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OpenMP parallelization of the SCIARA Cellular Automata lava flow model: performance analysis on shared-memory computers

Marco Oliverio, William Spataro, Donato D'Ambrosio, Rocco Rongo, Giuseppe Spingola, Giuseppe A. Trunfio
2011 Procedia Computer Science  
Parallel Computing represents a valid solution for reducing execution times in simulations of complex geological processes, such as lava flows, debris flows and, in general, of fluid-dynamic processes. In these cases, Cellular Automata (CA) models have proved to be effective when the behavior of the system to be modeled can be described in terms of local interactions among its constituent parts. Cellular Automata are parallel computing models, discrete in space and time; space is generally
more » ... vided into cells of uniform size and the overall dynamics of the system emerges as the result of the simultaneous application, at discrete time steps, of proper local rules of evolution to each one of them. Due to their intrinsic parallelism, CA models are attractive since they are suitable to be effectively and naturally implemented on parallel computers achieving also high performance. In the recent past, CA models were efficiently executed on distributed memory architectures, such as Beowulf clusters and many-node Supercomputers, while fewer implementations are found regarding shared-memory computers, such as in multi-core machines. This paper shows performance results of the parallelization of a well-known CA model for simulating lava flowsthe SCIARA modelin a shared memory environment, by means of OpenMP, an Application Programming Interface which supports multiplatform shared-memory parallel programming. needed in this latter phase depends on the kind of available parallel architecture. For instance, in case of a distributed memory machine, this can be accomplished by means of MPI -Message Passing Interface [2] . At the contrary, if a multicore (and shared memory) architecture machine is available, a shared-memory or multithread implementation can result in a better and more efficient solution. In this latter specific field of parallel systems, OpenMP [3] defines specifications for parallelizing programs in a shared memory environment. In particular, OpenMP represents the most widely adopted solution where compiler directives and environment variables specify shared-memory parallelism in a quasi-transparent way. The study of geological processes is of increasing interest for the Scientific Community both for theoretical aspects and possible practical applications related to risk assessment and mitigation. Through the simulations of reliable models, risks associated to such processes can be evaluated and possible countermeasures can be conjectured and tested. Among different methodologies used for modeling these type of phenomena (and thus related to the Computational Science field) such as numerical analysis, high order difference approximations and finite differences, Cellular Automata (CA) [4] proved to be particularly suitable when the behavior of the system to be modeled can be described in terms of local interactions. Originally introduced by von Neumann in the 50s to study self-reproduction issues, CA are discrete computational models, widely utilized for modeling and simulating complex systems. Well known examples are Lattice Gas Automata and Lattice Boltzmann models [5] which are particularly suitable for modeling fluid dynamics at a microscopic level of description. However, many complex phenomena (e.g. landslides or lava flows) are difficult to be modeled at such scale, as they generally evolve on large areas, thus needing a macroscopic level of description. Moreover, they may be also difficult to be modeled through standard approaches, such as differential equations (cf. [6] for the case of lava flows), and Macroscopic Cellular Automata (MCA) [7] can represent a valid alternative. As the name suggests, the main features of the phenomena of interest can be directly described at a macroscopic level (e.g. average amount of lava, temperature, etc), thus disregarding microscopic aspects. Well known examples of MCA applications include the simulation of lava [8], debris flows [9], pyroclastic flows [10], density currents [11], water flux in unsaturated soils [12], Artificial Life systems [13] and forest fires [14], besides many others. Refer to [7] for a more detailed description, besides theoretical aspects on MCA and, for instance, to the ACRI conference (e.g. [15]) series for up-to-date general CA applications interested by the International Scientific Community. Several successful attempts have been carried out regarding solutions for automatically parallelizing MCA simulation models. Among others, CAMELot [16] and libAuToti [17] represent valid solutions for implementing MCA models on distributed memory machines, such as Beowulf clusters and Supercomputers, where good performances where achieved. Notwithstanding, with the emergence of multi-processor computers, multithreaded programming is quickly gaining popularity and the adoption of shared-memory programming implementations could be more appropriate for these architectures. Nonetheless, few valid OpenMP parallelizations have been implemented for CA-like models, such as for fire spread simulation [18] or as in [19] where interesting results were obtained for the parallelization of Lattice Boltzmann models. This paper presents first results related to the parallelization, in shared memory environments, of a well-known, reliable and efficient model widely adopted for lava flow risk assessment, the SCIARA MCA model. First tests have shown the validity of this kind of approach that can be considered also effective for hybrid parallel solutions (i.e. jointly usage of MPI and OpenMP). In the following, after a brief description of the latest version of the SCIARA MCA model for lava flows, a quick overview of the shared memory paradigm and of the OpenMP library are presented. Subsequently, the specific implementation and performance analysis referred to simulations of three real lava flow events occurred on Mt. Etna (Italy) are shown, while conclusions are reported at the end of the paper.
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2011.04.029 fatcat:nri36tlunbct5ffgjmlj74j6km

VLBI20-30: a scientific roadmap for the next decade – The future of the European VLBI Network [article]

Tiziana Venturi, Zsolt Paragi, Michael Lindqvist, Anna Bartkiewicz, Rob Beswick, Tamara Bogdanović, Walter Brisken, Patrick Charlot, Francisco Colomer, John Conway, Sándor Frey, José Carlos Guirado (+68 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Azulay • Anna Bartkiewicz • Ilse van Bemmel • Rob Beswick • Tatiana Bocanegra • Biagina Boccardi • Tamara Bogdanović • Walter Brisken • Paola Castangia • Patrick Charlot • James Chibueze • Giuseppe  ...  Figure 1 . 3 : 13 Global VLBI (EVN, VLBA and GBT) observations of the gravitationally lensed radio source MG J0751+2716 taken at 1.7 GHz(Fig. 1, Spingola et al. 2018) .  ... 
arXiv:2007.02347v1 fatcat:lg6hkimlobf7rlw73dgufj27bm

Competenze e valutazione nella tipologia A della prima prova dell'Esame di Stato

Consiglia Balsamo, PICAMUS DANIELA, Università Degli Studi Di Trieste
2021
MACCHIA, Mondadori, Milano, 1973, cap.XV; Prova ordinaria del 19 giugno 2019: GIUSEPPE UNGARETTI, Risvegli, [raccolta L'Allegria, Il Porto sepolto], in Vita di un uomo.Tutte le poesie, a cura di L.  ...  SCLARANDIS, SPINGOLA 2014, p. 25). 38 Per un'impostazione generale sulla didattica per competenze e una esemplificazione di rubrica di competenza relativa a Consapevolezza ed espressione culturale (con  ... 
doi:10.13137/2039-8646/33607 fatcat:2wtnfhd3qndbdcgxsu62ljdf6a

La composizione architettonica al primo anno. Esperienze di laboratorio tra luogo e memoria [article]

Pasquale Abbagnale, Davide Apicella, Maria Fierro, Francesca Spacagna
2022
Scala, Melissa Scappaticcio, Annachiara Scarpelli, Sara Anna Scognamiglio, Marta Scognamillo, Flavia Scotti, Sofia Scotto, Francesco Sequino, Miriam Serpico, Kassim Sidibe, Erminia Sorvillo, Morgana Spingola  ...  Matteo Saldarini, Giuseppe Stolfi, Valerio Tolve, Id., Archeologia e composizione, in AA.VV., M. Osan- Mantova nuovi frammenti per antiche rovine, Araba na e R.  ... 
doi:10.6093/978-88-6887-134-5 fatcat:vximswmzijbbjctbq5krnlyzzm

The Years of Alienation in Italy: Factory and Asylum Between the Economic Miracle and the Years of Lead

Jim Carter
2019 Italian Studies  
Party founded in 1944 by Togliatti, Rinascita, dedicated an article to Memoriale in which Volponi was called upon to answer the questions of industry workers and employees (No author 1962; Camon 1969; Spingola  ...  Giuseppe Pedriali defines Ottieri's writing as expression of "autobiografismo" (Pedriali 1995) , while Paolo Milano draws attention to the mixture of "autobiografia e cronaca" (Milano 1962) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/00751634.2020.1695876 fatcat:drwa7h3nhjfy7ab7zg7pnbdmce

LO SPAZIO LEGGIBILE NELLA SCUOLA SECONDARIA: NORMATIVA, TESTI, PRATICHE [article]

EMANUELA BANDINI
2016
Storia, forme, testi di Giovanna Bellini e Giuseppe Mazzoni, uscita per Laterza nel 1990 .  ...  La dipendenza da un contesto normativo che non prevede un canone istituzionale di 1 Zinato e Spingola 1994 , p. 81. 2 Armellini 1987 Sull'insegnamento della letteratura per percorsi tematici (anche nel  ... 
doi:10.13130/bandini-emanuela_phd2016-03-15 fatcat:ovwrcvht6zcknip7bbu7kemwzm

2 • Educazione letteraria e didattica della letteratura [chapter]

Camilla Spaliviero
2020 SAIL  
Come rilevano Tatti (2020) e Spingola (2020), le modifiche introdotte nella prima prova scritta attestano la rilevanza attribuita alle abilità di comprensione e di produzione scritta (interpretazione e  ...  linguistica è probabilmente utilizzato per la prima volta nella seconda metà dell'Ottocento dal filologo Francesco d'Ovidio (Lo Duca 2003); con certezza è introdotto agli inizi del Novecento dal pedagogista Giuseppe  ... 
doi:10.30687/978-88-6969-464-6/004 fatcat:keomohf5wvdhhgupahstipktje

L'impegno del dopo as seen in the works and methodology of Nuto Revelli

Fiona Mairi Stewart
2007
The first is that of Annibale de Piero, a chemist (MF, pp. 404-407), and the second that of Felice Spingola, die mayor of Verbicaro, in Cosenza, die soudiern region from which many o f die brides came  ...  Giuseppe, a socialist, described the frustrations facing the few who did stand in elections: 'Con pochi y compagni ho fondato la sezione socialista.  ... 
doi:10.5525/gla.thesis.70963 fatcat:bpajr233m5frldejd4ascchw34

Bibliography of Occult and Fantastic Beliefs vol.1: A - D

Paul Smith, Bruno Buike
2021
Spingola * See also John Salza * See also Bro. Charles Madden * See also Pope Leo XIII, 1810-1903 John W.  ...  Barclay, 1893-1989; Giuseppe Enrie, 1886-1961 Allen Chester, Daria Kelleher (Daria V.  ... 
doi:10.17613/t06b-kp10 fatcat:qvmxzca5nvcxrku3io76iofoqq