Filters








322 Hits in 8.5 sec

Adjectival vs. nominal categorization processes: The Rule vs. Similarity hypothesis

2011 Belgian Journal of Linguistics  
The paper highlights a number of links between findings reported in the literature about rule- vs. similarity-based categorization and corresponding structural, distributional, neural and developmental  ...  Classification of entities into categories can be determined based on a rule – a single criterion or relatively few criteria combined with logical operations like 'and' or 'or'.  ...  The only degree construction in English I am aware of in which nouns occur bare (with no mediating adjective or other morpheme) is the between-predicate comparison (comparison of the form "more P than  ... 
doi:10.1075/bjl.25.06sas fatcat:cwcdd7haffd55njxpltvmfkfhe

Page 464 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 93, Issue 2 [page]

2006 Psychological Abstracts  
(University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom) French Gender Attribution on the Basis of Similarity: A Com- parison Between AM and Connectionist Models.  ...  Similar distinctions can be found within the computational literature. This paper examines the pre- dictions of two such models in the domain of French gender attribution.  ... 

Language learning: Cues or rules?

Brian MacWhinney, Jared Leinbach, Roman Taraban, Janet McDonald
1989 Journal of Memory and Language  
In this paper we develop a computational model of the acquisition of the gender, number, and case paradigm for the German definite article.  ...  All three models showed a good match to the developmental data of Mills (1986) and MacWhinney (1978) . Advantages of a connectionist approach over older theories are discussed.  ...  By comparison, the connectionist networks developed here require a minimum of hand-crafting.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0749-596x(89)90033-8 fatcat:pryvnnwrs5chdilpiv5ryqhzmi

Learning to See Analogies: A Connectionist Exploration [article]

Douglas S. Blank
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Seeing one scene in terms of a particular figure and ground provides the context for seeing another in an analogous fashion.  ...  This approach stands in contrast to most existing research on analogy-making, in which typically the a priori existence of analogical mechanisms within a model is assumed.  ...  Similarity judgment has traditionally been viewed as a simple calculation based on a comparison between two static lists of features, or between two static lists of dimension values.  ... 
arXiv:2001.06668v1 fatcat:knvij46pqvcj5hsxxrvxiav5lq

Connectionist modelling in psychology: A localist manifesto

Mike Page
2000 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
It can be applied to a number of problems that are difficult for fully distributed models, and its applicability can be extended through comparisons with a number of classic mathematical models of behaviour  ...  A generalized localist model is proposed that exhibits many of the properties of fully distributed models.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by NSF grants SBR-9720398 and ECS-9970890.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00003356 fatcat:6hnhqgbdtvcbtggl75dafiwlsi

Localist representation can improve efficiency for detection and counting

Horace Barlow, Anthony Gardner-Medwin
2000 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
It can be applied to a number of problems that are difficult for fully distributed models, and its applicability can be extended through comparisons with a number of classic mathematical models of behaviour  ...  A generalized localist model is proposed that exhibits many of the properties of fully distributed models.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by NSF grants SBR-9720398 and ECS-9970890.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00223352 fatcat:zeo65fd76vh4nblxjvlahq3vgm

Secondary School Students' Engagement in Learning Japanese as a Second Language [chapter]

Yuko Asano-Cavanagh, Robert F. Cavanagh
2011 Applications of Rasch Measurement in Learning Environments Research  
The results showed a balance between student views of their capability for learning and the expectations of this learning.  ...  Students responded on a four-category response scale. The data were tested against the Rasch rating Scale Model.  ...  "to assert one's right to something on the basis of one's class, gender or ethnicity").  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-6091-493-5_12 fatcat:2ivefeuykvhzvn3anayf7vnyqu

FREQUENCY EFFECTS IN LANGUAGE PROCESSING

Nick C. Ellis
2002 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
Comprehenders tend to perceive the most probable syntactic and semantic analyses of a new utterance on the basis of frequencies of previously perceived utterance analyses.  ...  Language users tend to produce the most probable utterance for a given meaning on the basis of frequencies of utterance representations.  ...  Taraban and Roark (1996) manipulated the ambiguity in the mapping of noun forms onto genders in two sets of French nouns.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263102002024 fatcat:homsmm7odjhxri66jcxz72uwva

Shared representations in language processing and verbal short-term memory: The case of grammatical gender

Judith Schweppe, Ralf Rummer
2007 Journal of Memory and Language  
In learning-based connectionist models, frequent use can strengthen the connections between elements.  ...  This analysis allowed for a comparison of the impact that presentation of the respective lure word had on gender congruent and gender incongruent intrusions.  ...  Appendix Appendix A Materials A 1 German originals A 1.1 Materials used in Experiment 1, 2, and 3: German originals Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2006.03.005 fatcat:nv55uuk6pvfwzcqj4bbesxpjpa

Corroborating biased indicators: Global and local agreement among objective and subjective estimates of printed word frequency

Glenn L. Thompson, Alain Desrochers
2009 Behavior Research Methods  
AUTHOR NOTE This research was funded in part by a grant from the Canadian Language and Literacy Research Network (to Jean Saint-Aubin, Raymond Klein, and A.D.) and a grant from the Social Sciences and  ...  Thompson, School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, 145 Jean-Jacques Lussier, P.O. Box 450, Station A, Ottawa, ON, KIN 6N6 Canada (e-mail: glennlthompson@gmail.com).  ...  A likelihood ratio was performed on the basis of the performance of this model to test again whether N was a useful predictor.  ... 
doi:10.3758/brm.41.2.452 pmid:19363186 fatcat:jrqmbr3fmjdj3igfoupjyx2fre

Frequency and working memory effects in incidental learning of a complex agreement pattern

Nadiia Denhovska, Ludovica Serratrice, John Payne
2018 Lingua  
The particulars on universals: A comparison of the acquisition of 802 tense-aspect morphology among Japanese and French-speaking learners of 803 English.  ...  A similar 719 challenge was recorded by Brooks, Kempe and Sionov (2006) and attributed to the 720 inflectional syncretism of the Russian language.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2018.02.009 fatcat:jbiufx2qmfdjbem3g7row3ggtq

Proceedings of ULAB 2021 [article]

Lydia Wiernik
2021 Zenodo  
Presentations given at the 11th annual conference of the Undergraduate Linguistics Association of Britain, hosted online 16-18 April 2021 by the University of Aberdeen.  ...  And because a little more than a year ago I could never have believed that I would be where I am today -but she did.  ...  Lastly, thank you to the people who truly were beside me, throughout this long journey: you are 'the bright side of life' for me.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5517963 fatcat:2cn6akx63rh2pehlogd4qlduby

CLiFF Notes: Research in the Language, Information and Computation Laboratory of the University of Pennsylvania [article]

Editors: Matthew Stone, Libby Levison
1995 arXiv   pre-print
Short abstracts by computational linguistics researchers at the University of Pennsylvania describing ongoing individual and joint projects.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to all the contributors.  ...  A connectionist model of computation recently proposed by Shastri and Ajjanagadde uses the temporal synchrony of activation to represent the bindings between different features of the same variable (i.e  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9506008v1 fatcat:aidgv3pdzvfatc7yjygdvthcjq

The processing of inflected forms

Charles Clifton,, Anne Cutler, James M. McQueen, Brit van Ooijen
1999 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Our findings will be explained in terms of a linguistic model that maintains the distinction between the lexicon and the computational system but replaces the traditional view of the lexicon as a simple  ...  Following much work in linguistic theory, it is hypothesized that the language faculty has a modular structure and consists of two basic components, a lexicon of (structured) entries and a computational  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This commentary relies heavily on the MA thesis of A. L. The research was supported by an OTKA (Hungarian Science Foundation) Grant No. T 029514 to C. P.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x99272226 fatcat:cr5zgrsz6jbifg3433wz55v5aq

The dual-route account of German: Where it is not a schema theory, it is probably wrong

Ulrike Hahn
1999 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Our findings will be explained in terms of a linguistic model that maintains the distinction between the lexicon and the computational system but replaces the traditional view of the lexicon as a simple  ...  Following much work in linguistic theory, it is hypothesized that the language faculty has a modular structure and consists of two basic components, a lexicon of (structured) entries and a computational  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This commentary relies heavily on the MA thesis of A. L. The research was supported by an OTKA (Hungarian Science Foundation) Grant No. T 029514 to C. P.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x99332222 fatcat:bbsswf2w6bgv5prijfjj7qzaia
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 322 results