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Grammar-based Connectionist Approaches to Language

Paul Smolensky
1999 Cognitive Science  
This article describes an approach to connectionist language research that relies on the development of grammar formalisms rather than computer models.  ...  Two such grammar formalisms-Harmonic Grammar (Legendre, Miyata, & Smolensky, 1990a,b) and Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky, 1991 -are briefly introduced to illustrate grammar-based approaches to connectionist  ...  Acknowledgments: I am grateful to Géraldine Legendre and Bob Frank for very helpful comments on earlier drafts, to Alan Prince for insightful discussion of the issues, to the editors of the Special Issue  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2304_9 fatcat:62f2ooo3ovcppfk4tqmxpdbeue

Grammar-based connectionist approaches to language

P Smolensky
1999 Cognitive Science  
This article describes an approach to connectionist language research that relies on the development of grammar formalisms rather than computer models.  ...  Two such grammar formalisms-Harmonic Grammar (Legendre, Miyata, & Smolensky, 1990a,b) and Optimality Theory (Prince & Smolensky, 1991 -are briefly introduced to illustrate grammar-based approaches to connectionist  ...  Acknowledgments: I am grateful to Géraldine Legendre and Bob Frank for very helpful comments on earlier drafts, to Alan Prince for insightful discussion of the issues, to the editors of the Special Issue  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(99)00017-8 fatcat:a2edomv74rdu7jngtt4rms27yi

JANUS: a speech-to-speech translation system using connectionist and symbolic processing strategies

A. Waibel, A.N. Jain, A.E. McNair, H. Saito, A.G. Hauptmann, J. Tebelskis
1991 [Proceedings] ICASSP 91: 1991 International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing  
representation approaches.  ...  We present JANUS, a speech-to-speech translation system that utilizes diverse processing strategies including dynamic programming, stochastic techniques, connectionist learning, and traditional AI knowledge  ...  CONNECTIONIST PARSING An altemative to the approach to parsing described above is a connectionist parser developed by Jain[7] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp.1991.150456 dblp:conf/icassp/WaibelJMSHT91 fatcat:nxzysot6x5ekvjnvmlyrukzclu

Connectionist natural language parsing

Dominic Palmer-Brown, Jonathan A. Tepper, Heather M. Powell
2002 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Connectionist parsers are assessed according to their ability to automatically learn from examples to represent syntactic structures, without being presented with symbolic grammar rules.  ...  Teaser: The extent to which connectionist systems have succeeded in parsing a wide range of realistic sentences, containing syntactic structures that are commonly found in natural language interaction,  ...  However, these techniques were based on a limited set of grammar rules.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1364-6613(02)01980-0 pmid:12413578 fatcat:74j5hf54wvgd3ftvh4ei6yzjeu

The Connectionist Approach of Processing L2 Ambiguous English Sentences

Hulin Ren
2017 English Linguistics Research  
The connectionist approach to language processing is popular in second language (L2) study in recent years.  ...  The paper is to investigate the connectionist approach of Chinese learners' individual differences in the comprehension of certain ambiguous English sentences.  ...  To begin with the understanding of connectionist approach, it is useful to start with the architecture of connectionist approach.  ... 
doi:10.5430/elr.v6n2p26 fatcat:bs4fykxjlnbtpiqfc47lpxdid4

Connectionist Models and Their Applications: Introduction

Jerome A. Feldman
1985 Cognitive Science  
Even if it turns out that transformational grammar is a complete theory of language, an additional theory of how the brain actually processes language will be required.  ...  The "new connectionists" share the working assumpti6n that theories and scientific languages based on the computational character of the brain are productive (even essential) in many areas of Cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog0901_1 fatcat:k2ijgqtdv5ggfbszgvf7qc4i3m

Introduction

J FELDMAN
1985 Cognitive Science  
Even if it turns out that transformational grammar is a complete theory of language, an additional theory of how the brain actually processes language will be required.  ...  The "new connectionists" share the working assumpti6n that theories and scientific languages based on the computational character of the brain are productive (even essential) in many areas of Cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(85)80006-9 fatcat:yu6bzanywvdjvogjrql3ej6cbm

Extracting finite structure from infinite language

T. McQueen, A.A. Hopgood, T.J. Allen, J.A. Tepper
2005 Knowledge-Based Systems  
This paper presents a novel connectionist memory-rule based model capable of learning the finite-state properties of an input language from a set of positive examples.  ...  Results show that the model is able to learn the Reber grammar perfectly from a randomly generated training set and to generalize to sequences beyond the length of those found in the training set. q 2005  ...  Connectionist models of language acquisition pose a direct challenge to traditional nativist perspectives based on Gold's theorem [7] because they attempt to learn language using only positive examples  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.knosys.2004.10.010 fatcat:eimlbg47g5bebmywowzyj5ds4e

PARSEC: a structured connectionist parsing system for spoken language

A.N. Jain, A. Waibel, D.S. Touretzky
1992 [Proceedings] ICASSP-92: 1992 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing  
We compare PARSEC's performance to that of traditional grammar-based parsing systems.  ...  We present PARSEC-a system for generating connectionist parsing networks from example parses. PARSEC is not based on formal grammar systems and has been geared towards spoken lanpage tasks.  ...  g)>x) PARSEC differs from early connectionist work in parsing (e.g. Fanty 1985; Selman 1985) in its emphasis on learning. It differs from recent connectionist approaches (e.g .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp.1992.225936 dblp:conf/icassp/JainWT92 fatcat:ecxqlrh3o5ghppay7a2l5n76fi

Connectionist systems for natural language understanding

B. Selman
1989 Artificial Intelligence Review  
This paper is intended to introduce the reader to some of the basic ideas behind the connectionist approach to NLU. We will also suggest some directions for future research.  ...  In addition to describing in detail a connectionist disambiguation system, we will also discuss proposed connectionist approaches towards parsing and case role assignment.  ...  Acknowledgments I w o u l d like to thank Sue Becker, Jim des Rivi~res, Maya Guha, Graeme Hirst, and Niels Lobo for useful c o m m e n t s and discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00139194 fatcat:5gtjfq4xvfabxoqnaihs24s5rm

Parsing Complex Sentences with Structured Connectionist Networks

Ajay N. Jain
1991 Neural Computation  
Ungrammatical near-misses can be processed sensibly in many cases in the connectionist approach whereas grammar-based approaches often include no error correction (Hausser 1989).  ...  This differs from attempts to add stochastic components to rule-based grammars (e.g., Seneff 1989).  ... 
doi:10.1162/neco.1991.3.1.110 fatcat:e7jq4bfrufd7vkfvqmsqxsq7xi

Introduction

1991 Machine Learning  
The connectionist approach to computation is quite different from discrete symbol manipulation.  ...  The papers in this special issue represent some of the best connectionist work to date on the problem of language learning.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00114840 fatcat:ufmubwbmczg35kg2rlr6po6a2q

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David S. Touretzky
2012 Machine Learning  
The connectionist approach to computation is quite different from discrete symbol manipulation.  ...  The papers in this special issue represent some of the best connectionist work to date on the problem of language learning.  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1022668727419 fatcat:bx3uufaz5ngvna7q6luz6ie7oa

Connectionist natural language processing: the state of the art

M Christiansen
1999 Cognitive Science  
The development of connectionist models of language is traced, from their intellectual origins, to the state of current research.  ...  We argue that connectionist psycholinguistics has already had a significant impact on the psychology of language, and that connectionist models are likely to have an important influence on future research  ...  He exemplifies this approach with two grammar formalisms inspired by connectionist systems, Harmonic Grammar and Optimality Theory.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(99)00010-5 fatcat:cjaewvx7hrantm37qmrl3uueby

Human Language Processing: Connectionist Models [chapter]

L. Onnis, M. Christiansen, N. Chater
2006 Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics  
Connectionist psycholinguistics is an emerging approach to modeling empirical data on human language processing using connectionist computational architectures.  ...  See also: Associationism and Connectionism; Computational Approaches to Language Acquisition; Constituent Structure; Formal Models and Language Acquisition; Generalization; Generative Grammar; Human Language  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-08-044854-2/00858-0 fatcat:du6vi7peyzc7ffrgqirlfyrmzy
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