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Tactile interaction with a humanoid robot for children with autism: A case study analysis involving user requirements and results of an initial implementation

Ben Robins, Farshid Amirabdollahian, Ze Ji, Kerstin Dautenhahn
2010 19th International Symposium in Robot and Human Interactive Communication  
It reports on a preliminary study that includes requirements analysis based on a case study evaluation of interactions of children with autism with the child-sized, minimally expressive robot KASPAR.  ...  This paper presents design challenges in augmenting a humanoid robot with tactile sensors specifically for interaction with children with autism.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We acknowledge support from our healthy volunteers and also continuous and welcoming support from Woodland school in London and Tracks in Stevenage, United Kingdom.  ... 
doi:10.1109/roman.2010.5598641 dblp:conf/ro-man/RobinsAJD10 fatcat:nymb6n5bwjfdzlmr4otmck2zmi

KASPAR – a minimally expressive humanoid robot for human–robot interaction research

Kerstin Dautenhahn, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Michael L. Walters, Ben Robins, Hatice Kose-Bagci, N. Assif Mirza, Mike Blow
2009 Applied Bionics and Biomechanics  
Firstly, we present its application in robot-assisted play and therapy for children with autism.  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive introduction to the design of the minimally expressive robot KASPAR, which is particularly suitable for human-robot interaction studies.  ...  Many other members of the Adaptive Systems research group, including authors of this paper, contributed to this work in a variety of ways including the software development of the robot.  ... 
doi:10.1080/11762320903123567 fatcat:7rdmzdtny5fwlifrma5pqn5jgq

KASPAR – A Minimally Expressive Humanoid Robot for Human–Robot Interaction Research

Kerstin Dautenhahn, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Michael L. Walters, Ben Robins, Hatice Kose-Bagci, N. Assif Mirza, Mike Blow
2009 Applied Bionics and Biomechanics  
Firstly, we present its application in robot-assisted play and therapy for children with autism.  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive introduction to the design of the minimally expressive robot KASPAR, which is particularly suitable for human–robot interaction studies.  ...  Walters has been in charge of later hardware developments, with contributions from Mike Blow regarding the design of the arms.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2009/708594 fatcat:2zhtmqynpzf7ffbqlhm4k7w5mi

Affective Communication for Socially Assistive Robots (SARs) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review

Sandra Cano, Carina S. González, Rosa María Gil-Iranzo, Sergio Albiol-Pérez
2021 Sensors  
Research on affective communication for socially assistive robots has been conducted to enable physical robots to perceive, express, and respond emotionally.  ...  In this study, we systematically reviewed studies related to computational models of emotions for children with ASD.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21155166 fatcat:vwmg36usevattodrn2hkvikjni

Emergent dynamics of turn-taking interaction in drumming games with a humanoid robot

Hatice Kose-Bagci, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv
2008 RO-MAN 2008 - The 17th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication  
We present results from an empirical study investigating emergent turn-taking in a drumming experience involving Kaspar, a humanoid child-sized robot, and adult participants.  ...  Data from the first implementation of a human-robot interaction experiment are presented and analysed qualitatively (in terms of participants' subjective experiences) and quantitatively (concerning the  ...  and education of children with autism is to teach children the concept of 'turn-taking'.  ... 
doi:10.1109/roman.2008.4600690 dblp:conf/ro-man/Kose-BagciDN08 fatcat:rc6zkdyg2vh57p7yg2h6a6rsl4

Robotic assistants in therapy and education of children with autism: can a small humanoid robot help encourage social interaction skills?

B. Robins, K. Dautenhahn, R. Te Boekhorst, A. Billard
2005 Universal Access in the Information Society  
This article presents a longitudinal study with four children with autism, who were exposed to a humanoid robot over a period of several months.  ...  The results clearly demonstrate the need for, and benefits of, long-term studies in order to reveal the full potential of robots in the therapy and education of children with autism.  ...  Conclusion This paper presented a novel study of longitudinal research on the exposure of children with autism to a humanoid robot.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-005-0116-3 fatcat:nmtgnk4stbgnvmbqzenzxqzgje

Technological Development Process of Emotional Intelligence as a Therapeutic Recovery Implement in Children with ADHD and ASD Comorbidity

Lizeta N. Bakola, Athanasios Drigas
2020 International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE)  
<p class="0abstract">The perception, empathy, expression and regulation of emotion have been recognized as the determining factors to everyday communication and psychosocial adaptation in children.  ...  This paper aims at investigating by reviewing the current clinical and empirical knowledge of psychoemotional and social development as much as emotional intelligence in children diagnosed with Attention  ...  Therapeutic Robots for ASD & ADHD comorbidity b) Leonardo, a social robot from M.I.T [27]. c) Zino & Milo the humanoid robots [28]. d) The many faces of Milo the Humanoid robot [29].  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijoe.v16i03.12877 fatcat:jidhxaw7arfdtagv5inqp2nidi

Embodiment and Cognitive Learning – Can a Humanoid Robot Help Children with Autism to Learn about Tactile Social Behaviour? [chapter]

Ben Robins, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Paul Dickerson
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The article provides a case study evaluation of segments of trials where tactile interactions were observed between children with autism and the humanoid robot KASPAR which was equipped with the newly  ...  One application domain that is investigated in the project is robot-assisted play in the context of autism therapy.  ...  Discussion The case study analyses presented in this paper emphasise aspects of embodiment and interaction kinesics when children with autism interact with the humanoid robot KASPAR.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34103-8_7 fatcat:lscshcg5onhefo56phoxv76ccy

Educators' Views on Using Humanoid Robots With Autistic Learners in Special Education Settings in England

Alyssa M. Alcorn, Eloise Ainger, Vicky Charisi, Stefania Mantinioti, Sunčica Petrović, Bob R. Schadenberg, Teresa Tavassoli, Elizabeth Pellicano
2019 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts identified four themes: Engagingness of robots, Predictability and consistency, Roles of robots in autism education, and Need for children to interact with  ...  For example, they felt that a highly motivating, predictable social robot might increase children's readiness to learn in the classroom, but it could also prevent children from engaging fully with other  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors and the DE-ENIGMA project would like to thank the educators who generously gave their time to this study, and the three schools who hosted focus groups.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2019.00107 pmid:33501122 pmcid:PMC7805648 fatcat:n4ssslwr3nfjlm5mo6ontmm5iu

Robots for Use in Autism Research

Brian Scassellati, Henny Admoni, Maja Matarić
2012 Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering  
Robot therapy for autism has been explored as one of the first application domains in the field of socially assistive robotics (SAR), which aims to develop robots that assist people with special needs  ...  Autism spectrum disorders are a group of lifelong disabilities that affect people's ability to communicate and to understand social cues.  ...  NSF Graduate Research Fellowship to the second author.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-bioeng-071811-150036 pmid:22577778 fatcat:olyjh2qaprfitdwriqeoihu7hu

The Design of Lil'Flo, a Socially Assistive Robot for Upper Extremity Motor Assessment and Rehabilitation in the Community Via Telepresence [article]

Michael J Sobrepera, Vera G Lee, Michelle J Johnson
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
We present Lil'Flo, a socially assistive robotic telerehabilitation system for deployment in the community.  ...  The system combines traditional telepresence and computer vision with a humanoid, who can play games with patients and guide them in a present and engaging way under the supervision of a remote clinician  ...  We want to especially thank Enri Kina and Carla Diana for their work on the design of the robot.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.04.07.20047696 fatcat:igs4dfxjzbe77d5zh6veemfxs4

Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of human-robot interaction

K. Dautenhahn
2007 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Second, robots are discussed as possible educational or therapeutic toys for children with autism. The concept of interactive emergence in human-child interactions is highlighted.  ...  The aim of this work is to develop social rules for robot behaviour (a 'robotiquette') that is comfortable and acceptable to humans.  ...  This case study clearly shows how a robot can mediate play and interactions among children with autism.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.2004 pmid:17301026 pmcid:PMC2346526 fatcat:jw3i6pojvzgwlfjntfffakdiia

"Does it work?" A framework to evaluate the effectiveness of a robotic toy for children with special needs

E. Ferrari, B. Robins, K. Dautenhahn
2010 19th International Symposium in Robot and Human Interactive Communication  
To evaluate the performance of a social robot, both the aspects of safety and technical efficiency as well as the effectiveness of the interaction with the robot from the users' points of view need to  ...  The paper proposes a framework for the evaluation of robotic toys used as mediators for children with special needs and present its implementation with the specially designed IROMEC robot.  ...  Here, the framework described in this paper will be highly valuable in order to assess the effectiveness of a robot equipped with skin technology, using the minimally expressive humanoid robot KASPAR  ... 
doi:10.1109/roman.2010.5598734 dblp:conf/ro-man/FerrariRD10 fatcat:riudegopejco3bfcapn2gu3wui

Why Robots? A Survey on the Roles and Benefits of Social Robots in the Therapy of Children with Autism

John-John Cabibihan, Hifza Javed, Marcelo Ang, Sharifah Mariam Aljunied
2013 International Journal of Social Robotics  
This paper reviews the use of socially interactive robots to assist in the therapy of children with autism.  ...  Child-robot interactions were scrutinized with respect to the different target behaviors that are to be elicited from a child during therapy.  ...  This is very important since the very purpose of therapy is to facilitate the child's social interaction with other people, not just with the robots.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12369-013-0202-2 fatcat:yrvfbjhkjjgqzohov7446imq2q

Automated detection and classification of positive vs. negative robot interactions with children with autism using distance-based features

David Feil-Seifer, Maja Mataric
2011 Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Human-robot interaction - HRI '11  
Recent feasibility studies involving children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) interacting with socially assistive robots have shown that some children have positive reactions to robots, while others  ...  It is unlikely that children with ASD will enjoy any robot 100% of the time.  ...  The Autism Genetic Resource Exchange is a program of Autism Speaks and is supported, in part, by grant 1U24MH081810 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Prof. Clara M. Lajonchere (PI).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1957656.1957785 dblp:conf/hri/Feil-SeiferM11 fatcat:bli5yfhoinexblxaz2p5jqfa5u
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