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Eye movements: The past 25years

Eileen Kowler
2011 Vision Research  
This implies that gaze might provide a reference location to assist in guiding the arm.  ...  Retinal transients can revive the visibility of fading, low contrast extrafoveal stimuli under circumstances where the retinal image motion produced by slow or smooth eye movements is insufficient (Clarke  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.visres.2010.12.014 pmid:21237189 pmcid:PMC3094591 fatcat:6oqfwhoftvhkviky62axm5wzfq

Eye movements and perception: A selective review

A. C. Schutz, D. I. Braun, K. R. Gegenfurtner
2011 Journal of Vision  
We argue that, like for many other aspects of vision, several different circuits related to salience, object recognition, actions, and value ultimately interact to determine gaze behavior.  ...  Eye movements are an integral and essential part of our human foveated vision system. Here, we review recent work on voluntary eye movements, with an emphasis on the last decade.  ...  In summary, salience by itself has a rather modest effect on guiding our gaze.  ... 
doi:10.1167/11.5.9 pmid:21917784 fatcat:lvfet3es2jhz5capv2jkfmumz4

A review of eye tracking for understanding and improving diagnostic interpretation

Tad T. Brunyé, Trafton Drew, Donald L. Weaver, Joann G. Elmore
2019 Cognitive Research  
Eye-tracking technologies are becoming increasingly available in the consumer and research markets and provide novel opportunities to learn more about the interpretive process, including differences between  ...  The present review provides an overview of eye-tracking technology, the perceptual and cognitive processes involved in medical interpretation, how eye tracking has been employed to understand medical interpretation  ...  those features and possibly fail to detect critical but lower-salience image features.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41235-019-0159-2 fatcat:vl4idrtcovcn5a6m44q64jzdaa

Advanced statistical methods for eye movement analysis and modeling: a gentle introduction [article]

Giuseppe Boccignone
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Such tools encompass random walk analyses and more complex techniques borrowed from the pattern recognition and machine learning fields.  ...  Eventually, by resorting to machine learning techniques, we discuss how the analyses of movement patterns can develop into the inference of hidden patterns of the mind: inferring the observer's task, assessing  ...  ., x(t) ∼ P (x), t = 1, 2, · · · (8) so to obtain scan paths that, blind to visual information, out-perform featurebased accounts of eye guidance [151] : 0.648 area under the receiver operator curve (  ... 
arXiv:1506.07194v4 fatcat:2lpo66aqqjhbfpi3hrm4szv75q

When I Look into Your Eyes: A Survey on Computer Vision Contributions for Human Gaze Estimation and Tracking

Dario Cazzato, Marco Leo, Cosimo Distante, Holger Voos
2020 Sensors  
In this arena, it is being increasingly useful to find guidance through survey/review articles collecting most relevant works and putting clear pros and cons of existing techniques, also by introducing  ...  the first pioneering works, and this continuous search for more accurate solutions process has been further boosted in the last decade when deep neural networks have revolutionized the whole machine learning  ...  Under this premise, suitable metrics are the Area Under Curve (AUC), the Normalized Scanpath Saliency (NSS), and the Information Gain (IG).  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20133739 pmid:32635375 pmcid:PMC7374327 fatcat:jwou6gv4f5dy7lrsxvtbnb2fly

Incidental learning speeds visual search by lowering response thresholds, not by improving efficiency: Evidence from eye movements

Michael C. Hout, Stephen D. Goldinger
2012 Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance  
., Guided Search Theory). In the current study, we asked two questions: 1) under what conditions does such incidental learning occur?  ...  In such cases, attentional deployment in visual search is guided by attributes that allow you to process information across the visual field in parallel, directing your attention (and subsequently your  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0023894 pmid:21574743 pmcid:PMC3158272 fatcat:2alukjf5nzgbbnvnzrh7exqsba

Crowding is similar for eye movements and manual responses

F. Yildirim, F. W. Cornelissen
2014 Journal of Vision  
Saeideh Ghahghaei, Preeti Verghese 56.424 First saccadic eye movement reveals persistent attentional guidance by implicit learning Bo-Yeong Won, Khena Swallow, Yuhong Jiang 56.425 Spatial dependency of  ...  (Your brain says "yes," but your body says "maybe.")  ... 
doi:10.1167/14.10.789 fatcat:uxwzbzfhbjc3ddyfhbs2ilr4qe

SWAET 2018: Scandinavian Workshop on Applied Eye Tracking Abstracts 23-24 August, 2018 Copenhagen Business School Solbjerg Plads 3, SP2.01 2000 Frederiksberg DENMARK Edited by Daniel Barratt, Raymond Bertram, & Marcus Nyström

2018 Journal of Eye Movement Research  
In my lecture, I will explore the various ways that scene context influences and guides eye movements.  ...  Whether looking for your car keys, wallet or simply where your mug is to have a sip of coffee, we engage in this simple task before almost every action.  ...  We recorded eye movements from four people with a newly introduced stereo camera eye tracker (Tobii Pro Spectrum, 600 Hz and 1200 Hz) and the standard eye tracker in the field (EyeLink 1000 Plus, filtered  ... 
doi:10.16910/jemr.11.5.1 pmid:33828710 pmcid:PMC7905738 fatcat:qs5svkolpzhjpltzmbayfx6x3i

Look-ahead fixations: anticipatory eye movements in natural tasks

Neil Mennie, Mary Hayhoe, Brian Sullivan
2006 Experimental Brain Research  
To see if look-aheads inXuenced the subsequent eye movement during the reach, we measured eye-hand latencies and found they increased by 122 ms following a look-ahead to the target.  ...  During performance of natural tasks subjects sometimes Wxate objects that are manipulated several seconds later.  ...  movements play a functional role in the learning of faces.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00221-006-0804-0 pmid:17171337 fatcat:nvvbqgjzjvccvhx7w4tyzix7le

Eye tracking studies of normative and atypical development

Canan Karatekin
2007 Developmental Review  
This paper reviews the use of eye tracking measures (saccades, smooth-pursuit eye movements, fixations during scene and face perception, and pupillary dilation) to study typical and clinical populations  ...  Finally, the potential of eye tracking measures for probing normative and abnormal development is explored.  ...  ''move your eyes in time with the lights'') affects the characteristics of predictive saccades in adults (Isotalo, Lasker, & Zee, 2005) , and the saliency of task instructions affects the manifestation  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dr.2007.06.006 fatcat:rpurlxxoafaafm6jzbbm4gjc44

HOW DO RADIOLOGISTS USE THE HUMAN SEARCH ENGINE?

Jeremy M. Wolfe, Karla K. Evans, Trafton Drew, Avigael Aizenman, Emilie Josephs
2015 Radiation Protection Dosimetry  
This article briefly reviews some of the relevant work into this aspect of medical image perception. Questions include how attention and the eyes are guided in radiologic search?  ...  How is global (image-wide) information used in search? How might properties of human vision and human cognition lead to errors in radiologic search?  ...  problems because, as long as humans are a vital part of medical image analysis, understanding the capabilities and limits of those humans will be central to improving outcomes in radiology.  ... 
doi:10.1093/rpd/ncv501 pmid:26656078 pmcid:PMC4911962 fatcat:vpkqdbsxqvh25ksk7lmkdlzfcq

The influence of action video game playing on eye movement behaviour during visual search in abstract, in-game and natural scenes

Elham Azizi, Larry A. Abel, Matthew J. Stainer
2016 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
This might suggest learning the likely distribution of targets.  ...  Either the skills that can be trained with action gaming are not powerful enough to influence information selection through eye movements, or action-game-learned skills are not used when deciding where  ...  some role in guiding the eye to sensible locations.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13414-016-1256-7 pmid:27981521 fatcat:aiu6pnq4sjg6nbdsi3gmnbkhui

Environmental Psychology: Not Just for Hippies

Ethan A. McMahan
2021 Eye on Psi Chi Magazine  
The topics you choose can be up to you, but if you would like guidance, IPALs offers a great "menu" of ideas and resources to help guide your meetings.  ...  Governments needed guidance for this task, and many research centers were established to provide this guidance.  ...  Reviewing Chapter Activities in Eye on Psi Chi is a great way to find inspirational ideas for your chapter and keep in touch with your chapter after you graduate.  ... 
doi:10.24839/2164-9812.eye26.1.16 fatcat:zvfhlod3zff3vnxefmff5zn42a

Auditory Perception, Infant Speech Perception, Perceptual Bias, Scene Perception, Visual Attention, Visual Processing, Visual Selection

2009 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
A red disk "pops out" in a field of green disks, drawing attention and, probably, your eyes.  ...  When you scan the trees for a bird or scrape the ice off your windshield, your eyes are likely drawn by salient local features modulated by their top-down relevance.  ... 
doi:10.3758/app.71.2.215 fatcat:hwszsgls2vfwhec7pkjshbdg5m

Ecological Active Vision: Four Bioinspired Principles to Integrate Bottom–Up and Adaptive Top–Down Attention Tested With a Simple Camera-Arm Robot

Dimitri Ognibene, Gianluca Baldassare
2015 IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development  
space possibly outside the attention focus; 3) good visual actions are needed to guide manipulation actions, but only these can generate learning feedback; and 4) a limited fovea causes aliasing problems  ...  Index Terms-Bottom-up top-down overt attention, camera-arm robot, ecological active vision, eye-hand coupling, inhibition of return, memory, partial observability, reinforcement learning.  ...  Under the guidance of the bottom-up saliency, the system explores with both the eye and the hand the objects with high visual salience, here the cues.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tamd.2014.2341351 fatcat:pxnt623kl5hinjhlo2764e7miu
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