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Brainsketching and How it Differs from Brainstorming

Remko van der Lugt
2002 Creativity and Innovation Management  
Brainsketching is an idea generation technique, based on brainwriting, that uses sketching as the primary means of recording ideas.  ...  After a few minutes, the participants explain their idea sketches, switch places and continue sketching. Usually, about five such rounds of idea sketching take place.  ...  In order for these functions of sketching in design to apply also to idea generation meetings, the process of idea sketching needs to be compatible with the process of divergent thinking.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-8691.00235 fatcat:vddpf6y3fjfntmzi7qal7i54vy

The effects of representation on idea generation and design fixation: A study comparing sketches and function trees

Olufunmilola Atilola, Megan Tomko, Julie S. Linsey
2016 Design Studies  
Representations in engineering design can be hand sketches, photographs, CAD, functional models, physical models, or text.  ...  Results from this experiment show that function tree representations offer advantages for reducing fixation during idea generation.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.destud.2015.10.005 fatcat:twoyxuyivzeqdff42zjbxqueqe

The relationship of analogical distance to analogical function and preinventive structure: the case of engineering design

Bo T. Christensen, Christian D. Schunn
2007 Memory & Cognition  
Following each meeting, design objects (sketches and prototypes) that had been present were videotaped in close-up, sometimes with one of the designers explaining the functioning of the object in voice-over  ...  In so far as the designer's current design goal involves generating novel and original products, a tentative recommendation could be to use sketching and idea generation unsupported by external representation  ...  Except to change two concepts that could have endangered anonymity, the protocol excerpts have not been altered in any way.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03195939 pmid:17533877 fatcat:xx4viv2mobgyppx7kspr3u2myy

SketchComm

Guang Li, Xiang Cao, Sergio Paolantonio, Feng Tian
2012 Proceedings of the ACM 2012 conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work - CSCW '12  
When designers explain their early design ideas to others, they usually use face-to-face communication along with sketches.  ...  The key of the system is to allow designers to capture and communicate important contextual information to the audience in addition to sketches.  ...  They then reviewed the idea generated by the designer.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2145204.2145261 dblp:conf/cscw/LiCPT12 fatcat:zzoostyty5bclojw2anjmpb4iu

Sketching a Pathway Through Design Worlds: Multimodal Communication in a Fifth-Grade Collaborative Engineering Project

Michelle E. Jordan, Jamie M. Collins
2016 International Conference of the Learning Sciences  
In the process of meeting communication challenges team members generated these multimodal resources, working to create their own texts in order to develop understandings, refine ideas, and move their  ...  Encountering communication challenges, the collaborators in the group observed here reached for self-generated sketches as well as self-generated uses of sketches in order to persist through the design  ...  Derrick was the only group member who did not sketch during individual idea generation, choosing instead to create a list of possible design products.  ... 
dblp:conf/icls/JordanC16 fatcat:orgem5s4gjb5pgzlxjpdc5aix4

A pilot exploration of systematic ideation methods and tools on design learning

Gul E. Okudan, Ming-Chuan Chiu, Chun-yu Lin, Noe Vargas Hernandez, Linda C. Schmidt, Julie Linsey
2010 2010 9th International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training (ITHET)  
Our objective is to test our hypotheses that TRIZ, or sketching emphasis improves design ideation alone or in combination.  ...  This paper presents results of our pilot study on improving the ideation performance of undergraduate engineers through training in TRIZ and emphasis on sketching.  ...  The opinions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect those of NSF. The authors also acknowledge the student participants in the pilot studies.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ithet.2010.5480052 fatcat:iddgii3ymncjzipkwwrnnazvhq

Synergy In Vertical Transformations Of Expert Designers

G. Haupt
2013 Zenodo  
In the same way ecological theoriesseem to focus one sidedly on external elementsthat result in a lack of unifying design cognition theory.  ...  Although current extended design cognition studies acknowledge the intellectual interaction between internal and external resources, there still seems to be insufficient understanding of the complexities  ...  in the generation of additional ideas which fall outside the scope of their design briefs.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1332881 fatcat:564gqhuizvgszen2vhgetp6qg4

Use of Graphical Modality in a Collaborative Design Distant Setting [chapter]

Stéphane Safin, Roland Juchmes, Pierre Leclercq
2012 From Research to Practice in the Design of Cooperative Systems: Results and Open Challenges  
of co-present meetings.  ...  In this paper, we are interested in studying the use of the graphical modality (digital sketch and document annotations) as a tool for collective design and remote communication.  ...  Aknowledgements This work is funded by a grant from the Research Council of the University of Liège, and by the ARC grant, financed by the French Community of Belgium.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4093-1_17 dblp:conf/coop/SafinJL12 fatcat:qqsmy4vpffga3k3fbqriterxja

NEW DESIGN HEURISTICS IN THE DIGITAL ERA

X. Jin, H. Dong
2020 Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference  
AbstractIn the digital era, products' forms do not necessarily follow their function. Design fixation may happen when a designer attempts to generate diverse concepts.  ...  New design heuristics for digital design were extracted to support designers in the early conceptual design stage.  ...  However, in the digital era, products' forms do not necessarily follow their function; generating a diverse range of ideas may prove even more challenging: designers can become 'fixated' (Vasconcelos  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.321 fatcat:ke33gmdc2bfmbp6outeapxtwpa

Sketching NLP

Qian Yang, Justin Cranshaw, Saleema Amershi, Shamsi T. Iqbal, Jaime Teevan
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '19  
When sketching designers rapidly experiment with a number of abstract ideas using simple, tangible instruments such as drawings and paper prototypes.  ...  These fndings highlight the importance of abstraction in sketching language interfaces and of desiging within the capabilities and limits of NLP systems.  ...  In order to generate any implementable design ideas, we cannot naively project authors' goals onto intelligent functions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3290605.3300415 dblp:conf/chi/YangCAIT19 fatcat:jqvwiwg7nrc67hg7ipjndn43xq

The role and impact of mental simulation in design

Bo T. Christensen, Christian D. Schunn
2009 Applied Cognitive Psychology  
It was found that prototypes had fewer technical/functional simulations compared to sketches or unsupported cognition.  ...  Results from the design protocols showed (1) initial representations in mental simulation had higher than base-rate uncertainty, (2) uncertainty in mental simulations were lowered after simulation runs  ...  The primary function of these subgroup product development meetings was creative development of design artefacts-actual creating and problem solving in collaboration.  ... 
doi:10.1002/acp.1464 fatcat:aqoh6ozaprearber6hx66fqruy

Ubiquitous Mobile Knowledge Construction in Collaborative Learning Environments

Nelson Baloian, Gustavo Zurita
2012 Sensors  
This paper presents the design, implementation, and an evaluation of a system called MCKC for Mobile Collaborative Knowledge Construction, supporting collaborative face-to-face tacit knowledge construction  ...  to implement the human-computer interface of mobile devices (PDAs).  ...  Acknowledgments This paper was partially funded by the "U-APOYA Program, VID 2011" of the Universidad de Chile, and Fondecyt 1085010.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s120606995 pmid:22969333 pmcid:PMC3435962 fatcat:quykbjq3ybdtpc7j2s7rmjm6oq

IdeaVis

Florian Geyer, Jochen Budzinski, Harald Reiterer
2012 Proceedings of the 7th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction Making Sense Through Design - NordiCHI '12  
The general applicability of our approach was confirmed in a user study with creative professionals.  ...  In this paper we describe IdeaVis, a novel approach for supporting co-located sketching sessions.  ...  Collaborative Sketching Activities Idea generation meetings are commonly practiced early in the design process to generate first ideas or solutions to a design problem.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2399016.2399069 dblp:conf/nordichi/GeyerBR12 fatcat:7gfy6vzrzjexpd5dgf2esxz4ai

The Drawing Process and Human Activity Problem Solving

Jing Gao
2003 Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems  
The author of this paper is particularly interested in how the process of drawing and sketching helps human activity problem solving (e.g. decision making in meetings).  ...  In this paper, the author tries to argue that the PROCESS aspect of drawing and sketching is also important for human activity problem solving, especially being "visually indeterminate" drawing helps idea  ...  The process of thinking is essential in problem solving; therefore designing a successful decision support system or any problem solving tool, requires the exploration of theories of idea generation and  ... 
dblp:conf/pacis/Gao03 fatcat:xvtbyulik5gvpk3ajg6d3ujnsq

Influence of sketch types on distributed design team work

Mariella Schembri, Philip Farrugia, Andrew J. Wodehouse, Hilary Grierson, Ahmed Kovacevic
2015 CoDesign - International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts  
The adapted classification system used in this paper helps to analyse type of sketches with most variety of ideas.  ...  Sketches produced by students participating in a collaborative design project of three European Universities are classified according to the intention of the designer when producing a sketch, the level  ...  Liberato Camilleri for his contribution in the statistical analysis of the data.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15710882.2015.1054841 fatcat:b7egbstrh5bkdnjlhku3sqnm3m
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