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Functional Imaging Reveals Working Memory and Attention Interact to Produce the Attentional Blink

Stephen J. Johnston, David E. J. Linden, Kimron L. Shapiro
2012 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
retrieval from visual working memory ( WM).  ...  This effect, called the attentional blink (AB; Raymond, J. E., Shapiro, K. L., & Arnell, K. M. Temporary suppression of visual processing in an RSVP task: An attentional blink?  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by a project grant (071944) from the Wellcome Trust to Kimron Shapiro.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00054 pmid:21568643 pmcid:PMC3379570 fatcat:zvbk67flone4thvbzg6viv6bgq

Fearful, but not angry, expressions diffuse attention to peripheral targets in an attentional blink paradigm

James M. Taylor, Paul J. Whalen
2014 Emotion  
This seminal work led researchers to examine how the effect would hold for both cued and non-cued targets.  ...  Raymond and colleagues (1992) referred to this effect as the 'attentional blink' and nicely demonstrated that any presented stimulus can be made salient simply by cueing an individual to explicitly watch  ...  We would like to thank George Wolford for his statistical advice as well as Sophie Palitz, Jennifer Buchholz, Holly Wakeman, and Iliana Meza-Gonzalez for their help with data collection.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0036034 pmid:24708498 pmcid:PMC4286700 fatcat:wrnhffy37nelpnf4dbvkkw36pq

Page 4831 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 88, Issue 12 [page]

2001 Psychological Abstracts  
working memory).  ...  Attentional blink length and attentional blink magnitude measure different components of the attentional blink process.  ... 

Attentional dynamics and visual perception: mechanisms of spatial disorientation in Alzheimer's disease

V. Kavcic, C. J. Duffy
2003 Brain  
The temporal dynamics of visual attention were measured using rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) to assess the attentional blink.  ...  These ®ndings are consistent with two-stage models of visual perception, suggesting that the working memory mechanisms in the second stage provide feedback control of input to category-speci®c perceptual  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to thank Dr Robert Doty for helpful discussions in the course of this work, Drs Laura Cushman, Mark Mapstone, William K. Page and Garrett Riggs as well as Michael T.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awg105 pmid:12690056 fatcat:x6w5q6ridzgo5fkjjpf7jsvh4a

The dark side of visual attention

Marvin M Chun, René Marois
2002 Current Opinion in Neurobiology  
The limited capacity of neural processing restricts the number of objects and locations that can be attended to. Selected events are readily enhanced: the bright side of attention.  ...  Also, new results have revealed how attentional deployment is optimized by non-visual factors such as behavioral set, past experience, and emotional salience.  ...  The reviewed findings indicate that frontoparietal areas and the ventral visual cortex interact to produce conscious visual experience.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0959-4388(02)00309-4 pmid:12015235 fatcat:pfvnooedszfmnc6ajn2wcedxbe

From sensory processes to conscious perception

Justin S Feinstein, Murray B Stein, Gabriel N Castillo, Martin P Paulus
2004 Consciousness and Cognition  
To further probe this process, event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used while testing subjects with a paradigm known as the "attentional blink."  ...  was consciously perceived during the critical period for the attentional blink.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the invaluable help of Larry Frank, Rick Buxton, Eric Wong, and Shadha Hami in supporting the fMRI experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2003.10.004 pmid:15134763 fatcat:el6v7pwicrgihg5jnozyrdyjqm

Looking for Creativity: Where Do We Look When We Look for New Ideas?

Carola Salvi, Edward M. Bowden
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
Thus, it appears to indicate (and likely facilitate) a shift of attention from external to internal stimuli that benefits creativity and problem solving by reducing the cognitive load and enhancing attention  ...  Recent work using the eye movement monitoring technique has demonstrated that when people are engaged in thought they tend to disengage from the external world by blinking or fixating on an empty portion  ...  He suggested that eye movement during imagery has a functional role, to, as in perception, put together and organize the 'part images' to construct a complete visualized image.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00161 pmid:26913018 pmcid:PMC4753696 fatcat:ycuidnaxnbeodb7anq6sbfm5nm

Neural correlates of conscious perception in the attentional blink

Cornelia Kranczioch, Stefan Debener, Jens Schwarzbach, Rainer Goebel, Andreas K. Engel
2005 NeuroImage  
In the present study, using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), differences of neural activation were studied in an attentional blink experiment in order to identify brain regions  ...  We observed an increase in activation for detected as compared to missed T2 presented during the attentional blink in frontal and parietal cortices.  ...  Additional support was provided by grants from the Gustav-Adolf-Lienert-Foundation to CK and from the EU (, IST-2001-35498) to AKE.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.09.024 pmid:15652305 fatcat:gdu7xdedhffg7bqaiyzdd72kzi

Remember to blink: Reduced attentional blink following instructions to forget

Tracy L. Taylor
2018 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
Accuracy in reporting the identity of the probe string revealed an attenuated attentional blink following instructions to forget.  ...  Considered in the context of control conditions that required participants to commit either all or none of the study words to memory, the pattern of probe identification accuracy following the directed  ...  Author note Thanks to Colin McCormick for help collecting the data for this study and to participants for volunteering their time to contribute to this research. Thanks also to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13414-018-1528-5 pmid:29691764 fatcat:qqxgd3kezndspfk45lt6angoju

Capacity limits of information processing in the brain

René Marois, Jason Ivanoff
2005 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
The first limitation concerns the time it takes to consciously identify and consolidate a visual stimulus in visual short-term memory (VSTM), as revealed by the attentional blink paradigm.  ...  attentional blink (AB), visual short-term memory (VSTM), and psychological refractory period (PRP) phenomena, respectively.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by grants from NSF and NIMH to R.M. and from CICN and NSERC (Canada) to J.I.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2005.04.010 pmid:15925809 fatcat:okz25wgzzrcelpqpdggl6e64gm

Detecting Concealed Knowledge Using a Novel Attentional Blink Paradigm

Giorgio Ganis, Pooja Patnaik
2009 Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback  
Here, we introduce a behavioral paradigm that could be used to reveal concealed information by exploiting the link between concealed information and attentional processes more directly.  ...  This novel paradigm is based on the attentional blink phenomenon in which detection of a stimulus reduces detection accuracy rates of subsequent target stimuli within a 200-500 ms time window.  ...  to capture attention and produce an attentional blink.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10484-009-9094-1 pmid:19557325 fatcat:7romdq5uvvfojkzhqomg2fhriq

Interactions between attention and memory

Marvin M Chun, Nicholas B Turk-Browne
2007 Current Opinion in Neurobiology  
Thus, exploring the interactions between attention and memory can provide new insights into these fundamental topics of cognitive neuroscience.  ...  Brain areas that are important for memory, such as the hippocampus and medial temporal lobe structures, are recruited in attention tasks, and memory directly affects frontalparietal networks involved in  ...  NBTB was supported by a foreign Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Post-Graduate Scholarship.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.conb.2007.03.005 pmid:17379501 fatcat:7izhmajydjc4rhwthsbyqhesjq

Nonspatially Lateralized Mechanisms in Hemispatial Neglect [chapter]

Masud Husain
2005 Neurobiology of Attention  
SPATIAL WORKING MEMORY The ability to hold 'on-line' and manipulate information regarding the location of an object. non-lateralized functions seem to activate different parts of the parietal cortex, extending  ...  Both sets of patients showed a severe and protracted attentional blink, revealing an impairment of non-spatial selective attention in spatial neglect.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012375731-9/50061-6 fatcat:mpyl6vqaevfqrbpkavrxexpyjq

Visual and visuospatial short-term memory in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease: Role of attention

B. Alescio-Lautier, B.F. Michel, C. Herrera, A. Elahmadi, C. Chambon, C. Touzet, V. Paban
2007 Neuropsychologia  
Second, to determine the relative contribution of attentional impairment on the performance of MCI and AD patients, we tested the influence of a distractor in the interval between the memory image and  ...  The combination of attentional and mnemonic evaluation is likely to be a promising approach to finding predictive markers that distinguish MCI patients that convert to AD.  ...  Acknowledgement This research was supported by the "Fondation NRJ/Institut de France" grant to B. Alescio-Lautier.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.04.033 pmid:17275041 fatcat:33p54axw5zfolgnkiyxzknkofa

Eye Movement Profile: Quantification of Cognitive Workload

Majumdar D
2020 Ergonomics International Journal  
Moreover, a significant amount of original research and review articles have tried to establish various models to interpret work demand in terms of cognitive workload.  ...  Significant evidence has been found for Pupilometry, Blink Profile, and Saccade Profile to prepare a model that can interpret cognitive workload.  ...  Another group of researcher reported that the variation on fixations have a link with attention levels and working memory [107, 108] .  ... 
doi:10.23880/eoij-16000250 fatcat:qmtluj7sona3vlqnpf2xrjsd5q
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