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Higher Cardiorespiratory Fitness is Associated with Reduced Functional Brain Connectivity During Performance of the Stroop Task

Jamie C. Peven, Geneva A. Litz, Belinda Brown, Xiaofeng Xie, George A. Grove, Jennifer C. Watt, Kirk I. Erickson
2019 Brain Plasticity  
a color-word Stroop task.  ...  We tested this top-down hypothesis in 50 young adults (μ age = 25.22 ± 5.17 years) by measuring CRF via a graded maximal exercise test and performing functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) during  ...  Functional connectivity and Stroop task performance Given that our functional connectivity analyses were conducted for the incongruent task condition, we examined whether the relationships between CRF  ... 
doi:10.3233/bpl-190085 pmid:31970060 pmcid:PMC6971823 fatcat:q2xcevx4mjhinjcyufncxozeci

Task-rest modulation of basal ganglia connectivity in mild to moderate Parkinson's disease

Eva M. Müller-Oehring, Edith V. Sullivan, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Neng C. Huang, Kathleen L. Poston, Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Tilman Schulte
2014 Brain Imaging and Behavior  
was related to less severe PD symptoms and better performance on the Stroop task.  ...  PD and healthy controls underwent two functional MRI scans: a resting-state scan and a Stroop Match-to-Sample task scan.  ...  During the 5-minute task-activated fMRI scan session, participants performed the Stroop Match-to-Sample task.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11682-014-9317-9 pmid:25280970 pmcid:PMC4385510 fatcat:zpsznre2hfba3a3rfvzcdeubvu

Synchrony of Corticostriatal-Midbrain Activation Enables Normal Inhibitory Control and Conflict Processing in Recovering Alcoholic Men

Tilman Schulte, Eva M. Müller-Oehring, Edith V. Sullivan, Adolf Pfefferbaum
2012 Biological Psychiatry  
Methods-We examined functional connectivity and microstructural fiber integrity between frontoparietal and midbrain structures using a Stroop Match-to-Sample task with functional MRI and diffusion tensor  ...  Manipulation of color cues and response repetition sequences modulated cognitive demands during Stroop conflict.  ...  Results Behavioral results Stroop task performance-Overall reaction time (RT) during Stroop-task performance did not differ between alcoholics and controls (F(1,33)=1.92, p=0. 18 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.10.022 pmid:22137506 pmcid:PMC3253929 fatcat:ltchapobsjasbppyglz7dnfuli

Decreased functional connectivity in an executive control network is related to impaired executive function in Internet gaming disorder

Guangheng Dong, Xiao Lin, Marc N. Potenza
2015 Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry  
Thus, it is important to examine executive control networks (ECNs) during resting states and their relationships to executive control during task performance.  ...  Results-IGD subjects show lower functional connectivity in ECNs than do HC participants during resting state; functional-connectivity measures in ECNs were negatively correlated with Stroop effect and  ...  higher FC among ECN ROIs at rest show better executive control functioning during task performance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2014.10.012 pmid:25445475 pmcid:PMC4473260 fatcat:piexx5dranbejf54p4ylbbxspy

Different Cortex Activation and Functional Connectivity in Executive Function Between Young and Elder People During Stroop Test: An fNIRS Study

Wenhao Huang, Xin Li, Hui Xie, Tong Qiao, Yadan Zheng, Liujie Su, Zhi-Ming Tang, Zulin Dou
2022 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to examine the activation and functional connectivity of the prefrontal and temporal lobe in young and elder people during the Stroop test using functional near-infrared  ...  The accuracy of the two groups differed significantly when performing incongruent tasks but not when performing congruent tasks (incongruent: F = 9.498, p = 0.001; congruent: p = 0.254).  ...  performance of the Stroop task.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2022.864662 pmid:35992592 pmcid:PMC9382234 fatcat:yyshhuapgnee5go65beqoyuioy

A preliminary investigation of Stroop-related intrinsic connectivity in cocaine dependence: associations with treatment outcomes

Marci R. Mitchell, Iris M. Balodis, Elise E. DeVito, Cheryl M. Lacadie, Jon Yeston, Dustin Scheinost, R. Todd Constable, Kathleen M. Carroll, Marc N. Potenza
2013 The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse  
Objective-This study examined: 1) the extent to which cocaine-dependent and non-addicted individuals differed on measures of intrinsic connectivity during fMRI Stroop performance; and, 2) the relationships  ...  Methods-Sixteen treatment-seeking cocaine-dependent patients and matched non-addicted comparison subjects completed an fMRI Stroop task.  ...  entities on issues related to addictions or impulse control disorders; has provided clinical care in the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services Problem Gambling Services Program; has performed  ... 
doi:10.3109/00952990.2013.841711 pmid:24200209 pmcid:PMC3827911 fatcat:vrimnmjydvh6zbklreqe5itg3a

Identification of the Cognitive Interference Effect Related to Stroop stimulation: using Dynamic Causal Modeling of Effective Connectivity in Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS)

2020 Journal of Biomedical Physics and Engineering  
(2) analyze inter-network functional connectivity strength (FCS) by selecting several brain functional networks.  ...  This research aims to identify the neural correlates associated with the Stroop tasks within the brain activated regions.  ...  the performance of Stroop task.  ... 
doi:10.31661/jbpe.v0i0.1174 pmid:32802795 pmcid:PMC7416094 fatcat:5dribbqvzre5pbchhtxggfyupy

Studying hemispheric lateralization during a Stroop task through near-infrared spectroscopy-based connectivity

Lei Zhang, Jinyan Sun, Bailei Sun, Qingming Luo, Hui Gong
2014 Journal of Biomedical Optics  
In this study, we measured hemodynamic activity of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during a color-word matching Stroop task using NIRS.  ...  In agreement with activation analysis, functional connectivity analysis revealed leftward lateralization for the Stroop effect and correlation with behavioral performance.  ...  In the future, various task paradigms should be considered to further investigate the hemispheric lateralization during Stroop tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.jbo.19.5.057012 pmid:24862561 fatcat:xnsiy5ystfevdnoc63eaotwxuu

An excitatory-inhibitory fronto-cerebellar loop resolves the Stroop effect [article]

Moe Okayasu, Tensei Inukai, Daiki Tanaka, Kaho Tsumura, Maho Hosono, Reiko Shintaki, Masaki Takeda, Kiyoshi Nakahara, Koji Jimura
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Humans performed a Stroop task and a control task in which the stimulus did not contain verbal information, and made a response either vocally or manually.  ...  In contrast, such cross-hemispheric lateralization was absent during the non-verbal control task.  ...  This suggests that in terms of functional involvement and effective connectivity, the left and right hemispheres implement homogeneous functionality during the Swimmy task, in contrast to the Stroop task  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.01.18.476551 fatcat:3vcsojx7ovelpovopnl3d5jaqm

Functional Brain Connectivity and Inhibitory Control in Older Adults: A Preliminary Study

Brandon M. Brewster, Marcia Smith Pasqualini, Laura E. Martin
2022 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
Results revealed no direct effect of age on Stroop performance; however, there was an indirect effect of age on Stroop performance through rsFC.  ...  measure of inhibitory control (Stroop Task interference score) in a sample of 65 healthy older individuals (ages 65+).  ...  during task performance, including inhibitory control.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2022.763494 pmid:35370625 pmcid:PMC8964462 fatcat:lg2fopxjt5fwfe7qziw7fihjxm

The Compensatory Role of the Frontal Cortex in Mild Cognitive Impairment: Identifying the Target for Neuromodulation

Olga Dobrushina, Zukhra Gadzhieva, Sofya Morozova, Elena Kremneva, Marina Krotenkova, Larisa Dobrynina
2019 NeuroRegulation  
Methods: Twenty-one older adults, representing a continuum from healthy norm to MCI, underwent functional MRI while performing two executive tasks-a modified Stroop task and selective counting.  ...  A widespread increase in the connectivity of the pre-SMA was observed during the tasks.  ...  Table 3 3 Connectivity of the frontal cortex during the Stroop task.  ... 
doi:10.15540/nr.6.1.3 fatcat:5i2itndqcbbsfnyzk44wyhcl3a


Syazreen Hashim, Norlaili Mat Safri, Mohd Afzan Othman, Nor Aini Zakaria
2016 Jurnal Teknologi  
Twenty healthy young adults, age between 20 to 30 years old, were asked to perform two tasks/tests; Trail Making Test (TMTA-alphabet, TMTA-number, TMTB-mixed alphabets and numerical) and Stroop Task.  ...  The purposes of this study were to determine the cortico-cortical functional connectivity between brain regions using PDC and to investigate the power spectrum of brain activity while performing cognitive  ...  CONCLUSION This study focuses on functional connectivity and power spectra during Trail Making test and Stroop test to investigate cognitive function performance in young adults.  ... 
doi:10.11113/jt.v78.9456 fatcat:lf4zdi3kfzhh3fvbbg4ljvv4nu

Cognitive Control Network Function in Alcohol Use Disorder Before and During Treatment With Lorazepam

Claire E. Wilcox, Andrew R. Mayer, Michael P Bogenschutz, Josef Ling, Charlene Dekonenko, Heather Cumbo
2014 Substance Use & Misuse  
Seven patients with AUD and anxiety from an open-label trial of disulfiram plus lorazepam performed a multisensory Stroop task during fMRI (both pre and post initiation of treatment), and were compared  ...  Evoked BOLD signal and resting state functional connectivity were compared (HC vs. AUD; Scan 1 vs. Scan 2).  ...  The first aim was to compare functional activation during a multisensory Stroop task and intrinsic resting state functional connectivity between AUD with co-occurring anxiety relative to HC.  ... 
doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.957771 pmid:25290463 pmcid:PMC4418428 fatcat:rryrzvapcjbt7hk4barceikw4y

Activity and functional connectivity of inferior frontal cortex associated with response conflict

Nobuko Kemmotsu, Michele E. Villalobos, Michael S. Gaffrey, Eric Courchesne, Ralph-Axel Müller
2005 Cognitive Brain Research  
Additional functional connectivity analyses using inferior frontal activation clusters (right area 44, left area 47) as seed volumes showed connectivity with superior frontal area 8 and anterior cingulate  ...  We conclude that bilateral inferior frontal cortex is involved in response suppression associated with interference in the counting Stroop task. D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.  ...  However, many more recent fcMRI studies have used data acquired during task performance (e.g., [20, 27, 28, 30, 53] ) and two recent studies suggest that fcMRI measures during stimulation or task performance  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cogbrainres.2005.02.015 pmid:15993771 fatcat:zuybtpdounhkhpetl45vxmlktq

Degree centrality and fractional amplitude of low-frequency oscillations associated with Stroop interference

Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Hiroshi Hashizume, Yuko Sassa, Yuka Kotozaki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Kunio Iizuka, Seishu Nakagawa, Tomomi Nagase (+2 others)
2015 NeuroImage  
underlies better Stroop performance.  ...  These findings suggest that Stroop performance is reflected in resting state functional properties of these areas and the network.  ...  More than 20 functional activation studies investigated brain activation during Stroop paradigms and identified consistently activated structures during this paradigm (Nee et al., 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.06.058 pmid:26123381 fatcat:kqhxfdus2jh35ocioixcefsehi
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