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Requirements fixation: How requirements inhibit creativity in software engineering?

Rahul Mohanani, Paul Ralph, Burak Turhan, Vladimir Mandic
2020 Zenodo  
"Desiderata" is a general term for stakeholder needs, desires or preferences.  ...  Overall, the results suggest that more formal presentations of desiderata reduce creativity due to requirements fixation, a cognitive bias in which designers anchor on explicit requirements, hindering  ...  For example, grouping given requirements as non-functional features or as pop-up notifications. Subsequent design moves appear to be informed by these groups.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4106670 fatcat:qqwe4tvqejbftplwv2gykyaqwm

Requirements Abstraction Model

Tony Gorschek, Claes Wohlin
2005 Requirements Engineering  
The model will allow companies to ensure comparability between requirements, and hence it generates important input to activities such as prioritization and packaging of requirements before launching a  ...  The model was successfully validated in several steps at a company. The results from the industrial validation point to the usefulness of the model.  ...  the benefit from the requirements perspective (see Example 3, Requirement A and C).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00766-005-0020-7 fatcat:2dy2nngdzffnlobsj6pxsjwr4i

Learning TSP Requires Rethinking Generalization [article]

Chaitanya K. Joshi, Quentin Cappart, Louis-Martin Rousseau, Thomas Laurent
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Towards leveraging transfer learning to solve large-scale TSPs, this paper identifies inductive biases, model architectures and learning algorithms that promote generalization to instances larger than  ...  Our controlled experiments provide the first principled investigation into such zero-shot generalization, revealing that extrapolating beyond training data requires rethinking the neural combinatorial  ...  At each layer, nodes gather features from their neighbors to represent local graph structure via recursive message passing [19] .  ... 
arXiv:2006.07054v3 fatcat:fsxtrv2tzveabftlxzjuzpdura

The User Requirements

Ursina Häfliger, Andreas Stasinakis, Elisavet Chatzilari, Spiros Nikolopoulos, Martina Pugliese
2021 Zenodo  
This deliverable presents the analysis of the user requirements for the eTryOn applications, which were collected with the help of surveys and interviews.  ...  In more detail, the methodology for generating and distributing the questionnaires is presented, while the answers of the participating users are analysed both statistically and qualitatively.  ...  The questions range from demographic background to the description of problems and functionality requirements.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5566499 fatcat:x5rw2haey5bjbln7dyx6wcnx4a

Scenario-Driven Continuous Mobility Requirements Analysis in Mobile App Maintenance

Xiaozhou Li, Zheying Zhang, Timo Poranen
2018 Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality  
It supports the continuous requirements analysis in the maintenance of mobile apps where their mobility is constantly maintained despite the changes in the features.  ...  In this study, we propose the scenario-driven approach of mobility requirements analysis with context and ways of interaction.  ...  The Mobility Requirements Analysis Process Model The mobility requirements analysis process model is shown in Fig. 1 . Fig. 1. Mobility Requirements Analysis Process Model Key Activity 1.  ... 
dblp:conf/refsq/LiZP18 fatcat:nfljlae4izaljoz625sv7hgwbu

Feature-Oriented Nonfunctional Requirement Analysis for Software Product Line

Xin Peng, Seok-Won Lee, Wen-Yun Zhao
2009 Journal of Computer Science and Technology  
Finally, a decision model with both functional and nonfunctional perspectives is constructed to facilitate application-oriented feature model customization.  ...  After the variability analysis, our method integrates both functional and nonfunctional perspectives by incorporating the nonfunctional goals and operationalizations into an initial functional feature  ...  The method includes generating feature model from variability-embodied goal model.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11390-009-9227-2 fatcat:e7xxr37svvakpj26aov4xkrzci

Requirement mining for model-based product design

Romain Pinquié, Philippe Véron, Frédéric Segonds, Nicolas Croué
2016 International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management  
Both contributions support companies willing to feed a requirements management tool from prescriptive documents.  ...  First, we propose a natural language processing (NLP) pipeline to extract requirements from prescriptive documents.  ...  vs. model interpretability: flexible learning algorithms are more interpretable than restrictive ones, because they can produce a smaller range of shapes to estimate the classification function γ.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijplm.2016.080983 fatcat:mjr4uyuja5f3bccenkzuhequ3e

On Requirements Visualization

Orlena C.Z. Gotel, Francis T. Marchese, Stephen J. Morris
2007 Second International Workshop on Requirements Engineering Visualization (REV 2007)  
The paper suggests that the field has yet to realize some of the benefits that can arise from a well designed and task-oriented information visualization, falling behind other areas of software engineering  ...  Second International Workshop on Requirements Engineering Visualization (REV 2007) 978-0-7695-3248-6/07 $25.00 © 2007 Second International Workshop on Requirements Engineering Visualization (REV 2007)  ...  From a management and control perspective, such tools now provide a way to display requirements metrics visually (e.g., the number of changed or implemented requirements), but this is largely by adopting  ... 
doi:10.1109/rev.2007.4 fatcat:ymvxxuo7avekrdivqofbaqtedq

Requirements for Logical Modules

Frank Loebe
2006 International Semantic Web Conference  
This paper presents a collection of such requirements.  ...  Given these requirements, their relationship to current proposals for modularizing ontologies is briefly discussed, with a focus on our application.  ...  Requirements From an Application Perspective General Setting: Distinguishing Basic and Complex Modules The current axiomatization of the General Formal Ontology (GFO) comprises about three hundred sentences  ... 
dblp:conf/semweb/Loebe06 fatcat:i5jwqff2gbcihdx5taclmrgdty

Using SEQUAL for Identifying Requirements to Ecore Editors [article]

Kristian Rekstad, John Krogstie
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this way the paper both contribute to identifying modeling tool functionality, and to have input to improve SEQUAL as a general model quality framework.  ...  To investigate the needed functionality of such modeling tools, the model quality framework SEQUAL has been applied.  ...  to be able to generate code from the models.  ... 
arXiv:2202.02565v1 fatcat:qkeier2cbzdsfak33sfaanycm4

Report on the working conference on requirements engineering

Martin Glinz, Patrick Heymans, Anne Persson, Guttorm Sindre, Aybüke Aurum, Nazim Madhavji, Barbara Paech, Gil Regev, Roel Wieringa
2009 Software engineering notes  
This report summarizes the presentations and discussions at REFSQ'09, the 15th International Working Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality which was held on June 8-9,  ...  It should be noted that requirements architecture as seen from this perspective is not a tool for making the transition from requirements to architectural design, but rather a tool for structuring the  ...  The division into context, requirements and design resembles the general structure of requirements specifications defined by Zave and Jackson, and so might be more generally applicable than to the automotive  ... 
doi:10.1145/1598732.1598759 fatcat:hkl64g4wcjdlxkpcn3zlavazvq

Analogy-based domain analysis approach to software reuse

Chung-Horng Lung, Joseph E. Urban, Gerald T. Mackulak
2006 Requirements Engineering  
Evaluation of the approach from various perspectives is also reported.  ...  Domain analysis is an expansion of conventional requirements analysis. Domain analysis can support effective software reuse.  ...  Analogy-based domain analysis (ABDA) approach Having discussed the features of analogy and requirements from the software perspective, we will demonstrate, in this section, the modeling technique, namely  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00766-006-0035-8 fatcat:rurjaa46x5godk6xbnfjuodfzm

A Requirement Ontology for Engineering Design

Jinxin Lin, Mark S. Fox, Taner Bilgic
1996 Concurrent Engineering - Research and Applications  
Objects included in this general ontology are parts, features, requirements, and constraints.  ...  We present an ontology for representing requirements that supports a generic requirements management process in engineering design domain.  ...  Requirements generated by different members in a concurrent engineering team may be contradictory since different authors may have different perspectives on the system [16] .  ... 
doi:10.1177/1063293x9600400307 fatcat:psbpzkr2ozbshcsu4hpagqkfwq

Communication Analysis: A Requirements Engineering Method for Information Systems [chapter]

Sergio España, Arturo González, Óscar Pastor
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The focus is put on requirements modelling techniques. Two novel techniques are described; namely, Communicative Event Diagram and Communication Structures.  ...  Developing Information Systems (ISs) is a hard task for which Requirements Engineering (RE) offers a good starting point. ISs can be viewed as a support for organisational communication.  ...  . • Both modelling techniques fit well into a requirements structure, and they are both soundly founded on concepts borrowed from diverse disciplines (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02144-2_41 fatcat:ccqzecvitfcezlyrh6ymuleddi

Building Conference Proceedings Requires Adaptable Workflow and Content Management

Jutta A. Mülle, Klemens Böhm, Nicolas Roper, Tobias Sunder
2006 Very Large Data Bases Conference  
The concern of this article is to describe and classify these various requirements regarding adaptation.  ...  It has features of both workflow management systems (WFMS) and content management systems (CMS), in order to collect the material for the printed proceedings and other products.  ...  The functional perspective covers the means of structural composition of workflows from activities and subworkflows, the behavioral aspect describes the causal and temporal relationships between subworkflows  ... 
dblp:conf/vldb/MulleBRS06 fatcat:zkyii2gbbfflfiwpypviocx3dy
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