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Reasoning From Inconsistency to Consistency

P. N. Johnson-Laird, Vittorio Girotto, Paolo Legrenzi
2004 Psychological review  
Third, individuals use their causal knowledge-in the form of models of possibilities-to create explanations of what led to the inconsistency.  ...  A computer program implements the theory, and experimental results support each of its principles.  ...  The Model Theory of Reasoning to Consistency The Computations in Reasoning to Consistency What has to be computed when you reason to consistency? In our view, there are three main computations.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-295x.111.3.640 pmid:15250779 fatcat:g6zvpbxdpbgf3pw6ssubppbhhe

Consistency of Action Descriptions [chapter]

Dongmo Zhang, Samir Chopra, Norman Y. Foo
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The first two provide an intuitive resolution of problems of explanation conflicts and fluent dependency. The concept of regional consistency provides for a measure of ramification.  ...  Three levels of consistency are investigated for the evaluation of action descriptions: uniform consistency, consistency of formulas and regional consistency.  ...  With the concept, the values of the frame fluents can be specified by effect axioms and the law of inertia while the values of non-frame fluents are determined by domain constraints or causal laws.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-45683-x_10 fatcat:eg3uow7spbhzhndkkqlakgiquu

Framing Emotional Response

Kimberly Gross, Lisa D'Ambrosio
2004 Political Psychology  
This is consistent with the additional information that those in the dispositional frame received about the rioters.  ...  This is consistent with Miller's (1997) notion that pity retains an element of contempt.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9221.2004.00354.x fatcat:b5xkhjk2sfce5cuepf3hx7kh6u

Metatheory of actions: beyond consistency [article]

Andreas Herzig, Ivan Varzinczak
2006 arXiv   pre-print
Consistency check has been the only criterion for theory evaluation in logic-based approaches to reasoning about actions.  ...  A Proof of Theorem 4.3 An action theory S , E a , X a , I a with ; satisfies Postulate PS if and only if S imp* = ∅.  ...  [27] address consistency in the causal laws approach [34] , focusing on the computational aspects. They suppose an abstract notion of completion of an action theory solving the frame problem.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0603034v1 fatcat:r6lf2xtbzrfprdwnsu6c543yum

The Media Frames Corpus: Annotations of Frames Across Issues

Dallas Card, Amber E. Boydstun, Justin H. Gross, Philip Resnik, Noah A. Smith
2015 Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 2: Short Papers)  
We motivate framing as a phenomenon of study for computational linguistics and describe our annotation process.  ...  We describe the first version of the Media Frames Corpus: several thousand news articles on three policy issues, annotated in terms of media framing.  ...  Prior Work Several previous papers in the computer science literature deal with framing, though usually in a more restricted sense.  ... 
doi:10.3115/v1/p15-2072 dblp:conf/acl/CardBGRS15 fatcat:nz25qeuqdfabflcs4ojdr7smiy

Framing causal questions in life course epidemiology [article]

Bianca De Stavola, Moritz Herle, Andrew Pickles
2021 arXiv   pre-print
research are framed and evidence evaluated.  ...  We describe the principles of counterfactual thinking in providing more precise definitions of causal effects and some of the implications of this work for the way in which causal questions in life course  ...  Acknowledgments We are extremely grateful to all the families who took part in the studies, the midwives for their help in recruiting them, and the whole ALSPAC team, which includes interviewers, computer  ... 
arXiv:2105.07982v1 fatcat:xuhprjcexvdndf25abnx7wy6by

Metatheory of actions: Beyond consistency

Andreas Herzig, Ivan Varzinczak
2007 Artificial Intelligence  
Traditionally, consistency is the only criterion for the quality of a theory in logic-based approaches to reasoning about actions.  ...  [48] address consistency of action theories in a version of the causal laws approach [3] , focusing on the computational aspects.  ...  Semantically, the dependence-based approach relies on the explanation closure assumption [26] , and its solution to the frame problem consists in a kind of negation as failure: because load, ¬hasGun /  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artint.2007.04.013 fatcat:n5i3eyv3xnfvbb6tr2xkojkjdm

The Causal Frame Problem: An Algorithmic Perspective [article]

Ardavan Salehi Nobandegani, Ioannis N. Psaromiligkos
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we focus on the causal variant of the FP, the Causal Frame Problem (CFP).  ...  We show that our proposed framework, PLIF, is consistent with a wide range of findings in causal judgment literature, and that PL and PLIF make a number of predictions, some of which are already supported  ...  In this work, we focus on the causal variant of the FP, the Causal Frame Problem (CFP), stated as follows: Upon being presented with a causal query, how does the reasoner manage to attend to her causal  ... 
arXiv:1701.08100v1 fatcat:3iekz3lmqbdrbpe4xhmpmd6kbe

Consistent young earth relativistic cosmology

Phillip Dennis
2018 The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism  
We present a young earth creationist (YEC) model of creation that is consistent with distant light from distant objects in the cosmos.  ...  This surface induces, by way of embedding into FLRW space-time, an isotropic but radially inhomogeneous matter density consistent with the full FLRW space-time.  ...  The author is grateful to the reviewers whose constructive comments have lead to several additions and explanations that hopefully add clarity to the paper.  ... 
doi:10.15385/jpicc.2018.8.1.6 fatcat:b5lh2yh4abc7pih46wqdklbuqq

Framing Immigration and Integration

Rens Vliegenthart, Conny Roggeband
2007 International Communication Gazette  
External events have more considerable and consistent impact on issue salience and framing in both arenas.  ...  Results show bidirectional causal relationships between media and parliament.  ...  The occurrence of each frame per article is established using computer-assisted coding.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1748048507076582 fatcat:pyt4iyyj3nf3va7wlepdrxpday

Modularity in cognition: Framing the debate

H. Clark Barrett, Robert Kurzban
2006 Psychological review  
The authors review arguments that purport to undermine modularity, with particular attention on cognitive architecture, development, genetics, and evolution.  ...  In particular, the error is the view that proximate and ultimate causal explanations are competitors, such that to the extent that one is true, the other is not.  ...  Indeed, other than the trivial sense of "automatic," meaning that computations are carried out by virtue of underlying physical causality, "automaticity" in the sense of identical computations performed  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-295x.113.3.628 pmid:16802884 fatcat:nz7d6i2a3vcfrjaylyxcuxedxm

Operationalizing Framing to Support Multiperspective Recommendations of Opinion Pieces [article]

Mats Mulder, Oana Inel, Jasper Oosterman, Nava Tintarev
2021 arXiv   pre-print
While viewpoint diversity is often considered synonymous with source diversity in communication science domain, in this paper, we take a computational view.  ...  We operationalize the notion of framing, adopted from communication science.  ...  We can match this with: a) the causal attribution of a frame (forces creating the problem), and b) the moral judgements (evaluate the causal attribution and their effect) [12] . (3) Treatment Recommendation  ... 
arXiv:2101.06141v2 fatcat:2ptljrieizg33ar6bbmx4wp4mq

Causality as a key to the frame problem

Hideyuki Nakashima, Hitoshi Matsubara, Ichiro Osawa
1997 Artificial Intelligence  
We claim that the notion of causality is the heuristics necessary to solve the frame problem. The most important working hypothesis is that causality is not a logical relation.  ...  In a formal description of actions and changes, there is a famous problem known as the "frame problem".  ...  Hasida has previously written papers with the author, Matsubara, that address a wider version of the frame problem, whereas this paper addresses the original version of the frame problem.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(96)00056-2 fatcat:vr45bww63nbcdnoq5antccg5ym

CHARGED DILATONIC BLACK HOLES: STRING FRAME VERSUS EINSTEIN FRAME

ROBERTO CASADIO, BENJAMIN HARMS
1999 Modern Physics Letters A  
We describe various physical measurements in the two frames and show which experiments can distinguish between the two frames.  ...  The descriptions of Reissner-Nordstroem and Kerr-Newman dilatonic black holes in the Einstein frame are compared to those in the string frame.  ...  Thus step i) allows the computation of Q and the insertion of Q into the definition of r + in (2.3) which, together with the measured value of r + from iii), gives M .  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0217732399001176 fatcat:3p772dmefzbb7ebhyt22mzaj3e

The Completeness of Quantum Mechanics and the Determinateness and Consistency of Intersubjective Experience: Wigner's Friend and Delayed Choice [article]

Michael Silberstein, W.M. Stuckey
2020 arXiv   pre-print
determinate and intersubjectively consistent experience (what some call absoluteness of observed events), such as experiences of experimental outcomes.  ...  Recent experiments (gedanken or otherwise) and theorems in quantum mechanics (QM), such as new iterations on Wigner's friend and delayed choice, have led many people to claim that QM is not compatible with  ...  These questions assume temporally sequential, causal explanation, i.e., we are playing chess.  ... 
arXiv:1901.10825v3 fatcat:mua6zqyrwzdyxgjchnnh4gl2w4
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