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Hardware Sharing for Channel Interleavers in 5G NR Standard

Xiaokang Xiong, Yuhang Dai, Zhuhua Hu, Kejia Huo, Yong Bai, Hui Li, Dake Liu, Huaming Wu
<span title="2021-01-25">2021</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/sdme5pnua5auzcsjgqmqefb66m" style="color: black;">Security and Communication Networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
Firstly, the formulas for the processes of the control channel interleaving and data channel interleaving are derived with respect to 5G NR standard.  ...  In 5G NR (5th Generation New Radio) standards, LDPC (low-density parity-check) and polar channel codes are employed for data channels and control channels, respectively.  ...  We first derive the formulas for the interleaving schemes of data channel and control channel in 5G NR standard. en, we design the corresponding hardware structure for them.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/8872140">doi:10.1155/2021/8872140</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vemb2myytjfgbkfptpu4pgo5ca">fatcat:vemb2myytjfgbkfptpu4pgo5ca</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210202200800/https://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/scn/2021/8872140.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2d/e5/2de58219d7fb4046a120de44dbfce568e56eb43e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/8872140"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> hindawi.com </button> </a>

Design and Implementation of Shared Memory for Turbo and LDPC Code Interleaver

Kejia Huo, Zhuhua Hu, Dake Liu, Liu Liu
<span title="2022-02-27">2022</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6o4hgxplrbehxg4t53ub7zmfha" style="color: black;">Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
In 4G turbo and 5G LDPC, in order to realize a flexible, low-power, low-cost shared general-purpose block interleaving hardware module, it faces the challenges of interleaving structure integration, fewer  ...  For the block interleave module in the rate matching of the 4G downlink turbo code and the bit interleave module after the rate matching of the 5G NR downlink LDPC code, this paper first designs a memory  ...  Grant no. 620RC564), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 61963012 and 62161010), and Hainan University project funding KYQD (ZR)1974. e authors would like to thank the referees for  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5782199">doi:10.1155/2022/5782199</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/v723nttf5jdbpd7lsvklbs32re">fatcat:v723nttf5jdbpd7lsvklbs32re</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220424140437/https://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/wcmc/2022/5782199.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8f/7c/8f7c1deacb00923edaaea838d23348983f9de012.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5782199"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> hindawi.com </button> </a>

Probabilistic Shaping Using 5G New Radio Polar Codes

Onurcan Iscan, Ronald Bohnke, Wen Xu
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
The simulation results validate the performance improvements on the additive white Gaussian noise channels, which can be more than 1 dB for typical scenarios.  ...  The shaping encoder is realized by using a polar decoder so that no additional hardware is required.  ...  Recently, the first release of the fifth generation (5G) new radio (NR) standard has been completed by 3GPP, and polar codes were selected as the channel coding scheme for control data.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2898103">doi:10.1109/access.2019.2898103</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6aighk6fpjalvio5biklku75fu">fatcat:6aighk6fpjalvio5biklku75fu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210427091016/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/8600701/08636931.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/35/2035a42fc19bbf1fe27b96318b77badbed15aada.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2898103"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

5G New Radio Prototype Implementation Based on SDR

Lama Y. Hosni, Ahmed Y. Farid, Abdelrahman A. Elsaadany, Mahammad A. Safwat
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Scientific Research Publishing, Inc,"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/khrl4kyydbcexozs3w3ixjnpge" style="color: black;">Communications and Network</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper we build an open source SDR-based platform to realize the transceiver of the physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) of 5G NR according to Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standard  ...  The intermediate stage of segmentation, rate matching and interleaving are also carried out in order to realize a standard NR frame.  ...  for 5G NR.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4236/cn.2020.121001">doi:10.4236/cn.2020.121001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ck36lsuju5f5hmgfpu6siivske">fatcat:ck36lsuju5f5hmgfpu6siivske</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191208154056/https://www.scirp.org/pdf/cn_2019120615411338.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/53/ae/53aec33de447e4891764f138e86de2b1abea0aff.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4236/cn.2020.121001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Survey of Turbo, LDPC, and Polar Decoder ASIC Implementations

Shuai Shao, Peter Hailes, Tsang-Yi Wang, Jwo-Yuh Wu, Robert G. Maunder, Bashir M. Al-Hashimi, Lajos Hanzo
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b4kxurpz5vbn7gog6wq32vliii" style="color: black;">IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, the 3GPP standardization group has recently debated whether it should be replaced by Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) or polar codes in 5G New Radio (NR), ultimately reaching the decision to adopt  ...  The powerful turbo code was selected to provide channel coding for Mobile Broad Band (MBB) data in the 3G UMTS and 4G LTE cellular systems.  ...  Flexibility The summary of requirements for 5G NR channel decoder has been illustrated in Fig. 2 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/comst.2019.2893851">doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2893851</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rv2p4a4ol5c2dneveopxsxwqqq">fatcat:rv2p4a4ol5c2dneveopxsxwqqq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190427092134/https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/427712/1/Survey_of_Turbo_LDPC_and_Polar_Decoder_ASIC_Implementations.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/81/6e/816e3d68a1ab683743934b23632d7e4c5718d943.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/comst.2019.2893851"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Low-Latency QC-LDPC Encoder Design for 5G NR

Yunke Tian, Yong Bai, Dake Liu
<span title="2021-09-18">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
In order to meet the low latency and high throughput requirements of data transmission in 5th generation (5G) New Radio (NR), it is necessary to minimize the low power encoding hardware latency on transmitter  ...  The proposed encoder maps high parallelism encoding algorithms to a configurable circuit architecture, achieving flexibility and support for all 5G NR code length and code rate.  ...  In 5G NR, the channel coding scheme also adopts QC-LDPC codes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186266">doi:10.3390/s21186266</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34577470">pmid:34577470</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cg5egad6kzg3pflkugt7k22a3y">fatcat:cg5egad6kzg3pflkugt7k22a3y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210923041512/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-21-06266/article_deploy/sensors-21-06266-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9e/df/9edf2fdc9a2cd0015a5afd5dfd7a795636bd0f8e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186266"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Design of Polar Codes in 5G New Radio [article]

Valerio Bioglio, Carlo Condo, Ingmar Land
<span title="2020-01-06">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The result of these efforts is an elaborate framework that applies novel coding techniques to provide a solid channel code for NR requirements.  ...  In this tutorial, we provide a description of the encoding process of polar codes adopted by the 5G standard.  ...  POLAR CODE ENCODING IN 5G In this section we describe in detail the framework adopted for the encoding of polar codes in 5G standard.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04389v3">arXiv:1804.04389v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qb2vpams6zhqnjxcsk3zltcr4q">fatcat:qb2vpams6zhqnjxcsk3zltcr4q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200826104326/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1804.04389v3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ba/48/ba48f7e479553e46092d9564387a3612183bc685.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04389v3" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Debunking Seven Myths about 5G New Radio [article]

Xingqin Lin
<span title="2019-08-16">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
New radio (NR) is a new wireless access technology developed as part of the fifth-generation (5G) of mobile communications to support a wide range of services, devices, and deployments.  ...  This article is an attempt to summarize and overview the key features of NR by debunking seven of the more popular myths and revealing what NR really is.  ...  The third-generation partnership project (3GPP), a global standard-development organization for mobile communications, has developed a new air interfacenew radio (NR)for 5G networks [1] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.06152v1">arXiv:1908.06152v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4zb35v7kpjcpdlxxsn7th3htwi">fatcat:4zb35v7kpjcpdlxxsn7th3htwi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200829172918/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1908/1908.06152.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1f/04/1f04578b01c6799f05682af58b9f2f6b169ee568.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.06152v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Towards the Standardization of Non-orthogonal Multiple Access for Next Generation Wireless Networks [article]

Yan Chen, Alireza Bayesteh, Yiqun Wu, Bin Ren, Shaoli Kang, Shaohui Sun, Qi Xiong, Chen Qian, Bin Yu, Zhiguo Ding, Sen Wang, Shuangfeng Han, Xiaolin Hou (+3 others)
<span title="2018-02-12">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
in the transceiver hardware, as well as the modest traffic demands in both latency and connectivity.  ...  However, for the next generation radio systems, given its vision to connect everything and the much evolved hardware capability, NoMA has been identified as a promising technology to help achieve all the  ...  His research interests include pattern division multiple access, no-orthogonal multiple access and 5G wireless communications system.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.03880v1">arXiv:1802.03880v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lme7vdtjzjdwfgyanqonbpxleq">fatcat:lme7vdtjzjdwfgyanqonbpxleq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191026120858/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1802.03880v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5f/de/5fde6f2472b0635dba3fd52f75a0989a3edd5f8f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.03880v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

GPU-Based, LDPC Decoding for 5G and Beyond

Chance Tarver, Matthew Tonnemacher, Hao Chen, Jianzhong Zhang, Joseph R. Cavallaro
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/c7tomrhoyrgt3l7jfujdzaxddm" style="color: black;">IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
In 5G New Radio (NR), low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes are included as the error correction codes (ECC) for the data channel.  ...  For this new, flexible standard, traditional hardware-based solutions in FGPA and ASIC may struggle to support all cases and may be cost-prohibitive at scale.  ...  In 5G, LDPC is used for the downlink shared channel (DL-SCH), uplink shared channel (UL-SCH), and paging channel (PCH) transport channels, which mostly carry data.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ojcas.2020.3042448">doi:10.1109/ojcas.2020.3042448</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dxiaef7eijarrlwzwo2h5mb6ri">fatcat:dxiaef7eijarrlwzwo2h5mb6ri</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210130163800/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/8784029/9314963/09336349.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9336349&amp;isnumber=9314963&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bd/c8/bdc8827011a59cf5a2c98504ac20cbe60ae6dbd0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/ojcas.2020.3042448"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Road to 5G: Key Enabling Technologies

Sanae El Hassani, LTI Lab, ENSA El Jadida, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida 24000, Morocco, Abdelfatteh Haidinel, Hayat Jebbar
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Engineering and Technology Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x35svotye5crdo2d6qzxuyyq7m" style="color: black;">Journal of Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper is a literature review on 5G requirements, use cases and standardization picture.  ...  Abstract-The research on 5G systems is intensively conducted in order to deliver systems by 2020, driven by the exponentially increasing internet traffic, in addition to the emergence of new services  ...  In particular, 3GPP RAN Meeting held in Busan Korea in June 2016 approved the first standard for the mobile broadband 5G high-frequency (6-100 GHz) channel model, considering existing and new scenarios  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.12720/jcm.14.11.1034-1048">doi:10.12720/jcm.14.11.1034-1048</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gff7ailvxnbrhgkzjcsbusn7dq">fatcat:gff7ailvxnbrhgkzjcsbusn7dq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200208180315/http://www.jocm.us/uploadfile/2019/0930/20190930023333103.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ce/41/ce41ff3613aaf36094d90652391c6d88a78b9d96.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.12720/jcm.14.11.1034-1048"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Non-orthogonal Interleave-Grid Multiple Access Scheme for Industrial Internet-of-things in 5G Network

Su Hu, Bin Yu, Chen Qian, Yue Xiao, Qi Xiong, Chengjun Sun, Yuan Gao
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lxfdtuyn4nhhtevm3datmysrpa" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Nonorthogonal multiple access (NoMA) has been recognized as one of the enabling technologies for IIoT in 5G network.  ...  Index Terms-5G, Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), interleave, nonorthogonal multiple access (NoMA), user overloading.  ...  Low Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR) Consideration During the standardization discussion of 5G, it has already agreed that orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is mostly used for the uplink  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2018.2858142">doi:10.1109/tii.2018.2858142</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nq25vbysonbdhh223h6u62obwu">fatcat:nq25vbysonbdhh223h6u62obwu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428231447/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/9424/8558633/08416715.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/84/a5/84a559cdc62cfdcb00d93958feff1978b444ff89.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tii.2018.2858142"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A Comparison of 5G Channel Coding Techniques

Darija Čarapić, Mirjana Maksimović
<span title="2020-10-10">2020</span> <i title="National and University Library of the Republic of Srpska"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xmkkcslktbb6no4qvmc5nsyly4" style="color: black;">IJEEC - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND COMPUTING</a> </i> &nbsp;
Simulations results have confirmed that there is no single channel coding scheme able to meet all 5G requirements as well as the superiorities of LDPC codes in case of long messages and Polar codes for  ...  This paper focuses on two 5G channel coding techniques, Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) and Polar codes.  ...  Polar codes in 5G NR are replacements for Convolutional Codes in LTE.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7251/ijeec2002071m">doi:10.7251/ijeec2002071m</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pnhu6pydsjh7bmrnkk6smf3cta">fatcat:pnhu6pydsjh7bmrnkk6smf3cta</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211015203719/https://doisrpska.nub.rs/index.php/IJEEC/article/download/7699/7483" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/01/fb/01fb2d66e31bde55d0e67e1e68885ccad91e9f19.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7251/ijeec2002071m"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Towards 6G wireless communication networks: vision, enabling technologies, and new paradigm shifts

Xiaohu You, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Jie Huang, Xiqi Gao, Zaichen Zhang, Mao Wang, Yongming Huang, Chuan Zhang, Yanxiang Jiang, Jiaheng Wang, Min Zhu, Bin Sheng (+38 others)
<span title="2020-11-24">2020</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ikvx2lmj7rew7jpw4lygqgjpby" style="color: black;">Science China Information Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractThe fifth generation (5G) wireless communication networks are being deployed worldwide from 2020 and more capabilities are in the process of being standardized, such as mass connectivity, ultra-reliability  ...  However, 5G will not meet all requirements of the future in 2030 and beyond, and sixth generation (6G) wireless communication networks are expected to provide global coverage, enhanced spectral/energy/  ...  Open access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-020-2955-6">doi:10.1007/s11432-020-2955-6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bf4wxtlfsbg7noe5nshf3pz3qq">fatcat:bf4wxtlfsbg7noe5nshf3pz3qq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428104814/https://www.sciengine.com/doi/pdf/A3385945DFCE4FDC866F79A8DBC4C284" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/60/4a/604ae340b036b48e066f4f29d4b3aa3e9987484f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11432-020-2955-6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

An Overview of Low latency for Wireless Communications: an Evolutionary Perspective [article]

Xin Fan, Yan Huo
<span title="2021-07-07">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We also discussed the challenges and future research directions for low latency in network architecture and physical layer.  ...  Moreover, we review the evolution of key enabling technologies in the physical layer from 2G to 5G, which is also aimed at reducing latency.  ...  In 5G NR, resources are scheduled in units of OFDM symbols instead of sub-frames.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.03484v1">arXiv:2107.03484v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cm7u65kvbvahbgz2enszqoh7f4">fatcat:cm7u65kvbvahbgz2enszqoh7f4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210713190334/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2107.03484v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/29/99/29995068ad72bb20f2af2392aae43e745db8cb60.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.03484v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>
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