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Going Beyond Duopoly: Connectivity Breakdowns Under Receiving Party Pays

Steffen Hoernig
2014 Social Science Research Network  
We show that the prediction of strategic connectivity breakdowns under a receiving-party-pays system and discrimination between onand o¤-net prices does not hold up once more than two mobile networks are  ...  Indeed, if there are at least three competing networks and enough utility is obtained from receiving calls, only equilibria with ...nite call prices and receiving prices exist.  ...  Conclusions In this paper we have shown that the stark prediction in Jeon et al. (2004) of a strategic connectivity breakdown under RPP (receiving party pays, i.e. subscribers also pay for receiving  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2441126 fatcat:tl3d64rdw5gcppkvd7pmdkoo3a

Going beyond duopoly: Connectivity breakdowns under receiving party pays

Steffen Hoernig
2016 Information Economics and Policy  
We show that the prediction of strategic connectivity breakdowns under a receiving-party-pays system and discrimination between onand o¤-net prices does not hold up once more than two mobile networks are  ...  Indeed, if there are at least three competing networks and enough utility is obtained from receiving calls, only equilibria with ...nite call prices and receiving prices exist.  ...  Conclusions In this paper we have shown that the stark prediction in Jeon et al. (2004) of a strategic connectivity breakdown under RPP (receiving party pays, i.e. subscribers also pay for receiving  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infoecopol.2016.06.003 fatcat:7o5efsbbrnfjhodaontihtknoq

Chinese fintech companies and their "going out" strategies

Alice Siqi Han
2021 Journal of Internet and Digital Economics  
This encouraged mass onboarding of Chinese consumers onto WeChat Pay and the connecting of their bank accounts to the WeChat Wallet.  ...  Tencent and Ant both created international wallets in November 2019, allowing foreigners to connect their foreign cards to Alipay and WeChat Pay accounts.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jide-07-2021-0003 fatcat:b3mjjt6k5jgfff6savxf7qti4i

Connectivity in the Commercial Internet

Jacques Crémer, Patrick Rey, Jean Tirole
2003 Journal of Industrial Economics  
Second-homing to the dominant network brings high connectivity bene ts but is expensive; second-homing to a smaller network is cheaper but brings low connectivity bene ts.  ...  Intuitively, customers choose to multihome only if the price charged by the second backbone to which they connect is smaller than the value that they attach to the new connections that it provides.  ...  Proposition 8 Under duopoly, if connectivity is costless F = 0, the equilibrium quality of interconnection of the backbones decreases with the extent of installed base multihoming .  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-6451.00132 fatcat:3xnprlc2tbdrzeb43ppaqzkzjm

The energy crisis and energy reform in Russia: Competition instead of reliability

A. I. Kuzovkin
2006 Studies in Russian Economic Development  
power consumers, generators, and receivers.  ...  In case of UES having surplus generating capacities these WGCs would be ousted from the wholesale market and go bankrupt.  ... 
doi:10.1134/s1075700706020055 fatcat:nisoresognbpvobor5ixmaf7ee

On-Net/Off-Net Price Discrimination and 'Bill-and-Keep' vs. 'Cost-Based' Regulation of Mobile Termination Rates

David Harbord, Marco Pagnozzi
2008 Social Science Research Network  
Call externalities refer to the fact that both the sender and receiver of a call receive a benefit from it, although under a "Calling Party Pays" (CPP) regime only one party is charged for the call.  ...  Conclusion In an extensive review of the economic arguments and empirical evidence surrounding the "Calling Party Pays" (CPP) versus "Receiving Party Pays" (RPP) debate, has summarized the arguments in  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1374851 fatcat:hzlvjospsfba3kyhl4qrop4fy4

The Law and Economics of "Forced" Technology Transfer and Its Implications for Trade and Investment Policy (and the U.S.–China Trade War)

Alan O Sykes
2021 Journal of Legal Analysis  
And it would go far beyond the CSR issue and generate potentially sizeable efficiencies from improved market access for investors in both countries.  ...  These obligations arguably go somewhat beyond the preexisting obligations in the WTO Protocol by virtue of, e.g., the general reference to "administrative and licensing requirements," but for the most  ... 
doi:10.1093/jla/laaa007 fatcat:wrdffsvewredbikyhtbb5yhfcq

Glimmers and Signs of Innovative Health in the Commercial Internet

Shane M. Greenstein
2010 Social Science Research Network  
That is the benefit of guidelines that go beyond four sentences. Guidelines remove impediments to anticipating the reaction of policy makers to a firm's actions.  ...  Specifically, Cogent and Sprint were exchanging traffic through a third party and, like other backbone firms, sought to connect directly in a peering arrangement that bypassed the third party. 82 That  ...  In fact, we will go further, extending our API commitment to the benefit of all software developers. Going forward, Microsoft will ensure that all the interfaces within Windows called  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1557410 fatcat:t4x4r3a73rbvzmm22rcp2xlifa

Spanish media in a new digital world: The great bonfire of the vanities

José María Álvarez Monzoncillo, Guillermo De Haro, Javier López-Villanueva
2016 La Revista Icono 14  
Jo Bardoel argued in 1996 in the European Journal of Communication that it was necessary to go beyond journalism.  ...  Thus, the division of labour has taken on a new dimension as a greater number of activities in different locations under complex connections have been disaggregated.  ... 
doi:10.7195/ri14.v14i2.998 fatcat:tknfitni4zdknetwpfu2t2l4mi

The Gaming of Pharmaceutical Patents

Jeremy Bulow
2003 Social Science Research Network  
Further, the paper shows a number of additional strategies beyond side payments, some highly questionable from an antitrust perspective, that brands have used to keep out generics.  ...  Royalty Payments Some deals have involved entrants receiving licenses to enter the market, either immediately or on a delayed basis, with the entrant paying royalties to the brand.  ...  While one may be sympathetic to this argument, it goes beyond pharmaceuticals and beyond the scope of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.412123 fatcat:i2rtxhs2tve6zekzspmd6eh734

Platform Labour and Contingent Agency in China

Ping Sun, Julie Yujie Chen
2021 China Perspectives  
However, research on workers' agency and subjectivity in the platform economy is relatively under-explored.  ...  "When I cannot wait any longer, I go directly to the back kitchen to urge them." He believed this offered him a head start to receive food during rush times.  ...  However, after the holiday, as the pandemic gradually came under control, despite a continued surge of orders and a labour shortage, the platform and intermediaries refused to pay workers overtime, and  ... 
doi:10.4000/chinaperspectives.11325 fatcat:e4xyapnqavd4dcdwfqd6s2deoq

Price Regulation of Access to Telecommunications Networks

Ingo Vogelsang
2003 Journal of Economic Literature  
if both, the receiving and the calling parties pay the calling party's network for a call.  ...  Jeon, Laffont and Tirole (2001) show that a connectivity breakdown can occur if receivers value incoming calls and therefore off-net charges are set so that all calls are on-net. Ind.  ... 
doi:10.1257/jel.41.3.830 fatcat:7yr4sbshlvdfhj7smgx22rpmnu

Price Regulation of Access to Telecommunications Networks

Ingo Vogelsang
2003 Journal of Economic Literature  
if both, the receiving and the calling parties pay the calling party's network for a call.  ...  Jeon, Laffont and Tirole (2001) show that a connectivity breakdown can occur if receivers value incoming calls and therefore off-net charges are set so that all calls are on-net. Ind.  ... 
doi:10.1257/002205103322436205 fatcat:6qtrfminzze6to77lcfjlk72uu

Drugs, Violence, and State-Sponsored Protection Rackets in Mexico and Colombia

Richard Snyder, Angélica Durán Martínez
2009 Colombia Internacional  
Conversely, the breakdown of state-sponsored protection rackets, which may result from well-meaning policy reforms intended to reduce corruption and improve law enforcement, can lead to violence.  ...  The cases of drug trafficking in contemporary Mexico and Colombia show how a focus on the emergence and breakdown of state-sponsored protection rackets helps explain variation in levels of violence both  ...  Hence, under monopoly conditions, the price of protection will be E + 1. 11 Now, consider a duopoly.  ... 
doi:10.7440/colombiaint70.2009.03 fatcat:f5ad2nifgradjaeuipjh5iruf4

The competition effects of industry-wide vertical price fixing in bilateral oligopoly

Paul W. Dobson, Michael Waterson
2007 International Journal of Industrial Organization  
(i.e. for M i , its trade with R k , and for R h , its trade with M j when w ih is being negotiated) under the (exogenous) risk of breakdown. 17 The results from bargaining are modelled in terms of  ...  Some of these cases involve considerations beyond the scope of our paper, such as cultural and accessibility concerns.  ...  reveals that the first-stage optimality condition can be expressed as In the terms of expressions (A4) Disagreement is assumed to result in the two parties involved not trading and so q ih = 0.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijindorg.2007.04.004 fatcat:qted2wh5cze2lcofgudfgmeehu
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