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Fractional counting of authorship to quantify scientific research output [article]

Vincenzo Carbone
2011 arXiv   pre-print
We investigate the problem of counting co-authorhip in order to quantify the impact and relevance of scientific research output through normalized h-index and g-index.  ...  We show that, in order to remove the dependence of the various indices on the two populations, the best way to define a fractional counting of autorship is to divide the number of citations received by  ...  Acknowledgments: I'm very grateful to C. Basile and S. Donato who provided a partial dataset used in the paper. I'm grateful to P. Veltri and R. Bartolino for fruitful discussions.  ... 
arXiv:1106.0114v1 fatcat:hze6bv6fmjgblmgwpwt4rtvyzm

Contributory inequality alters assessment of academic output gap between comparable countries

Nils T. Hagen
2015 Journal of Informetrics  
An elite segment of the academic output gap between Denmark and Norway was examined using harmonic estimates of publication credit for contributions to Science and Nature in 2012 and 2013.  ...  Concurrently, the credit produced by the least productive half of the contributions rose tenfold from 0.9% to 10.1% for Norway, but dropped from 7.2% to 5.7% for Denmark.  ...  Marshall for improving the style and flow of the manuscript, and thanks to the University of Nordland for providing a supportive work environment during data analysis and manuscript preparation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.joi.2015.06.002 fatcat:3ab3zozkenet7m2u6cvgaakdee

Fair ranking of researchers and research teams

Václav Vavryčuk, Christos A. Ouzounis
2018 PLoS ONE  
The main drawback of ranking of researchers by the number of papers,  ...  Authorship-weighted counting This type of counting attempts to distribute credit between authors more properly than the simple fractional counting.  ...  By contrast, the fractional and authorship-weighted counting is sensitive to the number of co-authors of published papers.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195509 pmid:29621316 pmcid:PMC5886690 fatcat:mkziv53yerbalhzkdb7eanga4m

Fractional Jensen–Shannon Analysis of the Scientific Output of Researchers in Fractional Calculus

José Machado, António Mendes Lopes
2017 Entropy  
This paper analyses the citation profiles of researchers in fractional calculus.  ...  Different metrics are used to quantify the dissimilarities between the data, namely the Canberra distance, and the classical and the generalized (fractional) Jensen-Shannon divergence.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank Thomson Web of Science (http://apps.webofknowledge.com/) for the data. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e19030127 fatcat:dxtncjqei5dn3csoi43ts4jfzu

Bibliometrics for collaboration works [article]

Paolo Rossi, Alessandro Strumia, Riccardo Torre
2020 arXiv   pre-print
When counting citations we suggest the exponent α≈ 1, that corresponds to fractional counting.  ...  An important issue in bibliometrics is the weighing of co-authorship in the production of scientific collaborations, which are becoming the standard modality of research activity in many disciplines.  ...  The top-right panel of fig. 7 shows that h f exhibits the expected scale-invariant behaviour, and can thereby be used to quantify the scientific output of authors in a way that does not depend on their  ... 
arXiv:1902.01693v2 fatcat:wrvh3mipcva2nnon67po2rfwr4

Towards Authorship Attribution for Bibliometrics using Stylometric Features

Andi Rexha, Stefan Klampfl, Mark Kröll, Roman Kern
2015 International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics  
In this paper, we aim at a more fine-grained analysis of scientific authorship.  ...  These results can be considered as an initial step towards a more detailed analysis of scientific authorship, thereby extending the repertoire of bibliometrics.  ...  Introduction Bibliometrics has had to face the ever growing amount of scientific output in recent years --a challenge as well as a great opportunity.  ... 
dblp:conf/issi/RexhaKKK15 fatcat:p4xq2fonnfgsfdyks3id4jyxw4

A scientometrics law about co-authors and their ranking. The co-author core [article]

Marcel Ausloos
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Based on data about the publication output of a specific research group, a new bibliometric law is found. Let a co-author C have written J (joint) publications with one or several colleagues.  ...  Rather than "measuring" a scientist impact through the number of citations which his/her published work can have generated, isn't it more appropriate to consider his/her value through his/her scientific  ...  All scientific colleagues mentioned in the text have frankly commented upon the manuscript and enhanced its content .  ... 
arXiv:1207.1614v2 fatcat:pu6wj37uzzdyfpag63darx6mwu

The h-index is no longer an effective correlate of scientific reputation

Vladlen Koltun, David Hafner, Sergi Lozano
2021 PLoS ONE  
We find that a fractional analogue of the h-index outperforms other measures as a correlate and predictor of scientific awards.  ...  The impact of individual scientists is commonly quantified using citation-based measures. The most common such measure is the h-index.  ...  This can ameliorate distortions introduced by contemporary authorship practices, lead to a more effective allocation of resources, and facilitate scientific discovery.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0253397 pmid:34181681 pmcid:PMC8238192 fatcat:oxt3j7ye7rc2jorhtnd4uvxmki

Individual-level researcher data confirm the widening gender gap in publishing rates during COVID-19

Emil Bargmann Madsen, Mathias Wullum Nielsen, Josefine Bjørnholm, Reshma Jagsi, Jens Peter Andersen
2022 eLife  
Our study demonstrates the importance of reinforcing institutional commitments to diversity through policies that support the inclusion and retention of women researchers.  ...  ) to -0.35 in 2020 (corresponding to a 24% lower output for women than men).  ...  in men's average full-and fractional-count publication output.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.76559 pmid:35293860 pmcid:PMC8942470 fatcat:vicgvnqjnzglnl6xysf3z5q67u

Modelling and measuring multilateral co-authorship in international scientific collaboration. Part I. Development of a new model using a series expansion approach

C. De Lange, W. Glänzel
1997 Scientometrics  
Obviously research results of international scientific co-operation are reflected in the documented scientific communication as international co-authorship links in scientific publications, Most bibliometric  ...  studies on this issue pertain to the share o f international co-authored papers in national publication output and their impact on national and international research, or to the analysis and mapping of  ...  Among the attempts to quantify multilateral research and to derive rules from defined indicators we mention the fractionation approach by Nederhof and Moed (1993) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02459303 fatcat:6la2jxqg7zhjnjw6j2f3kkgqf4

Calibrated fair measure of particle physics publications: indices to quantify an individual's scientific research output

A. Tawfik
2015 Canadian journal of physics (Print)  
Are existing ways of measuring scientific quality reflecting disadvantages of not being part of giant collaborations? How could possible discrimination be avoided?  ...  Based on the growing debate about defining potential biases and detecting unethical behavior, a standardized method to measure contributions of the astronomical number of coauthors is introduced.  ...  To quantify the estimate of an individual's scientific research output, we investigate the number of papers of three scientists, one experimentalist and two theoreticians during the last five years (Fig  ... 
doi:10.1139/cjp-2014-0412 fatcat:ilzdy4ljzjbmlkswvhuiighgnm

The Demise of Single-Authored Publications in Computer Science: A Citation Network Analysis [article]

Brian K. Ryu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Although both metrics on average show positive correlations with citation count, single author papers show no significant difference in page or reference counts compared to the rest of the publications  ...  Additionally, I analyze the scope and volume of single author publications, using page length and reference count as first-order approximations of the scope of publications.  ...  This average increase in authorship naturally led to the decline in fractions of publications that are single authored.  ... 
arXiv:2001.00350v1 fatcat:d3bnvdb7bnabrmmpnhbi4d2pcy

Bibliometric Evaluation of Research Performance: Where Do We Stand?

Giovanni Abramo
2017 Educational Studies Moscow  
The aim is to raise the fog and make practitioners more aware of the inherent risks in do-it-myself practices, or cozy out-of-the-shelf solutions to the difficult question of how to evaluate research.  ...  The manuscript also proposes what we believe is the correct approach to bibliometric evaluation of research performance.  ...  same year and subject category of publication, i f i = fractional contribution of researcher to publication, i.  ... 
doi:10.17323/1814-9545-2017-1-112-127 fatcat:drnshee2wrfoxcnctcmnc5b22a

An empirical review of the different variants of the Probabilistic Affinity Index as applied to scientific collaboration [article]

Zaida Chinchilla-Rodríguez, Yi Bu, Nicolás Robinson-García, Cassidy R. Sugimoto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To demonstrate the utility of the indicator, we demonstrate the application of PAI to identifying preferred partners in scientific collaboration.  ...  Responsible indicators are crucial for research assessment and monitoring. Transparency and accuracy of indicators are required to make research assessment fair and ensure reproducibility.  ...  In cases in which researchers use small datasets, full and fractional counting do not make fundamental differences when a co-authorship network is constructed.  ... 
arXiv:2008.12007v1 fatcat:t3wiq4iyzvaazodnqruxafzlsy

Ranking the scientific output of researchers in fractional calculus

J. A. Tenreiro Machado, António M. Lopes
2019 Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis  
This paper analyses the citation profiles (CP) of 130 researchers in fractional calculus.  ...  In a second phase, the gamma probability distribution is used to fit the normalized CP and the gamma parameters are used to characterize the researchers.  ...  The h-index was proposed in 2005 by Hirsch [22] to measure the scientific output of individual researchers [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1515/fca-2019-0002 fatcat:qhtyaxjyxrbsfae4ajmlx4wuxa
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