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Opening the book: data models and distractions in digital scholarly editing

James Cummings
2019 International Journal of Digital Humanities  
It surveys issues in the creation of scholarly digital editions and the open licensing of resources and addresses concerns about underlying data models and vocabularies, such as the Guidelines of the Text  ...  It calls for solutions which promote the collaborative creation, annotation, and publication of scholarly digital editions.  ...  They expect input and output data to match their own data format and data model, both narrowly tailored to their task and following their own idiosyncratic vocabulary (Barabucci and Fischer, p.48) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42803-019-00016-6 fatcat:azytmfu4brbrnf64slio2pib44

REDEN: Named Entity Linking in Digital Literary Editions Using Linked Data Sets

Carmen Brando, Francesca Frontini, Jean-Gabriel Ganascia
2016 Complex Systems Informatics and Modeling Quarterly  
This procedure can be generalised to other classes of NE (e.g., places) only by modifying the corresponding SPARQL query.  ...  This tool, dubbed REDEN ONLINE [38] 21 , is currently customised for the linking of authors and places; additionally, it builds on-the-fly different kinds of visualisation for the input data by crawling  ... 
doi:10.7250/csimq.2016-7.04 fatcat:bwsq7w44qrgndfk2h2giesixla

Automated and Manual Data Editing: A View on Process Design and Methodology

Jeroen Pannekoek, Sander Scholtus, Mark Van der Loo
2013 Journal of Official Statistics  
Data editing is arguably one of the most resource-intensive processes at NSIs. Forced by everincreasing budget pressure, NSIs keep searching for more efficient forms of data editing.  ...  Efficiency gains can be obtained by selective editing, that is, limiting the manual editing to influential errors, and by automating the editing process as much as possible.  ...  The input consists of a score value s and a threshold value t, so the data model for the input is R 2 .  ... 
doi:10.2478/jos-2013-0038 fatcat:bkogwg67hzbnnglfyeyi74gxwe

Using patient identifiable data without consent

P. Cox
2001 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
The real cost of a data system is the cost of collecting and inputting the data, its real value the information that you can get out of it; the cost of licensing software is trivial in comparison.  ...  Clearly the generalisability of this association needs to be established in other settings.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7290.858 pmid:11290657 fatcat:h4injxmeyrblnfwuub5vtag66u

Evaluating the impact of healthcare interventions using routine data

Geraldine M Clarke, Stefano Conti, Arne T Wolters, Adam Steventon
2019 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Because the method only uses data for patients near the threshold, the results might not be generalisable Regression discontinuity design 31 Uses quasi-random variations in intervention exposure, eg,  ...  External validity refers to the extent to which the results of a study can be generalised to other settings.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.l2239 fatcat:dszh2okyhvftnbmrmnnwnx7l2e

Protecting personal data

W. Russell
1983 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Techniques used to ensure the anonymity of the data providers are described.  ...  The amount of data that is stored by organisations doubles approximately every 15 months.  ...  It was found that the existing systems e ither generalised any data that was identified as being sensitive or did not disclose this data at all.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.286.6361.320 fatcat:fa2ltmgtunbf5fyivwkliwhayq

Cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmia in patients taking antipsychotic drugs: cohort study using administrative data

S. Hennessy
2002 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Design Cohort study of outpatients using administrative data. Setting 3 US Medicaid programmes.  ...  WBB and BLS provided input into the protocol, oversaw the analysis with SH, and provided input into the manuscript. JSK performed the analysis.  ...  Finally, because we studied patients taking oral drugs, the results may not be generalisable to patients receiving parenteral therapy.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7372.1070 pmid:12424166 pmcid:PMC131181 fatcat:h3yttssbqfa2hiwkbbxsohk76e

EVALITA Goes Social: Tasks, Data, and Community at the 2016 Edition

Pierpaolo Basile, Viviana Patti, Francesco Cutugno, Malvina Nissim, Rachele Sprugnoli
2017 Italian Journal of Computational Linguistics  
invaluable work of those who proposed and organised the tasks, without the participants, and without the support of AILC and especially IBM, who organised and sponsored the challenge included in this edition  ...  Examples in the dataset are probably not sufficient to generalise over the structure of ironic tweets.  ...  The main differences between the 2014 and the 2016 editions lie in the data and in the best performing algorithms.  ... 
doi:10.4000/ijcol.441 fatcat:s2ful5fwkrairhtwhzddsduod4

Different Preservation Levels: The Case of Scholarly Digital Editions

Elias Oltmanns, Tim Hasler, Wolfgang Peters-Kottig, Heinz-Günter Kuper
2019 Data Science Journal  
In the Digital Humanities, research data is often represented in highly structured aggregations, such as Scholarly Digital Editions.  ...  Ensuring the long-term availability of research data forms an integral part of data management services.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Alexander Czmiel of Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften and Roberto Rosselli Del Turco of Università di Torino for generously providing us with the data  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2019-051 fatcat:deppmiti3zgozp2qlmp7ns3uhe

Linguistic neighbourhoods: explaining cultural borders on Wikipedia through multilingual co-editing activity

Anna Samoilenko, Fariba Karimi, Daniel Edler, Jérôme Kunegis, Markus Strohmaier
2016 EPJ Data Science  
potential lingua franca of the digital space, its domination disappears in the network of co-editing similarities, and instead local connections come to the forefront.  ...  In this paper, we study the network of global interconnections between language communities, based on shared co-editing interests of Wikipedia editors, and show that although English is discussed as a  ...  We input the z-scores into a matrix, and express hypotheses about their values via Dirichlet priors -matrices of transition probabilities between each possible state (in our case -language edition).  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjds/s13688-016-0070-8 fatcat:lvo35sxppbfebigt6ruoto5xx4

External validation and comparison of three prediction tools for risk of osteoporotic fractures using data from population based electronic health records: retrospective cohort study

Noa Dagan, Chandra Cohen-Stavi, Maya Leventer-Roberts, Ran D Balicer
2017 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
The simpler FRAX performed almost as well as QFracture for hip fracture prediction, and may have advantages if some of the input data required for QFracture are not available.  ...  ObjeCtive To directly compare the performance and externally validate the three most studied prediction tools for osteoporotic fractures-QFracture, FRAX, and Garvanusing data from electronic health records  ...  Data sharing: No additional data available. Ethical approval: This study was approved by the Clalit Health Services research ethics committee.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.i6755 pmid:28104610 pmcid:PMC5244817 fatcat:3jlggadbmrenrpgvoznpkvcsja

Systematic Reviews: Obtaining data from randomised controlled trials: how much do we need for reliable and informative meta-analyses?

M J Clarke, L A Stewart
1994 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
be done with aggregate data alone.  ...  relevant to meta-analyses using aggregate data.  ...  OTHER ADVANTAGES OF THE COLILABORATIVE EFFORT The involvement of a group of trialists in a metaanalysis can provide wide experience and helpful input when the results are being prepared for publication  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.309.6960.1007 pmid:7950694 pmcid:PMC2541306 fatcat:nizeir2uzfa3dpjkgzwawbdmve

Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials

2017 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
to women's body mass index, age, parity, ethnicity, and pre-existing medical condition; and secondarily on individual complications.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data  ...  When IPD were supplemented with study level data from studies that did not provide IPD, the overall effect was similar, with stronger evidence of benefit for gestational diabetes (0.76, 0.65 to 0.89, I2  ...  ER and NM cleaned and quality checked data. NM harmonised the data. NM, SK, and RDR conducted the data analysis. TR, LJ, and PB provided input into the protocol.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.j3119 pmid:28724518 pmcid:PMC6887834 fatcat:b235ydq7dne3xodxirr6xi5qwa

Varenicline and suicidal behaviour: a cohort study based on data from the General Practice Research Database

D Gunnell, D Irvine, L Wise, C Davies, R M Martin
2009 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
DI was responsible for data extraction. DI undertook the analysis with input from DG, LW, and RMM. DG wrote the first draft of the paper, which was revised by all authors.  ...  People who visit their general practitioner for prescriptions of smoking cessation products may differ from those attending specific smoking cessation clinics, meaning findings may not be generalisable  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.b3805 pmid:19797344 pmcid:PMC2755726 fatcat:74fzcnckinbmhpykozwmse7t4y

Variation in responsiveness to warranted behaviour change among NHS clinicians: novel implementation of change detection methods in longitudinal prescribing data

Alex J Walker, Felix Pretis, Anna Powell-Smith, Ben Goldacre
2019 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
guidance on existing or new interventions, by measuring the timing and magnitude of change at healthcare institutions.DesignAutomated change detection in longitudinal prescribing data.SettingPrescribing data  ...  AJW collected and analysed the data with input from FP, AP-S, and BG. AJW, FP, and BG drafted the manuscript. All authors contributed to and approved the final manuscript.  ...  whereas we were able to harness novel computational methods to automatically detect more detailed changes in clinical practice, across many institutions (about 8000 practices), and for more complex and generalisable  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.l5205 fatcat:g3zi6ezewjd3jo53j44sbgrhum
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