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Generating Fact Checking Explanations [article]

Pepa Atanasova and Jakob Grue Simonsen and Christina Lioma and Isabelle Augenstein
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our results indicate that optimising both objectives at the same time, rather than training them separately, improves the performance of a fact checking system.  ...  Most existing work on automated fact checking is concerned with predicting the veracity of claims based on metadata, social network spread, language used in claims, and, more recently, evidence supporting  ...  for the fact-checking model.  ... 
arXiv:2004.05773v1 fatcat:ubg5qw3gyvbkzblip4vqkj7sym

Generating Fluent Fact Checking Explanations with Unsupervised Post-Editing [article]

Shailza Jolly, Pepa Atanasova, Isabelle Augenstein
2021 arXiv   pre-print
journalist to obtain fact-checking explanations.  ...  We show that our model generates explanations that are fluent, readable, non-redundant, and cover important information for the fact check.  ...  [5] , Kotonya and Toni [17] , we present a generative approach for creating fact checking explanations.  ... 
arXiv:2112.06924v1 fatcat:l4xzq2vevrfqjgkrcpxuaevsoe

End-to-End Multimodal Fact-Checking and Explanation Generation: A Challenging Dataset and Models [article]

Barry Menglong Yao
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We propose the end-to-end multimodal fact-checking and explanation generation, where the input is a claim and a large collection of web sources, including articles, images, videos, and tweets, and the  ...  generation, and demonstrate the current state-of-the-art performance of end-to-end multimodal fact-checking is still far from satisfying.  ...  benchmark dataset for end-to-end multi-media fact checking and explanation generation.  ... 
arXiv:2205.12487v1 fatcat:4j5rilhjpragndgsrg5dwci5vu

Generating Fact Checking Explanations

Pepa Atanasova, Jakob Grue Simonsen, Christina Lioma, Isabelle Augenstein
2020 Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics   unpublished
Our results indicate that optimising both objectives at the same time, rather than training them separately, improves the performance of a fact checking system.  ...  Most existing work on automated fact checking is concerned with predicting the veracity of claims based on metadata, social network spread, language used in claims, and, more recently, evidence supporting  ...  for the fact-checking model.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.acl-main.656 fatcat:mudn74gb7bh5vhp4dlqi2szs7q

Explainable Automated Fact-Checking: A Survey [article]

Neema Kotonya, Francesca Toni
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we propose further research directions for generating fact-checking explanations, and describe how these may lead to improvements in the research area.  ...  accurately fact-checked.  ...  Atanasova et al. (2020a) generate natural language explanations for fact-checking, formulating the explanation generation task as a text summarization problem (see Figure 3 (d)).  ... 
arXiv:2011.03870v1 fatcat:moykzxzsvracfjo6nvg7b4nxp4

Explainable Automated Fact-Checking for Public Health Claims [article]

Neema Kotonya, Francesca Toni
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We explore two tasks: veracity prediction and explanation generation. We also define and evaluate, with humans and computationally, three coherence properties of explanation quality.  ...  To support this case study we construct a new dataset PUBHEALTH of 11.8K claims accompanied by journalist crafted, gold standard explanations (i.e., judgments) to support the fact-check labels for claims  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank all those who participated in the explanation evaluation study for their valuable contributions.  ... 
arXiv:2010.09926v1 fatcat:2ocrenbzcrbsrf3nc5sg34z4ee

e-FEVER: Explanations and Summaries forAutomated Fact Checking

Dominik Stammbach, Elliott Ash
2020 Conference for Truth and Trust Online  
This paper demonstrates the capability of a large pre-trained language model (GPT-3) to automatically generate explanations for fact checks.  ...  Finally, we make the explanations corpus publicly accessible, providing the first large-scale resource for explainable automated fact checking.  ...  Going beyond evidence retrieval, recent work has begun to explore how fact-checking explanations could be generated automatically.  ... 
dblp:conf/tto/StammbachA20 fatcat:boqcmmymynai3oxzsnnudak56m

Extractive and Abstractive Explanations for Fact-Checking and Evaluation of News [article]

Ashkan Kazemi, Zehua Li, Verónica Pérez-Rosas, Rada Mihalcea
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we explore the construction of natural language explanations for news claims, with the goal of assisting fact-checking and news evaluation applications.  ...  Generating explanations in the context of news and fact-checking is a timely and novel topic in the Claim: nearly half of Oregon's children are poor. Fact-Check Report: ...Jim Francesconi...said..."  ...  A datapoint in this dataset contains a claim, its verdict, a news-length fact-check report justifying the verdict and a short explanation called "Our ruling" that summarizes the fact-check report and the  ... 
arXiv:2104.12918v1 fatcat:ebvnvdtiybhkpop376p5r4lusy

How Level of Explanation Detail Affects Human Performance in Interpretable Intelligent Systems: A Study on Explainable Fact Checking

Rhema Linder, Sina Mohseni, Fan Yang, Shiva K. Pentyala, Eric D. Ragan, Xia Ben Hu
2021 Applied AI Letters  
Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI) systems aim to provide users with information to help them better understand computational models and reason about why outputs were generated.  ...  The results show that more explanation information improves participant understanding of AI models, but the benefits come at the cost of time and attention needed to make sense of the explanation.  ...  Fact Check results In the Fact Check phase, participants rated news statements as true or false.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ail2.49 fatcat:kk2idsm52jb6bnynwuc6e6gdsm

Explanations for Negative Query Answers under Existential Rules

İsmail İlkan Ceylan, Thomas Lukasiewicz, Enrico Malizia, Cristian Molinaro, Andrius Vaicenavičius
2020 Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning  
A major advantage of ontological reasoning is its interpretability, which allows one to derive explanations for query answers.  ...  Indeed, explanations have a long history in knowledge representation, and have also been investigated for ontology languages based on description logics and existential rules.  ...  Intuitively, we can disprove that a fact ψ is necessary by checking that there is a (non-necessarily minimal) explanation excluding ψ.  ... 
doi:10.24963/kr.2020/23 dblp:conf/kr/CeylanLMMV20 fatcat:rtjlsqsp2jcnnejfxzmsrmzja4

Generating Fact Checking Briefs [article]

Angela Fan, Aleksandra Piktus, Fabio Petroni, Guillaume Wenzek, Marzieh Saeidi, Andreas Vlachos, Antoine Bordes, Sebastian Riedel
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Fact checking at scale is difficult -- while the number of active fact checking websites is growing, it remains too small for the needs of the contemporary media ecosystem.  ...  We investigate how to increase the accuracy and efficiency of fact checking by providing information about the claim before performing the check, in the form of natural language briefs.  ...  We measure the time taken to fact check from when the task is loaded to when the verdict and explanation is submitted.  ... 
arXiv:2011.05448v1 fatcat:warsibbfmjeepf5weluu6sq6hq

Page 312 of Mathematics Teacher Vol. 48, Issue 5 [page]

1955 Mathematics Teacher  
A statement is explained when it is shown to be a particular instance of a general law or theorem. The statement I checked is a general law or theorem.  ...  The question probably has something to do with geometry, and the statement I checked is a geometry theorem. . To explain a fact, find another fact related to the first fact. .  ... 

Page 21 of American Bankers Association. ABA Banking Journal Vol. 29, Issue 2 [page]

1936 American Bankers Association. ABA Banking Journal  
Furthermore, because of the fact that these general ledger tickets are separated, that is, the debit and credit of the entry are made on two distinct tickets, it becomes that much more important to have  ...  In fact, it frequently happens that the auditor is more interested in the offsetting entry than in the entry itself.  ... 

Explainable Fact-checking through Question Answering [article]

Jing Yang, Didier Vega-Oliveros, Taís Seibt, Anderson Rocha
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Trust is essential for fact-checking to be applied in the real world. Here, we address fact-checking explainability through question answering.  ...  To mitigate this issue, many researchers have proposed automated fact-checking methods to fight the spread of fake news.  ...  The authors also published a survey specifically about generating fact-checking explanations [7] .  ... 
arXiv:2110.05369v1 fatcat:njtnsbhyjzby5bm2ybtrtsrkyy

Automatic Claim Review for Climate Science via Explanation Generation [article]

Shraey Bhatia, Jey Han Lau, Timothy Baldwin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Despite this, we see the web awash with claims around climate change scepticism, thus driving the need for fact checking them but at the same time providing an explanation and justification for the fact  ...  check.  ...  Stammbach and Ash (2020) experimented with GPT3's (Brown et al., 2020) few shot learning capabilities to generate fact-checking explanations.  ... 
arXiv:2107.14740v1 fatcat:rpiby427p5dbbjjpb6xppc3dka
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