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Geometric Invariant Domain for Image Watermarking [chapter]

Chaw-Seng Woo, Jiang Du, Binh Pham
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
However, geometric distortions pose a significant threat to robust image watermarking because it can desynchronize the watermark information while preserving the visual quality.  ...  To overcome this, we developed an invariant domain with three transforms; Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Log-Polar Mapping (LPM), and Dual Tree-Complex Wavelet Transform (DT-CWT).  ...  The invariant domain not only resisted basic RST attacks, it also survives JPEG compression, common image processing operations, and local geometrical distortion.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11922841_24 fatcat:y6jo5kjszvc2zepdsezxn4aqne

A novel image watermarking in redistributed invariant wavelet domain

Li Li, He-Huan Xu, Chin-Chen Chang, Ying-Ying Ma
2011 Journal of Systems and Software  
Most existing digital watermarking algorithms, which are based on the Discrete Wavelet Transform, are not robust to geometric distortions, even if for some special distortions, such as multiples of 90  ...  Therefore, to solve the problem, according to Haar wavelet transform theory, the redistributed invariant wavelet domain is constructed and proofed in this paper; a novel image watermarking algorithm, based  ...  In the third procedure, the watermark is embedded into the geometric invariant domain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2011.01.025 fatcat:um2bsffmhjhwto3brz4v5kss4y

Robust digital image watermarking method against geometrical attacks

Bum-Soo Kim, Jae-Gark Choi, Chul-Hyun Park, Jong-Un Won, Dong-Min Kwak, Sang-Keun Oh, Chang-Rim Koh, Kil-Houm Park
2003 Real-time imaging  
The resulting domain, which is invariant to RST, is then used as the watermark-embedding domain.  ...  Unlike FMW, our method uses log-polar map (LPM) in the spatial domain for scaling invariance, while translation invariance is provided by the use of an invariant centroid (IC) as the origin of LPM.  ...  Consequently, since MðR; YÞ becomes a domain that is invariant to geometrical attacks, the watermark generated from the copyright owner's key k is embedded in this domain.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1077-2014(03)00020-2 fatcat:5p2h4zyeefeqzgaohckznfz7fe

A Review on Geometric Invariant Digital Image Watermarking Techniques

Amitesh Kumar, V. Santhi
2011 International Journal of Computer Applications  
In this paper the detailed study is made on the various geometric attacks invariant watermarking algorithms and also a comparative study report is present for geometric attacks invariant watermarking systems  ...  In specific, geometric attacks are considered as serious attacks which make watermarked work get distorted such that it is difficult to extract hidden information.  ...  As per the survey, to design a geometric invariant watermarking system watermark embedding need to be carried out in transform domain.  ... 
doi:10.5120/1708-2275 fatcat:zj6nzt32iza7jjcfjvr3ueuese

Digital Image Watermarking Method Based on Geometric Moment Invariants

2019 JCBPSC  
In this paper, we present a novel technique for digital watermarking images based on geometric moment invariants.  ...  In order to solve this problem, we propose an image watermarking based on geometric moment invariants.  ...  In order to solve geometric distortion for image watermarking, we suggest a geometric moments based watermarking procedure that works for attacks like rotation, scale, and translation [15] [16] [17] [  ... 
doi:10.24214/jcbps.c.9.1.01421 fatcat:lx6ed6g44faifktov7rgozjm5y

Image Watermarking Based on Fourier-Mellin Transform [chapter]

Khadija Gourrame, Hassan Douzi, Rachid Harba, Riad Rabia, Frederic Ros, Mehamed ElHajji
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Geometric attacks are still challenging issues in image watermarking.  ...  Results show that the circular insertion performs better for translation and scaling attacks, while the diagonal insertion is better for rotations and RST attacks.  ...  The methods associate watermark insertion in different geometrical shapes and positions in invariant RST domains based on Fourier-Mellin transform.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-51935-3_37 fatcat:537ddfy5cbe2hnzj6jtbwpzu7a

A robust blind image watermarking scheme based on feature points and rs-invariant domain

Yanwei Yu, Zhengding Lu, Hefei Ling, Fuhao Zou
2006 2006 8th international Conference on Signal Processing  
A robust blind image watermarking scheme based on feature points and RS-invariant domain is proposed.  ...  ) image repeatedly for each disk.  ...  embedding the watermark in the RS-invariant domain for each disk is inverse mapped to Cartesian coordinates and added to the original image.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icosp.2006.345587 fatcat:yncrm5s2i5g27i6qjzhsdxvq3m

ROTATION, TRANSLATION AND SCALING INVARIANT WATERMARKING USING A GENERALIZED RADON TRANSFORMATION

D. SIMITOPOULOS, A. OIKONOMOPOULOS, M. G. STRINTZIS
2003 Digital Media Processing for Multimedia Interactive Services  
The watermark embedding and detection are performed in a domain which is invariant to geometric attacks such as rotation, scaling and translation.  ...  The invariant domain is derived by applying a new generalized Radon transform to the image. The ability of the proposed method to withstand geometric attacks is evaluated experimentally.  ...  There are also watermarking methods 2 , where the embedding and detection processes are taking place in a domain which is invariant to geometric transformations.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812704337_0040 fatcat:opp75ig2q5asjpwnde5ruc7ygq

Using Invariant Image Features for Synchronization in Spread Spectrum Image Watermarking

Ebroul Izquierdo
2002 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
This information is used to detect geometrical attacks in a frequency-domain watermarked image and to resynchronize the attacked image. The presented schema has been evaluated experimentally.  ...  In the spatial domain most salient image points are characterized using the set of Hilbert first-order differential invariants.  ...  To detect geometrical attacks in a frequency-domain watermarked image a robust matching technique is applied.  ... 
doi:10.1155/s1110865702000719 fatcat:ko33462cyzbcbndztalgmgv4xi

IMAGE WATERMARKING USING VISUAL PERCEPTION MODEL AND STATISTICAL FEATURES

Meenakshi S, Akila C
2011 International Journal on Information Sciences and Computing  
This paper presents an effective method for the image watermarking using visual perception model based on statistical features in the low frequency domain.  ...  In the image watermarking community watermark resistance to geometric attacks is an important issue.  ...  Embedding watermark in invariant domains In [9] - [11] , researchers have embedded the watermark in affine-invariant domains such as the Fourier-Mellin transform to achieve robustness to affine transforms  ... 
doi:10.18000/ijisac.50086 fatcat:kbpk2t24bzcvvlptknc3ouwg7u

Feature-Based Image Watermarking Method Using Scale-Invariant Keypoints [chapter]

Hae-Yeoun Lee, Choong-hoon Lee, Heung-Kyu Lee, Jeho Nam
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper addresses feature-based image watermarking methods for digital contents.  ...  In order to synchronize the watermark location, watermark synchronization should be performed. One solution for watermark synchronization is to use image features.  ...  Image features represent an invariant reference for geometric distortions so that referring to features can solve the problems of watermark synchronization.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11582267_28 fatcat:uoqivrqgnfhytm6h2jy44r6zj4

Robust Image Watermarking Algorithm Based on Radon and Analytic Fourier-Mellin Transforms

Jie Zhao
2015 Open Automation and Control Systems Journal  
This paper proposed a watermarking algorithm resisting to geometrical attacks. The Radon transform was employed to project two dimension image onto projection space.  ...  After that, the analytic Fourier-Mellin transform was used to construct invariant moments. These invariant moments are used to design and detect watermark.  ...  Pun et al. obtained geometric invariant watermarking method based on histogram in wavelet domain [9] . H.Y. Lee et al. proposed a new algorithm by scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT).  ... 
doi:10.2174/1874444301507011071 fatcat:txi2hkuulvh33dhst2ibto3juq

Geometric invariant blind image watermarking by invariant Tchebichef moments

Li Zhang, Gong-bin Qian, Wei-wei Xiao, Zhen Ji
2007 Optics Express  
In this paper, a geometric invariant blind image watermarking is designed by utilizing the invariant Tchebichef moments. The detailed construction of invariant Tchebichef moments is described.  ...  Watermark is generated independent to the original image and inserted into the perceptually significant invariant Tchebichef moments of original image.  ...  Image features that have been used for invariance watermarking include Fourier-Mellin transform domain coefficients [9] , geometric moment invariants and Zernike moments [10] .  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.15.002251 pmid:19532460 fatcat:mvsgoyci5zbifk3kmnmooae3ii

An Attack-resistant Watermark Resynchronization Scheme using LDFT and BSP

Meeramol T K, Haripriya Nair
2014 IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering  
Image watermarking is a method that embeds a watermark in the digital image by making small changes in the host data.  ...  In watermarking applications, the robustness of the watermark to the common signal processing and geometric desynchronization attacks(DAs) is essential to the system.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors wish to thank the Management and Principal and Head of the Department(CSE) of Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology for their support and help in completing this work.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0661-16532027 fatcat:owzxctrtrbe2fjoo2rt7e3lhli

Image watermarking in the Hermite transform domain with resistance to geometric distortions

Nadia Baaziz, Boris Escalante-Ramirez, Oscar Romero-Hernández, Peter Schelkens, Touradj Ebrahimi, Gabriel Cristóbal, Frédéric Truchetet
2008 Optical and Digital Image Processing  
edges) for watermark embedding purpose.  ...  Image normalization, a means to achieve invariance to geometric transformations, is well known in computer vision and pattern recognition areas.  ...  Therefore, normalization is a way to compensate for any affine geometric distortion and ensure invariance property to the normalized image.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.781481 fatcat:5hjvagijrjc35bbkyuzuqzuali
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