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Socio-technical systems: From design methods to systems engineering

Gordon Baxter, Ian Sommerville
2011 Interacting with computers  
From the framework, we identify an initial set of interdisciplinary research problems that address how to apply socio-technical approaches in a cost-effective way, and how to facilitate the integration  ...  Despite this, such approaches are not widely practised. We analyse the reasons for this, highlighting some of the problems with the better known socio-technical design methods.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Denis Besnard, John Rooksby and Phil Tetlow for comments on an earlier draft, and the anonymous reviewers whose comments have helped to improve the paper  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intcom.2010.07.003 fatcat:ubcqg3i5pfbircw2ldkjrxzydm

'Sound is the interface': from interactive to ecosystemic signal processing

2003 Organised Sound  
The first work I composed with it, the live electronics solo, Audible EcoSystemics n.1 (Impulse Response Study), also requires two condenser microphones, and an audio track of short to shortest sound pulses  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS As already mentioned above, in passing, the current implementation of the DSP component of the AESI was made with SymbolicSound's KYMA5.2 (running on the CAPYBARA320 DSP engine).  ...  FROM INTERACTIVE COMPOSING TO COMPOSING INTERACTIONS The very process of 'interaction' is today rarely understood and implemented for what it seems to be in living organisms (either human or not, e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355771803000244 fatcat:5pqokwwslbf27lg7dvr5l3rihy

Challenging reality using techniques from interactive drama to support social simulations in virtual worlds

Deborah Richards, Nicolas Szilas
2012 Proceedings of The 8th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment Playing the System - IE '12  
In this paper we consider a more challenging form of social simulation in VWs involving intelligent social interactions between humans and computer-based non-player characters in VWs, known as intelligent  ...  As many educationalists, organizations and researchers are finding, Virtual Worlds (VWs) provide an environment for conducting person to person social simulations.  ...  Acknowledgements: This work has been partially funded by an ARC Discovery DP0558852.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2336727.2336739 dblp:conf/ie/RichardsS12 fatcat:qgodgcotnnce7mtxhovzjcg264

From Users to Citizens

Marcus Foth, Martin Tomitsch, Christine Satchell, M. Hank Haeusler
2015 Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Australian Special Interest Group for Computer Human Interaction on - OzCHI '15  
the role that interactive systems play in connecting people with their world.  ...  The focus of HCI is no longer grounded by the notion of the stationary user moored to a fixed desktop PC in an organisational context.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2838739.2838769 dblp:conf/ozchi/FothTSH15 fatcat:feizodthezellidop7qll435bm

Participant Intervention in the Field

Allan Holmberg
1955 Human Organization  
If we were to set up a continuum or scale for dealing with each of these character- istics, say from little to much control, and from little to much context, I think we would find that most studies in  ...  to indicate that the method has a number of advantages as an approach to the theoretical and practical problems involved in programs of modern socio-economic development.  ... 
doi:10.17730/humo.14.1.nk7297551616367l fatcat:gk5yl5dn7ngwdbxrd2vlmfzaza

Total Systems Intervention (TSI): A Reconstitution

Robert L. Flood
1995 Journal of the Operational Research Society  
Interactions in organizations are represented in terms of an interactive mixture of technical and human activities.  ...  Issues to be managed arise from the interaction of technical and human activities, how they are controlled, interaction of the organization with the environment, the organization’s mission, organizational  ... 
doi:10.1057/jors.1995.23 fatcat:u5hptdkgu5b7hbo5sj3xb4wkkq

How Interaction Designers Use Tools to Manage Ideas and What We Can Learn From It

Nanna Inie
2019 Figshare  
This dissertation contributes to understanding how professional interaction designers use tools and systems to manage design ideas in their private and professional lives.  ...  I have gathered an extensive amount of qualitative data from empirical observations, surveys, interviews, and design idea archive walkthroughs, to form a detailed understanding of the complexities and  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Withheld for blind review.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.8397488.v1 fatcat:rwm4dnbdpvct7io3bzweye6eqm

A Proposed Approach for an Efficient Ergonomics Intervention in Organizations

Maria – Elena Boatca, Bianca Cirjaliu
2015 Procedia Economics and Finance  
The most valuable asset of an organization is related to human resources.  ...  In order to remain competitive, the organization aims at continuous improvement, and an ergonomic intervention is compulsory in achieving this goal.  ...  The human being operates in a socio-technical environment and needs to adapt to specific internal and external conditions during work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s2212-5671(15)00411-6 fatcat:5cte26ihu5dapl6tvkmdqng654

Implementation science for ambulatory care safety: a novel method to develop context-sensitive interventions to reduce quality gaps in monitoring high-risk patients

Kathryn M. McDonald, George Su, Sarah Lisker, Emily S. Patterson, Urmimala Sarkar
2017 Implementation Science  
Using a National Academies framework and context-sensitivity theory, we identified common systems vulnerabilities and developed preliminary concepts for improving the robustness for monitoring patients  ...  In response, we aim to demonstrate a novel method to identify common vulnerabilities across clinics and generate attributes for context-flexible population-level monitoring solutions for widespread implementation  ...  AHRQ had no role in the design, data collection, analysis, or presentation of results. There are no conflicts of interests to disclose.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13012-017-0609-5 pmid:28646886 pmcid:PMC5483297 fatcat:dud32borcncezljdctm4v6bz2a

Risk and irreversibility of transport interventions

Farideh Ramjerdi, Nils Fearnley
2014 Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice  
The reality is very much different, especially in the transport sector, due to the complex and dynamic nature of the transport system and the interplay between the many subsystems that comprise it.  ...  Since circumstances are very likely to change over time and unintended effects can arise, there is a need for flexibility in the design of policy packages to allow as much as possible changes in the package  ...  Financial support has also been received from the Research Council of Norway through the TEMPO project, (RENERGI programme) and the Strategic Institute Programme "Back on Track".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tra.2013.10.014 fatcat:zvl6y6go6fa4dndp2aovjn4gme

Cyber Resilience: by Design or by Intervention? [article]

Alexander Kott, Maureen S. Golan, Benjamin D. Trump, Igor Linkov
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Here, by cyber resilience we refer to the ability of the system to resist, minimize and mitigate a degradation caused by a successful cyber-attack on a system or network of computing and communicating  ...  In all cases, the qualifier "by design" indicates that the source of resilience is somehow inherent in the structure and operation of the system.  ...  (Parenthetically, we should mention that the term "system" in this paper refers to a socio-technical system consisting of technical artifacts as well as humans if and when humans are integral parts of  ... 
arXiv:2201.11152v1 fatcat:btqlyunqxbadffv54vk3sj5n6i

See with Your Eyes, Hear with Your Ears and Listen to Your Heart: Moving from Dyadic Teamwork Interaction towards a More Effective Team Cohesion and Collaboration in Long-Term Spaceflights under Stressful Conditions

Aggeliki Vlachostergiou, Andre Harisson, Peter Khooshabeh
2020 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
The scientific study of teamwork in the context of long-term spaceflight has uncovered a considerable amount of knowledge over the past 20 years.  ...  Although much is known about the underlying factors and processes of teamwork, much is left to be discovered for teams who operate in extreme isolation conditions during spaceflights.  ...  Understanding these mechanisms will allow us to predict and control dynamic interaction among humans and enable technology in human-system interaction to enhance and sustain cohesion as a human team member  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc4030018 fatcat:p4yxbvmd4zdsjpfgmrb2zna3pa

Factors affecting the sustainability of ICT intervention for agricultural development -A review

Wadkar Sagar Kisan, Argade Shivaji Dadabhau, Khajan Singh
2013 Agricultural Reviews  
Thus, the impact measures and factors of sustainability need to undertake in planning and implementation of interventions for its long term functionality.  ...  The donor agencies are being directly-indirectly implementing ambitious ICT interventions in developing countries with the hope for sustainable impact arising from development oriented ICT interventions  ...  Exogenous refers to an external cause, i.e. using ICT as an intervention from the outside to fill knowledge and technology gaps in a developing country.  ... 
doi:10.5958/j.0976-0741.34.3.004 fatcat:sukxnp6nvrdpjimv7ouq3ib3ha

Patients at the Centre: Methodological Considerations for Evaluating Evidence from Health Interventions Involving Patients Use of Web-Based Information Systems

Elizabeth Cummings
2010 Open Medical Informatics Journal  
The paper outlines an integrated approach that aims to generate evidence about the impact of these types of health interventions that are meaningful at both individual patient and patient cohort levels  ...  This paper aims to contribute to these on-going debates by focusing on the socio-technical processes by which patients' interests and outcomes are measured, defined and evaluated within health interventions  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge the members of the research teams conducting the controlled trials with whom they have collaborated during the development of this methodology: A  ... 
doi:10.2174/1874431101004010188 pmid:21594007 pmcid:PMC3096889 fatcat:7vyreb6prjchjm7jxl4vqoekmm

Understanding PSM Interventions Through Sense-Making and the Mangle of Practice Lens [chapter]

Leroy White, Mike Yearworth, Katharina Burger
2015 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
For this we introduce Pickering's Mangle of Practice to understand the practice of a group facilitated modelling setting.  ...  In this paper we seek to understand how individuals, as part of a group facilitated modelling setting, commit themselves to a set of actions, as a basis of sense-making, sense-giving and coordinated actions  ...  This work was supported in part by the EU FP7-ENERGY-SMARTCI-TIES-2012 (314277) project STEEP (Systems Thinking for Comprehensive City Efficient Energy Planning).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19515-5_2 fatcat:diypkpozpne5rprmkof273r3cu
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