Filters








13,522 Hits in 5.0 sec

Book Review: What Matters? Putting Common Sense to Work

Gavan Lintern
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
Flach and Voorhorst distinguish the formal logics of deduction and induction from the pragmatic logic of abduction; a form of logical inference from observation to explanation.  ...  In contrast to deduction and induction, which describe syntactical relations, abduction describes a semantic relationship essential to creativity and insight.  ...  Flach and Voorhorst distinguish the formal logics of deduction and induction from the pragmatic logic of abduction; a form of logical inference from observation to explanation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00264 fatcat:npa3vbslrre4dgovfie5ms5fgm

Peirce Knew Why Abduction Isn't IBE—A Scheme and Critical Questions for Abductive Argument

Shiyang Yu, Frank Zenker
2017 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
Whether abduction is treated as an argument or as an inference, the mainstream view presupposes a tight connection between abduction and inference to the best explanation (IBE).  ...  This paper critically evaluates this link and supports a narrower view on abduction.  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-017-9443-9 fatcat:2amyujdkpffz3hjf5j5y7roavm

Abduction − the context of discovery + underdetermination = inference to the best explanation

Mousa Mohammadian
2019 Synthese  
Abstract The relationship between Peircean abduction and the modern notion of Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) is a matter of dispute.  ...  of the context of discovery from philosophy of science-and second, underdetermination of theory by data.  ...  Based on a fundamental change in Peirce's approach towards abduction in the late 1890s, Fann (1970) divides his theory of abduction to the early theory from 1859 to 1890 and the later theory from 1890  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-019-02337-z fatcat:vz666str2fhj5j7syqi7vpweke

An Abductive Framework For Computing Knowledge Base Updates [article]

Chiaki Sakama, Katsumi Inoue
2004 arXiv   pre-print
We first provide a simple transformation from abductive programs to update programs which are logic programs specifying changes on abductive hypotheses.  ...  Next, different types of updates, view updates and theory updates are characterized by abductive programs and computed by update programs.  ...  Next, suppose that another update P 4 : ¬ power f ailure ← is given to P 3 which states that power is back again.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0405076v1 fatcat:a3gttirttve6jn4yqwkath7o3u

Walton's Abductive Reasoning

Fabio Paglieri
2004 Informal Logic  
from cases of deduction and induction-following in Peirce's footsteps, we have to get back to beans.  ...  Consider again Peirce's beans: when we conclude by abduction that the handful of white beans on the table were taken from the all-white bag, is this inference cogent?  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v24i3.2150 fatcat:vjhfvwxds5hd5b3hjuscpeq2h4

Abduction, experience, and goals: a model of everyday abductive explanation

DAVID B. LEAKE
1995 Journal of experimental and theoretical artificial intelligence (Print)  
Many abductive understanding systems generate explanations by a b a c kwards chaining process that is neutral both to the explainer's previous experience in similar situations and to why the explainer  ...  The article identi es six central issues for abductive explanation, compares how these issues are addressed in traditional and case-based explanation models, and discusses bene ts of the case-based approach  ...  We contrast this method to case-based reasoning, and also contrast the tenets of case-based reasoning to those of another method for learning from explanations, explanation-based schema acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09528139508953820 fatcat:csn2tpxxanhgnkcgled4aazujy

Simplistic and complex thought in medicine: the rationale for a person-centered care model as a medical revolution

Gérard Reach
2016 Patient Preference and Adherence  
It is proposed that these phenomena are caused by a contrast between, on the one hand, the complex thought of patients and doctors that sometimes escapes rationalization, and on the other hand, the simplification  ...  It is suggested therefore that this crisis must provoke a change in paradigm, inventing a new model of care defined by an ability to take again into account, on an individual basis, the complex thought  ...  Acknowledgment The author wishes to express his deep gratitude to Pascal Engel, Bernard Baertschi, Sadek Béloucif, Pierre-Jean Lefèbvre, and Alain Krivitzky for fruitful discussions and advice concerning  ... 
doi:10.2147/ppa.s103007 pmid:27103790 pmcid:PMC4829191 fatcat:nzfhxnexyrbhnf6yddjc7g7m7m

Metaphilosophy and Argument: The Case of the Justification of Abduction

Paula Olmos
2021 Informal Logic  
Advocating an argumentative approach to abduction, I model the philosophical debate over its justification as the critical assessment of a warrant-establishing argument allowing "H explains D" to be used  ...  as a reason for "H can be inferred from D."  ...  I would also like to thank the Informal Logic editors for appointing such helpful and prestigious reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v41i2.6249 fatcat:u3t76qckzfcjzjxki7ssvoeak4

"Theoric Transformations" and a New Classification of Abductive Inferences

Hoffmann
2010 Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society  
These forms are organized, on the one hand, with regard to what is abductively inferred-singular facts; types; laws; theoretical models; or representation systems-and, on the other, with regard to the  ...  Based on a definition of -abductive insight‖ and a critical discussion of G.  ...  can be mathematically derived from the explanans, then we could only count deductive-nomological and statistical explanations as explanations  ... 
doi:10.2979/trancharpeirsoc.2010.46.4.570 fatcat:2jbkxuikpbadjnxwzaqefvwnrm

Application of abductive ILP to learning metabolic network inhibition from temporal data

Alireza Tamaddoni-Nezhad, Raphael Chaleil, Antonis Kakas, Stephen Muggleton
2006 Machine Learning  
In this paper we use a logic-based representation and a combination of Abduction and Induction to model inhibition in metabolic networks.  ...  The model's performance is evaluated on training and test sets randomly generated from a real metabolic network.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments. We also thank M. Sternberg, J. Nicholson, E. Holmes and F. Pazos for their useful discussions and advice and D.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10994-006-8988-x fatcat:dzxlgjusujagbbpnjiyqcx5jpe

Counterfactuals and Abduction

Samuel Cumming, Lauren Winans
2021 Ergo, An Open Access Journal of Philosophy  
Certain notorious differences previously observed between pairs of indicative and counterfactual sentences are actually due to the presence of an anti-abductive modal auxiliary (would) in the consequent  ...  We argue that counterfactuals and indicative conditionals are not so different.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the referees and editorial team at Ergo for their care and good advice. Copious thanks also to Will Starr, Gabe Greenberg, Nathan Klinedinst, and Jessica Rett.  ... 
doi:10.3998/ergo.1149 fatcat:ih6bea6nqbe5jeex7th7vpwj3q

Teaching as Abductive Reasoning: The Role of Argumentation

Chrysi Rapanta
2018 Informal Logic  
Abductive reasoning embraces the idea of plausibility and defeasibility of both the premises and the conclusion.  ...  The paper discusses abductive reasoning as the most adequate for students' arguments to emerge in a classroom discussion.  ...  grant award from the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities.  ... 
doi:10.22329/il.v38i2.4849 fatcat:z6dytzhgurd5honr46dhzpmzs4

An Abductive Theory of Scientific Method

Brian D. Haig
2005 Psychological methods  
The construction of explanatory theories is shown to involve their generation through abductive, or explanatory, reasoning, their development through analogical modeling, and their fuller appraisal in  ...  terms of judgments of the best of competing explanations.  ...  The basic idea of abductive inference can be usefully traced back to the American philosopher and scientist Charles Sanders Peirce (1931 Peirce ( -1958 .  ... 
doi:10.1037/1082-989x.10.4.371 pmid:16392993 fatcat:gu4em5qxwrehhfbsh2qf2m43eq

Page 59 of The Lancet Vol. 2, Issue 2 [page]

1925 The Lancet  
The right arm was immediately extended and abducted and the fingers extended as if to save from the floor.  ...  The left leg was at once abducted, the left arm extended, abducted away from the trunk, and directed towards the corner of a table which stood near.  ... 

Advice on Abductive Logic

Dov Gabbay, John Woods
2006 Logic Journal of the IGPL  
One of our purposes here is to expose something of the elementary logical structure of abductive reasoning, and to do so in a way that helps orient theorists to the various tasks that a logic of abduction  ...  But we repeat that our first concern is to try to get ourselves straight about what a logic of abduction should encompass.  ...  Our research on abduction is supported by grants from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the United Kingdom and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jigpal/jzk014 fatcat:ykz64cjlkzgsnf23by7sowke4q
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 13,522 results