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Segmentation of 3D Brain Structures in MRI Images

P. Narendran, V. Thiagarasu
2019 Asian Journal of Computer Science and Technology  
In this framework, we first segment the brain using a method adapted for pathological cases and extract some global information on the tumor by symmetry based histogram analysis.  ...  The second one relies on symmetry-based histogram analysis. The initial segmentation of the tumor is refined relying on boundary information of the image.  ...  analysis and morphological operations using Brain Visa (c) Segmented brain by BET using FSL (d) Segmented brain by BSE using Brain suite D.  ... 
doi:10.51983/ajcst-2019.8.2.2147 fatcat:46kzl7yiivaynomcmsyg3f3hqm

3D Brain Tumors and Internal Brain Structures Segmentation in MR Images

P.NARENDRAN M.Sc., Mr. V.K. NARENDIRA KUMAR M.C.A., Dr. K. SOMASUNDARAM
2012 International Journal of Image Graphics and Signal Processing  
In this framework, segment the brain using a method adapted for pathological cases and extract some global information on the tumor by symmetry based histogram analysis.  ...  The method relies on symmetry-based histogram analysis. The initial segmentation of the tumor is refined relying on boundary information of the image.  ...  The brain is segmented by a combination of histogram analysis, morphological operations and symmetry analysis.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijigsp.2012.01.05 fatcat:adjtrvh6ovagplgtb6gvrcybg4

The Apparent Diffusion Coefficient in Glial Tumors

Tan FC, Gokoglu A, Tucer B, Caner Y
2017 OMICS Journal of Radiology  
Statistical analyses were performed by using SPSS 15.0 Statistical Package Program.  ...  Conclusion: The mean ADC value, the mean diffusion value and intensity region may provide additional information in determining tumor degree in malignant glial tumors.  ...  The statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 15.0 Statistical Package Program. Normal distribution was tested by using Kolmogorov Smirnov test.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2167-7964.1000256 fatcat:gvjczvxzw5b4bfsf3stupkcgp4

A Comparative Review of Various Brain Tumor Detection Techniques

Shilpa Pathania, Mrs. Mandeep Kaur
2017 International Journal of Engineering Research and  
The brain tumor identification is a vital use of therapeutic picture handling.  ...  This paper has presented a comparison between some well known brain tumor detection techniques Recent method which utilized was K-means clustering technique integrated with fuzzy C-mean algorithm and it  ...  "Brain tumor detection using segmentation based Object labeling algorithm This strategy removes the tumor by utilizing K-means algorithm took after by Object labeling algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.17577/ijertv6is040384 fatcat:rhe5q3knmnacni7gil3o3nhhmu

Measurement based Human Brain Tumor Recognition by Adapting Support Vector Machine

Chandrakant Biradar
2013 IOSR Journal of Engineering  
In this work we have proposed a fully automatic algorithm to detect brain tumors by using digital image processing techniques is proposed.  ...  Here we detect the tumor, segment the tumor and calculate the area of the tumor. The complex problem of segmenting tumor in MRI can be successfully addressed by considering multi-step approaches.  ...  tumor by fully automated process and its symmetry analysis.  ... 
doi:10.9790/3021-03912631 fatcat:dgayqe7plrcgndl5bsurjijyhq

Prognosis of Neurological Disorder

2020 International journal of recent technology and engineering  
By utilizing an expert system for analysis of symptom and image processing to detect the region of abnormality we may derive accurate results.  ...  A rule based expert system with a set of rules is used for processing the symptom experienced by the patient.  ...  This process utilizes the symmetry analysis of the brain to perform region and boundary based segmentation using the Fat bounding box method.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijrte.f9841.038620 fatcat:ujdtbh54q5ba3murs6iuzkdqra

Biomarkers of Pineal Region Tumors: A Review

Christopher Carr, Brannan E. O'Neill, Christian B. Hochhalter, Michael J. Strong, Marcus L. Ware
2019 Ochsner Journal  
The pineal gland, a small, pinecone-shaped organ deep within the brain, is responsible for producing melatonin. The gland consists of pineal parenchymal cells and glial cells that can form neoplasms.  ...  This review focuses on detection of serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of germ cell tumors and pineal parenchymal cell tumors, as these types comprise most neoplasms specific to the pineal  ...  and colleagues suggest that preoperative hypomelatoninemia may be used as a marker for a destructive pineal mass, and that postoperative hypomelatoninemia may demonstrate pinealectomy. 52 Analysis of  ... 
doi:10.31486/toj.18.0110 pmid:30983898 pmcid:PMC6447205 fatcat:hm32uvlc2vgzfoiewtm6q2vzjq

Automatic bilateral symmetry (midsagittal) plane extraction from pathological 3D neuroradiological images

Yanxi Liu, Robert T. Collins, William E. Rothfus, Kenneth M. Hanson
1998 Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing  
Most pathologies tumor, bleed, stroke of the human brain can be determined by a symmetry-based analysis of neural scans showing the brain's 3D internal structure.  ...  This process is facilitated by rst locating the ideal symmetry plane midsagittal with respect to which the brain is invariant under re ection.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is sponsored by the Allegheny-Singer Research Institute under prime contract through the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST70NANB5H1183.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.310886 dblp:conf/miip/LiuCR98 fatcat:dm2qvpidrrczlhxc634aa4gzai

Review of Brain Tumor Detection Using Various Techniques

Harminder Kaur, Amninder Kaur Gill
2017 International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering  
, asymmetry of brain is used to detect an abnormality .  ...  There are several method to detect an brain tumor by that the tumor method we can diagnose and detect more easily .some edges are nuclear network algorithm watershed and edge detection, fuzzy c mean algorithm  ...  TECHNIQUES FOR BRAIN TUMOR SEGMENTATION A.  ... 
doi:10.23956/ijarcsse/v7i4/0221 fatcat:iza5ozsigbgmlpbmabifnkpusy

Acrylonitrile-Induced Oxidative Stress and Oxidative DNA Damage in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats

Xinzhu Pu, Lisa M. Kamendulis, James E. Klaunig
2009 Toxicological Sciences  
Studies have demonstrated that the induction of oxidative stress may be involved in brain tumor induction in rats by acrylonitrile.  ...  Oxidative DNA damage in WBC and brain was evaluated using formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (fpg)-modified comet assay and with high-performance liquid chromatographyelectrochemical detection.  ...  The tumor incidence data used in the analysis were from a 2-year carcinogenicity bioassay by Quast and Friedman (2002) in which the same strain of rats (Sprague-Dawley) and similar doses were investigated  ... 
doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfp133 pmid:19546159 pmcid:PMC2726299 fatcat:2h4lsut47rcyvnrghsqyqdqyei

JC Virus: An oncogenic virus in animals and humans?

Melissa S. Maginnis, Walter J. Atwood
2009 Seminars in Cancer Biology  
Some researchers have reported an association of JCV with human cancers including brain tumors, colorectal cancers, and cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, while other groups report no correlation.  ...  The name polyoma is derived from the Greek terms: poly, meaning many, and oma, meaning tumors, owing to the capacity of this group of viruses to cause tumors.  ...  Contrary to these findings, a previous report in which 80 tissue samples from patients with GBM were analyzed, JCV DNA was not detected by PCR analysis using primers for either the early or control region  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.semcancer.2009.02.013 pmid:19505654 pmcid:PMC2694964 fatcat:i5h4sr7vrbecvlift3bkzzeatu

Fully Automated Approach to Identify Brain Tumors Using Dynamic Region Merging

Ashwini Jangde, Navneet Sahu
2011 Indian Journal Of Applied Research  
tumor tissue but when the secondary tumor present or more than one tumor are present in same brain image it is difficult to deducted the irregular tissue from the regular surrounding tissue to get real  ...  In this paper address the automatic image segmentation algorithum, which exploit the information obtain from deducting tumor in brain MRI.  ...  tumor by fully automated process and its symmetry analysis segmentation refers to the process of partitioning a digital image into multiple regions.  ... 
doi:10.15373/2249555x/may2013/78 fatcat:4mrvtqpwbbhwze7dz3qhydv7mq

Comparison of immunogenetic properties of glial tumors with advanced magnetic resonance imaging findings

Burak Gezer, Ali Mutlukan, Mert Sahinoglu, Pinar Karabagli, Ender Koktekir, Hakan Karabagli
2019 Turkish Neurosurgery  
To investigate the immunogenetic properties of glial tumors with using preoperative advanced magnetic resonance (MR)technique findings.  ...  PWI rCBV is the most important prognostic value of aMRI used in tumor grading.  ...  In both mutations, tumor areas were evaluated by marking the preparations. Statistical Analysis SPSS for Windows 18.0 program was used for statistical analysis.  ... 
doi:10.5137/1019-5149.jtn.27261-19.3 pmid:32091123 fatcat:6zqhxrz7wbgfreju7l6cxexhs4

Optimal Statistical Structure Validation of Brain Tumors Using Refractive Index

Sushmit Ghosh, Soham Kundu, Sushovan Chowdhury, Aurpan Majumder
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
In this paper, we present this segmentation problem for the purpose of determining the exact location of brain tumour using refractive index study on the structural analysis of both tumorous and normal  ...  Refractive index analysis is performed on each of the clusters from the MR T2 relaxation time.  ...  Conclusion In this paper, we proposed an algorithm to efficiently segment tumorous region from brain MRI scan using refractive index analysis as a validation method on statistical structure analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.07.412 fatcat:jjcysen5z5dqhkstm3oaspjtiu

Pathogenesis and molecular biology of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, the JC virus-induced demyelinating disease of the human brain

E O Major, K Amemiya, C S Tornatore, S A Houff, J R Berger
1992 Clinical Microbiology Reviews  
However, JC virus isolates from brain or kidney differ in the regulatory regions of their viral genomes which are controlled by host cell factors for viral gene expression and replication.  ...  Evidence for this mechanism is the detection of JC virus DNA in peripheral blood lymphocytes and infected B cells in the brains of patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.  ...  Viral DNA detected by in situ DNA-DNA hybridization, using a biotin-labeled probe. c Viral DNA detected by PCR. d Viral DNA detected by blot hybridization, using a radiolabeled probe.  ... 
doi:10.1128/cmr.5.1.49 pmid:1310438 pmcid:PMC358223 fatcat:sbu22ulqnvaanf4bfunoxqluyu
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