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Ecological Restoration in Gautam Buddha's Birthplace Lumbini

Achyut Tiwari, Narayan Prasad Ghimire
<span title="2021-08-19">2021</span> <i title="Nepal Journals Online (JOL)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gr5k37wnqnaujapixuxfogschu" style="color: black;">Journal of Tourism and Himalayan Adventures</a> </i> &nbsp;
Ecosystem conservation and reintroduction at LDT could be done by following the strong reliance of Gautam Buddha's teaching about nature and life.  ...  The Gautam Buddha is not only the Light of Asia but also the light of modern human civilization.  ...  It is of great interest to know how the surrounding environment might have motivated Siddahrtha to become Gautam Buddha.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jtha.v3i1.39113">doi:10.3126/jtha.v3i1.39113</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/twqvgsf4wvdy7po6jnfl4n5are">fatcat:twqvgsf4wvdy7po6jnfl4n5are</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210830060530/https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/jtha/article/download/39113/29943" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9b/bb/9bbb23c36aa0b9e0c8fa21ccfee9d6266dbefcfa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jtha.v3i1.39113"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Educational Resilience of Urban Squatter Children in Kathmandu

Indra Mani Rai, Bal Chandra Luitel, Suresh Gautam, Binod Prasad Pant, Santosh Gautam
<span title="2017-01-13">2017</span> <i title="Nepal Journals Online (JOL)"> Journal of Education and Research </i> &nbsp;
Luitel, Suresh Gautam, B. P.  ...  Luitel, Suresh Gautam, B. P.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jer.v5i0.15730">doi:10.3126/jer.v5i0.15730</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/olh7pmsbprbgnmbq7sg7ctmleu">fatcat:olh7pmsbprbgnmbq7sg7ctmleu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20161009023145/http://www.kusoed.edu.np:80/journal/index.php/je/article/download/128/76" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/35/79/3579f2190c41cbc0b24c1e016696f228bef53d7d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jer.v5i0.15730"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Gut microbiome transition across a lifestyle gradient in Himalaya [article]

Aashish R Jha, Emily R Davenport, Yoshina Gautam, Dinesh Bhandari, Sarmila Tandukar, Katharine Ng, Susan Holmes, Guru Prasad Gautam, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Carlos Bustamante, Justin Sonnenburg
<span title="2018-01-27">2018</span> <i title="Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory"> bioRxiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The composition of the gut microbiome in industrialized populations differs from those living traditional lifestyles. However, it has been difficult to separate the contributions of human genetic and geographic factors from lifestyle/modernization. Here, we characterize the stool bacterial composition of four Himalayan populations to investigate how the gut community changes in response to shifts in human lifestyles. These groups led seminomadic hunting-gathering lifestyles until transitioning
more &raquo; ... o varying dependence upon farming. The Tharu began farming 250-300 years ago, the Raute and Raji transitioned 30-40 years ago, and the Chepang retain many aspects of a foraging lifestyle. We assess the contributions of dietary and environmental factors on their gut microbiota and find that the gut microbiome composition is significantly associated with lifestyle. The Chepang foragers harbor elevated abundance of taxa associated with foragers around the world. Conversely, the gut microbiomes of populations that have transitioned to farming are more similar to those of Americans, with agricultural dependence and several associated lifestyle and environmental factors correlating with the extent of microbiome divergence from the foraging population. For example, our results show that drinking water source and solid cooking fuel are significantly associated with the gut microbiome. Despite the pronounced differences in gut bacterial composition across populations, we found little differences in alpha diversity across populations. These findings in genetically similar populations living in the same geographical region establish the key role of lifestyle in determining human gut microbiome composition and point to the next challenging steps of isolating dietary effects from other factors that change during modernization.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1101/253450">doi:10.1101/253450</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6c73jdx7gngzpdlxx67d7hludm">fatcat:6c73jdx7gngzpdlxx67d7hludm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190501021922/https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/01/27/253450.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d6/49/d649a78ad9949ac698253fb67ba4d1cf1646349d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1101/253450"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> biorxiv.org </button> </a>

Recent Drug Resistant Epilepsy Spectrum in Eastern India

Joydeep Mukherjee, Durga Prasad Chakraborty, Gautam Guha, Biman Bose, Shankar Prasad Saha
<span title="2017-06-30">2017</span> <i title="Korean Epilepsy Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rg5ilpjfwjdfzka6qyux5uomku" style="color: black;">Journal of Epilepsy Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
and Purpose: The Magnitude of Drug-resistant Epilepsy (DRE) in India, being unknown, takes a heavy toll on the patients and society in the form of prolonged dependence, unemployment, morbidity and mortality. We tried to explore the clinical, electro-physiological, neuro-imaging and drug-response spectrum of DRE patients in Eastern India in our study. Methods: During the period of January 2014 to December 2015, epilepsy patients were treated and DRE patients were identified according to
more &raquo; ... onal League Against Epilepsy criteria. We isolated those patients and studied them in a special clinic. Results: Among 2,153 patients treated in Neurology out-patient department, 243 (11.3%) patients were drug-resistant. Among the DRE patients, 63% were male. Age-wise 40%, 30.5% & 18.1% patients were presented in their first, second and third decades respectively. Males were more affected in 0-5 years age group while females in 6-10 years age group. Various seizures types were found alone or in combination. Males were mostly affected by generalized tonic clonic seizure and myoclonus and females by complex partial seizure. Positive family history was higher in partial seizure group. Electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities were common with structural lesions in brain. EEG findings in different etiologies were varied with a large number of DRE patients who were found to have normal EEG. Females were higher medicine non-compliant. Conclusions: The spectrum was pointed towards gender predilection for specific age group and also for seizure types. Idiopathic cases were most common in DRE, pointing towards the need of newer investigations. Normal EEG could be found even in a DRE patient. Non-compliance was more in females. (2017;7:39-44)
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14581/jer.17007">doi:10.14581/jer.17007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28775954">pmid:28775954</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5540689/">pmcid:PMC5540689</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/eznfb6w7arfodjr5kliom4fjcq">fatcat:eznfb6w7arfodjr5kliom4fjcq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190304020755/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bef1/aae5fade78c0560672ecfd706c46d732ca3e.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/f1/bef1aae5fade78c0560672ecfd706c46d732ca3e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14581/jer.17007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5540689" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Diversity of Native and Exotic Fruit Genetic Resources in Nepal

Ishwori Prasad Gautam, Tek Prasad Gotame
<span title="2020-03-17">2020</span> <i title="Nepal Journals Online (JOL)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nu2yz4rzn5dqniq4ye76asgdrm" style="color: black;">Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council</a> </i> &nbsp;
Similarly, different deciduous fruit varieties were introduced and evaluated at Pakhribas Agriculture Center, Dhankuta (Gautam et al 1995) and Lumle Agricultural Research Center, Lumle (Subedi et al  ...  Some kiwi cultivars namely; Gautam and Tiwari 2007; NCRP, 2016; Gotame et al 2014; Kaini 1994 Thirteen accessions of avocado (ARS P A-01, ARS P A-02, ARS P A-03, ARS P A-04, ARSP A-05, ARSP A-06, ARSP  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v6i0.28114">doi:10.3126/jnarc.v6i0.28114</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nm3gjul5uzbnxablikl2reaizy">fatcat:nm3gjul5uzbnxablikl2reaizy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200320170046/https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JNARC/article/download/28114/23175" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ea/61/ea61a4a2607e39b85be3b58d7b9dbebc8cb35ddd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v6i0.28114"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Abdominal Tuberculosis

Mani Prasad Gautam, P Karki, S Rijal
<span title="2004-01-01">2004</span> <i title="Journal of Nepal Medical Association (JNMA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qqciumktzvecxfk7v735w3tpie" style="color: black;">Journal of Nepal Medical Association</a> </i> &nbsp;
Tuberculosis is a common disease and its incidence is in rising tendency in developed world because of AIDSand transglobal migration. Abdominal tuberculosis is more common in immunocompromised populationand manifests as infection of peritoneum, hollow or solid abdominal organs and abdominal lymphatics withmycobacterium tuberculosis organism. The peritoneum and ileo-cecal region are the most likely sites ofinfection and are involved in the majority of cases by hematogenous spread or through
more &raquo; ... owing of infectedsputum from primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is evident in less than half of patientseither in active or latent form. Abdominal tuberculosis has a protean manifestation although the mostcommon clinical feature is the triad of abdominal pain, fever and weight loss. The diagnosis is often delayedbecause of non-specific presentation and is usually made through a combination of radiologic, microbiologic,histopathologic, endoscopic and molecular techniques. None of them provide a gold standard by themselves.However, an algorithm of these diagnostic methods leads to considerably higher precision in the diagnosisof abdominal tuberculosis which primarily necessitates a clinical awareness of this serious health problem.Abdominal tuberculosis is a serious condition and if untreated outcome is fatal. Early diagnosis and immediateinitiation of treatment along with dietary support is crucial for better outcome. Antimicrobial treatment isthe same as for pulmonary tuberculosis and management often requires combination of antituberculardrugs and surgery – for diagnosis as well as therapy.Key Words: Tuberculosis; Abdominal Tuberculosis; Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.624">doi:10.31729/jnma.624</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ablq3a4carhvzgitkkxnewafbu">fatcat:ablq3a4carhvzgitkkxnewafbu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190801174252/http://jnma.com.np:80/jnma/index.php/jnma/article/download/624/1338" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9e/50/9e50a5533225b88a81855a9e132ffec03865113f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.31729/jnma.624"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Endothelial dysfunction and the role of hypertension in Nepalese subjects with major coronary risk factors

Mani Prasad Gautam, Samir Gautam, Usha Ghimire, Sogunuru Guruprasad, Rabin Bhattacharya, Gangapatnam Subramanyam
<span title="2016-02-12">2016</span> <i title="Nepal Journals Online (JOL)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/krxq5itemzf3zojwk7m3x3h6vi" style="color: black;">Nepalese Heart Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Figure 2 . 2 Endothelial function (ED) in subjects with and without hypertension (HTN) Figure 3 . 3 Hypertension in subjects with and without endothelial dysfunction Mani Prasad Gautam, et al.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/njh.v13i1.14539">doi:10.3126/njh.v13i1.14539</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tt75ipeiqjewbaxgiijjjb2yxu">fatcat:tt75ipeiqjewbaxgiijjjb2yxu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922013355/https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NHJ/article/download/14539/11820" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/65/81/6581e9ab2194b01a1e68762ee7f491c0b79a5a8f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/njh.v13i1.14539"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

GLA in MediaEval 2018 Emotional Impact of Movies Task [article]

Jennifer J. Sun, Ting Liu, Gautam Prasad
<span title="2019-11-27">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
The visual and audio information from movies can evoke a variety of emotions in viewers. Towards a better understanding of viewer impact, we present our methods for the MediaEval 2018 Emotional Impact of Movies Task to predict the expected valence and arousal continuously in movies. This task, using the LIRIS-ACCEDE dataset, enables researchers to compare different approaches for predicting viewer impact from movies. Our approach leverages image, audio, and face based features computed using
more &raquo; ... -trained neural networks. These features were computed over time and modeled using a gated recurrent unit (GRU) based network followed by a mixture of experts model to compute multiclass predictions. We smoothed these predictions using a Butterworth filter for our final result. Our method enabled us to achieve top performance in three evaluation metrics in the MediaEval 2018 task.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.12361v1">arXiv:1911.12361v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hoa36iliujh2vfr74ucttp3ssm">fatcat:hoa36iliujh2vfr74ucttp3ssm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200822232118/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1911.12361v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8f/35/8f355e6edcbe08eeb731bf3f9c81454e075d3183.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.12361v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Evaluation of Wheat Chromosome Translocation Lines for High Temperature Stress Tolerance at Grain Filling Stage

Gautam Prasad Pradhan, P. V. Vara Prasad, Chengdao Li
<span title="2015-02-26">2015</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
High temperature (HT, heat) stress is detrimental to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Wild relatives of bread wheat may offer sources of HT stress tolerance genes because they grow in stressed habitats. Wheat chromosome translocation lines, produced by introgressing small segments of chromosome from wild relatives to bread wheat, were evaluated for tolerance to HT stress during the grain filling stage. Sixteen translocation lines and four wheat cultivars were grown at optimum
more &raquo; ... (OT) of 22/14°C (day/night). Ten days after anthesis, half of the plants were exposed to HT stress of 34/26°C for 16 d, and other half remained at OT. Results showed that HT stress decreased grain yield by 43% compared with OT. Decrease in individual grain weight (by 44%) was the main reason for yield decline at HT. High temperature stress had adverse effects on leaf chlorophyll content and Fv/Fm; and a significant decrease in Fv/Fm was associated with a decline in individual grain weight. Based on the heat response (heat susceptibility indices, HSIs) of physiological and yield traits to each other and to yield HSI, TA5594, TA5617, and TA5088 were highly tolerant and TA5637 and TA5640 were highly susceptible to HT stress. Our results suggest that change in Fv/Fm is a highly useful trait in screening genotypes for HT stress tolerance. This study showed that there is genetic variability among wheat chromosome translocation lines for HT stress tolerance at the grain filling stage and we suggest further screening of a larger set of translocation lines. before summer; therefore, most of the wheat growing areas of the world experience HT stress at grain filling to ripening stages. The average wheat yield in the U.S. Great Plains is often less than half of the yield obtained in cooler regions of the world because the air temperature usually exceeds 30°C during the grain filling period [9] . High temperature stress at the grain filling stage of wheat (10 d after anthesis to physiological maturity) leads to yield loss because it adversely affects physiological traits and individual grain weight (IGW). The first visual symptom of HT stress in wild and spring wheat is decreased leaf chlorophyll [1,10], which could be attributed to thylakoid membrane damage [11, 12] , lipid peroxidation of chloroplast membranes [13] , and inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis [14] . Chlorophyll loss, in turn, is a large contributor to a loss in the photosynthetic capacity of wheat leaves [15] . Reynolds et al. [16] reported a significant correlation between the rate of chlorophyll loss and photosynthetic capacity of flag-leaves at the grain filling period of wheat grown in a hot environment. High temperature stress overexcites chlorophyll molecules, which leads to formation of excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide anions and hydrogen peroxide, and it decreases the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). These effects weaken the cellular defense mechanism and result in damaged cellular membranes, lost chlorophyll, and reduced photosynthetic capacity [13, 17] . Decreased IGW because of HT stress at the grain filling stage of wheat is a principal cause of yield loss [15, [18] [19] [20] . Gibson and Paulsen [18] observed a decrease in IGW of 18% to 29% when hard red winter wheat cultivar 'Karl 92' was subjected to HT stress of 35/20°C (day/ night) from 10 to 20 d after anthesis. Yang et al. [20] reported about a 50% decrease in IGW of synthetic wheat subjected to HT stress of 35/20°C at 10 d after anthesis. The authors of the current study recently observed a 39% average decline in IGW of synthetic hexaploid and bread wheat subjected to HT stress of 36/30°C at 21 d after anthesis [15] . The decrease in IGW under HT stress is attributed to increased leaf senescence and decreased grain-filling duration [8, 10, 20, 21] . High temperature often increases grain-filling rate, but it cannot compensate for the negative effect on grain filling duration [3, 22] . The climatic models presented by Meehl and Tebaldi [23] and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [24] have predicted more frequent and longer-lasting episodes of hot days and nights in wheat growing areas of the world. One of the most efficient ways to obtain sustainable and stable economic yield under a HT stress environment will be to develop stresstolerant cultivars [25, 26] . Development of stress-tolerant cultivars warrants identification of tolerant genotypes (e.g., landraces and wild species), followed by introgression of the tolerant genes from these identified genotypes into modern wheat cultivars. Wild relatives of bread wheat are native to the Mediterranean region and may be sources of HT stress tolerance genes because they grow in stressed habitats. In wheat, genetic variability for abiotic and biotic resistance can be developed through inter-specific and inter-genomic crossings. Inter-specific crossing is accomplished by hybridizing wheat cultivars and landraces, whereas inter-genomic crossing might include crossing between wheat and genome donor species such as Aegilops speltoides Tausch (putative B genome donor), Aegilops tauschii Coss. (D genome donor), or crossing between wheat and non-genome donor species such as Secale cereale L. (R genome), Agropyron intermedium (Host) Beauvois (E and X genomes), Aegilops geniculata Roth (U g M g genome), Dasypyrum villosa (V genome), etc. An inter-genomic crossing between wheat and non-genome donor species requires special techniques that are described elsewhere [27] . It has been reported that Haynaldia villosa is a good source of genes for resistance to powdery mildew and leaf rust [27] , and Aegilops speltoides was recently identified as resistant to HT stress at anthesis [1, 28] . The wheat-alien chromosome recombinant lines, or wheat chromosome translocation lines (CTLs), developed through inter-genomic crossings, have shown greater tolerance Evaluation of Wheat Translocation Lines under High Temperature Stress PLOS ONE |
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116620">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116620</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25719199">pmid:25719199</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4342255/">pmcid:PMC4342255</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j7nto37j7rbm5jvs3wmgstlaoe">fatcat:j7nto37j7rbm5jvs3wmgstlaoe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171010133733/http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116620&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1f/e8/1fe8aeafe4ddf73705379f9caa50fca029b22bbe.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116620"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4342255" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

EEV Dataset: Predicting Expressions Evoked by Diverse Videos [article]

Jennifer J. Sun, Ting Liu, Alan S. Cowen, Florian Schroff, Hartwig Adam, Gautam Prasad
<span title="2020-01-15">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
When we watch videos, the visual and auditory information we experience can evoke a range of affective responses. The ability to automatically predict evoked affect from videos can help recommendation systems and social machines better interact with their users. Here, we introduce the Evoked Expressions in Videos (EEV) dataset, a large-scale dataset for studying viewer responses to videos based on their facial expressions. The dataset consists of a total of 4.8 million annotations of viewer
more &raquo; ... al reactions to 18,541 videos. We use a publicly available video corpus to obtain a diverse set of video content. The training split is fully machine-annotated, while the validation and test splits have both human and machine annotations. We verify the performance of our machine annotations with human raters to have an average precision of 73.3%. We establish baseline performance on the EEV dataset using an existing multimodal recurrent model. Our results show that affective information can be learned from EEV, but with a MAP of 20.32%, there is potential for improvement. This gap motivates the need for new approaches for understanding affective content. Our transfer learning experiments show an improvement in performance on the LIRIS-ACCEDE video dataset when pre-trained on EEV. We hope that the size and diversity of the EEV dataset will encourage further explorations in video understanding and affective computing.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.05488v1">arXiv:2001.05488v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f4s6hzjphzdclj3xee7zrhgisq">fatcat:f4s6hzjphzdclj3xee7zrhgisq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200321144346/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2001.05488v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2001.05488v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in underrepresented indigenous populations of Nepal

Tsedenia Workneh Denekew, Yoshina Gautam, Dinesh Bhandari, Guru Prasad Gautam, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Amod K. Pokhrel, Aashish R. Jha, Biplab Kumar Datta
<span title="2022-02-18">2022</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/h6vbe3k665az7cvdvvm3rmtvum" style="color: black;">PLOS Global Public Health</a> </i> &nbsp;
Project administration: Yoshina Gautam, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand. Resources: Yoshina Gautam, Dinesh Bhandari, Guru Prasad Gautam, Amod K. Pokhrel. Supervision: Aashish R. Jha.  ...  Investigation: Tsedenia Workneh Denekew, Yoshina Gautam, Dinesh Bhandari, Guru Prasad Gautam, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Amod K. Pokhrel, Aashish R. Jha. Methodology: Aashish R. Jha.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000133">doi:10.1371/journal.pgph.0000133</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2hwkdhdvhbewhk3ybatuwsu4ey">fatcat:2hwkdhdvhbewhk3ybatuwsu4ey</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220425215520/https://journals.plos.org/globalpublichealth/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pgph.0000133&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0d/68/0d681f9269986c29b26e247ccc6069e7a4b82072.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000133"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a>

Supergravity description of non-Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield branes

Philippe Brax, Gautam Mandal, Yaron Oz
<span title="2001-02-12">2001</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hxy6dwftx5gd3fs6pgg2h3b4vm" style="color: black;">Physical Review D, Particles and fields</a> </i> &nbsp;
While type IIA ͑type IIB͒ string theory has Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield ͑BPS͒ D-branes of even ͑odd͒ dimensions, they also admit non-BPS D-branes of odd ͑even͒ dimensions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.63.064008">doi:10.1103/physrevd.63.064008</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mtatix2rxbcvhlkp5dkrax72ju">fatcat:mtatix2rxbcvhlkp5dkrax72ju</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180726191627/http://cds.cern.ch/record/508355/files/PhysRevD.63.064008.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a6/94/a6948851fc8ad7c981ca213ce6b0cc7e9352fd9e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.63.064008"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

"Familial" apical ballooning syndrome (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy)

Gautam Kumar, David R. Holmes, Abhiram Prasad
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3xgmhq755jedtmmeadnkj2ts6q" style="color: black;">International Journal of Cardiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
J Cardiol 2009;53:53-7. [2] Bybee K, Prasad A. Stress-related cardiomyopathy syndromes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.03.078">doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.03.078</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19375184">pmid:19375184</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nh7woiix3rbdvheie77ryj4gvu">fatcat:nh7woiix3rbdvheie77ryj4gvu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170926170404/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/elsevier/pdf/41e/aHR0cDovL2FwaS5lbHNldmllci5jb20vY29udGVudC9hcnRpY2xlL3BpaS9zMDkxNDUwODcwOTAwMjQyMQ%3D%3D.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/86/0f/860f7fea2faef9f8e07c4bf82384abbc7c879ee7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.03.078"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Synthesis of Geopolymer from Coal Fly Ash

Vinay Kumar Jha, Gautam Prasad Budhamagar
<span title="2013-12-15">2013</span> <i title="Nepal Journals Online (JOL)"> Journal of Nepal Chemical Society </i> &nbsp;
In the present work, geopolymers have been synthesized from coal fly ash (CFA) using NaOH and Na 2 SiO 3 as activators. Some parameters like alkali concentration, amount of Na 2 SiO 3 and curing time have been varied in order to improve the quality of geopolymeric product. The geopolymerization process has been performed using 3-8M NaOH solutions, Na 2 SiO 3 to CFA mass ratios of 0.25-1. 25 and curing time variation from 5-15 days. The curing temperature was fixed at 40ºC in all cases. In the
more &raquo; ... riation of NaOH concentration, the maximum compressive strength of 2.3 MPa was obtained with CFA treated with 6M NaOH solution. Similarly during the variation of amount of Na 2 SiO 3 , the maximum compressive strength of 17.6 MPa was obtained with Na 2 SiO 3 to CFA mass ratio of 1.25. Furthermore, the compressive strength was found increasing up to 20.3 MPa with increasing curing time.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jncs.v30i0.9331">doi:10.3126/jncs.v30i0.9331</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cbozjbnydnbfhp2bijbhrjsgnm">fatcat:cbozjbnydnbfhp2bijbhrjsgnm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922082124/https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JNCS/article/download/9331/7651" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1c/90/1c90693c57c512a922dcc322040a09370a406990.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3126/jncs.v30i0.9331"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

PHYSIOLOGY OF ARTAVAVAHA SROTASA: A REVIEW

Supriya Gautam, Babita Sharma, Prasad N. K.
<span title="2021-04-15">2021</span> <i title="International Ayurvedic Medical Journal"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/m54r6k4v5jckfkb4muhv3mzqsm" style="color: black;">International Ayurvedic Medical Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Ayurvedic classics proclaim Srotasa as the system of channels designed as biological transport system performing divergent functions. Indeed, it is a generic term indicating all the macro and micro channels and pathways operat- ing in the living organism. Broadly Srotasa are classified in two categories: Bahirmukha and Antarmukha. Ar- tavavaha Srotasa is enumerated as one of the Antarmukha Srotasa by Sushruta, playing an important role in transformation of Artava and Artava Chakra, and
more &raquo; ... tti, having Garbhasaya and Artavavahi Dhamani as its Moolasthana. Keywords: Antarmukha, Artavavaha, Garbhotpatti, Moolasthana, Srotasa
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.46607/iamj1109042021">doi:10.46607/iamj1109042021</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vlueypdxwrglnbeibddtl425he">fatcat:vlueypdxwrglnbeibddtl425he</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220301084203/http://www.iamj.in/posts/2021/images/upload/759_767.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/82/86/8286c294ad32ebad17f2d3a6fd096c83ecd1bd1d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.46607/iamj1109042021"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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