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Framework for a DLT Based COVID-19 Passport [article]

Sarang Chaudhari, Michael Clear, Hitesh Tewari
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we describe a mechanism that allows one to store the COVID-19 vaccination details of individuals on a publicly readable, decentralised, immutable blockchain, and makes use of a two-factor  ...  authentication system that employs biometric cryptographic hashing techniques to generate a unique identifier for each user.  ...  First and foremost, we need to improve the accuracy of the Iris.ExtractFeatureVector algorithm (e.g: Fig. 4 : Our Framework for a COVID-19 Passport deciding whether to use type 1 or type 2 template masking  ... 
arXiv:2008.01120v7 fatcat:n7khvrsnlrbfjcw5gcykf3cx6y

Fighting COVID-19 and helping economy reopen by using blockchain technology

Weimin Xin
2020 2020 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC Workshops)  
We also envision GreenPass solution as the personal data vault with data ownership and permission management, as a green passport for a person to the future of "data as a personal property right" new world  ...  When the global community is dealing with COVID-19 pandemic and economy reopen strategy, a solid solution is needed to cover various aspects: health data collection and monitoring, data privacy control  ...  GreenPass is not just a short term tool for combating COVID-19. It has an open architecture to include an array of data for the owner down the road.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icccworkshops49972.2020.9209939 fatcat:57z3tk2rtndshge53lzwsa5vbi

A BLOCKCHAIN-BASED APPROACH TO PREVENT HIDDEN CONTAGION OF COVID-19

Samen Anjum Arani, Md. Rashed Ibn Nawab, Md. Tanvir Rahman, Moniruz Zaman
2020 Compiler  
the health status and COVID-19 history of a patient using a mobile QR code based solution.  ...  The unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19 has become a grave concern worldwide because of its highly infectious nature.  ...  HLF is a highly modular, permissioned, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) framework for developing blockchain-based enterprise solutions initiated by IBM and Digital Asset as a contribution to the Hyperledger  ... 
doi:10.28989/compiler.v9i2.787 fatcat:eyoeyfgeezcn5auhuc22dbodbm

Blockchain predictions for health care in 2021

Prasad Kothari, Melanie Nuce, Ingrid Vasiliu-Feltes, Dominique Hurley, Mercury Fox, Sweta Sneha, Wendy Charles, Jim Nasr, Radhika Iyengar
2021 Blockchain in Healthcare Today  
With coronavirus (COVID) spreading across the world and the health care system being pushed toward more digitization and technology, last year was a unique year of human tragedy.  ...  There is a silver lining to this tragedy, that is, providers, payers, and pharma companies have shifted quickly toward better technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI) blockchain, and so on.  ...  trusted mechanism to show the supply and demand flow for COVID-19 vaccination.  ... 
doi:10.30953/bhty.v4.162 fatcat:thxgzjuodnefljtdbskpbnxc64

Blockchains for COVID-19 Contact Tracing and Vaccine Support: A Systematic Review

Laura Ricci, Damiano Di Francesco Maesa, Alfredo Favenza, Enrico Ferro
2021 IEEE Access  
phases of the emergency management and generate value for the economy and society as a whole.  ...  Since the prominent use of blockchains to mitigate COVID-19 consequences are in the area of contact tracing and vaccine/immunity passport support, the survey mainly focuses on these two classes of applications  ...  Authors of [71] propose an online ''COVID-19 Passport'' reporting the vaccination status of a citizen.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3063152 pmid:34812382 pmcid:PMC8545218 fatcat:oyohv4md7fd6nljfxezod6xzxq

Beyond COVID-19: Network science and sustainable exit strategies

James Bell, Ginestra Bianconi, David Butler, Jon Crowcroft, Paul C W Davies, Chris Hicks, Hyunju Kim, Istvan Kiss, Francesco Di Lauro, Carsten Maple, Ayan Paul, Mikhail Prokopenko (+2 others)
2020 Journal of Physics: Complexity  
The aim was to bring together leading scientists with an interest in network science and epidemiology to attempt to inform public policy in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  We summarize in this paper a series of perspectives of the subject, and where the authors believe fruitful areas for future research are to be found.  ...  decision for reopening for COVID-19 as well as future epidemics.  ... 
doi:10.1088/2632-072x/abcbea fatcat:e4r47i7we5cr7ebzaiyjdudoee

Beyond COVID-19: Network science and sustainable exit strategies [article]

James Bell, Ginestra Bianconi, David Butler, Jon Crowcroft, Paul C.W Davies, Chris Hicks, Hyunju Kim, Istvan Z. Kiss, Francesco Di Lauro, Carsten Maple, Ayan Paul, Mikhail Prokopenko (+2 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The aim was to bring together leading scientists with an interest in Network Science and Epidemiology to attempt to inform public policy in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  We summarize in this paper a series of perspectives of the subject, and where the authors believe fruitful areas for future research are to be found.  ...  Another challenge posed by the COVID-19 pandemics is that COVID-19 is a airborne disease.  ... 
arXiv:2009.12968v2 fatcat:dnh3qdgczrbszfvuicmbjphaq4

Hygiea: A secure, smart, privacy-preserving and interoperable Blockchain solution for the Covid-19 pandemic [article]

Sofia Maria Dima, Alexandros Hasikos, Stylianos Kampakis, Theodosis Mourouzis, Andreas Papageorgiou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this article we present hygiea, an end-to-end blockchain-based solution for the Covid-19 pandemic. hygiea has two main objectives.  ...  The first is to allow governments to issue Covid-19 related certificates to citizens that can be verified by designated verifiers to ensure safer workplaces.  ...  Related Work In [6] authors propose a blockchain-based solution that implements digital medical passports and immunity certificates for COVID-19 test takers.  ... 
arXiv:2107.09926v2 fatcat:icbpmfinf5gkzegprea2rrambi

Deliverable 4.2 BlockStart DLT Solutions Portfolio - 2nd Version

S.A. Bright Development Studio
2021 Zenodo  
This report compiles the DLT solutions developed in BlockStart's open call #2 Prototype and Pilot stages, which took place from December 2020 until June 2021.  ...  The 10 DLT solutions developed in BlockStart's open call #1 are showcased both in this report (included in the Deliverables section of our website), and under section Our Startup Developers from BlockStart's  ...  BackTogether is a COVID-19 health passport solution providing archival and status validation for COVID-19 tests (rapid/RT-PCR), antibody tests and vaccinations.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5245090 fatcat:u6vwi3tcz5hktktobf36sal5s4

User-Centric Health Data Using Self-sovereign Identities [article]

Alexandre Siqueira and Arlindo Flavio da Conceição and Vladimir Rocha
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This article presents the potential use of the Self-Sovereign Identities (SSI), combining with Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT), to improve the privacy and control of health data.  ...  The paper presents the SSI technology, lists the prominent use cases of decentralized identities in the health area, and discusses an effective blockchain-based architecture.  ...  Benefits: the success of many efforts to bring society back to normal after the COVID-19 pandemic depends on reliable proof of vaccination, the so-called COVID passport.  ... 
arXiv:2107.13986v1 fatcat:fm6gzi4cyffpzpd4ulypfdvigu

Blockchain, Self-Sovereign Identity and Digital Credentials: Promise Versus Praxis in Education

Alex Grech, Ira Sood, Lluís Ariño
2021 Frontiers in Blockchain  
This article is primarily interested in the affordances of the technology as a public good for the education sector.  ...  Self-sovereign digital identity in particular is often cited as a human right that nation states need to embrace with as much conviction as education and lifelong learning are considered to be a public  ...  DECENTRALIZED RESILIENT MODELS FOR EDUCATION? TOO EARLY TO CELEBRATE The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the education sector has been devastating.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbloc.2021.616779 fatcat:66fuunlt3bdz7drlpbej7dfwgi

Disposable Yet Official Identities (DYOI) for Privacy-Preserving System Design - The case of COVID-19 digital document verification and credential-based access control in ad hoc outdoor and indoor settings (and beyond)

Petros Kavassalis, Nikos Triantafyllou, Panagiotis Georgakopoulos, Antonis Stasis, Rob Van Kranenburg
2020 Zenodo  
In this paper we report on the design of a service system to endow next-generation COVID-19 mobile applications with the capacity: a) to instantly manage and verify a wide range of possible COVID-19 digital  ...  documents (circulation attestations, work or travel permits based on approved COVID-19 tests, vaccination certificates, etc.) and, b) to provide credential-based access control, especially in cases where  ...  the Covide Credential Initiative ( https://www.covidcreds.com/ ) has defined several use cases of COVID-19 Digital Credentials, "in a format as close to the NHS digital passports as possible, but for  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4016976 fatcat:nf5idotsl5grlirtc6i47dtm6m

United States

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
2020 IMF Staff Country Reports  
The FSAP team has not covered the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on FMI supervision, CCP risk management and payment technologies.  ...  The analysis is part of the 2020 Financial Sector Assessment Program of the United States; it does not cover the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.  ...  FSAP 2015 for FMIs 1 Current status Given the complex framework of FMIs in the United States more robust disclosure of the applicable regulatory and supervisory framework for different FMIs, including  ... 
doi:10.5089/9781513552941.002 fatcat:avu4bncnmjfgthayndo5kskwxe

Deliverable 1.7 Beneficiaries Dataset - 2nd Call

S.A. Bright Development Studio
2021 Zenodo  
All profiles of the 20 DLT Developers who participated in Ideation Kick-off (10 of them also participated in Prototype stage, and 5 of them took part in Pilot stage) are included on this section of BlockStart's  ...  BackTogether is a COVID-19 health passport solution providing archival and status validation for COVID-19 tests (rapid/RT-PCR), antibody tests and vaccinations.  ...  Developed BackTogether -COVID-19 Passports (COVID and antibody test status) when the events industry shut down during lockdowns.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5244881 fatcat:neohnvpo6ffs7o3bypqtfks5oa

Decentralized and Self-Sovereign Identity: Systematic Mapping Study

Spela Cucko, Muhamed Turkanovic
2021 IEEE Access  
[50] designed, implemented, and evaluated digital medical passports with immunity certificates for COVID-19 test-takers, employing Self-Sovereign Identity.  ...  With the COVID-19 outbreak, the potential and the need for decentralized and Self-Sovereign Identities was further recognized [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3117588 fatcat:77dchqdr2zhztfhpnummxdp7ty
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