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Video coding with H.264/AVC: tools, performance, and complexity

J. Ostermann, J. Bormans, P. List, D. Marpe, M. Narroschke, F. Pereira, T. Stockhammer, T. Wedi
2004 IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine  
H.264/AVC, the result of the collaboration between the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group and the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group, is the latest standard for video coding.  ...  H.264/AVC provides gains in compression efficiency of up to 50% over a wide range of bit rates and video resolutions compared to previous standards.  ...  H.264/AVC may be used for different applications with very different constraints like computational resources, error resilience and video resolution.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcas.2004.1286980 fatcat:llpq7bulxfe3xn7qufw52hm3ri

Advances in the scalable amendment of H.264/AVC

Hsiang-chun Huang, Wen-hsiao Peng, Tihao Chiang, Hsueh-ming Hang
2007 IEEE Communications Magazine  
In particular, robust FGS (RFGS) [9] uses leaky prediction to improve coding efficiency while constraining drifting errors.  ...  for the H.264/AVC standard [1] [2] [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2007.284540 fatcat:36tdyfhdznhstaqbutjlkksrfe

Error resilient H.264/AVC video over satellite for low packet loss rates

Shankar Manuel Aghito, Soren Forchhammer, Jakob D. Andersen
2007 Eighth International Workshop on Image Analysis for Multimedia Interactive Services (WIAMIS '07)  
The performance of video over satellite is simulated. The error resilience tools of intra macroblock refresh and slicing are optimized for live broadcast video over satellite.  ...  The improved performance using feedback, using a crosslayer approach, over the satellite link is also simulated. The new Inmarsat BGAN system at 256 kbit/s is used as test case.  ...  Conclusions An analysis of the quality of H.264/AVC video at low packet loss rates over BGAN was presented.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wiamis.2007.42 dblp:conf/wiamis/AghitoFA07 fatcat:vq73hjb7xrhrzeidwlkbmou644

Robust System and Cross-Layer Design for H.264/AVC-Based Wireless Video Applications

Thomas Stockhammer
2006 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
We discuss robust integration of H.264/AVC in wireless real-time video applications.  ...  H.264/AVC is an essential component in emerging wireless video applications, thanks to its excellent compression efficiency and network-friendly design.  ...  Hannuksela, Waqar Zia, Imre Varga, and Ingo Viering for useful discussions on the subject of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1155/asp/2006/89371 fatcat:zqndxah2efhr7nuqpvovz2jz6q

Optimized H.264/AVC-Based Bit Stream Switching for Mobile Video Streaming

Thomas Stockhammer, Günther Liebl, Michael Walter
2006 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
In particular, we exploit the advanced bit stream switching capabilities using SP/SI pictures defined in the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC standard.  ...  In this work we show the suitability of H.264/MPEG-4 AVC extended profile for wireless video streaming applications.  ...  alternating speakers and sport scenes using H.264/AVC test model software JM8.2.  ... 
doi:10.1155/asp/2006/91797 fatcat:jbqwdinhhzdd7ahowsh3yjqgqa

Optimizing Motion Compensated Prediction for Error Resilient Video Coding

Hua Yang, K. Rose
2010 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
This paper is concerned with optimization of the motion compensated prediction framework to improve the error resilience of video coding for transmission over lossy networks.  ...  The special cases of leaky prediction and weighted prediction (i.e., finite impulse response filtering), are analyzed.  ...  An alternative prediction approach that offers error resilience advantages is weighted prediction, which is already part of the H.264/AVC standard [51] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tip.2009.2032895 pmid:19775965 fatcat:ldsxth2auzfanliin2dalc7fni

Distortion Estimation For Reference Frame Modification Methods

Fabrice Labeau, Amir Naghdinezhad
2011 Zenodo  
In order to achieve more resilience in coded streams, these methods can be used together.  ...  Furthermore, each MB can be divided into smaller blocks which results in having a choice among 17 different modes in the H.264/AVC standard [10] .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.42326 fatcat:f7mapnxsfncc7pwxhwm62o5yfa

Robust Video Region-of-Interest Coding Based on Leaky Prediction

Qian Chen, Xiaokang Yang, Li Song, Wenjun Zhang
2009 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
Error protection schemes can be used to guarantee the correct receipt of ROI stream when transporting ROI scalable video over error prone network.  ...  In this paper, we propose a ROI scalable coding framework based on leaky prediction (LP) for robustly transporting video over error-prone network.  ...  The proposed scheme was developed by modifying H.264/AVC software JM9.8 [8] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2009.2022703 fatcat:kdindoyzifhlrkiybfdvuxo524

Real-time video coding under power constraint based on H.264 codec

Li Su, Yan Lu, Feng Wu, Shipeng Li, Wen Gao, Chang Wen Chen, Dan Schonfeld, Jiebo Luo
2007 Visual Communications and Image Processing 2007  
The proposed scheme takes the advantage of some new features of H.264/AVC video coding tools such as early termination strategy in fast ME.  ...  In this paper, we propose a joint power-distortion optimization scheme for real-time H.264 video encoding under the power constraint.  ...  Recently, related power control problem has been studied in terms of H.264/AVC, the up-to-date video coding standard.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.703686 dblp:conf/vcip/SuLWL007 fatcat:b5g735ygwngcppfqfyooaovttq

Compression Efficiency and Delay Tradeoffs for Hierarchical B-Pictures and Pulsed-Quality Frames

A. Leontaris, P.C. Cosman
2007 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
Real-time video applications require tight bounds on end-to-end delay.  ...  We derive an efficient rate allocation for hierarchical B-pictures using the power spectral density of a wide-sense stationary process.  ...  All investigated video codecs produce H.264/AVC [21] , [22] compliant bit streams.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tip.2007.896681 pmid:17605372 fatcat:osnb7rq6b5f75m24jksfaiczku

Low bit rate overhead based reference modification for error resilient video coding

Jun Wang, Satoshi Goto
2011 IEICE Electronics Express  
Addressing error resiliency, the reference modification (RM) approach at video compression encoder is used to modify the original reference to a modified one, which is less sensitive to errors.  ...  During video transmission, errors may happen normally.  ...  Introduction Reference frame is used as a motion predictor in a temporal estimation based video compression CODEC system including the state-of-the-art standard H.264/AVC [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1587/elex.8.1689 fatcat:iwejayhlnjg4pcebp6m34zxeza

Stack robust fine granularity scalable video coding

Hsiang‐Chun Huang, Tihao Chiang
2006 Zhongguó gongchéng xuékan  
The approach is further generalized using a reconstructed frame from the previous time instance of the same layer to temporally predict the quantization error of the lower layer.  ...  The SRFGS first simplifies the temporal prediction architecture of RFGS.  ...  For the scalable extension of H.264/AVC (denoted as "SVC" in the following), the reference software version JSVM_4_6 is used in the simulation.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02533839.2006.9671222 fatcat:uxxyxzsz55cl3avp3ciblyoosi

A review of multiple description coding techniques for error-resilient video delivery

Mohammad Kazemi, Shervin Shirmohammadi, Khosrow Haj Sadeghi
2013 Multimedia Systems  
The focus is mainly on video sources but image based algorithms applicable to video are considered as well. We also cover the well-known and important problem of drift and solutions to avoid it.  ...  Multiple Description Coding (MDC) is one of the promising solutions for live video delivery over lossy networks.  ...  Redundant slice is another tool of the H.264/AVC standard, beneficial for video transmission in lossy conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00530-013-0319-z fatcat:p4jwx52zkzczfoxrrcz4qkneca

A Two-Stage Approach for Robust HEVC Coding and Streaming

Joao F. M. Carreira, Pedro A. Assuncao, Sergio M. M. de Faria, Erhan Ekmekcioglu, Ahmet Kondoz
2018 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
H.264/AVC macroblocks (Max CU Size 16), (ii) using only one MV candidate in the Merge Mode (Single Merge Cand) and (iii) disabling the temporal MV candidate: (No TMVP).  ...  This is done in [30] , by assigning different importance to each macroblock and then using the Flexible Macroblock Ordering (FMO) mechanism of H.264/AVC to encode and transmit the more important slices  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2017.2691471 fatcat:jqsqgtvefvcprg6d65y2w4hz5m

Table of contents

2004 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (IEEE Cat No 04CH37512) ISCAS-04  
.............II -265 DISTRIBUTED ARITHMETIC Faycal Bensaali, Abbes Amira, Ahmed Bouridane, Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom VLSI-L2.3: HARDWARE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN FOR H.264/AVC INTRA FRAME CODER  ...  OPTIMIZED BIT ALLOCATION FOR ERROR RESILIENT .........................  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2004.1328114 fatcat:xmvsmkhxgbb55ftuygqomthikm
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