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Page 12 of Electronic Publishing Vol. 5, Issue 4 [page]

1992 Electronic Publishing  
Kernighan, ‘GRAPA Language for Typesetting Graphs, Tutorial and User Manual’, Computing Science Technical Report No. 114, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Mur- ray Hill, NJ (1984). . J.L.  ...  Kernighan, ‘PIC — A Graphics Language for Typesetting, Revised User Manual’, Com- puting Science Technical Report No. 116, Bell Laboratories (1984). . C.J.  ... 

Page 9 of Electronic Publishing Vol. 5, Issue 1 [page]

1992 Electronic Publishing  
Kernighan, ‘GRAPA language for typesetting graphs’, Communications of the ACM, 29(8), 782-792, (August 1986). e Jon L. Bentley, Lynn W. Jelinski, and Brian W.  ...  Kernighan, ‘PIC—A language for typesetting graphics’ , Software—Practice and Experience, 12(1), 1-21, (January 1982).  ... 

TeX and graphics : The State of the Problem

Nelson H.F. Beebe
1989 Cahiers GUTenberg  
Such filters include eqn [3, ch. 9] for mathematics, tbl [3, ch. 10] for tables, pic: [6, 35] for pictures, grap [7] for line graphs, and ideal [71, 72] for pictures.  ...  I personally find extremely attractive the idea of little languages for graphics typesetting, as discussed in the section Languages for Typesetting Graphics.  ... 
doi:10.5802/cg.22 fatcat:wolrvtl2unartnuu7oz4wakaoy

Revisiting a summer vacation

Steven R. Bagley, David F. Brailsford, Brian W. Kernighan
2013 Proceedings of the 2013 ACM symposium on Document engineering - DocEng '13  
before the dawn of PostScript (and later PDF) as de facto standards for digital document preservation.  ...  The paper concludes with some lessons for digital archiving policy drawn from this rebuilding exercise.  ...  (pic, by Kernighan) and graphs (grap, by Jon Bentley and Kernighan) .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2494266.2494275 dblp:conf/doceng/BagleyBK13 fatcat:sxcxj4k575hvpkbcodvvsreer4

Music21: A Toolkit For Computer-Aided Musicology And Symbolic Music Data

Michael Scott Cuthbert, Christopher Ariza
2010 Zenodo  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank the Seaver Institute for their generous funding of music21. Additional thanks are also extended to three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ...  SCRIPTING AND OBJECTS Music21 is built in Python, a well-established programming language packaged with Macintosh and Unix computers and freely downloadable for Windows users.  ...  Even fewer are designed in modern, high-level programming languages.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1416113 fatcat:4gwifizv35dipjjkjp6g6ll2xm

Notable design patterns for domain-specific languages

Diomidis Spinellis
2001 Journal of Systems and Software  
The patterns described form a pattern language that can be used as a building block for a systematic view of the software development process involving DSL DSLs. Ó  ...  Existing languages can be extended, restricted, partially used, or become hosts for DSL D SLs. Simple D SL DSLs can be implemented by lexical processing.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous referees for their insightful comments on the previous version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0164-1212(00)00089-3 fatcat:onckemor7ra4zm4j5jfel7lyu4

Dictionaries and Orthography in Modern Africa

M. Lynne Murphy
2013 Lexikos  
In particular, it looks at issues that face linguists and anthropologists in creating such orthographies for preliminary descriptive work on a language.  ...  This paper looks at the particular case of devising an orthography for Beng. a Southern Mande language of Cote d'Ivoire, in order to illustrate the problems inherent in alphabetising an unfamiliar language  ...  Parts of this work were presented at the Annual Conference on African Linguistics in East Lansing, Michigan in 1992, and I am grateful to the audience there for their comments.  ... 
doi:10.5788/6-1-1025 fatcat:o35c57ghlzb6tjhaixng65vv7i

An Annotated Bibliography on Document Processing [chapter]

J.C. van Vliet, J.B. Warmer, J. C. van Vliet
Text processing and document manipulation  
Kernighan, "GRAP -A Language for Typesetting Graphs, Tutorial and user manual," Computer Science Technical Report 114, Bell Laboratories, 1984. GRAP is a language for describing plots of data.  ...  Kernighan, "PIC -A language for typesetting graphics," Software -Practice and Experience, vol. 12, pp. 1-21, 1982. PIC is a language for drawing simple figures on a typesetter.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511663130.022 fatcat:cooqqpaol5gxnnc4dva3uswhgu

GraSSML: Smart Schematic Diagrams, XML and Accessibility [article]

Z. Ben Fredj, D. A. Duce
2006 Computer Graphics and Visual Computing  
The project called Graphical Structure Semantic Markup Languages (GraSSML) aims at defining higher-level diagram description languages for the World Wide Web, which capture the structure and the semantics  ...  Each of these levels captures a specific aspect of a diagram.  ...  Acknowledgements Financial support for ZBF from Oxford Brookes University is gratefully acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.2312/localchapterevents/tpcg/tpcg06/047-054 dblp:conf/tpcg/FredjD06 fatcat:r22yb6w2ebhkbmhw6zubcvquni

Design Principles and New Developments in the AMPL Modeling Language [chapter]

Robert Fourer, David M. Gay, Brian W. Kernighan
2004 Applied Optimization  
We show how such principles have guided the addition of database access, complementarity modeling, and other language features.  ...  The design of the AMPL modeling language stresses naturalness of expressions, generality of iterating over sets, separation of model and data, ease of data manipulation, and automatic updating of derived  ...  Two nice examples are grap [3] , a troff preprocessor that makes it easy to typeset various kinds of graphs, and chem [2] , a troff preprocessor for typesetting chemical formulae.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4613-0215-5_7 fatcat:pazdsfnmsjaw5md5dnbbqbz7ku

gTybalt—a free computer algebra system

Stefan Weinzierl
2004 Computer Physics Communications  
It offers the possibility of interactive symbolic calculations within the C++ programming language. Mathematical formulae are visualized using TeX fonts.  ...  To view the plot from a different angle, just grap the plot with the mouse and move it around. There is a wide variety of options on how to draw a graph.  ...  This requires support from the computer algebra system for a programming language which allows to implement complex algorithms for abstract mathematical entities.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0010-4655(03)00468-5 fatcat:euwxxcapqfhd7h5z7mwt4uktfy

Lexikos 6

Lexikos Lexikos
2013 Lexikos  
available for typesetting and on African typewriters.  ...  graphs which are most often chosen for African languages.  ...  It is the fastest growing language that has continued to serve as a viable political vehicle for nation building.  ... 
doi:10.5788/6-1-1019 fatcat:ggmzvnj5yfh7bhm6sfva7pnq5u

Sensory Dissonance feature extraction: a case study

Anna Terzaroli
An audio feature can become relevant as a musical feature.  ...  It is possible by developing a software tool able to detect the presence of dissonance understood as Sensory Dissonance, to quantify the dissonance and then to draw a graphic function of the traced dissonance  ...  The language takes its inspiration from the older graphical languages such as Ideal and Grap.  ... 
doi:10.29007/qnsj fatcat:gqut6g3rdnekjoqc5mmba2lhra

An Object-Oriented Database System to Support an Integrated Programming Environment

Daniel Weinreb, Neal Feinberg, Dan Gerson, Charles Lamb
1988 IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin  
Briefly, an IFO schema is a directed graph with various types of vertices and edges.  ...  The strategy for computing the effect of a on I involves describing how 1(p) should be modified for each primary vertex p of S.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Richard Hull and Bill Kent for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
dblp:journals/debu/WeinrebFGL88 fatcat:kwb5tubfuneh3g32xi4sj4f27a

Lexikos 14

Lexikos Lexikos
2012 Lexikos  
The National Language Bodies are well positioned to deliver a product with normative rules on spelling and orthography for each of the official African languages, that would enhance communication in South  ...  The final documents for each of the official African languages should be products of consultative mechanisms of which the different speakers of the official African languages could rightfully claim ownership  ...  In her usual enthusiastic way, Ms Riette Ruthven was responsible for the professional and skilful typesetting of all the articles.  ... 
doi:10.5788/14-0-714 fatcat:qvm2bmy72jalrgqoum553yxrpq
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