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Taking Principles Seriously: A Hybrid Approach to Value Alignment in Artificial Intelligence

Tae Wan Kim, John N. Hooker, Thomas Donaldson
2021 Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
An important step in the development of value alignment (VA) systems in artificial intelligence (AI) is understanding how VA can reflect valid ethical principles.  ...  Using quantified modal logic, we precisely formulate principles derived from deontological ethics and show how they imply particular "test propositions" for any given action plan in an AI rule base.  ...  Introduction Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies increasingly replace human decision makers. Worries rise about the compatibility of AI and human values.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.1.12481 dblp:journals/jair/KimHD21 fatcat:tof4thxtgzdrvpd2aginghpnwa

AI's greatest trends and controversies

H.A. Simon, W. Bibel, A. Bundy, H. Berliner, E.A. Feigenbaum, B.G. Buchanan, O. Selfridge, D. Michie, N. Nilsson, A. Sloman, D. Waltz, R. Brooks (+11 others)
2000 IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications  
Except perhaps for the AI naysayers, AI practitioners are creators-of software artifacts, their underlying algorithms, and their underlying theories.  ...  Simon paints a broad picture of AI as a discipline constantly pursuing computational creations that challenge the uniqueness of biologically grounded intelligence.  ...  Like the bird to the flying machine, human intelligence was the founding inspiration for artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5254.820322 fatcat:7yxdowz6vzfsbbahbj2luk66fe

The Intelligence of a MachineThe Intelligence of a Machine by Jean Epstein, with translation and introduction by Christophe Wall-Romana. Univocal Publishing, Minneapolis, MN, U.S.A., 2014. 111 pp., illus. Paper. ISBN: 978-1-9375-6118-5

Martha Blassnigg
2015 Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology  
While a published version of her dissertation project calls for a stronger editorial hand and a more refi ned elaboration of the writing style, this book nonetheless traces an heuristic methodology for  ...  The deep maroon gallery walls and blindingly artificial colors used in the images hark to the 1980s and an era of early computer graphics. The coloration of the images is very rarely addressed.  ... 
doi:10.1162/leon_r_01041 fatcat:pfeqsva5qjhmzfph3hw7o6jmmy

The anomaly called psi: Recent research and criticism

K. Ramakrishna Rao, John Palmer
1987 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
For example, a wide range of research seems to converge on the idea that, because ESP "information" seems to behave like a weak signal that has to compete for the information-processing resources of the  ...  In addition, less detailed reviews of the experimental results in several broad areas of psi research indicate that psi results are statistically replicable and that significant patterns exist across a  ...  states of consciousness" is now an area of active interest.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00054455 fatcat:zglfu74cjze5nntnrhd55ilsdi

State, Religion and Church

International Institute Of Public Administration And Management
2019 Zenodo  
Main Theme: »Ecumenism. New Trends« English Version of: https://zenodo.org/record/3248882#.YRKW2S222Uk  ...  ecumenical consciousness," but with an important difference.  ...  : "As with classical ecumenists, conservative ecumenists are also the bearers of an ecumenical consciousness.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5176306 fatcat:dkqqdvqflrdj3goydsbyuys2va

Applying the Free Energy Principle to Complex Adaptive Systems

Paul B. Badcock, Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Zahra Sheikhbahaee, Axel Constant
2022 Entropy  
Acknowledgments: We would like to thank Lancelot Da Costa, Rutger Goekoop, Jesse Hoey, Rafael Kaufmann, Thomas Parr, Adam Safron, and Noor Sajid for their comments on an earlier draft of this manuscript  ...  Could Hoey s findings initiate research on an active inference model of history as an emergent phenomenon of human societies?  ...  Variational free energy refers to an information theoretic quantity that places an upper limit on the entropy of a system's observations, relative to a generative model instantiated by an agent.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e24050689 pmid:35626572 pmcid:PMC9141822 fatcat:67y6y2v2qzglbn636wnxvrdy2q

Information Community as Natural the Phase of the Historical Development of World Civilization

Vladimir Sergeevich Grodsky
2021 Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research  
The methodological and instrumental specificity of the study of the economy, which is an open non-equilibrium self-organizing system, is shown.  ...  However, the relationship of communication is a united "laborcooperation", "that is, an intelligent productive force that arises due to the joint activity of different individuals conditioned by the division  ...  So, contrary to Marx's theory, there is no need for a transition to an economy of state monopoly for all countries.  ... 
doi:10.26717/bjstr.2021.33.005384 fatcat:mrrdikmd7zehnbeelp25dcmjou

Robot Wars: US Empire and geopolitics in the robotic age

Ian GR Shaw
2017 Security Dialogue  
Its central concern is how robots -driven by leaps in artificial intelligence and swarming -are rewiring the spaces and logics of US empire, warfare, and geopolitics.  ...  The conclusion reflects on the rise of a robotic US empire and its consequences for democracy.  ...  Funding This research was supported by funding from the Economic and Social Research Council (ES/K009087/1).  ... 
doi:10.1177/0967010617713157 pmid:29081605 pmcid:PMC5639954 fatcat:xmgob2zc25b5jniznot55eqzyu

Álvaro Vieira Pinto on the concept of technology: an introductory discussion

Breno Augusto Da Costa, Adriano Eurípedes Medeiros Martins
2020 O que nos faz pensar  
It is necessary to discuss the applicability of Vieira Pinto' s theses on recent themes such as artificial intelligence (AI), deep learning algorithms, neural networks, among others.  ...  Here the dialectical categories of ter and haver can help us theorize this matter, because the human "is a living being biologically compelled to create for himself the ecumenical where he is installed  ... 
doi:10.32334/oqnfp.2020n47a725 fatcat:n75td5lnynf75ji3w25x3tb2cu

Morgan's Canon, meet Hume's Dictum: avoiding anthropofabulation in cross-species comparisons

Cameron Buckner
2013 Biology & Philosophy  
Also dangerous, however, is a distinct bias that loads the deck against animal mentality: our tendency to tie the competence criteria for cognitive capacities to an exaggerated sense of typical human performance  ...  Researchers have long worried about the distorting effects of anthropomorphic bias on this comparative project.  ...  Finally, I thank the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung for the postdoctoral fellowship that partially supported this research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10539-013-9376-0 fatcat:awhibpatprfe7moteagm3ixhzu

Revelation and Philosophy in the Thought of Eric Voegelin

Tomasz Niezgoda
2022 Open Theology  
Rather, claims Voegelin, we ought to think of it as a primordial attraction, a movement drawing into the search for truth and the ground of reality.  ...  Such an approach may raise objections and provoke accusations of either subordinating philosophy to theology or misusing the language.  ...  It would be senseless in the present ecumenic scientific situation to want to scientifically maintain this categorisation.¹³ Voegelin argues that the artificial constructions must be swept aside in order  ... 
doi:10.1515/opth-2022-0199 fatcat:y7ggntdwgzeuxozzprauka2gly

The new logic

D Gabbay
2001 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
Against this, Donald Davidson is widely taken as having shown that far from reasons for actions precluding their having causes, reasons are causes, or more strictly, having a reason for an action is construable  ...  Then if K possesses an etiology (i.e. is subject to causal forces), this precludes the question of the performing or disperforming the K-action for good or bad reasons.  ...  Interesting abductive systems have been developed by researchers in artificial intelligence, including developments in diagnostic problem-solving. These logics run into a significant difficulty.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/9.2.141 fatcat:7asmpe7mbbbw3idlpvll6pvoxq

What is cognitive science?

1993 ChoiceReviews  
, and of artificial intelligence research without much reference to real brains, blossomed.  ...  Some months before this germinal meeting a research seminar on artificial intelligence was held at Dartmouth, attended by most of the individuals active in the area at the time 14 .  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.31-0609 fatcat:pejvptevqna4vc6iaiweocvmzy

What is cognitive science?

2000 ChoiceReviews  
, and of artificial intelligence research without much reference to real brains, blossomed.  ...  Some months before this germinal meeting a research seminar on artificial intelligence was held at Dartmouth, attended by most of the individuals active in the area at the time 14 .  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.37-3621 fatcat:k2nzzmegl5cwpbs6aqiiawadvy

Taking Principles Seriously: A Hybrid Approach to Value Alignment [article]

Tae Wan Kim, John Hooker, Thomas Donaldson
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Using quantified model logic, we precisely formulate principles derived from deontological ethics and show how they imply particular "test propositions" for any given action plan in an AI rule base.  ...  An important step in the development of value alignment (VA) systems in AI is understanding how VA can reflect valid ethical principles.  ...  Introduction Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies increasingly replace human decision makers. Worries rise about the compatibility of AI and human values.  ... 
arXiv:2012.11705v1 fatcat:gkhva3dopbeeveagqhtfdhbo6u
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