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Caloric Value of Biomass based Power Plants, Life Cycle Assessment and Techno Economic of Different Crops for M.P. (India)

Shashikant Sharma, Sunil Kumar Gupta, Mukesh Pandey
2022 Journal of Natural Remedies  
Wider use of biomass, a clean, renewable and CO<sub>2</sub> neutral feedstock may extend the lifetime of our fossil fuels resources and alleviate global warming problems.  ...  To overcome the Trilemma, developing and introducing more efficient energy conversion technologies is therefore important, for fossil fuels as well as renewable fuels.  ...  The analysis of environmental damage mechanisms, an impact assessment translates the inventory of emissions and wastes into environmental impacts.  ... 
doi:10.18311/jnr/2022/28853 fatcat:jokatdcztzgpfok6q5zgk6ztce

Piloted ignition of live forest fuels

S. McAllister, I. Grenfell, A. Hadlow, W.M. Jolly, M. Finney, J. Cohen
2012 Fire safety journal  
Many of the correlations from the literature for ignition time with moisture content fail to capture the trends with live fuels.  ...  A linear regression of the ignition time with moisture content only predicts 74-80% of the variability suggesting that there is another mechanism controlling ignition time of live fuels.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Jake Gerstenberger for his help running the experiments, Cyle Wold and Jim Reardon for their help in setting up the data logging and electrical, and Jack Kautz and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2012.04.001 fatcat:x7ns3flu6fegzab355p2xjhwea

Estimating and Up-Scaling Fuel Moisture and Leaf Dry Matter Content of a Temperate Humid Forest Using Multi Resolution Remote Sensing Data

Hamed Adab, Kasturi Devi Kanniah, Jason Beringer
2016 Remote Sensing  
In this study, leaf fuel moisture content such as Live Fuel Moisture Content (LFMC), Leaf Relative Water Content (RWC), Dead Fuel Moisture Content (DFMC), and Leaf Dry Matter Content (LDMC) (hereinafter  ...  known as moisture content indices (MCI)) were calculated in the field for different forest species at 32 sites in a temperate humid forest (Zaringol forest) located in northeastern Iran.  ...  Acknowledgments: We acknowledge the Ministry of Education Malaysia (through research grant Q.J130000.2427.02G20 and Q.J130000.2527.13H44) for providing funding to conduct the study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs8110961 fatcat:dayt42rei5funfiu6xccy3qye4

Fire Behaviour Observation in Shrublands in Nova Scotia, Canada and Assessment of Aids to Operational Fire Behaviour Prediction

Anne-Claude Pepin, Mike Wotton
2020 Fire  
An aid to operational fire prediction behaviour is proposed, using a fuel type from the Canadian Fire Prediction System (O-1b) and a modified estimate of fuel moisture of the elevated fuel in the fuel  ...  Data show that the dead moisture content in this fuel complex is systematically lower than expected from the traditional relationship between FFMC and moisture content in the Canadian Fire Weather Index  ...  establish the relationship between actual dead moisture content and Canadian FWI System's weather-based moisture codes for this specific fuel complex (specifically the hourly Fine Fuel Moisture Code, hFFMC  ... 
doi:10.3390/fire3030034 fatcat:jrr4nk5in5e4fcc62v5ksueuoy

Fuel modelling and fire hazard assessment based on data from the Portuguese National Forest Inventory

Paulo Fernandes, Ana Luz, Carlos Loureiro, Paulo Ferreira-Godinho, Hermínio Botelho
2006 Forest Ecology and Management  
A forest typology developed from the Portuguese National Forest Inventory that combines cover type (the dominant overstorey species) and forest structure defined as a combination of generic stand density  ...  Fire management activities can greatly benefit from the description of wildland fuel as a fire behaviour predictor.  ...  Acknowledgments The fuel models are an output of the project "Development of fuel models to appraise fire hazard in Portuguese wildland areas" (POCI/AGR/61164/2004).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.08.256 fatcat:m6xvltv6i5ckzkkvsg36qnhd34

Assessing the effect of foliar moisture on the spread rate of crown fires

Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz
2013 International journal of wildland fire  
This paper constitutes a digest and critique of the currently available information pertaining to the influence of live fuel or foliar moisture content (FMC) on the spread rate of crown fires in conifer  ...  Four theoretical functions and one empirical function used to adjust rate of fire spread for the effect of foliar or live fuel moisture were also concurrently examined for their validity over a wide range  ...  > : ð8Þ where c p is the specific heat of dry fuel and M is an intrinsic fuel layer moisture content weighted from fuel load, moisture and consumption (see Albini 1996 for computational details).  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf12008 fatcat:k6mnk3z2vffs5dok4g5nzb3zuq

Thermodynamic assessment of human feces gasification: an experimental-based approach

Flávio Lopes Francisco Bittencourt, Atílio Barbosa Lourenço, Elias Antônio Dalvi, Márcio Ferreira Martins
2019 SN Applied Sciences  
Residues with a large amount of organic content represent a potential for energy recovery.  ...  New data and discussions about the conversion efficiencies for such type of fuel are brought up, such as the influence of the exothermic pyrolysis on the chemical exergy destruction.  ...  as a sanitation tool for materials with the moisture content up to the limitation of the device.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42452-019-1104-1 fatcat:b3r46engabb5fpr2bwjkfisziy

Review of the use of remote sensing for monitoring wildfire risk conditions to support fire risk assessment in protected areas

Olga Dipuo Molaudzi, Samuel Adewale Adelabu
2019 South African Journal of Geomatics  
This study presents a review of remote sensing data and techniques for fire risk monitoring and assessment with a particular emphasis on its implications for wildfire risk mapping in protected areas.  ...  Fire risk assessment is one of the most important components in the management of fire that offers the framework for monitoring fire risk conditions.  ...  Physical-based approaches estimate FMC by attempting to simulate the processes that occur in the fuel thereby comparing the observed reflectance of every pixel to those simulated in a look up table, assigning  ... 
doi:10.4314/sajg.v7i3.2 fatcat:7dn2vi627fcilfdrk5p3s6cauu

The combustion of sound and rotten coarse woody debris: a review

Joshua C. Hyde, Alistair M. S. Smith, Roger D. Ottmar, Ernesto C. Alvarado, Penelope Morgan
2011 International journal of wildland fire  
There is relatively little research evaluating the physical properties relating to the combustion of this coarse woody debris with even less specifically addressing decomposition, a condition that eventually  ...  Management implications and suggestions for future research are then presented.  ...  to 373 K and moisture contents of up to 130%.  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf09113 fatcat:n63e7udbb5dhthfvwi64dwf3aa

An assessment of the torrefaction of North American pine and life cycle greenhouse gas emissions

P. McNamee, P.W.R. Adams, M.C. McManus, B. Dooley, L.I. Darvell, A. Williams, J.M. Jones
2016 Energy Conversion and Management  
Experimental results show that torrefaction reduces the moisture content and increases the calorific value of the fuels.  ...  Problems with using biomass however include high moisture contents, lower calorific value and poor grindability when compared to fossil fuels.  ...  This is a large interdisciplinary programme and the views expressed in this paper are those of the authors alone, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the collaborators or the policies of the funding  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2016.01.006 fatcat:5wq4x5qyxnfavhr3rnxbi7zwom

Fuel buildup and potential fire behavior after stand-replacing fires, logging fire-killed trees and herbicide shrub removal in Sierra Nevada forests

Thomas W. McGinnis, Jon E. Keeley, Scott L. Stephens, Gary B. Roller
2010 Forest Ecology and Management  
We measured the effects of these treatments on live and dead fuel loads and alien species and modeled potential fire behavior and fire effects on regenerating forests.  ...  Logging fire-killed trees significantly increased total available dead fuel loads in the short term but did not affect shrub cover, grass and forb cover, alien species cover or alien species richness.  ...  Several USDA Forest Service personnel were extremely helpful and provided treatment information, logistical help and general support for this project.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2010.03.026 fatcat:rj6vfmbcmvbetmg2np2shnjqtm

Regional estimation of woodland moisture content by inverting Radiative Transfer Models

Sara Jurdao, Marta Yebra, Juan Pablo Guerschman, Emilio Chuvieco
2013 Remote Sensing of Environment  
The inversion was based on the Look Up Table technique using the minimum spectral angle as merit function.  ...  The estimation of LFMC was performed within the framework of a fire risk assessment system.  ...  Science, University of Tasmania, Australia) for her support with the Eucalyptus globulus data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.01.004 fatcat:ivqnzutvqzen5lcyppudt5gvzu

Recent advances and applications of WRF–SFIRE

J. Mandel, S. Amram, J. D. Beezley, G. Kelman, A. K. Kochanski, V. Y. Kondratenko, B. H. Lynn, B. Regev, M. Vejmelka
2014 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
These developments include a fuel-moisture model and a fuel-moisture-data-assimilation system based on the Remote Automated Weather Stations (RAWS) observations, allowing for fire simulations across landscapes  ...  and time scales of varying fuel-moisture conditions.  ...  This work partially utilized the Janus supercomputer, supported by the NSF grant CNS-0821794, the University of Colorado Boulder, University of Colorado Denver, and National Center for Atmospheric Research  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-14-2829-2014 fatcat:qd2pxzjy4jdxtm77agrte75rh4

Lethal soil temperatures during burning of masticated forest residues

Matt D. Busse, Ken R. Hubbert, Gary O. Fiddler, Carol J. Shestak, Robert F. Powers
2005 International journal of wildland fire  
Two soil moisture contents were compared at each fuel depth to simulate spring prescribed burning (moist soil) and late-season wildfire (dry soil).  ...  Field projections indicate that up to one-fourth of treated areas with dense pre-mastication vegetation would surpass lethal soil temperatures during a surface wildfire.  ...  We are grateful to Bob Carlson, Don Jones, Bert Spear and Dave Young for their hard work during the construction and burning of the plots, and to George Riechers for providing software and technical support  ... 
doi:10.1071/wf04062 fatcat:7jhc76wpzvffpabw7xsfhunyle

SAR-enhanced mapping of live fuel moisture content

Krishna Rao, A. Park Williams, Jacqueline Fortin Flefil, Alexandra G. Konings
2020 Remote Sensing of Environment  
Edited by Marie Weiss Keywords: Live fuel moisture content Wildfire Forest fire Western USA Synthetic aperture radar Landsat Sentinel-1 Neural network Deep learning Drought stress A B S T R A C T Assessing  ...  Live fuel moisture content (LFMC) -the mass of water per unit dry biomass in vegetation -exerts a direct control on fuel ignitability, fuel availability and fire spread, and is thus an important parameter  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the United States Forest Service for creating and maintaining the National Fuel Moisture Database.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2020.111797 fatcat:pemnu442urcavn5ohc3tm7cmy4
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