis Ceze
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A core problem in hardware-software codesign is in the sheer size of the design space. Without a set ISA to constrain the hardware-software interface, the design space explodes.  ...  We first propose EngineIR, a new language for representing machine learning hardware and software in a single program.  ...  The e-graph is expanded with a new loop-based program; the dotted line indicates that the new program is equivalent to the old.  ... 
arXiv:2003.00290v1 fatcat:weac7pqkzratjewcvh56bbk63q

HW/SW Implementation from Abstract Architecture Models

Ahmed Amine Jerraya
2007 2007 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition  
After finishing the hardware platform design, an operating system and/or middleware is chosen and tested on the hardware platform, and then the application software is ported to the operating system and  ...  A CPU is a hardware module that executes a software program.  ... 
doi:10.1109/date.2007.364507 fatcat:7s364lh4lndndkvyj67izcxrey

Form Follows Function -- Do algorithms and applications challenge or drag behind the hardware evolution? [article]

Tobias Weinzierl
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Their software development picks up hardware trends but it also influences the hardware development.  ...  Key statements characterise ideas how it might be possible to integrate both hardware and software creation closer to the best of both worlds---again even without classic co-design in mind where new pieces  ...  Acknowledgements Tobias appreciates the support received from the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 671698 (ExaHyPE).  ... 
arXiv:1607.02835v1 fatcat:dmn5reyiibh5xg7vm2w7uyhofy

Indirect Network Effects in New Product Growth

S. Stremersch, Gerard J. Tellis, Philip Hans Franses
2007 Social Science Research Network  
Indirect network effects are of prime interest to marketers because they affect the growth and takeoff of software availability for, and hardware sales of, a new product.  ...  To management practice, it downplays the importance of the availability of a large library of software for hardware technology to be successful.  ...  At the same time, a critical mass of consumers that adopt the new hardware may develop before a sizeable library of software is available, for several reasons.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.960780 fatcat:fcvbt6ldmjgu3ahg52trlcdcfu

Long term trends for embedded system design

A.A. Jerraya
2004 Euromicro Symposium on Digital System Design, 2004. DSD 2004.  
An embedded system is generally made of software (called embedded software) and a hardware platform.  ...  Mastering the design of these embedded systems is a challenge for both system and semiconductor houses that used to apply only software strategy or only hardware strategy.  ...  Acknowledgement This work is supported by French National project SystemC'Mantic and MEDEA+ project TOOLIP.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dsd.2004.1333254 dblp:conf/dsd/Jerraya04 fatcat:tgciozh7a5dwjpadeozemqtgua
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