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Queen of Software: Grace Murray Hopper

J Mumtaj Jameel
2019 Zenodo  
But, without the contribution of women like "Grace Murray Hopper (who developed the first Compiler)", our computing device for general use is a simple calculator.  ...  Hopper serviced nearly 40 years in computer technology field. This paper explains about Grace Hopper contribution in Computer technology field  ...  In 1959, Hopper and her team invented the world's first "Compiler (A-0 System)" which takes a human friendly code and change into a machine code.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2551352 fatcat:gceawktfefdjlpjqeg6gvsmzau

The Mathematics of Grace Murray Hopper

Asher Auel
2019 Notices of the American Mathematical Society  
Figure 2 . 2 Grace Hopper teaching a COBOL class, 1961. Figure 3 . 3 Grace Hopper with programmers at the console of UNIVAC I, 1957.  ...  Hand drawn by Grace Hopper [19, p. 55]. 45, §2, p. 103, footnote 3] and Hopper [19, Chapter II, §1]. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.  ... 
doi:10.1090/noti1810 fatcat:qwo527cx2reifptimaipfgbvfu

Experiences in COBOL compiler validation

George N. Baird, Margaret M. Cook
1974 Proceedings of the May 6-10, 1974, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '74  
Grace M. Hopper, USNR. The CCVS consists of audit routines, their related data and an executive routine.  ...  Second, system control cards are required in order to compile and execute a COBOL program.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1500175.1500263 dblp:conf/afips/BairdC74 fatcat:v6kh5krvobe63aimujlequ7fum

Improbable Warriors: Mathematicians Grace Hopper and Mina Rees in World War II [chapter]

Kathleen Williams
2003 Mathematics and War  
This paper focuses on the war work of two of these women: mathematicians Grace Murray Hopper and Mina Spiegel Rees (1902-1997. Both were college professors until war service intervened.  ...  and who made high-level contributions in technical fields.  ...  Hopper credited A.E. (Gene) Smith with being "the first to move to use COBOL all out."  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-0348-8093-0_5 fatcat:msp322sad5d5rlp4d46ltodwja

Improbable Warriors: Mathematicians Grace Hopper and Mina Rees in World War II

Kathleen Broome Williams
2003 Historically Speaking  
This paper focuses on the war work of two of these women: mathematicians Grace Murray Hopper and Mina Spiegel Rees (1902-1997. Both were college professors until war service intervened.  ...  and who made high-level contributions in technical fields.  ...  Hopper credited A.E. (Gene) Smith with being "the first to move to use COBOL all out."  ... 
doi:10.1353/hsp.2003.0041 fatcat:be3i6br3cfh7batwjwc4o4opqy

Hopper and Dijkstra: Crisis, Revolution, and the Future of Programming

Sandy Payette
2014 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
This article examines the computer programming cultures during this period by viewing them through the lens of two dissimilar leaders, Grace Hopper and Edsger Dijkstra, who emphasized pragmatic versus  ...  In the late 1960s, tensions were erupting in corporate and academic computing cultures in the United States and abroad with competing views about the state of computer programming and possible future implications  ...  It was the time of rampant anthropomorphism that would lead to the false hope of solving the programming problem by the verbosity of COBOL and would seduce Grace M.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2014.54 fatcat:fnwtbdcjazazrgrfov33kbfpd4

Experiences and Reflections [chapter]

Harold 'Bud' Lawson
2012 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
I have worked with many talented people during my career and we have learned from each other. I thank them all and identify many of them.  ...  I have divided this personal history into three phases; namely computer industry, computer-based systems and complex systems.  ...  This was a stimulating event where I presented the architecture of the Univac II Cobol compiler and Howard presented several interesting perspectives concerning the development of COBOL and Grace Hopper  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33899-1_6 fatcat:ufazycb6wncb3jj4a3ire2e47e

Women and Computing

S Vidya
2019 Zenodo  
And the field of computing had been no exception. This paper focuses on the role and contributions of women in computing starting from the earliest recorded history till date.  ...  And also takes a look at the global mind set on gender disparity in the field of computing.  ...  to Grace Hopper again.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2551393 fatcat:z4i3bj6umvby7ow5vhdrhpyxga

Pioneering women in computer science

Denise Gürer
2002 ACM SIGCSE Bulletin  
A survey of women pioneers demonstrates their influence in designing and programming the first electronic computers and languages, while laying the groundwork for women ~ expanding involvement in science  ...  FLOW-MATIC, developed under the direction of Grace Hopper, and the specifications of Commercial Translator from IBM were the major technical influences on COBOL.  ...  While at Eckert-Mauchly, Hopper supervised the department that developed the first compiler, A-0, and its successor, A-2.  ... 
doi:10.1145/543812.543853 fatcat:54uned5lgvdobjzppcsvna4v3u

Two women who pioneered user-centered design

Jonathan Grudin, Gayna Williams
2013 Interactions  
History is not a dry list of events; it is about points of view and differing interpretations.  ...  Can | gayna@ifshecanican.com inte rac ti o ns N ove m b e r + D e c e m b e r 2 013 15 Timelines provides perspectives on HCI history, glancing back at a road that sometimes took unexpected branches and  ...  Navy, and at Digital Equipment Corporation Grace Hopper, 1906-1992 I had a running compiler and nobody would touch it. They told me computers could only do arithmetic.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2530538 fatcat:aa3ifqok4zcq3noudlhsrrl24i

A program for software quality control

Paul Oliver
1974 Proceedings of the May 6-10, 1974, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '74  
The COBOL Compiler Validation System was originated in 1969 by the U.S. Navy Programming Languages Group under the direction of Capt. Grace l\f. Hopper, USNR.  ...  A COBOL Compiler Validation System has been designed, implemented, and is being used throughout the Federal Government to determine the degree to which COBOL compilers conform to the published standard  ... 
doi:10.1145/1500175.1500262 dblp:conf/afips/Oliver74a fatcat:zxurvlq4rranrohxrmh5ykj7s4

Reviews

R. Rojas
2005 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
The main editor and author, Haruhisa Ishida, is professor emeritus of Tokyo University and is known in Japan as the person who introduced Unix to the country.  ...  For this project, Ishida formed a committee, the book's coauthors, to select and review books for an audience of young engineers and students. The committee members are also computing practitioners.  ...  Nathan There are several books about Grace Hopper, written for diverse audiences.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2005.12 fatcat:idx2a44yc5brdnjwsqmyfssmx4

Some Great Myths of the History of Computing [chapter]

J. A. N. Lee
2002 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
to identify ideas and concepts that have been lost in the plethora of innovation.  ...  The current students of computing and information technology grew up not knowing that there was a world before the personal computer, or monitors, or the mouse. or Windows. and have little concept of where  ...  Hopper did write the first compilers for COBOL, and demonstrated that it was a portable system across different machines.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35609-9_6 fatcat:oa6juxj6zveqjmsccv5allk2ku

Innovative Women in Digital Technology Contributed to a Society

S Thiraviya Regina Rajam
2019 Zenodo  
Strategic partnership has been developed with donors, the private sector and civil society and working group and the task forces have been established to enhance interagency collaboration throughout the  ...  The technologies comprise of a complex and heterogeneous set of goods, applications and services to produce, process, distribute the transform information.  ...  Grace Hopper was the first person to design a compiler for a programming language.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2551307 fatcat:jkftx663xfaxlluaduhllpxlze

Page 239 of Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery Vol. 4, Issue 5 [page]

1961 Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery  
Grace Hopper, outstanding authority in Automatic Programming, discussed the definitions meeting, and functions of automatic programming, optimizers, assemblers and compilers.  ...  Applications to FLow-matic, Ammaco and CoBoL were also described. Delaware Valley The Delaware Valley Chapter’s March meeting featured a speech on “Establishing Your Own Consulting Firm” by T.  ... 
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