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Dependency Distance Motifs in 21 Indo- European Languages [chapter]

Yingqi Jing, Haitao Liu, Haitao Liu, Junying Liang
2017 Motifs in Language and Text  
Liu (2008) proposed the mean dependency distance (MDD) as a metric for measuring language processing difficulty.  ...  Methods and Materials Dependency grammar recognizes words as basic syntactic elements, linked via binary asymmetrical relations (Mel'čuk 1988 , Liu 2009 ).  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110476637-008 fatcat:5ib27horpfckxbgv7d3v7quc3m

A Bibliometric and Visualization Analysis of Intermittent Fasting

Shiying Chen, Rui Han, Rui Han, Haitao Liu, Haitao Liu
2022 Frontiers in Public Health  
*Correspondence: Haitao Liu,  ...  Chen Y, Chen CM, Liu ZY, Hu ZG, Wang XW. The methodology function of Cite Space mapping knowledge do-mains. Stud Sci Educ.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpubh.2022.946795 pmid:35875030 pmcid:PMC9298749 doaj:516b3e3006f34405bb79c898faa6a052 fatcat:3osofe6khrcsdpfx3k24cck42m

Graph Watermarks [article]

Xiaohan Zhao, Qingyun Liu, Lin Zhou, Haitao Zheng, Ben Y. Zhao
2015 arXiv   pre-print
From network topologies to online social networks, many of today's most sensitive datasets are captured in large graphs. A significant challenge facing owners of these datasets is how to share sensitive graphs with collaborators and authorized users, e.g. network topologies with network equipment vendors or Facebook's social graphs with academic collaborators. Current tools can provide limited node or edge privacy, but require modifications to the graph that significantly reduce its utility. In
more » ... this work, we propose a new alternative in the form of graph watermarks. Graph watermarks are small graphs tailor-made for a given graph dataset, a secure graph key, and a secure user key. To share a sensitive graph G with a collaborator C, the owner generates a watermark graph W using G, the graph key, and C's key as input, and embeds W into G to form G'. If G' is leaked by C,its owner can reliably determine if the watermark W generated for C does in fact reside inside G', thereby proving C is responsible for the leak. Graph watermarks serve both as a deterrent against data leakage and a method of recourse after a leak. We provide robust schemes for creating, embedding and extracting watermarks, and use analysis and experiments on large, real graphs to show that they are unique and difficult to forge. We study the robustness of graph watermarks against both single and powerful colluding attacker models, then propose and empirically evaluate mechanisms to dramatically improve resilience.
arXiv:1506.00022v1 fatcat:qhpybqjzkrhchlld5xuu3yc2zq

Dependency length minimization: Puzzles and Promises [article]

Haitao Liu, Chunshan Xu, Junying Liang
2015 arXiv   pre-print
(Liu , 2008 .  ...  the increase of length (distance) (Liu 2007) , and that a distribution of dependency distance is not influenced by variation in sentence length (Jiang and Liu 2015) .  ... 
arXiv:1509.04393v1 fatcat:emv5a2vrbjb5lkyyzagv6drw7y

A Refined Analysis of Zcash Anonymity

Zongyang Zhang, Weihan Li, Haitao Liu, Jianwei Liu
2020 IEEE Access  
HAITAO LIU received the master degree in Physical electronics from Xidian University in 2008. He is currently a senior engineer with the Department of Avionics , Chinese Flight Test Establishment.  ...  JIANWEI LIU received the Ph.D. degree from the Communication and Electronic System Department, Xidian University, in 1998.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2973291 fatcat:szrikwnp7jhkfdn56pf53fgnc4

Anomaly Detection via Graphical Lasso [article]

Haitao Liu, Randy C. Paffenroth, Jian Zou, Chong Zhou
2018 arXiv   pre-print
[Liu et al., 2018]  ...  We study the intraday high-frequency transactions 4 (millisecond) of 94 stocks 5 in S&P 100 [Liu et al., 2018] .  ... 
arXiv:1811.04277v1 fatcat:na64xwv6pfbwdg64atjc7b3rrm

Geometric RTT realization of U_v(gl_n)^+ [article]

Haitao Ma, Ming Liu, Zhu-Jun Zheng
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we give a BLM realization of the positive part of the quantum group of U_v(gl_n) with respect to RTT relations.
arXiv:1703.06296v1 fatcat:ayc5z5y7ivdhvn4snbprqhiz3m

Asymptotic Properties of Distributed Social Sampling Algorithm [article]

Qian Liu, Xingkang He, Haitao Fang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Qian Liu and Haitao Fang are with LSC, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; they are also with School of Mathematical Sciences, University of  ... 
arXiv:1901.06162v1 fatcat:f3u6e3nywzgwtd3lb5vtp4uwkm

Strategies and service innovations of haitao business in the Chinese market

Caixia Liu, Jinhwan Hong
2016 Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship  
Purpose -Chinese consumers' cross-border internet shopping, so called "haitao" is an emerging popular trend in China.  ...  Haitao can be understood as service innovation process because it creates new market spaces and provides differentiated values for Chinese customers.  ...  Research background of haitao 2.1 Haitao Haitao refers to cross-border B2C e-commerce, although there is no academic definition.  ... 
doi:10.1108/apjie-12-2016-012 fatcat:qgdm6fdccnaqznfuqki3nzqfca

Quantitative Analysis of Academic Writing as to Informality and Vocabulary Features

Ziqi Liu, Haitao Liu
2020 Glottometrics  
Correspondence to: Haitao Liu. Email address:, ORCID-No.: Project 985 in China aims to construct world-class universities.  ...  According to Fang and Liu (2015) , the study of lexical richness was founded by Chotlos and Yule (Chotlos, 1944; Yule, 1944) .  ... 
dblp:journals/glottometrics/LiuL20 fatcat:rfu53tuacvcrzmikb5cs2pivqq

Probability Distribution of Causal Linguistic Features

Hong Ma, Haitao Liu
2019 Glottometrics  
Correspondence to: Haitao Liu.  ...  Correspondence to: Haitao Liu. Email Address:, ORCID No.: "Englishes" and "English variants" are always used interchangeably.  ...  Probability Distribution of Causal Linguistic Features Hong Ma 1 , Haitao Liu 1 2 Abstract.  ... 
dblp:journals/glottometrics/MaL19 fatcat:lajghwduvnak5ot6od4f33vjeq

Waves on subwavelength metallic surfaces: a microscopic view point [article]

Philippe Lalanne, Haitao Liu
2012 arXiv   pre-print
The electromagnetic properties of subwavelength metallic surfaces are due to two kinds of elementary distinct waves, the famous surface plasmon polariton and the quasi-cylindrical wave, which are both scattered by the subwavelength indentations as they propagate on the metal. The ab-initio microscopic description of the electromagnetic properties starting from the sole knowledge of the elementary waves launched in between the indentation has a long history in grating theories. We review the
more » ... ution of the ideas and the fundamental principles that govern these waves and their impacts. For the sake of illustration, the emblematic case of a metal surface perforated by a subwavelength-hole array, which exhibits remarkable transmission properties, is taken to illustrate our purpose.
arXiv:1207.5157v1 fatcat:nppicj4e5bdmxmrcazc3vt7rfq

Neutrality of International Languages

Haitao Liu
2006 Journal of Universal Language  
Liu (2006) presents an absolutely neutral planned language project.  ...  The following figure makes explicit some points about the roles a language can play in international communication (Liu 2001a: 151) : La, Lb and Lc are three (different) languages.  ... 
doi:10.22425/jul.2006.7.2.37 fatcat:idvguukilbdbrjbb7um2tntjhq

Statistical properties of Chinese semantic networks

HaiTao Liu
2009 Science Bulletin  
Almost all language networks in word and syntactic levels are small-world and scale-free. This raises the questions of whether a language network in deeper semantic or cognitive level also has the similar properties. To answer the question, we built up a Chinese semantic network based on a treebank with semantic role (argument structure) annotation and investigated its global statistical properties. The results show that although semantic network is also small-world and scale-free, it is
more » ... nt from syntactic network in hierarchical structure and K-Nearest-Neighbor correlation. semantic network, semantic role, complex network, Chinese, small-world, scale-free Language networks are small-world and scale-free, although they are built based on different principles [1] . Similar global statistical properties, which are shown by language networks, are independent of linguistic structure and typology [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] . If the global properties of language network could not reflect the differences of these structures, how could we consider that these statistical properties are indicators of a language network? Do linguistic structures really influence the statistical properties of a language network? More concretely, does syntactic network have the same properties with semantic or conceptual one? To answer the questions, it seems necessary to investigate the language network based on different linguistic principles or levels. Syntactic networks have been explored in several languages [2, 4, 5] , but the statistical properties of (dynamic) semantic (argument structure) network based on real text have not been reported yet. The study reported in this paper will explore these questions. To investigate statistical properties of semantic network, we built a corpus with semantic role (argument structure) annotation. The final corpus includes 34435 word tokens. Based on the corpus, we built a Chinese semantic network with 5903 nodes. THEORETICAL PHYSICS Considering the close relation between syntactic and semantic structures in a language, it is interesting to observe their differences and similarities from a view of complex network. In a semantic (language) network, a node represents an auto-semantic word, and the edge refers to the semantic relation between two words. Semantic network is an intermediate between syntactic and conceptual network. Therefore semantic networks, in particular, dynamic semantic networks (i.e. based on real language usage or text), are useful to explore the following three questions: the organization of human semantic (or conceptual) knowledge, human performance in semantic processing and the processes of semantic retrieval and search.
doi:10.1007/s11434-009-0467-x fatcat:pb4w4el4yrb2xhh2gordb64sge

Energy types

Michael Cohen, Haitao Steve Zhu, Emgin Ezgi Senem, Yu David Liu
2012 SIGPLAN notices  
This paper presents a novel type system to promote and facilitate energy-aware programming. Energy Types is built upon a key insight into today's energy-efficient systems and applications: despite the popular perception that energy and power can only be described in joules and watts, real-world energy management is often based on discrete phases and modes, which in turn can be reasoned about by type systems very effectively. A phase characterizes a distinct pattern of program workload, and a
more » ... e represents an energy state the program is expected to execute in. This paper describes a programming model where phases and modes can be intuitively specified by programmers or inferred by the compiler as type information. It demonstrates how a type-based approach to reasoning about phases and modes can help promote energy efficiency. The soundness of our type system and the invariants related to inter-phase and inter-mode interactions are rigorously proved. Energy Types is implemented as the core of a prototyped objectoriented language ET for smartphone programming. Preliminary studies show ET can lead to significant energy savings for Android Apps.
doi:10.1145/2398857.2384676 fatcat:eg6pxltwevdjzfk2fnyilsjfb4
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