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Learning Explicit User Interest Boundary for Recommendation [article]

Jianhuan Zhuo, Qiannan Zhu, Yinliang Yue, Yuhong Zhao
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The core objective of modelling recommender systems from implicit feedback is to maximize the positive sample score s_p and minimize the negative sample score s_n, which can usually be summarized into  ...  To address those issues, we innovatively introduce an auxiliary score b_u for each user to represent the User Interest Boundary(UIB) and individually penalize samples that cross the boundary with pairwise  ...  convolution network for the recommendation task.  ... 
arXiv:2111.11026v1 fatcat:4r2dgpgejjbz3ccyiqgej2rgn4

Artificial Intelligence: way forward for India

Sunil Kumar Srivastava
2018 Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management  
This article reviews the international as well as national scenario and suggests way forward for India.  ...  On one hand, several applications have been developed or under development with potential to improve the quality of life significantly.  ...  The second important factor is the advances in the AI techniques, such as deep neural networks, etc.  ... 
doi:10.4301/s1807-1775201815004 fatcat:frpng7vb5bdkbmwq4vsngaj6zi

Abstracts for Canadian Stroke Conference

2012 Stroke  
Total inflation-adjusted hospital cost per discharge was estimated in Canadian Dollars and log transformed for all analyses.  ...  This study provides evidence that it may be reasonable to consider these factors when planning health spending for ICH.  ...  We observed modest positive correlation between hyperdense sign and GRE+ (r=0.25, p=0.02). Conclusions: Longer clots are more hyperdense and bloom more on GRE.  ... 
doi:10.1161/01.str.0000422054.44193.87 fatcat:egqdibdvafgrdl6ficwy7hzhwe

Patterns, predictions, and actions: A story about machine learning [article]

Moritz Hardt, Benjamin Recht
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A chapter on datasets as benchmarks examines their histories and scientific bases.  ...  This graduate textbook on machine learning tells a story of how patterns in data support predictions and consequential actions.  ...  One such open source project is Pytorch 129 , which we recommend for the researcher interested in experimenting with deep neural networks.  ... 
arXiv:2102.05242v2 fatcat:wy47g4fojnfuxngklyewtjtqdi

Multi-use and constraints from original use

Justin A. Jungé, Daniel C. Dennett
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
According to these theories, it is quite common for neural circuits established for one purpose to be exapted (exploited, recycled, redeployed) during evolution or normal development, and be put to different  ...  Thus, neural reuse theories offer a distinct perspective on several topics of general interest, such as: the evolution and development of the brain, including (for instance) the evolutionary-developmental  ...  the Neurosciences workshop for early career researchers.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1000124x fatcat:fqf6iumyivdcjngl7smngzln5u

Neural reuse: A fundamental organizational principle of the brain

Michael L. Anderson
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
According to these theories, it is quite common for neural circuits established for one purpose to be exapted (exploited, recycled, redeployed) during evolution or normal development, and be put to different  ...  Thus, neural reuse theories offer a distinct perspective on several topics of general interest, such as: the evolution and development of the brain, including (for instance) the evolutionary-developmental  ...  the Neurosciences workshop for early career researchers.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x10000853 pmid:20964882 fatcat:y7oh5ex7trgznd536qkje7quji

Neural reuse as a source of developmental homology

David S. Moore, Chris Moore
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
According to these theories, it is quite common for neural circuits established for one purpose to be exapted (exploited, recycled, redeployed) during evolution or normal development, and be put to different  ...  Thus, neural reuse theories offer a distinct perspective on several topics of general interest, such as: the evolution and development of the brain, including (for instance) the evolutionary-developmental  ...  the Neurosciences workshop for early career researchers.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x10001056 fatcat:umz4mtif3neenehn2yemystpd4

A Survey on Ethical Hacking: Issues and Challenges [article]

Jean-Paul A. Yaacoub, Hassan N. Noura, Ola Salman, Ali Chehab
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Security attacks are growing in an exponential manner and their impact on existing systems is seriously high and can lead to dangerous consequences.  ...  However, in order to reduce the effect of these attacks, penetration tests are highly required, and can be considered as a suitable solution for this task.  ...  [240] presented their solution based on the use of Neural Network Based, as a choice of tools for Pen testing of Web Applications.  ... 
arXiv:2103.15072v1 fatcat:kqj6isalovdzbald3w2kxnqhbe

Using natural travel paths to infer and compare primate cognition in the wild

Karline R.L. Janmaat, Miguel de Guinea, Julien Collet, Richard W. Byrne, Benjamin Robira, Emiel van Loon, Haneul Jang, Dora Biro, Gabriel Ramos-Fernández, Cody Ross, Andrea Presotto, Matthias Allritz (+2 others)
2021 iScience  
We explore three ways in which such ranging data, with or without the associated behavioral and ecological data often collected by primatologists, might be used to infer and compare spatial cognition.  ...  Here, we propose a third, complementary approach: inferring and comparing cognitive abilities through observational field records of natural information gradients and the associated variation in decision-making  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Oxford Brookes University in Oxford and Max Planck Institute for Animal Behavior in Konstanz for providing the logistical and financial support for two workshops that enabled us  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.isci.2021.102343 pmid:33997670 pmcid:PMC8101046 fatcat:n5jry34npvctznsrspfnmjrjla

CARS 2021: Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Proceedings of the 35th International Congress and Exhibition Munich, Germany, June 21–25, 2021

2021 International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery  
neural network.  ...  In this study, we proposed a CAD system to diagnose thorax diseases using chest X-ray images through the CNN model and the graph neural network (GNN) model with the graph attention mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11548-021-02375-4 pmid:34085172 fatcat:6d564hsv2fbybkhw4wvc7uuxcy

CARS 2020—Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Proceedings of the 34th International Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, June 23–27, 2020

2020 International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery  
Aiming to stimulate complimentary thoughts and actions on what is being presented at CARS, implies a number of enabling variables for optimal analogue scholarly communication, such as (examples given are  ...  With an increasing general demand and pressure on CARS to also go fully digital in the long term, many members of the CARS Congress Organizing Committee, however, are more cautious and convinced that one  ...  Kimura and Dr. Nagaoka (BOST, Kindai University) for their technical assistance. The work is supported by a grant-in-aid for scientific research on innovative areas, JSPS KAKENHI 17K17680.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11548-020-02171-6 pmid:32514840 fatcat:lyhdb2zfpjcqbf4mmbunddwroq

Artificial Intelligence and Law

ANTONIO A. MARTINO
1994 International Journal of Law and Information Technology  
-DESI IV Workshop -June 6, 2011, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA Figure 2 :Figure 3 : 23 Precision and Recall graphs for the EDRM Enron Dataset Characterizing Search time and dimensions for 20 random  ...  This paper discusses the challenges of multi-lingual searches and provides simple recommendations for crafting defensible searches. Computers were originally developed on an English-based system.  ...  Methods and Material The metadata of six inactive eDiscovery databases was searched and sampled for the purposes of this study.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ijlit/2.2.154 fatcat:ff7kwvvn3vcbblhlkf63oqntyu

Artificial Intelligence and the Law

Charlotte Walker-Osborn, Christopher Chan
2017 ITNOW  
-DESI IV Workshop -June 6, 2011, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA Figure 2 :Figure 3 : 23 Precision and Recall graphs for the EDRM Enron Dataset Characterizing Search time and dimensions for 20 random  ...  This paper discusses the challenges of multi-lingual searches and provides simple recommendations for crafting defensible searches. Computers were originally developed on an English-based system.  ...  Methods and Material The metadata of six inactive eDiscovery databases was searched and sampled for the purposes of this study.  ... 
doi:10.1093/itnow/bwx017 fatcat:62ezubai3fcwlpie35xjq3iyem

Science Satellite Fails

1996 Science  
with demonstrated expertise and accomplishments l and workshops each year.  ...  Interdisciplinary efforts in cell and gene therapy and herpes viruses pathogenesis have been initiated.These awards are given for up to three years and are based on merit, recommendation and the promise  ...  /,itnploystrund (en-twutrap-s woimcn and millolitits to appI'-. POSTDOCTORAL POSITION a\sailablc to stiUid tile pattciniilg of the ininerl car.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.274.5290.1071e fatcat:um65xz73kbddrbwqvf2vhjozg4

The Mental Model Comparison of Expert and Novice Performance Improvement Practitioners

Sacip Toker, James L. Moseley
2013 Performance Improvement Quarterly  
to the number of the nodes in either network for each node of the network, and (c) graph-theoretic measure, which was the correlation of the distances between the nodes in two networks.  ...  Second, Ifenthaler, Masduki, and Seel (2009) performed a study to analyze the development of cognitive structures during instruction based on graph theory, which assumes that a graph is made up of vertices  ...  Those who were recommended by persons identified via the first two criteria, and 4. Those who have had experience in performance improvement field for ten or more than ten years. 5.  ... 
doi:10.1002/piq.21152 fatcat:gc5sqc3l7fbytjyqocqcqvtnha
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