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Understanding life: Trans-semiotic analogies

Andres Luure
2002 Sign Systems Studies  
This paper sketches a network of analogies reaching from linguosemiotics (including theory of reference in analytical philosophy of language) to biosemiotics.  ...  It results in the following proportion: attributive use of referring expressions : referential use of referring expressions : 'generative' use of referring expressions = signifying : referring : 'poetic  ...  In the case of the generative use, an object in a model is introduced or "generated" or declared implying no definite description or specifying conception.  ... 
doi:10.12697/sss.2002.30.1.20 fatcat:z5nbj7pdl5dphcxtcevzpd6wya

Semiotic schemas: A framework for grounding language in action and perception

Deb Roy
2005 Artificial Intelligence  
The framework reflects lessons learned from implementations of several language processing robots.  ...  A theoretical framework for grounding language is introduced that provides a computational path from sensing and motor action to words and speech acts.  ...  Generation of descriptive speech acts, like generation of directives, also requires some ability to maintain theories of other minds in order to anticipate effective word choices for communicating descriptions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artint.2005.04.007 fatcat:pjvu22kepfc35ilu23iqxbx6v4

The possibility of constructing a relativistic space of information states based on the theory of complexity and analogies with physical space-time [article]

Sergiy I. Melnyk, Igor G. Tuluzov
2017 arXiv   pre-print
of the used languages of programming (description).  ...  At the same time, various languages of description are associated with various reference systems in physics.  ...  As the information analog of the elementary objects we will consider the indivisible (by means of the selected language of description) information objects.  ... 
arXiv:1703.08069v1 fatcat:hbhhypbci5cvva5rfkeoovixju

Patterns of Language - A Population Model for Language Structure [article]

Robert John Freeman
1996 arXiv   pre-print
A key problem in the description of language structure is to explain its contradictory properties of specificity and generality, the contrasting poles of formulaic prescription and generative productivity  ...  As a specific example I discuss how it would be possible to use analogy to define a generative model of syntactic structure.  ...  with just the properties of infinite particularity and infinite generality that we find in natural language.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9608004v1 fatcat:ezcpe7cxbfbmfee5bmaotmhnua

New Aspects in HDL's Performance Evaluation

B. Andelkovic, V. Litovski, V. Zerbe
2005 EUROCON 2005 - The International Conference on "Computer as a Tool"  
New aspects in Hardware Description Language's (HDL) performance evaluation such as objectorientation, system-level modeling, analog and mixed-signal modeling, software description and verification capabilities  ...  Features of mainstream HDLs and verification languages VHDL-AMS, Java, SystemC, AleC++, MLDesigner, OpenVera, the e language, PSL and SystemVerilog are compared in the context of these aspects.  ...  Java Java is an object-oriented, general-purpose, concurrent, platform-independent programming language. It can be used for both software and the description of hardware [2] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/eurcon.2005.1629974 fatcat:urttnk375ze5fj5aooznv5aam4

Anthropomorphism and Mechanomorphism

Fredrik Karlsson
2012 Humanimalia - a journal of human/animal interface studies  
In conclusion, it is suggested that the aim of these works is to give fair descriptions of other animals.  ...  This has accumulated to a resistance that is sometimes as categorical against describing animals by analogies to machines, as the resistance against anthropomorphism has been.  ...  If the suggestion is to ban analogies using mechanical terms in descriptions of animals, in what way would that be more precise than a general ban on analogies using human terms?  ... 
doi:10.52537/humanimalia.10051 fatcat:4dy3gpr765dffj4eanycjcdgnu

Object-Oriented Modeling and Co-Simulation of Embedded Systems [chapter]

F. R. Wagner, M. Oyamada, L. Carro, M. Kreutz
2000 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
S3E 2 S is based on a distributed, object-oriented system model, where abstract objects are initially used to express complex behavior and may be later refined into digital or analog hardware and software  ...  This paper presents the modeling and co-simulation capabilities of S3E 2 S, a design environment for electronic systems that can be built as a combination of analog and digital parts and software.  ...  The specification of embedded systems using procedural languages is a natural consequence of microprocessor-based system design.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35498-9_44 fatcat:qv6eiqs2ejbozfmyrfh4vhxnje

Exploring the Use of Metaphor in Communication of Contemporary Physics

Gabriele Ceroni
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
To face the issue from the perspective of cognitive linguistics, we analyze the characterization of the generative aspect of 'new' meanings in the analogical and metaphorical use in order to evaluate the  ...  of analogical forms used in dissemination of physics and to design new and 'better' analogies and metaphors.  ...  We suggest that even from the 'proper' discourses about the physical system description an implicit conceptual structure in terms of Object Event-Structure Metaphor emerges both for the general physical  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.391 fatcat:oqkl7tcs2vgczmm5f4rtqb6ljy

Referring strategies in American Sign Language and English (with co-speech gesture): The role of modality in referring to non-nameable objects

ZED SEVCIKOVA SEHYR, BRENDA NICODEMUS, JENNIFER PETRICH, KAREN EMMOREY
2018 Applied Psycholinguistics  
' resemblance to nameable objects ("analogy-based reference").  ...  Analogy-based references were more time efficient (associated with shorter round description times).  ...  In addition, lexical signs can provide the signer with ready-to-use labels that express the referent's perceived resemblance to another naturally occurring object by means of analogy, that is, analogy-based  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716418000061 pmid:31595097 pmcid:PMC6781880 fatcat:enfxdpfxgvbg7bgcnm6eea57vi

Book Reviews

Peter R. Rodgers
2007 Novum Testamentum  
In the case of entomology and sociology, metaphorical language is embedded in the analogies that establish relationships between the objects of study in both fi elds.  ...  Rodgers aims to uncover naturalizing practices in comparisons made between natural and social worlds.  ...  In the case of entomology and sociology, metaphorical language is embedded in the analogies that establish relationships between the objects of study in both fi elds.  ... 
doi:10.1163/156853607x215010 fatcat:jnbxr7dppfeqtbg2y3eoeaobna

Page 365 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 24, Issue 4 [page]

1990 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
(GER) {| The heuristic value of the analogy between music & language is noted & the structural analogy is exemplified with semantic, syntactic, & prag- matic similarities between music & natural languages  ...  H. de la Motte-Haber’s objections against heuristic use of the analogy be- tween music & language (Handbuch der Musikpsychologie (Textbook of Music Psychology), Laaber, 1985) are rejected. 59 References  ... 

Understanding scene descriptions as event simulations

David L. Waltz
1980 Proceedings of the 18th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
it could use to generate scene representations to be compared with scene representations it had generated on the basis of natural language input.  ...  Spatial analog models are certainly not the only possible representation for scene descriptions, hut they are convenient and natural in many ways.  ...  Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing. ACL, Arlington, VA, ~975.  ... 
doi:10.3115/981436.981439 dblp:conf/acl/Waltz80 fatcat:ocpgvflp5jc5pejli5iwpasx2a

Image2Text

Chang Liu, Changhu Wang, Fuchun Sun, Yong Rui
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Multimedia Conference - MM '16  
In this work, we showcase the Image2Text system, which is a real-time captioning system that can generate human-level natural language description for any input image.  ...  Analogous to machine translation, we present a sequence-to-sequence recurrent neural networks (RNN) model for image caption generation.  ...  We develop an image captioning system, which allows the users to 1) generate human-level natural language description of any input image, 2) detect objects in the given image alongside caption generation  ... 
doi:10.1145/2964284.2973831 dblp:conf/mm/LiuWSR16 fatcat:6lfclkskyreabg7vvp2iff2bjy

Analogical Generalization of Activities from Single Demonstration [chapter]

Jason R. Wilson, Matthias Scheutz
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we introduce a process called "Mental Elaboration and Generalization by Analogy" to create a generalized representation of an activity that has been demonstrated only once.  ...  ., sequences of actions possibly involving new objects) from single demonstrations is common for humans and would thus be very desirable for future robots as well.  ...  Beyond actions, [11] demonstrated how various additional properties of objects could be learned from one-shot natural language descriptions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-12027-0_40 fatcat:5cedgtzir5cfnoioeuxvjuzvdu

A HEURISTIC PROGRAM TO SOLVE GEOMETRIC-ANALOGY PROBLEMS [chapter]

Thomas G. Evans
1987 Readings in Computer Vision  
First, the 'objects' are the problem figures of ANALOGY and the suitable 'descriptive framework' appropriate to these objects is the 'subfigure and relation' representation used as the input part I generates  ...  Probably this means a quite 'verbal' representation of both objects and transformations as expressions in suitable 'description languages.'  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-051581-6.50046-5 fatcat:kj5zwkx47ncmxn7xfo6ae6mmqi
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