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Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technology

Daniel Howard
2008 Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology  
Synthetic and systems biotechnology, for example, is a technology at these frontiers that aims to sequester the services of micro-organisms for the benefit of mankind.  ...  Many of the articles exemplify how mathematics and computer simulation inform experimentation to obtain new knowledge about nature.  ...  These fields sit in the frontiers of biosciences, image analysis, mathematics, and numerical methods.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2008/728908 pmid:18769494 pmcid:PMC2519141 fatcat:ccvg5vac3fcxfhyzog5qw44edu

Bounded Incremental Real-Time Dynamic Programming

Changjie Fan, Xiaoping Chen
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
In the experiments of two typical real-time simulation systems, BIRTDP outperforms the other state-of-the-art RTDP algorithms tested.  ...  We propose a new criterion to judge the optimality of a policy based on the upper and lower bound theory.  ...  The authors are also grateful to Trey Smith for the publication of the ZMDP software package.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.14 dblp:conf/fbit/FanC07 fatcat:5okhrvtu6rbzvc4r3iouvupzai

Classification of Cell Membrane Proteins

Seyed Koosha Golmohammadi, Lukasz Kurgan, Brendan Crowley, Marek Reformat
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
Membrane proteins are an important class of proteins that serve as channels, receptors, and energy transducers in a cell membrane.  ...  The performance of the proposed method was tested on two large datasets and was compared with eight competing prediction methods.  ...  Introduction Information about millions of known proteins is stored in several open-access databases, including PDB, SWISS-PROT, and NCBI.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.21 dblp:conf/fbit/GolmohammadiKCR07 fatcat:kbh2auq2vzhl7jdq76w3mouski

Adaptive Data Dissemination in Sensor Networks Using WPDD

Falko Dressler, Reinhard German, Bettina Krüger
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), address-based routing approaches often lead to severe problems due to node mobility, energy-saving sleep-cycles, and often missing or unreliable address information.  ...  Depending on the scenario, sensor nodes are mobile, i.e. the topology of the ad hoc network changes rapidly over the time, and one can observe varying frequencies of data transmissions, i.e. most of the  ...  Concepts of WPDD Biological Inspiration In an interdisciplinary team, we are identifying appropriate mechanisms in cell biology and adapt them to networking technology with the focus on self-organization  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.23 dblp:conf/fbit/DresslerGK07 fatcat:i3rhogdqmjarrixh4ktghcz33q

Bio-Inspired Microsystem for Robust Genetic Assay Recognition

Jaw-Chyng Lue, Wai-Chi Fang
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
In the architecture, a preceding VLSI differential logarithm microchip is designed for effectively computing the logarithm of the normalized input fluorescence signals.  ...  This microsystem solution is noise-tolerable and suitable for analyzing the weak fluorescence patterns from a PCR prepared dual-labeled DNA microchip assay.  ...  Tanguay, Jr. at University of Southern California for the kind instructions and funding for implementing the logarithmic amplifier circuitry.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.145 dblp:conf/fbit/LueF07 fatcat:fbuzp2heejfvvjchvucbuqcf44

Unsupervised Learning in Spectral Genome Analysis

Lutz Hamel, Neha Nahar, Maria S. Poptsova, Olga Zhaxybayeva, J. Peter Gogarten
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
This discovery calls into question the notion of a single evolutionary tree for an organism and gives rise to the notion of an evolutionary consensus tree based on the evolutionary patterns of the majority  ...  of genes in a genome embedded in a network of gene histories.  ...  For our purposes this is important since that prevents information loss and avoids bias during our analyses.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.81 dblp:conf/fbit/HamelNPZG07 fatcat:mj4n4nqvcvcmtkm5fx7l3mtg2q

Learning to Drive a Real Car in 20 Minutes

Martin Riedmiller, Mike Montemerlo, Hendrik Dahlkamp
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
We consider this as an important step towards the competitive application of neural Q function based RL methods in real-life environments.  ...  The RL approach is based on learning a neural Q value function, which means that no prior selection of the structure of the control law is required.  ...  , that converge faster and more reliably than online gradient descent methods.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.37 dblp:conf/fbit/RiedmillerMD07 fatcat:ud5ibiefbbc6hbxbtc7utzrgzq

A Proposed Decision-Support System for (Renal) Cancer Imaging

Stuart Golodetz, Irina Voiculescu, Stephen Cameron
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
Medical practitioners who treat cancer patients have crucial decisions to make about the best course of action for individual patients, but limited time in which to make those decisions, and limited information  ...  Our aim is to explore the requirements of a decision-support system which will aid them in this task.  ...  The indexing of such datasets needs to be prioritised in a way that makes it easy to access the most relevant information first and, possibly, to discard (or at least store away) information that a radiologist  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.123 dblp:conf/fbit/GolodetzVC07 fatcat:3b7qwf56kjaxdgrcrr476gpjl4

Early Detection of Prostate Cancer with Classifier Ensembles

Joerg D. Wichard, Henning Cammann, Carsten Stephan, Thomas Tolxdorff
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
The data sets come from clinical examinations and some of the classification models are already in use to support the urologists in their clinical work.  ...  We investigate the performance of different classification models and their ability to recognize prostate cancer in an early state.  ...  The main feature of the CART algorithm is the binary decision role that is introduced at each tree node with respect to the information content of the split.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.38 dblp:conf/fbit/WichardCST07 fatcat:kltcwtzjdzcgvdz37fglss2bwm

Role of Monocytes and Macrophages in Pathogenesis of SARS

Li He, Yanqing Ding, Qingling Zhang, Ping Liang, Xingyuan Liu, Sheng-He Huang
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
in the specimens of lungs, spleen and lymph nodes.  ...  Expression of ACE2 and S protein was detected in theof lungs, spleen and lymph nodes.  ...  This may provide important information for pathogenesis of SARS. Conclusions In summary, our findings suggest that Mĭ and cell apoptosis may play an important role in the progression of SARS.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.79 dblp:conf/fbit/HeDZLLH07 fatcat:co5pzneapnbixbdp34fcje42gm

Biologically-Inspired Adaptive Learning: A Near Set Approach

James F. Peters, Shabnam Shahfar, Sheela Ramanna, Tony Szturm
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
Ethology (study of the comparative behaviour of organisms), in particular, provides a basis for the design of an artificial ecosystem useful in simulating the behaviour of fish.  ...  The solution to this problem is partially solved by considering considering a model of perception that is at the level of classes in a partition defined by a particular equivalence relation in an approximation  ...  This research has been supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) grant 185986.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.39 dblp:conf/fbit/PetersSRS07 fatcat:lcsqdogjbje75mq2b775l5ecg4

Textural Classification of Mammographic Parenchymal Patterns with the SONNET Self-Organizing Neural Network

Daniel Howard, Simon C. Roberts
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
The ability to detect an anomaly in mammographic texture is important to successful outcomes in mammography screening and, in this study, a large number of mammograms were digitized with a highly accurate  ...  The paper discusses how SONNET was used to produce a taxonomic organization of the mammography archive in an unsupervised manner.  ...  Standard image processing techniques were used to extract the following information from each of the three regions: brightness distribution, contrast distribution, and textural measures.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.140 dblp:conf/fbit/HowardR07 fatcat:n3yf24zgerd6xgggrmen5xlt2i

Evaluation of a Dominance-Based Rough Set Approach to Interface Design

Timothy Maciag, Daryl H. Hepting, Robert J. Hilderman, Dominik Slezak
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
The authors discuss how DRSA may benefit and improve their original procedure and discuss how the information gained from DRSA analyses could be used to further build their original procedure by enabling  ...  In web usage mining analyses, where elicitation of user preferences is a common task, feature/preference order is an important factor and may provide insights that classical/traditional approaches may  ...  Roman Slowinski of the Institute of Computing Science at Poznań University of Technology for his invaluable assistance in understanding DRSA.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.54 dblp:conf/fbit/MaciagHHS07 fatcat:e53z4in27zf7jbbfsz5cuuy2li

Leveraging Biologically-inspired Mobile Agents Supporting Composite Needs of Reliability and Timeliness in Sensor Applications

Pruet Boonma, Qi Han, Junichi Suzuki
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
Existing work considers reliability, timeliness and energy consumption largely in isolation.  ...  The problem is formulated into an NP-hard problem, the Vehicle Routing Problem, and decentralized and centralized heuristics are developed to govern agent behaviors.  ...  The requirement on reliability (i.e., the number of sensor reports) ensures that the base station can have enough information to make informed decisions on a detected event.  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.137 dblp:conf/fbit/BoonmaHS07 fatcat:mtu3z6zrprgmdbxzvml32zdori

A Neurostimulator Design for Long-term Animal Experiments

Jingai Zhou, Se Joon Woo, Se Ik Park, Seung Woo Lee, Hum Chung, Sung June Kim
2007 2007 Frontiers in the Convergence of Bioscience and Information Technologies  
The presented system consists of an implantable stimulator which provides continuous electrical stimulation, and an external component which provides preset stimulation parameters and power to the implanted  ...  The implantable stimulator was implemented with IC chips and the electronics, except for the stimulation electrodes, were hermetically packaged in a biocompatible metal case.  ...  The control codes were implemented in-house using the C programming language, and the parameter data frame consists of 22bit as shown in Figure 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/fbit.2007.67 dblp:conf/fbit/ZhouWPLCK07 fatcat:4st3iwuowbgzvlbxvzdvyjbpx4
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