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Generating User-Centred Explanations via Illocutionary Question Answering: From Philosophy to Interfaces [article]

Francesco Sovrano, Fabio Vitali
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a new method for generating explanations with AI and a tool to test its expressive power within a user interface.  ...  In order to bridge the gap between philosophy and human-computer interfaces, we show a new approach for the generation of interactive explanations based on a sophisticated pipeline of AI algorithms for  ...  to implement a proof of concept algorithm for user-centred explanations via illocutionary question answering.  ... 
arXiv:2110.00762v2 fatcat:5ovvpnezqnelnaigxnooshhvcm

From Philosophy to Interfaces: an Explanatory Method and a Tool Inspired by Achinstein's Theory of Explanation [article]

Francesco Sovrano, Fabio Vitali
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In order to bridge the gap between philosophy and human-computer interfaces, we show a new approach for the generation of interactive explanations based on a sophisticated pipeline of AI algorithms for  ...  of explanations rather than on existing interfaces and presentation logic layers for question answering.  ...  filter=question-answering Source code and additional material is available at https://github.com/Francesco-Sovrano/From-Philosophy-to-Interfaces-an-Explanatory-Method-anda-Tool-Inspired-by-Achinstein-s-Theory-of-E  ... 
arXiv:2109.04171v1 fatcat:cbjeokmpmfdfjdkdaxzbvnwl5i

Answerable style: the idea of the literary in medieval England

2013 ChoiceReviews  
in order to find the answer to his question.  ...  Typically, a successful (or at least plausible) answer to one of these questions precludes an equally successful answer to the other. an argument like Peck's must underplay the poem's efforts at a realistic  ...  about the intellectual possibilities for the study of Middle english than from almost anyone else. even my nonmedievalist graduate students have found her work inspiring because of its attention to the  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.51-1931 fatcat:xp5ka5375vhenc55rugz2ly7jm

Queries and Predicate - Argument Relationship [chapter]

Savina Raynaud
2012 Semantics - Advances in Theories and Mathematical Models  
Answers will then confirm or deny the orientation proposed, thus underlining the strict relationship between predicate as sentence-centre and predication as basic syntagmatic act, whatever illocutionary  ...  "To perform a locutionary act is in general, we may say, also and eo ipso to perform an illocutionary act, as I propose to call it.  ... 
doi:10.5772/38134 fatcat:ihc4gydoorbnjj5knzoc4es5n4

Approaches to natural language discourse processing

Paul Mc Kevitt, Derek Partridge, Yorick Wilks
1992 Artificial Intelligence Review  
, English questions about computer operating systems.  ...  The theory of intention analysis has been incorporated within a computational model, called Operating System CONsultant (OSCON), implemented in Quintus Prolog, which understands, and answers in English  ...  Also, the type of user will affect the way the system generates answers to queries.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00123689 fatcat:orfwdvt2vnhavoeu2o5fs5vyai

Towards a computer-assisted aesthetics of user response

Florentina Armaselu
2021 Digital Scholarship in the Humanities  
Four user types were derived from the corpus linguistics analysis referred to as immersed, distant, sceptical, and enthusiastic users.  ...  On the other hand, the results of sentiment analysis showed that an experiential analysis, centred not only on the artefact but also on the response and the experience it generates, may enable understanding  ...  , and Sarah Cooper, from the Language Centre of the University of Luxembourg, for English proofreading.  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/fqab069 fatcat:hpu5m7h34vc5ff7qpwidntcsmi

Rethinking the Meaning of Identifiers in Information Infrastructures

Owen Eriksson, Pär Ågerfalk
2010 Journal of the AIS  
The objective of this paper is to elaborate on these problems by explaining the identifier construct from a technical, institutional, ontological, and information infrastructural perspective.  ...  Accordingly, we address the practical need for improved design principles relating to the increasingly important infrastructural character of computerized information systems that stems from the importance  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Kalle Lyytinen, Jeffrey Parsons, Rikard Lindgren and the anonymous reviewers for the many insightful and helpful comments on various draft versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00234 fatcat:pqohwbygb5amrnpprler4zzkdq

Acquired and Innate Immunity in Prokaryotes Define Their Evolutionary Story [chapter]

Toshihiro Ito, Masatoshi Okura, Fumito Maruyama
2019 DNA Traffic in the Environment  
This means that the blind man answered Jesus with a qualification inquiry about the Son of Man, saying, "And  ...  This is the reason why the narrator introduces the disciples without any explanation. For an answer to the second question, however, the reader has to infer it from the immediate co-text.  ...  It helps to give explanations of why users of language are able to read "between the lines" as they so often have to do." 10 1. 3.1 Cooperative Principle and four maxims Grice introduced Cooperative  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-13-3411-5_3 fatcat:r52bm6pf3be6xflqym5ifa7pia

Laurence Bouquiaux, Bruno Leclercq, Logique formelle et argumentation

Tutui Viorel
2010 Argumentum: Journal of the Seminar of Discursive Logic, Argumentation Theory and Rhetoric  
The most interesting point here is the answer to the question: "How denote the phrases that refer to fictional objects?".  ...  resolve the thorny issue of analyticity because it does nothing but to change from assuming without explanation the term "analytic" to assuming without explanation the term "semantic rule"!  ... 
doaj:74b2b5b7104244d482f15291266f93f6 fatcat:wqahgumcqvhxjcex6meilaxn2u

Semiotics of spreadability: A systematic approach to Internet memes and virality

Gabriele Marino
2015 Punctum International Journal of Semiotics  
interfaces, but to comprehension in general.  ...  To answer this question, let us first examine the press release published when the Léon Vivien page was launched.  ...  the research on the Chinese Web from its ideological polarisation.  ... 
doi:10.18680/hss.2015.0004 fatcat:6zyy2e6jnnalpcoovfzk7p5c3y

Grounding the Interaction: Knowledge Management for Interactive Robots

Séverin Lemaignan
2013 Künstliche Intelligenz  
It answers the question "What am I like?".  ...  ), leads to either other queries (to answer a question) or new assertions.  ...  us, the question is: how to build a cyc:TaskState without cyc:Microtheory?  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13218-013-0246-3 fatcat:lzwey4kmoffqlobfwgzcggev5a

Précis of Foundations of language: brain, meaning, grammar, evolution

Ray Jackendoff
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The proper approach is a parallel architecture, in which phonology, syntax, and semantics are autonomous generative systems linked by interface components.  ...  The goal of this study is to reintegrate the theory of generative grammar into the cognitive sciences.  ...  Taking apart the delicate question of what belongs to an interface and what is a core module of one or another domain (the answer may in fact vary for different languages), we would like to comment on  ... 
pmid:15377127 fatcat:bzensiywbngxjlsooeenx3czpm

Précis of Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution,

Ray Jackendoff
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The proper approach is a parallel architecture, in which phonology, syntax, and semantics are autonomous generative systems linked by interface components.  ...  The goal of this study is to reintegrate the theory of generative grammar into the cognitive sciences.  ...  Taking apart the delicate question of what belongs to an interface and what is a core module of one or another domain (the answer may in fact vary for different languages), we would like to comment on  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x03000153 fatcat:eewzkvv7wjc4tnn4okt7cbui64

Negotiating Goals in Intelligent Tutoring Dialogues [chapter]

Michael J. Baker
1992 New Directions for Intelligent Tutoring Systems  
We describe a first prototype model for generating tutorial interactions in Intelligent Tutoring Systems (the ' KANT' system [5, 6, 7] ), and perform a preliminary assessment of the extent to which it  ...  This paper describes research towards developing a cognitive model for the generation of negotiation phases in educational interactions.  ...  Thanks to him for guidance and encouragement, and for providing the dialogues analysed. My ideas have greatly benefitted from discussions with Andrée Tiberghien at CNRS-IRPEACS (Lyon).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-77681-6_15 fatcat:vjffxymjwzc5ln3qftgelfylkq

Pragmatics in Legal Interpretation [chapter]

Alan Durant, Janny H. C. Leung
2017 The Routledge Handbook of Pragmatics  
Sometimes, however, answers to the question of usefulness are put forward which seem to presuppose some more uniform concept of legal discourse.  ...  As part of a wider argument about how law works, Hart's explanation of broad terminology in law started from the idea that any large social group must formulate general rules rather than particular directions  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315668925-38 fatcat:qu27zzkuunginkgu25vl4lg7ge
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