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IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology
This article presents a proposal of an Interoperable Product Design and Manufacturing System (IPDMS) concept based on a set of engineering domain ontologies and sematic mapping approaches. ... A preliminary experimental has been realised, using a test case to share information from the design to manufacturing of an injection moulding plastic. ... Based on this, Fig. 3 illustrates the basic concepts involved in the mapping of domain models at the SRV. ...doi:10.1007/978-3-319-54660-5_15 fatcat:jqqspa7qkfbftigbrkxod546yi
Each chapter concludes with a small example, accompanied by a description of how the results illustrate the features of the corresponding formulation. ... We consider two modeling approaches: Chapter 6 introduces a stochastic optimization approach that is based on the use of scenarios, and Chapter 7 presents a robust optimization approach that focuses on ...doi:10.1561/3100000014 fatcat:lotf4oam5jabflz4wyt6q4ihiq
Using an optimization model can decrease the base length from 0.7H to 0.6H for a rectangular wall or even 0.5H for a rectangular wall with competent foundation soil. ... A rectangular wall is better in terms of stability and ease of calculation than a trapezoidal wall. ... Dai  illustrated a project of uneven reinforcement lengths of trapezoidal walls, which is a shored MSE wall 8 meters high and 4 meters base width. ...doi:10.21660/2022.90.gxi278 fatcat:q4jg6ilj3zbsxba5na7znmez6a
The influence of the foundation constraint state was tested as well. ... In the present study, model tests were performed in a laboratory for various types of bridge foundations. A total of eight foundation models were fabricated for three types of bridge foundations. ... Conflicts of Interest: The author declared that there is no conflict of interest to this work. ...doi:10.3390/app12104951 fatcat:c5bwk6osfzfnjktkejpctwldhu
A bridge example is used for several scenarios to illustrate the proposed model's handling of linear scheduling problems, demonstrating how multi-skilling can be used to optimize project duration and improve ... Moreover, to enhance the efficiency of problem solving, constraint programming (CP) is used to handle complicated combinatorial scheduling problems, and several heuristic rules involving schedules are ... Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the National Science Council of the Republic of China, Taiwan for financially supporting this research under Contract No. NSC-99-2221-E-224-058. ...doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2011.12.009 fatcat:q6jvvt4yyngarpkdhsmme7a7ce
To study the influence of a foundation structure on the ground, the finite layer method of composite ground is derived based on the finite layer method (FLM) theory of the semi-analytic numerical method ... By simplifying a pile body as a solid constraint composed of four side plane constraints, the composite ground FLM is applied to solve the displacement and stress field of the ground. ... Acknowledgements The work presented in this paper is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41572277) ...doi:10.1590/1679-78252668 fatcat:3dd6zd5a2jdhpfjzigjgclquq4
It also presents a classification mechanism that integrates this ontology with BIM to infer states of progress for partially and fully occluded components. ... & Problem Statement: Over the last few years, new methods that detect construction progress deviations by comparing laser scanning or image-based point clouds with 4D BIM are developed. ... Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations presented in this paper are those of the authors and do not reflect the views of NSF, NCSA, Turner Construction or the individuals acknowledged above ...doi:10.1016/j.aei.2015.10.006 fatcat:szoq2i5tqfbvno7cav23o2dun4
Its theoretical foundation lies on generalizations of Niemela's characterization of answer sets of a logic program via so called level rankings. ... System EZSMT+ is a constraint answer set programming tool that utilizes satisfiability modulo theory solvers for search. ... SMT-based Constraint Answer Set solver ezsmt+ We utilize the cmodels(diff) system to build the extension ezsmt+ 4 . Figure 2 illustrates its architecture. ...arXiv:1905.03334v2 fatcat:7grxo5l5yzbljl763rxxfykjme
I show that the case illustration approach faces challenges to both external and internal validity and propose a larger-N alternative to assessing claims of generality instead. ... case illustration and the shadow case study. ... Analysis of the foundational case requires a deep engagement with process-based evidence for both the author's preferred explanation and the alternative for which a foundational case has been chosen. ...doi:10.5281/zenodo.4046561 fatcat:kopehltiazejdns4xelopmcbg4
In this paper a modification of the reliability-based robust geotechnical design (RGD) method is proposed. ... The original RGD method is used as an extension of traditional reliability-based design. ... Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. ...doi:10.3390/app11188423 fatcat:i66x7pwrl5gqbjigvvntax2jwe
Economic Development and Cultural Change
Industry Clustering and Financial Constraints: A Reinterpretation Based on Fixed Asset Liquidation [3 ~RUI MAO Zhejiang University I. ... The effect of clustering on financial constraints is expected to be weak if firms are likely to experience a synchronized shock that shrinks the pool of bidders. ...
The genera- tional activity of the constraints (i.e., penalty ranking) illustrated the influence of serviceability constraints on the design of FR2. ... The 11 individuals present in the population with component rank of zero for these constraints illustrate this. ...
This integrated methodology was illustrated using a small hypothetical case study. ... The locations with a minimum possibility of getting contaminated or drying out within a reasonable time period. ... The problem discussed above is a small illustrative example (with just four decision variables and a few constraints) for which the optimal solution can be easily obtained. ...doi:10.4038/jnsfsr.v44i3.8005 fatcat:75kwic2hxnelpkoebb5626cwei
Validating RDF graphs against constraints has gained interest in recent years, due to the popularity of RDF and the growth of knowledge bases. ... SHACL, a constraint language for RDF, has recently become a W3C recommendation, with a specification detailing syntax, semantics and common use cases. ... This work was supported by the QUEST, ROBAST and OBATS projects at the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, and the Millenium Institute for Foundational Research on Data, Chile. ...dblp:conf/amw/CormanRS18 fatcat:b3it36eg7jeejcrdjr4xmdwlqm
A nonlinear optimization model is proposed based on minimizing the reinforcement length where the constraints considered are the external stability and the internal stability. ... This study also includes the parametric study of the reinforced soil, retained soil, and foundation soil by varying the ranges of the wall height, surcharge, and soil strength parameters in density and ... To illustrate, suppose that this FHWA MBW wall has a surcharge of 100 kN/m 2 which is roughly about 5 m of the upper wall height resting on the bottom wall. ...doi:10.1051/matecconf/201819202052 fatcat:kd763kkpwzalrnoxm2obcj3kam
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