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Functional Changes in Older Adults: Impact on Home Technology Design

Victor A. Hirth, Arthur I. Karshmer, Jürgen Nehmer, Hartmut Raffler, Gerhard Tröster
Chronic medical conditions and functional disability impair older adults' ability to remain independent.  ...  The aging demographic being experienced by all western countries has significant impact on health care utilization as well as the ability to remain in independent living situations.  ...  For older adults with frail health and conditioning modalities would be helpful. The potential for Smart Home technologies to improve the health and well being of older adults as well as potentially  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagsemproc.07462.12 fatcat:xsp3jjpjljhkllqjfvblb6z6ru

Changes in objectively measured outdoor time and physical, psychological, and cognitive function among older adults with cognitive impairments

Kazuhiro Harada, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kenji Harada, Hiroyuki Shimada
2018 Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print)  
impairments. 265 In conclusion, the present study found that changes in objectively measured outdoor 266 time were favorably associated with changes in physical functions among older adults with 267 cognitive  ...  232 functions in older adults. 233 The present study found that changes in objectively measured outdoor time were not 234 significantly associated with changes in all variables of psychological and cognitive  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.archger.2018.06.003 pmid:30006211 fatcat:4lvfhposg5ccpi5ydk7sjwcw4q

Complexity of Daily Physical Activity Is More Sensitive Than Conventional Metrics to Assess Functional Change in Younger Older Adults

Wei Zhang, Michael Schwenk, Sabato Mellone, Anisoara Paraschiv-Ionescu, Beatrix Vereijken, Mirjam Pijnappels, A. Mikolaizak, Elisabeth Boulton, Nini Jonkman, Andrea Maier, Jochen Klenk, Jorunn Helbostad (+2 others)
2018 Sensors  
This study aimed at analyzing the relevance of a multivariate complexity metric in assessment of functional change in younger older adults.  ...  These findings demonstrate the high potential of the complexity metric being useful and more sensitive than conventional PA metrics for assessing functional changes in younger older adults.  ...  We thank all PreventIT consortium partners for the inspiring discussions in project meetings. We are grateful to all participants, therapists and trainers in the aLiFE study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18072032 pmid:29941835 pmcid:PMC6069067 fatcat:42oqyoj6cnadpjdcoy46idrtma

Cerebral Blood Flow and Brain Functional Connectivity Changes in Older Adults Participating in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program

Aleeze Sattar Moss, Diane K. Reibel, Nancy Wintering, Faezeh Vedaei, Hannah Porter, Mohsen Khosravi, Justin Heholt, Mahdi Alizadeh, Feroze B. Mohamed, Andrew B. Newberg
2022 Behavioral Sciences  
The current prospective, single-center, single-arm study investigated if functional magnetic resonance imaging-based changes in cerebral blood flow and brain functional connectivity could be observed in  ...  11 elderly adults (mean age 79) after participation in a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program.  ...  Informed Consent Statement: Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study. Data Availability Statement: Data from this study are available upon request.  ... 
doi:10.3390/bs12020048 pmid:35200299 pmcid:PMC8869750 fatcat:fcr7c45uprdrtcnsvqhmfaxxhy

A randomised controlled trial to prevent hospital readmissions and loss of functional ability in high risk older adults: a study protocol

Mary D Courtney, Helen E Edwards, Anne M Chang, Anthony W Parker, Kathleen Finlayson, Kyra Hamilton
2011 BMC Health Services Research  
, and at least one risk factor for readmission) are randomised into one of four groups: 1) the usual care control group, 2) the exercise and in-home/telephone follow-up intervention group, 3) the exercise  ...  Discussion: The acute hospital sector comprises the largest component of health care system expenditure in developed countries, and older adults are the most frequent consumers.  ...  The sponsor has no role in the design, methods, participant recruitment, data collection, analysis, or preparation of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-202 pmid:21861920 pmcid:PMC3224378 fatcat:i3y7pymydbeszhqkzjh2f3gfqa

Functional Changes and Driving Performance in Older Drivers: Assessment and Interventions

Melanie Karthaus, Michael Falkenstein
2016 Geriatrics  
We present different measures to improve mobility in older drivers, including information campaigns, design of traffic and car environment, instructions, functional training, and driving training in real  ...  On the other hand, driving is a complex task involving visual, motor, and cognitive skills that experience age-related changes even in healthy aging.  ...  Also, well-designed car technology can help elderly drivers (e.g., [119] ).  ... 
doi:10.3390/geriatrics1020012 pmid:31022806 pmcid:PMC6371115 fatcat:bjerpjtjpjgldersdpkurfjeme

Air Pollution Exposure and Cognitive Function in Taiwanese Older Adults: A Repeated Measurement Study

Yuan-Ting C. Lo, Ya-Chi Lu, Yu-Hung Chang, Senyeong Kao, Han-Bin Huang
2019 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Co-exposure to ambient PM10 and O3 may deteriorate cognitive function in older adults.  ...  ., particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of <10 μm and ozone) and the effects of their interaction on cognitive function in a community-dwelling, free-living elderly population.  ...  The TLSA was designed to study the impact of socioeconomic development on the physical and emotional well-being of Taiwanese older adults.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph16162976 pmid:31430886 pmcid:PMC6720818 fatcat:arydcyqhfzgzpmjvjoi2nknomm

Impact of Weight Loss on Physical Function with Changes in Strength, Muscle Mass, and Muscle Fat Infiltration in Overweight to Moderately Obese Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Adam J. Santanasto, Nancy W. Glynn, Mark A. Newman, Christopher A. Taylor, Maria Mori Brooks, Bret H. Goodpaster, Anne B. Newman
2011 Journal of Obesity  
Change in total SPPB score was strongly inversely correlated with change in fat but not with change in lean or strength.Conclusion.  ...  Weight loss resulted in additional improvements in function over exercise alone, primarily due to loss of body fat.  ...  A gap in knowledge is the combined effect of WL and PA compared with PA alone, on body composition, strength, and function in older adults.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2011/516576 pmid:20953373 pmcid:PMC2952914 fatcat:my7jyb4335a7noqgbvyixprtvi

Effects of Semi-Immersive Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Training Combined with Locomotor Activity on Cognitive Function and Gait Ability in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Na-Kyoung Hwang, Jong-Bae Choi, Dae-Kil Choi, Jae-Min Park, Chang-Wan Hong, Ji-Su Park, Tae-Hyung Yoon
2021 Healthcare  
This study aimed to investigate the effects of semi-immersive virtual reality-based cognitive training (VRCT) combined with locomotor activity on cognitive function, balance, and gait ability in older  ...  This study confirmed that semi-immersive VRCT combined with locomotor activity is useful for improving cognitive function and gait ability in older adults.  ...  Informed Consent Statement: Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/healthcare9070814 fatcat:nwoyvx7d6vbidhih77zacyispu

The Longitudinal Association Between Cardiovascular Risk and Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged and Older Adults in China: A Nationally Representative Cohort Study

Wei Hua, Jianhua Hou, Taiyi Jiang, Bin Su, Jiangning Fu, Runsong Sun, Biru Chang, Wei Xia, Hao Wu, Tong Zhang, Caiping Guo, Wen Wang
2020 Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine  
Conclusion: CVD are risk factors for lower global cognition and cognitive subdomains in middle-aged and older adults in China.  ...  We aim to investigate the association between cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors and cognitive function in the nationally representative cohort in China.  ...  Sex differences were observed in global cognitive function (34, 35) and in several cognitive domains (e.g., episodic memory and executive function) among older adults (36) (37) (38) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcvm.2020.560947 pmid:33195454 pmcid:PMC7604338 fatcat:2yqgxgaeejhg3ajnvrukrlw2dm

Effects of Resistance Exercise on Glycated Hemoglobin and Functional Performance in Older Patients with Comorbid Diabetes Mellitus and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial

Chen, Shen, Chen, Chang, Chang
2019 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
This study investigated the effects of two resistance exercise approaches on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level and function performance. Enrolled were 70 older patients with both T2DM and knee OA.  ...  However, no significant change in HbA1c was observed in either group.  ...  The main strength of this study is that it revealed the feasibility of enhancing functional performance in older adults with T2DM and knee OA through the provision of instructions by clinical staff on  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph17010224 pmid:31892277 pmcid:PMC6981558 fatcat:yyesvczfwnhvdeopdi4na4grme

Older Adults [chapter]

Donna Cohen, Andrew Krajewski
2019 Foundations of Behavioral Health  
Provision of reimbursement for personal assistive devices and maximizing functioning through architectural design should enhance barrier freedom in transportation options, home design, workplace sites,  ...  However, there is scant research on the impact of transitional care for older adults with behavioral health conditions, who usually have other chronic health problems and are at high risk for nursing home  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-18435-3_11 fatcat:fj3or2fndjbm7eja25y6rezteu

Technology Supports for Community-Dwelling Frail Older Adults

Richelle Stanley
2015 The Arbutus Review  
Assistive in-home technologies, such as tools for fall prevention and medication management, have been demonstrated to positively impact health outcomes and the quality of life of autonomous older adults  ...  Past research has demonstrated the adoption of technology for home care support is beneficial in retaining older adult independence while reducing the risk of falls, medication errors, and caregiver stress  ...  Recent advances in "gerontechnology" have focussed on designing technologies to improve the lives of the elderly and are changing the possibilities for assessing and supporting older adults in their homes  ... 
doi:10.18357/ar.stanleyr.612015 fatcat:m3hyt24trnbfrhfcpplso5eboa

- Conclusions and synthesis [chapter]

2016 Designing Training and Instructional Programs for Older Adults  
to the home, changes in work processes and organizations, and changes in instructional practices and technologies.  ...  This technology explosion mandates that to function independently and successfully engage in routine activities, older adults need to interact with some form of technology on a routine basis.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b13018-15 fatcat:oroc4us35vc6fbhcfombn3t4su

Certified Older Adult Peer Support Specialists' Use of Technology to Support Older Adults in the Community

Karen Fortuna
2021 Innovation in aging  
Middle-aged and older adults with mental health conditions have a high likelihood of experiencing comorbid physical health conditions, premature nursing home admissions, and early death compared with the  ...  An emerging workforce of certified older adult peer support specialists aged 50 years or above is one of the fastest growing mental health workforces and may be a suitable community-based workforce to  ...  This symposium overviews the Voices in Motion (ViM) study -a sociocognitive intervention exploring the impact of participation in an intergenerational choir on psychological, social, and cognitive function  ... 
doi:10.1093/geroni/igab046.493 fatcat:o4eddjxakvcttdghlmyfomnhya
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