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Simulating Smart Grid Cyber Security [chapter]

Abdul Razaq, Huaglory Tianfield, Bernardi Pranggono, Hong Yue
2016 Smart Grid  
Generally cyber-attacks in power grids can be categorized into three categories [2] :  Attack on the hardware: such as changing value in automation devices, RTU and HMI.  ...  Typically, it is aimed to control a smart grid device and an initial step of a bigger attack with main objective to control the whole system.  Attack on software: such as exploiting vulnerabilities in  ... 
doi:10.1201/b19664-8 fatcat:sb52mw5ahfcsfgfc4pyjljkttm

Grid modernization for enhancing the resilience, reliability, economics, sustainability, and security of electricity grid in an uncertain environment

M. Shahidehpour, M. Fotuhi-Friuzabad
2016 Scientia Iranica. International Journal of Science and Technology  
The modernization of the electricity grid, which has evolved as the brainchild of electricity restructuring, has been made all the more urgent by the virtually pervasive dependence of modern lives on a  ...  Understanding the dynamics of grid modernization, which can o er a clear appreciation for the use of innovation in electric power systems, and the impact that grid modernization will have on individual  ...  A positive resolution of grid modernization is that it can mitigate growing vulnerabilities of the power grid to cyber-physical and climate change threats in the aftermath of electricity restructuring.  ... 
doi:10.24200/sci.2016.3995 fatcat:ba4xyod52zgi7efs2ihzu72cmu

Resilience of the Electric Distribution Systems: Concepts, Classification, Assessment, Challenges, and Research Needs

Gowtham Kandaperumal, Anurag Srivastava
2019 IET Smart Grid  
Distribution system resilience is an emerging topic of interest given an increasing number of extreme events and adverse impacts on the power grid (e.g. Hurricane Maria and Ukraine cyber-attack).  ...  The ability of nature or malicious actors to disrupt critical services is a real threat to the life of our citizens, national assets and the security of a nation.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge contributions from Sayonsom Chanda and thank Cordova Electric Co-operative, Idaho National Laboratory, and the Department of Energy for the insights  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-stg.2019.0176 fatcat:43fpgxxlqzgqbkqt72xhn3d2je

Who Controls the off Switch?

Ross Anderson, Shailendra Fuloria
2010 2010 First IEEE International Conference on Smart Grid Communications  
Until now, the only plausible ways to do that involved attacks on critical generation, transmission and distribution assets, which are increasingly well defended. Smart meters change the game.  ...  From the viewpoint of a cyber attacker -whether a hostile government agency, a terrorist organisation or even a militant environmental group -the ideal attack on a target country is to interrupt its citizens  ...  There has also been growing concern about the potential vulnerability of power grids and other critical infrastructure to cyber attack.  ... 
doi:10.1109/smartgrid.2010.5622026 fatcat:7pi5fgdxefdjphcmmj6jazgoiy

Smart Grid: Overview, Issues and Opportunities. Advances and Challenges in Sensing, Modeling, Simulation, Optimization and Control

S. Massoud Amin
2011 European Journal of Control  
There are even more opportunities and challenges in today's devices and systems, as well as in the emerging modern power systems -ranging from dollars, watts, emissions, standards, and more -at nearly  ...  Any complex dynamic infrastructure network typically has many layers, decision-making units and is vulnerable to various types of disturbances.  ...  Acknowledgement This work is supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number 0831059, and grants from EPRI, Honeywell Labs, and the Sandia National Laboratories' Grand Challenge LDRD 11  ... 
doi:10.3166/ejc.17.547-567 fatcat:hxmiwk4txbhllgrmzg2yihoyuq

Effects of Communication Signal Delay on the Power Grid: A Review

Darius Muyizere, Lawrence K. Letting, Bernard B. Munyazikwiye
2022 Electronics  
As the modern grid grows towards an increased reliance on communication systems for the protection, metering and monitoring for as well as data acquisition for planning; there is a need to understand the  ...  Communication delays are one of the challenges that might affect the performance of the power system and lead to power losses and equipment damage, it is important to investigate the causes and the mitigation  ...  Another possible concern is that there is a delay in communication and communication due to cyber-attacks that need to be addressed using tracking and response equipment, as well as vehicle analysis.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11060874 fatcat:56p7kf3gzzhqdcxuq4soxz73oq

The Current State of the Art in Research on Predictive Maintenance in Smart Grid Distribution Network: Fault's Types, Causes, and Prediction Methods—A Systematic Review

Moamin A. Mahmoud, Naziffa Raha Md Nasir, Mathuri Gurunathan, Preveena Raj, Salama A. Mostafa
2021 Energies  
For future direction, we aim to supply a deep understanding of Smart meters to detect or monitor faults in the smart grid as it is the primary IoT sensor in an AMI.  ...  The smart grid is the most practical trend of effective transmission of present-day power assets.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14165078 fatcat:7y5p7x4zxfdh3bejwjn2i3pj2y

A Taxonomy of Data Attacks in Power Systems [article]

Sagnik Basumallik
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The goal is to provide a theoretically balanced approach to cyber attacks and their impacts on the reliable functioning of the electric grid.  ...  Targeted attacks on power networks can lead to disruption in operations, causing significant economic and social losses.  ...  On the other hand, [28] - [31] discusses attacks on the physical side of the grid. A qualitative survey of cyber attacks on various control loops in power systems is presented in [28] .  ... 
arXiv:2002.11011v1 fatcat:qnh3li5os5b4tn2iadhy7f24ze

Modelling Load-Changing Attacks in Cyber-Physical Systems [article]

Luca Arnaboldi, Ricardo M. Czekster, Roberto Metere, Charles Morisset
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our approach models Coordinated Load-Changing Attacks (CLCA) also referred as GridLock or BlackIoT, against a theoretical power grid, containing various types of power plants.  ...  Our model could be extended to larger (smart) grids, Active Buildings as well as similar infrastructures.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is supported by The Alan Turing Institute and an Innovate UK grant to Newcastle University through the e4future project, Arm Ltd. and EPSRC under grant EP/N509528/1, as well  ... 
arXiv:1911.12757v3 fatcat:yr63njjvs5bcjnfcsthl7kp37y

Cyber-physical systems: A security perspective

Charalambos Konstantinou, Michail Maniatakos, Fareena Saqib, Shiyan Hu, Jim Plusquellic, Yier Jin
2015 2015 20th IEEE European Test Symposium (ETS)  
Applications of CPS institute at different levels of integration, ranging from nation-wide power grids, to medium scale, such as the smart home, and small scale, e.g. ubiquitous health care systems including  ...  Cyber-physical systems primarily transmute how we interact with the physical world, with each system requiring different levels of security based on the sensitivity of the control system and the information  ...  Therefore, this section focuses on the challenges that arise due to the deployment of smart grid technologies, as well as fundamental countermeasures towards enhancing the security of the grid. A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ets.2015.7138763 dblp:conf/ets/KonstantinouMSH15 fatcat:ab6mjbsj7zhyhjixe5z7qjexye

Sustainable Energy Transition for Renewable and Low Carbon Grid Electricity Generation and Supply

Moses Jeremiah Barasa Kabeyi, Oludolapo Akanni Olanrewaju
2022 Frontiers in Energy Research  
The greatest sustainability challenge facing humanity today is the greenhouse gas emissions and the global climate change with fossil fuels led by coal, natural gas and oil contributing 61.3% of global  ...  The sustainable transition strategies typically consist of three major technological changes namely, energy savings on the demand side, generation efficiency at production level and fossil fuel substitution  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors sincerely acknowledge the contribution of all individuals, reviewers, and editors for their contribution towards the production of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fenrg.2021.743114 fatcat:4vwww5g4nfeqngdoewajje2xfq

Modelling Load-Changing Attacks in Cyber-Physical Systems

Luca Arnaboldi, Ricardo M. Czekster, Charles Morisset, Roberto Metere
2020 Electronical Notes in Theoretical Computer Science  
Our approach models Coordinated Load-Changing Attacks (CLCA) also referred as GridLock or BlackIoT, against a theoretical power grid, containing various types of power plants.  ...  Our model could be extended to larger (smart) grids, Active Buildings as well as similar infrastructures.  ...  well as the Active Building Center under grant EP/S016627/1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.entcs.2020.09.018 fatcat:hfcpe4dqdngxlnde6ddhbzsri4

Securing the Operation of Socially Critical Systems from an Engineering Perspective: New Challenges, Enhanced Tools and Novel Concepts

Wolfgang Kröger
2017 European Journal for Security Research  
them to new (cyber) threats.  ...  scenarios, and non-technical factors and to capture a widened spectrum of threats.  ...  It is important to note that we experienced-besides one potential military attack-two cyber attacks on power grids, the worst just recently on three distribution grids in the Ukraine.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41125-017-0013-9 fatcat:fylzu3wwcfeifmafptz42bj4gq

Cyber-Physical Systems Security -- A Survey [article]

Abdulmalik Humayed, Jingqiang Lin, Fengjun Li, Bo Luo
2017 arXiv   pre-print
perspective, we focus on cyber, physical, and cyber-physical components; and (3) from the CPS systems perspective, we explore general CPS features as well as representative systems (e.g., smart grids,  ...  The framework consists of three orthogonal coordinates: (1) from the security perspective, we follow the well-known taxonomy of threats, vulnerabilities, attacks and controls; (2)from the CPS components  ...  The power system infrastructure in smart grids relies on almost the same protocols in ICS, such as Modbus and DNP3, thus the same vulnerabilities still hold in smart grids.  ... 
arXiv:1701.04525v1 fatcat:fywwmb5oebbdzonvmieyniip4e

Perspectives on Future Power System Control Centers for Energy Transition

Antoine Marot, Adrian Kelly, Matija Naglic, Vincent Barbesant, Jochen Cremer, Alexandru Stefanov, Jan Viebahn
2022 Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy  
Unfortunately, these changes have translated during the past decade to small, incremental changes, mostly centered on hardware, software, and human factors.  ...  Reviewing upcoming challenges as well as emerging technologies for power systems, we present our vision of a new evolutionary architecture for control centers, both at backend and frontend levels.  ...  The cyber security and resilience requirements of the power system become even more critical. It is well recognized that information and communication technologies are vulnerable to cyber attacks.  ... 
doi:10.35833/mpce.2021.000673 fatcat:zjfxxuzcz5dgtiw65oe6qdp7ge
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