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From Discourse Representation Structure to Event Semantics: A Simple Conversion?

Daniel Dakota, Sandra Kübler
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems  
We investigate the representations of an automatic analysis pipeline of the C&C parser and Boxer to determine whether Boxer's analyses in form of Discourse Representation Structure can be successfully  ...  converted into a more surface oriented event semantic representation, which will serve as input for a fusion algorithm for fusing hard and soft information.  ...  Thus, we present work on investigating a rule-based conversion from Discourse Representation Structure as provided by Boxer to our target event semantic representations.  ... 
doi:10.15439/2016f440 dblp:conf/fedcsis/DakotaK16 fatcat:wtu3mrkvfnaiddpyyh5brjfd3u

A formal semantics for situated conversation

Julie Hunter, Nicholas Asher, Alex Lascarides
2018 Semantics and Pragmatics  
We want to know how allowing events such as dice rolls and card plays to contribute discourse units in a semantic representation of an embodied conversation affects the development and interpretation of  ...  Technical changes to discourse structures We have argued that building discourse structures for situated discourse is not as simple as adding nonlinguistic events to our model and allowing the interpretation  ...  the discourse move in (2) and relate it discursively via Background to ε 3 , which is available according to Definition 7 of the Right Frontier of a situated discourse structure.  ... 
doi:10.3765/sp.11.10 fatcat:s4pn3ach6zavtafna2axvhcghm

Simple Negation Scope Resolution through Deep Parsing: A Semantic Solution to a Semantic Problem

Woodley Packard, Emily M. Bender, Jonathon Read, Stephan Oepen, Rebecca Dridan
2014 Proceedings of the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)  
task from the structure of logical-form meaning representations.  ...  With reference to an explicit encoding of semantic predicate-argument structure, we can operationalize the annotation decisions made for the 2012 *SEM task, and demonstrate how a comparatively simple system  ...  This work grew out of a discussion with colleagues of the Language Technology Group at the University of Oslo, notably Elisabeth Lien and Jan Tore Lønning, to whom we are indebted for stimulating cooperation  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/p14-1007 dblp:conf/acl/PackardBROD14 fatcat:b35cjyxfsbcxbfoqn6quf4mfue

Conversational Semantic Parsing for Dialog State Tracking [article]

Jianpeng Cheng, Devang Agrawal, Hector Martinez Alonso, Shruti Bhargava, Joris Driesen, Federico Flego, Shaona Ghosh, Dain Kaplan, Dimitri Kartsaklis, Lin Li, Dhivya Piraviperumal, Jason D Williams (+3 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present TreeDST, a dataset of 27k conversations annotated with tree-structured dialog states and system acts.  ...  By formulating DST as a semantic parsing task over hierarchical representations, we can incorporate semantic compositionality, cross-domain knowledge sharing and co-reference.  ...  DST targets a fuller range of conversational dynamics but typically uses a simple and limiting meaning representation. Semantic parsing embraces a compositional view of meaning.  ... 
arXiv:2010.12770v3 fatcat:o66nhdtkzvamrpvxieje7qin4i

EAT: a simple and versatile semantic representation format for multi-purpose NLP [article]

Tommi Gröndahl
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We present a detailed exposition of EAT and how it relates to other prevalent formats used in prior work, such as Abstract Meaning Representation (AMR) and Minimal Recursion Semantics (MRS).  ...  The conjunctivist framework - primarily developed by Pietroski (2005, 2018) - obtains expressive representations with only a few basic semantic types and relations systematically linked to syntactic positions  ...  Mika Juuti for valuable discussions related to the project, and Luca Pajola for helping with early-stage implementation.  ... 
arXiv:1902.09381v4 fatcat:ervlwycs45fx7enmqhuuwdsofy

On the semantics of cup [chapter]

Keith Allan
2020 Meaning, Life and Culture: In conversation with Anna Wierzbicka  
Like any language, a metalanguage for semantics consists of a set of symbols, a set of axioms and rules for combining them into syntactically well-formed structures, along with a set of interpretations  ...  If you understood neither Polish nor Swahili there is little point in my using Swahili as a metalanguage for the semantic analysis of Polish (or vice versa); for example, to say To jest pies means 'Ni  ...  Acknowledgement I would like to thank two anonymous referees for useful comments that led to an improved text. However, no one but me is responsible for the infelicities that remain.  ... 
doi:10.22459/mlc.2020.23 fatcat:pccqwzvt2jggfkywvdz3m6voym

Augmenting conversational dialogue by means of latent semantic googling

Robin Senior, Roel Vertegaal
2005 Proceedings of the 7th international conference on Multimodal interfaces - ICMI '05  
Ambient Google uses a speech recognition engine to generate Google keyphrase queries directly from conversations.  ...  This paper presents Latent Semantic Googling, a variant of Landauer's Latent Semantic Indexing that uses the Google search engine to judge the semantic closeness of sets of words and phrases.  ...  Simple heuristics are used to determine sentence breaks; if no recognition event occurs for 1.5 seconds, it is deemed to be the end of a sentence [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/1088463.1088490 dblp:conf/icmi/SeniorV05 fatcat:zgvkpebnnngvjlh2e76oh3pfui

Is semantics computational?

Mark Steedman, Matthew Stone
2006 Theoretical Linguistics  
In Lewis's view, a conversational score is an abstract, social representation derived from speakers' utterances according to the rules of discourse.  ...  The variables that characterize an ongoing chess game, like the discourse referents of a discourse representation structure (DRS), play an indispensable role in describing how events can unfold.  ... 
doi:10.1515/tl.2006.006 fatcat:zngn4gx3ebg43ecz5hmkecmxqq

Conversational Contrast and Conventional Parallel: Topic Implicatures and Additive Presuppositions

K. J. Saebo
2004 Journal of Semantics  
This does not follow from the meaning commonly ascribed to them.  ...  To the south #(too) he could see mountains. (2) The UN appointed a unique politician to head this new 'World Commission on Environment and Development'.  ...  For perspicuity, I will not make this case distinction.3 I use the subscript notation for presuppositions familiar from, for example, Beaver 1997, and a pseudo set notation for discourse representation  ... 
doi:10.1093/jos/21.2.199 fatcat:ng3mme3pxrfd3itoel2lpj6nmq

Semantic Representation

Lenhart Schubert
2015 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
This paper provides a brief "opinionated survey" of broad-coverage semantic representation (SR).  ...  It suggests multiple desiderata for such representations, and then outlines more than a dozen approaches to SR — some long-standing, and some more recent, providing quick characterizations, pros, cons,  ...  Structured English; with polarity (and perhaps other) annotations; a very simple, direct "semantic representation"!  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v29i1.9759 fatcat:heeps4ficjadvohr62x3dvccjm

Semantic Representation [chapter]

2020 An Advanced Introduction to Semantics  
This paper provides a brief "opinionated survey" of broadcoverage semantic representation (SR).  ...  It suggests multiple desiderata for such representations, and then outlines more than a dozen approaches to SR-some longstanding, and some more recent, providing quick characterizations, pros, cons, and  ...  Structured English; with polarity (and perhaps other) annotations; a very simple, direct "semantic representation"!  ... 
doi:10.1017/9781108674553.011 fatcat:rsjx7rlusbcunfzljg6dig5phy

In Search of Conversational Grain Size: Modelling Semantic Structure Using Moving Stanza Windows

Amanda Siebert-Evenstone, Golnaz Arastoopour Irgens, Wesley Collier, Zachar Swiecki, Andrew R. Ruis, David Williamson Shaffer
2017 Journal of Learning Analytics  
We compare the results of this study to a purely conversation-based segmentation method to examine the affordances of temporal segmentation for modelling connections in discourse.  ...  Specifically, we use epistemic network analysis to model connections in student discourse using a temporal segmentation method adapted from recent work in the learning sciences.  ...  In what follows, we model the semantic structure of connections in discourse and use ideas from Shaffer (2017) that build on Gee's (1990) work to create an ENA model using a moving window approach.  ... 
doi:10.18608/jla.2017.43.7 fatcat:qsvwiz2yqnbpvbeqyjqnkuvwbu

Semantic annotations for conversational speech: From speech transcriptions to predicate argument structures

Arianna Bisazza, Marco Dinarelli, Silvia Quarteroni, Sara Tonelli, Alessandro Moschitti, Giuseppe Riccardi
2008 2008 IEEE Spoken Language Technology Workshop  
Given a sentence of our transcribed corpus, domain concepts and other linguistic levels ranging from basic ones, i.e. part-of-speech tagging and constituent chunking level, to more advanced ones, i.e.  ...  syntactic and predicate argument structure (PAS) levels are annotated.  ...  We present a quantitative analysis of such semantic structures for both human-machine and human-human conversations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/slt.2008.4777841 dblp:conf/slt/BisazzaDQTMR08 fatcat:zodecnmnpvcsfegl5y3gt3gpqi

Computational Semantics

Patrick Blackburn, Johan Bos
2010 THEORIA : an International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science  
In this article we discuss what constitutes a good choice of semantic representation, compare different approaches of constructing semantic representations for fragments of natural language, and give an  ...  to accommodate it to some accessible portion of discourse structure.  ...  And it's simple to exploit Kripke's insight in a first-order semantic representation language. Add a second sort of entity to our models (call them `possible worlds' or `situations').  ... 
doi:10.1387/theoria.408 doaj:3e85d017690d4c5e8faae228072d6aa8 fatcat:q234kmaqrvfvxlzsscivd25fxa

A syntactic approach to discourse semantics

Livia Polanyi, Remko Scha
1984 Proceedings of the 22nd annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
This gram~nar, the "Dynamic Discourse Model", uses an Augmented Transition Network parsing mechanism to build a representation of the semantics of a discourse in a stepwise fashion, from left to right,  ...  A correct structural analysis of a discourse is a prerequisite for understanding it. This paper sketches the outline of a discourse grammar which acknowledges several different levels of structure.  ...  The Dynamic Discourse Model, therefore, must construct the semantic interpretation of a discourse on a clause by clause basis, from left to right, yielding intermediate semantic representations of unfinished  ... 
doi:10.3115/980491.980576 dblp:conf/coling/PolanyiS84 fatcat:wctv4hqvszasbpk5i57cgvarj4
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