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How Can AI Recognize Pain and Express Empathy [article]

Siqi Cao, Di Fu, Xu Yang, Pablo Barros, Stefan Wermter, Xun Liu, Haiyan Wu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The current drive for automated pain recognition is motivated by a growing number of healthcare requirements and demands for social interaction make it increasingly essential.  ...  Over the past decades, behavioral science and neuroscience have uncovered mechanisms that explain the manifestations of pain.  ...  However, some outstanding challenges include noise estimation in unimodal sources, multiple feature extraction, comparison of fusion methods, and establishing balanced and compatible datasets to address  ... 
arXiv:2110.04249v1 fatcat:f6gvjacowfafnfybb2mgoip2ni

Front Matter: Volume 9474

2015 Signal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXIV  
These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B ... 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc. The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript.  ...  Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online, print, and electronic versions of the publication.  ...  Figure 1 - 1 Context-driven assessment, awareness, and understanding. "-• Our focus is to keep WMD out of the hands of terrorists and other enemies by locking down, monitoring, and destroying weapons  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2202240 fatcat:h6ezdn7gkbgyxi732iaig3dfxa

Exploiting process integration and composition in the context of active vision

J.A. Fayman, P. Pirjanian, H.I. Christensen, E. Rivlin
1999 IEEE Transactions on Systems Man and Cybernetics Part C (Applications and Reviews)  
We have experimented with the fusion of four smooth pursuit techniques, such as template matching and image differencing.  ...  The visual robustness of biological systems is in part due to their ability to actively integrate (fuse) information from a number of visual cues [2], [29] .  ...  Understanding the effects of these other variables and improving the behavior of the individual techniques is an orthogonal effort and can only help to improve the results of fusion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5326.740671 fatcat:he3lvr7wgveljidtf7isrgy3xi

First Impressions: A Survey on Vision-Based Apparent Personality Trait Analysis [article]

Julio C. S. Jacques Junior, Yağmur Güçlütürk, Marc Pérez, Umut Güçlü, Carlos Andujar, Xavier Baró, Hugo Jair Escalante, Isabelle Guyon, Marcel A. J. van Gerven, Rob van Lier, Sergio Escalera
2019 arXiv   pre-print
From the computational point of view, by far speech and text have been the most considered cues of information for analyzing personality.  ...  Because of the overwhelming research interest in this topic, and of the potential impact that this sort of methods could have in society, we present in this paper an up-to-date review of existing vision-based  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This project has been partially supported by granted Spanish Ministry projects TIN2016-74946-P, TIN2015-66951-C2-2-R and TIN2017-88515-C2-1-R.  ... 
arXiv:1804.08046v3 fatcat:bqsfh2vdcjgtveo5qnw5duppeq

Synthetic Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography Images for Use in Perceptual Studies

Brian D'Alessandro, Mark Madsen, Ehsan Samei, Xiang Li, Jin Wooi–Tan, Kevin S. Berbaum, Kevin Schartz, Robert Caldwell, Lionel S. Zuckier
2011 Seminars in nuclear medicine  
To better understand fundamental issues, perception studies of the fusion display would best be performed with a panel of lesions of variable location, size, intensity, and background.  ...  of images (either in the attenuation-corrected image space or at an earlier stage before image reconstruction), and (3) simulation of the entire patient image.  ...  Suleman Surti, and Dr. Joel S. Karp for their helpful feedback and assistance in providing some of the figures.  ... 
doi:10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2011.06.007 pmid:21978446 fatcat:ycuzy22zgfdqjg2haofyjaceoy

Event and Activity Recognition in Video Surveillance for Cyber-Physical Systems [chapter]

Swarnabja Bhaumik, Prithwish Jana, Partha Pratim Mohanta
2021 Advanced Studies in Energy Efficiency and Built Environment for Developing Countries  
This chapter aims to aid the development of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) in automated understanding of events and activities in various applications of video-surveillance.  ...  Further exploring multistream models, we conceive a multi-tier fusion strategy for the spatial and temporal wings of a network.  ...  In Sect. 2, we provide a detailed view of the various approaches that have played a key role in shaping solutions to automated understanding of events/activities.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-66222-6_4 fatcat:xly3tn3mzvbafgzaserbf3xsey

39th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) 2016 Barcelona

2016 Perception  
end over end between thumb and forefinger of preferred hand while held it by nonpreferred hand feels longer to the turning hand.  ...  Technology One of the goals of studying systems neuroscience is to understand how the brain works under day-to-day, natural conditions.  ...  Shape was measured using an optical 3D scanner, and reflectance extracted by measuring outgoing radiance and calculating reflectance based on local shape.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0301006616671273 fatcat:el2dmsuk6zd25pedijucuexl5m

Artificial intelligence in the creative industries: a review

Nantheera Anantrasirichai, David Bull
2021 Artificial Intelligence Review  
(iv) information extraction and enhancement, and (v) data compression.  ...  We critically examine the successes and limitations of this rapidly advancing technology in each of these areas.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been funded by Bristol+Bath Creative R+D under AHRC grant AH/  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10462-021-10039-7 fatcat:tcctdi7vprfx7mlujvqmpiy3ru

Recent Advances in Saliency Estimation for Omnidirectional Images, Image Groups, and Video Sequences

Marco Buzzelli
2020 Applied Sciences  
We conclude by synthesizing the emerging directions for research in the specialized literature, which include novel representations for omnidirectional images, inter- and intra- image saliency decomposition  ...  We present a review of methods for automatic estimation of visual saliency: the perceptual property that makes specific elements in a scene stand out and grab the attention of the viewer.  ...  into hand-drawn object segmentation masks, performed per-frame by multiple annotators.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10155143 fatcat:3akkibaelnfnpav2x7gfdllhg4

Image Retrieval based on VA-File and Multi-Resolution BOW

Wang Lipin, Pu Juncheng
2015 Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences  
By the virtue of BOF to describe high-dimensional data, in this article, we propose an effective retrieval strategy employing multi-resolution BOF to accelerate the match.  ...  The main idea is to improve the overall retrieval efficiency of BOF Descriptive Vector via the construction of BOF Low-resolution Vector and the comparison under low resolution to filter high-resolution  ...  Acknowledgement The work was supproted by the fund of Collaborative Innovation Center of Tongling University. c 2015 NSP Natural Sciences Publishing Cor.  ... 
doi:10.12785/amis/010152 fatcat:rqt3abnucvbkhmzu7vbsgmdsmq

Image Retrieval based on VA-File and Multi-Resolution BOW

Wang Lipin, Pu Juncheng
2015 Applied Mathematics & Information Sciences  
By the virtue of BOF to describe high-dimensional data, in this article, we propose an effective retrieval strategy employing multi-resolution BOF to accelerate the match.  ...  The main idea is to improve the overall retrieval efficiency of BOF Descriptive Vector via the construction of BOF Low-resolution Vector and the comparison under low resolution to filter high-resolution  ...  Acknowledgement The work was supproted by the fund of Collaborative Innovation Center of Tongling University. c 2015 NSP Natural Sciences Publishing Cor.  ... 
doi:10.12785/amis/090152 fatcat:z2q5yfftqrdxji4q2l5cw6iv2a

Nucleic Acid-Based Diagnostic Tests for the Detection SARS-CoV-2: An Update

Choo Yee Yu, Kok Gan Chan, Chan Yean Yean, Geik Yong Ang
2021 Diagnostics  
We systematically summarize and compare the principles, technologies, protocols and performance characteristics of amplification- and sequencing-based tests that have become alternatives to the CDC 2019  ...  In this review, we aim to present an objective overview of the latest nucleic acid-based diagnostic tests for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 that have been authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (  ...  The number of hands-on steps is reduced down to the set-up of the Clear Dx system and manual RNA extraction.  ... 
doi:10.3390/diagnostics11010053 pmid:33401392 fatcat:y3ktjvtrpnfv3mryxzofd6nove

Multimodal Research in Vision and Language: A Review of Current and Emerging Trends [article]

Shagun Uppal, Sarthak Bhagat, Devamanyu Hazarika, Navonil Majumdar, Soujanya Poria, Roger Zimmermann, Amir Zadeh
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Deep Learning and its applications have cascaded impactful research and development with a diverse range of modalities present in the real-world data.  ...  More recently, this has enhanced research interests in the intersection of the Vision and Language arena with its numerous applications and fast-paced growth.  ...  Fusion of these modalities has also been practiced via the virtue of low-range tensors [185] or greedy layersharing [275] .  ... 
arXiv:2010.09522v2 fatcat:l4npstkoqndhzn6hznr7eeys4u

On neuromechanical approaches for the study of biological and robotic grasp and manipulation

Francisco J. Valero-Cuevas, Marco Santello
2017 Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation  
This recognition is particularly liberating because it allows us to resolve and move beyond multiple paradoxes and contradictions that arose from the initial reasonable assumption of a large common ground  ...  We conclude by presenting open questions and suggesting directions for future research.  ...  Kian Jalaleddini, Suraj Chakravarthi Raja, Ali Marjaninejad and Melisa Osborne for their help with critical reading of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12984-017-0305-3 pmid:29017508 pmcid:PMC5635506 fatcat:ei5uohp57zbdvgdy6d345i42qy

Signature Optical Cues: Emerging Technologies for Monitoring Plant Health

Oi Liew, Pek Chong, Bingqing Li, Anand Asundi
2008 Sensors  
Optical technologies can be developed as practical tools for monitoring plant health by providing unique spectral signatures that can be related to specific plant stresses.  ...  monitoring and feedback control.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to the Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore Totalisator Board and Nanyang Technological University for funding support to O.W. Liew and A.K.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s8053205 pmid:27879874 pmcid:PMC3675540 fatcat:couy4qbhwfcz7icwwjucnxnpju
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