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Computation of Word Associations Based on Co-occurrences of Words in Large Corpora

Manfred Wettler, Reinhard Rapp
1993 Workshop on Very Large Corpora  
A statistical model is presented which predicts the strengths of word-associations from the relative frequencies of the common occurrences of words in large bodies of text.  ...  These predictions are compared with the Minnesota association norms for 100 stimulus words.  ...  One is, that subjects usually respond with common, i.e. frequent words in the free association task.  ... 
dblp:conf/acl-vlc/WettlerR93 fatcat:og3qifea4zbbdn7cozbxvcipye

Normalising the IJS-ELAN Slovene-English Parallel Corpus for the Extraction of Multilingual Terminology

Gaël Dias, Spela Vintar, José Gabriel Pereira Lopes, Sylvie Guilloré
1999 Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands  
Various efforts have been made for the development of tools and methods dedicated to the automatic processing of multilingual terminology databases.  ...  However, most of the neologisms in technical and scientific domains are realised by multiword terms that are rarely identified in parallel corpora.  ...  So, being a multiword lexical unit a specific lexical relation, it can be defined in terms of structure as a specific contiguous or non-contiguous n-gram in a six words wide window (i.e. three words to  ... 
dblp:conf/clin/DiasVLG99 fatcat:ycqcfcaqoreanbeymiujb2oade

A Bayesian Analysis of Dynamics in Free Recall

Richard Socher, Samuel Gershman, Adler J. Perotte, Per B. Sederberg, David M. Blei, Kenneth A. Norman
2009 Neural Information Processing Systems  
We develop a probabilistic model of human memory performance in free recall experiments. In these experiments, a subject first studies a list of words and then tries to recall them.  ...  To model these data, we draw on both previous psychological research and statistical topic models of text documents.  ...  The fact that temporal contiguity effects in TCM are mediated indirectly (via item-context associations) rather than directly (via item-item associations) implies that temporal contiguity effects should  ... 
dblp:conf/nips/SocherGPSBN09 fatcat:jpu2b223l5gwhdug55jzqxsnwa

Associative Retrieval Processes in Episodic Memory [chapter]

M.J. Kahana, M.W. Howard, S.M. Polyn
2008 Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference  
The nearuniversal form of the contiguity effect and its appearance at diverse time scales is shown to place tight constraints on the major theories of association.  ...  Association and context constitute two of the central ideas in the history of episodic memory research.  ...  In addition, the stronger the semantic association between two successively recalled words, the shorter the inter-response time was between the two words ( Figure 2d ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-012370509-9.00185-6 fatcat:a7vzl4rrcne6lki6iyzvnf6ixy

Effects of long-term representations on free recall of unrelated words

Mikhail Katkov, Sandro Romani, Misha Tsodyks
2015 Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.)  
We performed an analysis of a large data set on free recall and found a highly specific pattern of statistical dependencies predicted by the model, in particular negative correlations between the number  ...  The model predicts that different items stored in memory have different probability to be recalled depending on the size of their representation.  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to M. Kahana for generously sharing the data obtained in his laboratory with us. The laboratory of Kahana is supported by NIH grant MH55687.  ... 
doi:10.1101/lm.035238.114 pmid:25593296 pmcid:PMC4341369 fatcat:z6vtzs4whnerpm7zsuuaf5nyeq

A General Natural-language Text Processor for Clinical Radiology

C. Friedman, P. O. Alderson, J. H. M. Austin, J. J. Cimino, S. B. Johnson
1994 JAMIA Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association  
The second phase, regularization, standardizes the terms in the initial target structure via a compositional mapping of multi-word phrases.  ...  It is not,. however, suitable for important computerized applications such as automated quality assurance, clinical decision support, and research, which require error-free access to clinical information  ...  They are also very grateful to Dr. George Hripcsak for providing insights concerning the development of the controlled vocabulary and for his design and analysis of the evaluation.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jamia.1994.95236146 pmid:7719797 pmcid:PMC116194 fatcat:bgaq3io5hngqdahfjj5wqur5o4

Page 421 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 36, Issue 3 [page]

2004 Behavior Research Methods  
These norms were collected using the method of free as¬ sociation, in which participants are instructed to respond to a stimulus word with the first word that comes to mind.  ...  Trautscholdt, working in Wundt’s Leipzig laboratory, distinguished between two kinds of associa¬ tions: Outer associations were formed by repetition and contiguity; inner associations were based on “semantic  ... 

Processing Multilingual Collections for Text Mining Applications [chapter]

Eric Gaussier
2004 Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing  
We address in this presentation the problem of processing multilingual collections, for such text mining applications as cross-language clustering, categorisation and information retrieval.  ...  We review different models proposed for this task, while focusing on the most important problems that need to be solved.  ...  A possible extension of this approach is to replace the vertices corresponding to contiguous units with vertices corresponding to dependency relations between units.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-45219-5_9 fatcat:amlktfsepvhwfmbgqaunoqiiha

A Diffusive-Particle Theory of Free Recall

Francesco Fumarola
2017 Advances in Cognitive Psychology  
the syllabic length of words; shorter words, by way of their wider semantic range, are predicted to be characterized by stronger forward contiguity.  ...  Besides predicting some well-known experimental features (forward asymmetry, semantic clustering, word-length effect), a novel prediction is obtained on the relationship between the contiguity effect and  ...  anonymous reviewers; and I am in debt to Michael J.  ... 
doi:10.5709/acp-0220-4 pmid:29085521 pmcid:PMC5655394 fatcat:d3qgxvhmxfh4vkh6d2rambv4ja

Improving the Path from Diagnoses to Documentation: A Cognitive Review Tool for Clinical Notes and Administrative Records

Yufan Guo, Joy Wu, Tyler Baldwin, David Beymer, Vandana V Mukherjee, Tanveer F Syeda-Mahmood
2018 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
We present a technology that reconciles inconsistencies between clinical diagnoses and administrative records by analyzing free-text notes, problem lists and recorded diagnoses in real time.  ...  EMR systems are intended to improve patient-centered care management and hospital administrative processing.  ...  In the first task disease mentions were annotated in free-text notes.  ... 
pmid:30815092 pmcid:PMC6371384 fatcat:75civ64vxjcinagnr4q23fzsiq

Associative processes in immediate recency

Marc W. Howard, Vijay Venkatadass, Kenneth A. Norman, Michael J. Kahana
2007 Memory & Cognition  
These results have strong implications for models of the immediate recency effect in free recall. The authors wish to acknowledge MH069938 to MWH and 2-MH55687 to MJK.  ...  Recall transitions early in output-and even the initiation of recall itself-showed evidence for temporally-defined associations that resemble those observed in recall from long-term memory.  ...  The contiguity effect observed in the lag-CRP, according to SAM is an associative process between recall of items in long-term memory (Kahana, 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03193503 pmid:18062547 pmcid:PMC2486374 fatcat:plb4btol2rew7ht662osxdbb6m

The role of control processes in temporal and semantic contiguity

M. Karl Healey, Mitchell G. Uitvlugt
2019 Memory & Cognition  
We investigated the role of control processes in governing the temporal contiguity and semantic contiguity effects in free recall-tendencies to organize recall based on proximity in the study list and  ...  Subjects studied lists that contained four "clusters", each composed of four semantically associated words but presented in random order such that associates were not in adjacent serial positions.  ...  These are intended to supplement the confidence intervals we relied on in the main text.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-019-00895-8 pmid:30725374 fatcat:76x44lhayjfcvlpou5vkr4fogq

Surrogate subsets: a free space management strategy for the index of a text retrieval system

F. J. Burkowski
1990 Proceedings of the 13th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '90  
This paper presents a new data structure and an associated strategy to be utilized by indexing facilities for text retrieval systemsThe paperstarts by reviewing some of the goals that may be considered  ...  It then presents an indexing strategy referred to as surrogate subsets discussing its appropriateness in the light of the specified goals.  ...  I also wish to express gratitude to Mr. Dennis Ablett of Infomart in Toronto for his help in arranging the acquisition of this text.  ... 
doi:10.1145/96749.98226 dblp:conf/sigir/Burkowski90 fatcat:atvuybsv3vcqlasik3eih2hq6y

Aids to computer-based multimedia learning

Richard E. Mayer, Roxana Moreno
2002 Learning and Instruction  
The contiguity principle is that it is better to present corresponding words and pictures simultaneously rather than separately when giving a multimedia explanation.  ...  The multiple representation principle states that it is better to present an explanation in words and pictures than solely in words.  ...  When words are presented as narration they can be processed in the verbal channel, thereby freeing capacity in the visual channel that can be devoted to processing the animation more deeply.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0959-4752(01)00018-4 fatcat:kpb2w7ecmvhvdpeuwznmso5wzu

Building natural language responses from natural language questions in the spatio-temporal context

Sami Faïz, Khaoula Mahmoudi, Ghada Landoulsi
2021 International Journal of Intelligent Information and Database Systems  
With the evolving research in geographic information system (GIS) owing to its ability to support decision makers in different fields, there is a strong need to enabling all users; specialists and non-specialists  ...  The process is generally two-fold: 1) formatting the natural language user query to be processed by the GDB engine; 2) translating the GDB retrieved answer to a text easily interpreted by all GIS users  ...  in a text; the bigger it is and the more the vocabulary is rich) and the average cosine measure between contiguous sentences.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijiids.2021.10033770 fatcat:mganizqmvjeipdqmrhes4ti63e
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