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From Indentation Shapes to Code Structures

Abram Hindle, Michael W. Godfrey, Richard C. Holt
2008 2008 Eighth IEEE International Working Conference on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation  
Our study indicates that indentation shape correlates positively with code structure; that is, certain shapes typically correspond to certain code structures.  ...  These results can form the basis of a tool framework that can analyze code in a language independent way to support browsing targeted to viewing particular code structures such as conditionals or comments  ...  We would like to thank SHARCNET for use of their infrastructure.  ... 
doi:10.1109/scam.2008.31 dblp:conf/scam/HindleGH08 fatcat:qpjd2uomsfe4rpra46kggzfini

Using Mountain Visualizations for Orientation in Source Code

Jan Nonnen
2013 Softwaretechnik-Trends  
We propose a novel visualization of source code indentation to provide additional landmarks for orientation.  ...  In source code navigation developers memorizes navigation features for orientation even if they are hardly aware of it. Furthermore, a majority of development time is spent on code navigation.  ...  This allows to see parts of the structure already by indentation: "Your eye can rapidly discern the structure of the indented file.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40568-013-0033-1 fatcat:dscskwovvnba5nvkjmuk6hancm

Page 1205 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers Vol. 107, Issue ST7 [page]

1881 American Society of Civil Engineers. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers  
It, however, does not have the same form as the indentation coefficient for a vertical structure. This is an area which will require more work before code recommendations can be made.  ...  The Soviet Design Standard (12.2) applies a shape coefficient which reduces the effective force on vertical structures.  ... 

Page 144 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 116, Issue CR3 [page]

1990 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
The code was first used to simulate static penetration tests (SPT) and penetration-rate—controlled tests in frozen soils, using three types of indenter shapes.  ...  One shape was a cone [Fig. 1(a)], identical to the indenter used in the standard electric penetrometer for soil investigations (de Ruiter 1971).  ... 

Teaching Kodu with physical manipulatives

David S. Touretzky
2014 ACM inroads  
While Kodu's virtual tiles are simple rectangles, the physical tiles use complex shapes and color to reinforce Kodu's 2D syntactic structure.  ...  In Microsoft's Kodu Game Lab, a visual programming environment for children, rules are constructed from sequences of tiles that act as virtual manipulatives.  ...  The Issue of Rule Indentation Kodu's use of indentation to create block structure is not intuitive for young children, an issue first brought to our attention by Jill Denner.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2684721.2684732 fatcat:lxkptlom7vcjtp2md32tj3fzve

Numerical and analytical studies of ship deckhouse impact with steel and RC bridge girders

Yanyan Sha, Jørgen Amdahl, Cato Dørum
2021 Engineering structures  
Bridges crossing navigable waterways are under the threat of accidental collisions from passing ships.  ...  The impact force, structural failure mode, and energy dissipation during the collision process are discussed. The effects of girder material and structural configuration are also discussed.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Dr Martin Storheim for providing the finite element model of the ship.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.111868 fatcat:cbruzthoefcx3ipa7lx5hxtq7y

Indented Pixel Tree Browser for Exploring Huge Hierarchies [chapter]

Michael Burch, Hansjörg Schmauder, Daniel Weiskopf
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We exploit the indented visual metaphor to map tree structures to one-dimensional zigzag curves to primarily achieve an overview representation for the entire hierarchy.  ...  In this paper we introduce the Indented Pixel Tree Browser-an interactive tool for exploring, annotating, and comparing huge hierarchical structures on different levels of granularity.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Dr. Kay Nieselt, University of Tübingen, for providing the NCBI taxonomy data set.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24028-7_28 fatcat:bl2hvetrdjgrjilhxeic6l6xpi


2014 International Journal of Computational Methods  
Numerical simulations of quasi-static indentation and low velocity impact of low density polymethacrylimide (PMI) Rohacell 51WF foam using indenters with different nose shapes (conical, truncated-conical  ...  The results demonstrated the ability of the model to reproduce the mechanisms of deformation of the penetration process in quasi-static indentation and low velocity impact.  ...  Polymeric foams and polymeric foam cored sandwich structures are prone to impacts during manufacturing, service life and maintenance operations by a wide range of projectiles shapes, sizes and velocities  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0219876213440040 fatcat:gi6al5gadjc5dbwhlpwqyhtixa

Categorisation of Shapes Using Shape Features [chapter]

Soo-Hoon Park, John S. Gero
2000 Artificial Intelligence in Design '00  
We introduce a shape categorisation method for architectural drawings that takes shape characteristics derived from those drawings as features.  ...  Four separate Q-codes -A-, L-, K-and C-code -encapsulates shape characteristics in terms of angle, relative length, curvature and convexity (Park, 1999) .  ...  Acknowledgements This research has been supported by an Overseas Postgraduate Research Award and by a grant from the Australian Research Council.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-4154-3_11 dblp:conf/aid/ParkG00 fatcat:va3zlko22zgzladbs5es62vfee

Declarative specification of indentation rules: a tooling perspective on parsing and pretty-printing layout-sensitive languages

Luís Eduardo de Souza Amorim, Michael J. Steindorfer, Sebastian Erdweg, Eelco Visser
2018 Proceedings of the 11th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Software Language Engineering - SLE 2018  
Layout declarations are high-level specifications of indentation rules that abstract from low-level technicalities.  ...  We show how to derive an efficient layout-sensitive generalized parser and a corresponding pretty-printer automatically from a language specification with layout declarations.  ...  We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback. Declarative Specification of Indentation Rules SLE '18, November 5-6, 2018, Boston, MA, USA  ... 
doi:10.1145/3276604.3276607 dblp:conf/sle/AmorimSEV18 fatcat:q73echpzjzgrfbvky75sfiimlm

Indentation response of a NiTi shape memory alloy: modeling and experiments

C. Maletta, F. Furgiuele, E. Sgambitterra, M. Callisti, B. G. Mellor, R. J. K. Wood
2012 Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale  
The indentation response of a pseudoelastic nickel-titanium based shape memory alloy (SMA) has been analyzed.  ...  the indentation region and, consequently, to avoid local effects due to microstructural variations.  ...  However, despite the aforementioned advantages, various difficulties arise in analyzing the mechanical properties of SMAs from the indentation response, due to micro-structural changes, such as phase transition  ... 
doi:10.3221/igf-esis.21.01 fatcat:wod7dicl5jdkbjshvesfkuc7hy

Feature-Based Qualitative Modeling of Objects [chapter]

John S. Gero, José C. Damski
1999 Computers in Building  
This paper extends the qualitative representation developed for two-dimensional shapes to three-dimensional objects. It uses the qualitative representation to detect features.  ...  Objects represent fundamentally important ways with which to perceive and reason about the world. There are very few adequate representations for use at the early stages of designing.  ...  Q-code encodings of some simple faces, adapted from Gero and Park (1997) The Q-codes representing the shapes in Figure 1 allow us to treat these shapes as exemplars of classes of shapes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4615-5047-1_20 fatcat:4brojipgb5f3nlfkbdxlmqs5h4

Advanced Numerical Techniques for Large PEC Cavity Modeling

Chao-Fu Wang, Y. Xu, F. G. Hu, Yeow Beng Gan
2005 PIERS Online  
This has motivated the development of accurate and efficient methods to model the electromagnetic scattering of such structures.  ...  Air intake structures greatly affect the overall electromagnetic scattering response of real airborne targets.  ...  With this in-house code, we can acquire in-depth understanding of the effect of the cavity shape and complex termination on the echo area, and find more physics of the scattering from cavity that will  ... 
doi:10.2529/piers050126214947 fatcat:qhixfxa7t5fe5irwrlgoxkaita

Impact of MHD equilibrium input variations on the high beta stability boundaries of NSTX

F. Paoletti, S.A. Sabbagh, J. Manickam, J. Menard, R.J. Akers, D. Gates, S.M. Kaye, L. Lao
2002 Nuclear Fusion  
Localized inflection of the outboard plasma boundary, produced by near-field effects from ploloidal shaping field coils, weaken the stability due to the destabilization of high-n ballooning modes.  ...  without considering the stabilizing effect of the passive conducting structures External Distribution  ...  In Section 2., the effect of local indentations in the boundary shape, caused by near-field effects from the poloidal field shaping coil set, on the stability properties of NSTX high-β plasmas is shown  ... 
doi:10.1088/0029-5515/42/4/306 fatcat:7tacm5qtbjhtpjc7tbf2pirsfq

The documentary structure of source code

Michael L Van De Vanter
2002 Information and Software Technology  
In order to be effective, however, language-based tools must be designed to account properly for the documentary structure of source code: a structure that is largely orthogonal to the linguistic but no  ...  Many tools designed to help programmers view and manipulate source code exploit the formal structure of the programming language.  ...  Acknowledgments Discussions with members of the Jackpot project at Sun Labs, Tom Ball, James Gosling, and Tim Prinzing contributed to this paper, as have extensive comments and suggestions from Yuval Peduel  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0950-5849(02)00103-9 fatcat:2q7o6xykeffotewf3vncko2lai
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