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Raman sideband cooling of ^25Mg^+ -^27Al^+ ions pair and observation of quantum logic spectra [article]

Hong-Li Liu, Ze-Tian Xu, Zhi-Yu Ma, Wen-Zhe Wei, Peng Hao, Wen-Hao Yuan, Huang Che, Fei-Hu Cheng, Zhi-Yuan Wang, Ke Deng, Ze-Huang Lu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We perform quantum logic spectroscopy (QLS) on ^27Al^+ ion ^1S_0 - ^3P_1 transition, which is an important step toward the QLS based ^27Al^+ ion optical clock. As a precondition of QLS, both the stretch (STR) mode and the common (COM) mode of the ^27Al^+ and ^25Mg^+ ions pair are cooled to the vibrational ground state by Raman sideband cooling. The mean phonon number is measured to be 0.10(1) for the STR mode and 0.01(1) for the COM mode, respectively. The heating rate is evaluated to be 13(3)
more » ... honons/s for the STR mode and 5.5(1) phonons/s for the COM mode.
arXiv:1902.09716v1 fatcat:ywk6yeumvfb35etzvff7fbyzea

Scattering-coded elastic meta-boundary [article]

Tianxi Jiang, Xinxin Liao, Hao Huang, Zhi-Ke Peng, Qingbo He
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Object localization through active elastic waves is a crucial technology, but generally requires a transducer array with complex hardware. Although computational sensing has been demonstrated to be able to overcome the short-comings of transducer array by merging artificially designed structures into sensing process, coding spatial elastic waves for active object identification is still a knowledge gap. Here we propose a scattering-coded elastic meta-boundary composed of randomly distributed
more » ... tterers for computational identification of objects with a single transducer. The multiple scattering effect of the meta-boundary introduces complexity into scattered fields to achieve a highly uncorrelated scattering coding of elastic waves, thereby eliminating the ambiguity of the object location information. We demonstrate that the locations of objects can be uniquely identified by using the scattering coding of our designed meta-boundary, delivering a design of meta-boundary touchscreen for human-machine interaction. The proposed scattering-coded meta-boundary opens up avenues for artificially designed boundaries with the capability of information coding and identification, and may provide important applications in wave sensing, such as structural monitoring, underwater detection, indoor localization, and biomedical imaging.
arXiv:2110.00136v1 fatcat:a7y52iufizdenhu2rwrtaojv64

Adaptive Compact Attention For Few-shot Video-to-video Translation [article]

Risheng Huang, Li Shen, Xuan Wang, Cheng Lin, Hao-Zhi Huang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This paper proposes an adaptive compact attention model for few-shot video-to-video translation. Existing works in this domain only use features from pixel-wise attention without considering the correlations among multiple reference images, which leads to heavy computation but limited performance. Therefore, we introduce a novel adaptive compact attention mechanism to efficiently extract contextual features jointly from multiple reference images, of which encoded view-dependent and
more » ... ent information can significantly benefit the synthesis of realistic videos. Our core idea is to extract compact basis sets from all the reference images as higher-level representations. To further improve the reliability, in the inference phase, we also propose a novel method based on the Delaunay Triangulation algorithm to automatically select the resourceful references according to the input label. We extensively evaluate our method on a large-scale talking-head video dataset and a human dancing dataset; the experimental results show the superior performance of our method for producing photorealistic and temporally consistent videos, and considerable improvements over the state-of-the-art method.
arXiv:2011.14695v1 fatcat:dk4odl5zqneqvow6o3pbtkqmcq

Neuroprotective Effect of Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi) on Ma Huang- (Herb Ephedra-) Induced Toxicity in Rats Treated with a Ma Huang-Gui Zhi Herb Pair

Fang-hao Zheng, Ping Wei, Hui-ling Huo, Xue-feng Xing, Fei-long Chen, Xiao-mei Tan, Jia-bo Luo
2015 Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine  
Gui Zhi decreased hyperactivity and sensitization produced by repeated Ma Huang administration and attenuated oxidative stress induced by Ma Huang.  ...  All Ma Huang and Ma Huang-Gui Zhi herb pair extracts were prepared using methods of traditional Chinese medicine and were normalized based on the ephedrine content.  ...  Sample Composition Ephedrine (mg/mL) Ephedra (g/mL) E Ma Huang 4.8 1.50 W1 3 : 1 (Ma Huang-Gui Zhi) 4.8 1.58 W2 3 : 2 (Ma Huang-Gui Zhi) 4.8 1.85 W3 3 : 4 (Ma Huang-Gui Zhi) 4.8  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/913461 pmid:25691910 pmcid:PMC4321680 fatcat:q7c7c6erg5autecjfs33rsrgku

CPOT: Channel Pruning via Optimal Transport [article]

Yucong Shen, Li Shen, Hao-Zhi Huang, Xuan Wang, Wei Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Recent advances in deep neural networks (DNNs) lead to tremendously growing network parameters, making the deployments of DNNs on platforms with limited resources extremely difficult. Therefore, various pruning methods have been developed to compress the deep network architectures and accelerate the inference process. Most of the existing channel pruning methods discard the less important filters according to well-designed filter ranking criteria. However, due to the limited interpretability of
more » ... deep learning models, designing an appropriate ranking criterion to distinguish redundant filters is difficult. To address such a challenging issue, we propose a new technique of Channel Pruning via Optimal Transport, dubbed CPOT. Specifically, we locate the Wasserstein barycenter for channels of each layer in the deep models, which is the mean of a set of probability distributions under the optimal transport metric. Then, we prune the redundant information located by Wasserstein barycenters. At last, we empirically demonstrate that, for classification tasks, CPOT outperforms the state-of-the-art methods on pruning ResNet-20, ResNet-32, ResNet-56, and ResNet-110. Furthermore, we show that the proposed CPOT technique is good at compressing the StarGAN models by pruning in the more difficult case of image-to-image translation tasks.
arXiv:2005.10451v1 fatcat:uejjcqkv5vae5bpyn3uw3s7ape

Herbal medicine Yin Zhi Huang induces CYP3A4-mediated sulfoxidation and CYP2C19-dependent hydroxylation of omeprazole

Lan FAN, Guo WANG, Lian-sheng WANG, Yao CHEN, Wei ZHANG, Yuan-fei HUANG, Rui-xue HUANG, Dong-li HU, Dan WANG, Hong-hao ZHOU
2007 Acta Pharmacologica Sinica  
Aim: To explore the potential interactions between Yin Zhi Huang (YZH) and omeprazole, a substrate of CYP3A4 and CYP2C19.  ...  Introduction Yin Zhi Huang (YZH), a decoction of Yin Chin (Artemisia capillaris) and 3 other herbs, is widely used in Asia to prevent and treat jaundice [1] [2] [3] .  ...  Recently, Huang et al demonstrated that YZH activated the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3), a key regulator of bilirubin clearance in the liver [4] [5] [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1745-7254.2007.00617.x pmid:17883958 fatcat:7trn2vnsxncutibhxa64gpu4my

Artesunate inhibits osteoclastogenesis through the miR-503/RANK axis

Ming-Zhi Huang, Yong Zhuang, Xu Ning, Hao Zhang, Zhi-Min Shen, Xian-Wen Shang
2020 Bioscience Reports  
In addition, Zhi et al. reported that l-tetrahydropalmatine suppressed osteoclastogenesis in vivo and in vitro via blocking RANK-TRAF6 interactions and inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK pathways [39] .  ... 
doi:10.1042/bsr20194387 pmid:32542308 pmcid:PMC7374274 fatcat:pvbsacpd3bbytjz775jwjbo5pq

Specification Analysis of Structural Credit Risk Models

Jing-Zhi Huang, Hao Zhou
2008 Social Science Research Network  
The double exponential jump-diffusion barrier model (Huang and Huang, 2003) improves significantly over the three models.  ...  The double exponential jump-diffusion barrier model (Huang and Huang, 2003) improves significantly over the three models.  ...  and Huang, 2003; Huang, 2005; Zhang, Zhou, and Zhu, 2006) .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1105640 fatcat:sxtl7y7ornfkjjnlc2ykgly3lq

Thermally assisted-writing giant magnetoresistance with perpendicular magnetization

Chih-Huang Lai, Zhi-Hao Wu, Chao-Cheng Lin, P. H. Huang
2005 Journal of Applied Physics  
Giant magnetoresistance ͑GMR͒ samples composed of TbCo/ Co/ Cu/ Co/ TbFeCo layers were fabricated with a GMR ratio of 4% and magnetization perpendicular to the film planes. A large coercivity ͑12 kOe͒ of the free layer ͑TbCo/ Co͒ guarantees the thermal stability at room temperature. A lower Curie temperature of the free layer than that of the pinned layer ͑Co/ TbFeCo͒ enables us to switch the magnetization of the free layer by thermally assisted writing while that of the pinned layer keeps
more » ... nged at the temperatures between Curie temperatures of two layers. When the sample was heated up to 180°C, the required switching field was only 10 Oe.
doi:10.1063/1.1851954 fatcat:74c723my5behznvobsdjolx2rq

Thermal Effect and Mechanism Analysis of Flame-Retardant Modified Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium-Ion Battery

Zhi-Hao Wu, An-Chi Huang, Yan Tang, Ya-Ping Yang, Ye-Cheng Liu, Zhi-Ping Li, Hai-Lin Zhou, Chung-Fu Huang, Zhi-Xiang Xing, Chi-Min Shu, Jun-Cheng Jiang
2021 Polymers  
In recent years, the prosperous electric vehicle industry has contributed to the rapid development of lithium-ion batteries. However, the increase in the energy density of lithium-ion batteries has also created more pressing safety concerns. The emergence of a new flame-retardant material with the additive ethoxy (pentafluoro) cyclotriphosphazene can ameliorate the performance of lithium-ion batteries while ensuring their safety. The present study proposes a new polymer composite
more » ... electrolyte and adopts differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and accelerating rate calorimetry to investigate its thermal effect. The study found that the heating rate is positively correlated with the onset temperature, peak temperature, and endset temperature of the endothermic peak. The flame-retardant modified polymer electrolyte for new lithium-ion batteries has better thermal stability than traditional lithium-ion battery electrolytes. Three non-isothermal methods (Kissinger; Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose; and Flynn–Wall–Ozawa) were also used to calculate the kinetic parameters based on the DSC experimental data. The apparent activation energy results of the three non-isothermal methods were averaged as 54.16 kJ/mol. The research results can provide valuable references for the selection and preparation of flame-retardant additives in lithium-ion batteries.
doi:10.3390/polym13111675 pmid:34064015 fatcat:pfzdjawzmfc23disqbkdqtgx54

RPATTACK: Refined Patch Attack on General Object Detectors [article]

Hao Huang, Yongtao Wang, Zhaoyu Chen, Zhi Tang, Wenqiang Zhang, Kai-Kuang Ma
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Nowadays, general object detectors like YOLO and Faster R-CNN as well as their variants are widely exploited in many applications. Many works have revealed that these detectors are extremely vulnerable to adversarial patch attacks. The perturbed regions generated by previous patch-based attack works on object detectors are very large which are not necessary for attacking and perceptible for human eyes. To generate much less but more efficient perturbation, we propose a novel patch-based method
more » ... or attacking general object detectors. Firstly, we propose a patch selection and refining scheme to find the pixels which have the greatest importance for attack and remove the inconsequential perturbations gradually. Then, for a stable ensemble attack, we balance the gradients of detectors to avoid over-optimizing one of them during the training phase. Our RPAttack can achieve an amazing missed detection rate of 100% for both Yolo v4 and Faster R-CNN while only modifies 0.32% pixels on VOC 2007 test set. Our code is available at
arXiv:2103.12469v1 fatcat:tyr5d6zvk5c77fp4pfjpobdgvu

Evidence for an effect of clozapine on the regulation of fat-cell derived factors

Zhi Yang, Ji-Ye Yin, Zhi-Cheng Gong, Qiong Huang, Hao Chen, Wei Zhang, Hong-Hao Zhou, Zhao-Qian Liu
2009 Clinica Chimica Acta  
Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of clozapine on adipocyte differentiation and its regulation for fat-cell derived factors. Materials and methods: 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were induced into differentiated adipocytes by the addition of 5 µg/ml of insulin, 1 μmol/l dexamethasone, 10 mmol/l IBMX, 1% DMSO, and 10% FBS in DMEM medium. The semi-quantitative RT-PCR was performed to determine the mRNA levels of PPARγ, C/EBPα, ADD1/SREBP 1C , LPL, and DGAT1. The expression
more » ... evels of LPL and DGAT1 proteins in the adipocytes treated with clozapine or rosiglitazone were determined by Western blot analysis. The triglyceride concentration was determined by use of GPO-POD assay Kit. Results: Clozapine enhanced the expression level of ADD1/SREBP 1C mRNA and triglyceride concentration in the differentiated adipocytes. Clozapine significantly suppressed the expression levels of LPL mRNA and LPL protein with a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner, respectively. Conclusion: These data suggest that clozapine might play an important role in inducing adipocyte differentiation and the regulation of fat-cell derived factors. Crown
doi:10.1016/j.cca.2009.07.021 pmid:19682446 fatcat:sp7mi463wrehnnxqas3q3fjqyi

Orbital myiasis

Yan-Ling Huang, Lu Liu, Hao Liang, Jian He, Jun Chen, Qiao-Wen Liang, Zhi-Yuan Jiang, Jian-Feng He, Min-Li Huang, Yi Du
2020 Medicine  
Huang et al. Medicine (2020) 99:4 Figure 2 . 2 (A and B) An orbital computed tomography scan showed that right eyeball protrusion and periocular soft tissue edema.  ...  3 (11) Exenteration 11 (39) Turpentine 9 (32) Ivermectin 8 (29) Antibiotics 20 (71) Tetanus toxoid 4 (14) Outcome (n = 26) Perception of light 2 (7) Healed well 21 (75) Died 5 (18) Huang  ... 
doi:10.1097/md.0000000000018879 pmid:31977893 pmcid:PMC7004749 fatcat:cfgftraz3vbpfl66gfclscjw2e

Improvement of light quality by ZrO_2 film of chip on glass structure white LED

Huang-Yu Lin, Zhi-Ting Ye, Chien-Chung Lin, Kuo-Ju Chen, Hsien-Hao Tu, Huang-Ming Chen, Cheng-Huan Chen, Hao-Chung Kuo
2015 Optics Express  
A novel combination of blue LED chips, transparent glass substrates and phosphors with PDMS thin film is demonstrated. The flipchip bonding technology is applied to facilitate this design. The ZrO 2 nanoparticles are also doped into the PDMS film to increase light scattering. The resultant luminous efficiency shows an 11% enhancement when compared to the regular COG device. The variation of correlated color temperature of such devices is also reduced to 132K. In addition to these changes, the
more » ... rface temperature is reduced from 121°C to 104°C due to good thermal dissipation brought by ZrO 2 nanoparticles.
doi:10.1364/oe.24.00a341 pmid:26832586 fatcat:echxdfpwfveu7d2f7rqwbnrhvm

Developing an international consensus guidance for myasthenia gravis using RAND/UCLA appropriateness method

Wei-Bin Liu, Hao Ran, Chuang-Yi Ou, Li Qiu, Zhi-Dong Huang, Zhong-Qiang Lin, Yin-Kai Li, Xiao-Xi Liu, Hao Huang, Wei Fang
2017 Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation  
Fang W. Developing an international consensus guidance for myasthenia gravis using RAND/UCLA appropriateness method. Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:54-60. Aim: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare and heterogeneous disease for which there is no generally accepted standard of care. Thus, it is critical that MG experts develop consensus guidelines based on their practice and disease management to assist clinicians and provide advice for insurance companies, health organizations and
more » ... l review boards. Methods: An international treatment guidance was developed based on national guidelines established in the US, and Europe. The RAND/UCLA appropriateness method (RAM) was applied to reach consensus among 15 worldly renowned experts and experienced clinicians. Results: This paper introduced the RAM procedure with its principles and applications and conducted a brief review of the resulting 2016 international consensus guidance for MG in comparison to clinical experience and management of Chinese MG patients. Conclusion: The 2016 international consensus guidance is a major contribution to the treatment and management of MG, providing an up-to-date expert consensus to assist clinicians around the world, especially those with limited experience and/or practice in countries/regions that have limited resources to develop local treatment guidelines. It is also an important contribution showing how RAM can help to develop consensus guidance for treatment of rare diseases based on scientific findings and expert experience. ABSTRACT Article history:
doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.47 fatcat:lpwqhvbttfe7fjdwtub33lawlu
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