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Applying ontological realism to medically unexplained syndromes

Kristina Doing-Harris, Stephane M Meystre, Matthew Samore, Werner Ceusters
2013 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
We address the question of whether structuring the domain knowledge for MUS can be achieved by applying the principles of Ontological Realism in light of criticisms about their usefulness in areas where  ...  We found the Ontology of General Medical Science and Information Artifact Ontology to provide useful frameworks for analyzing certain MUS controversies, although leaving other questions open.  ...  Foundational Units Defined Class  A that is used as input for an interpretive process that does not lead to a .  ... 
pmid:23920523 fatcat:64uobnqx6rclfdqjmytjwks5v4

Translator's Introduction: Hartmann's Realist Ontology [chapter]

2019 Ontology: Laying the Foundations  
" alreadym ake an appearance in Hartmann's1921 Metaphysics of Cognition,and are also "the central theme of his contribution to the Festschrift for Paul Natorp of 1923" (Harich 2004,163).³ The full title  ...  text,t ranslated here as Ontology:L aying the Foundations,d id not appear until 1935.H arich points out thatt his superficial chronology overlookst he fact that the "fundamental ideas for his ontology  ...  Hartmannclaims in the first Preface to Laying the Foundations thatthe book "form[s] the prelude to an ontology that Ih aveb een workingo nf or two decades," and he asserts that "[a] new critical ontology  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110627350-001 fatcat:mheuomp7avg3radqhiafnvjmu4

SOCIAL SPACE AND MODELS OF HUMAN ONTOLOGY

Assyl Tuleubekov, Dauletbek Rayev
2013 GISAP History and Philosophy  
However, social cognition completes the process of human cognition that lets us see a man not only as a "clean" subject of cognition, but as the real process for connecting with the world .  ...  The subject of social cognition in its ontological essence is one of the courses of forming social subjectivity .  ... 
doi:10.18007/gisap:hp.v0i1.371 fatcat:iplco5v2nrbujj7u3qqsvyzbhi

A cognitive-based agent architecture for autonomous situation analysis

Gary Berg-Cross, Wai-Tat Fu, Augustine Kwon
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 Workshop on Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems - PerMIS '07  
growing from a cognitively realistic base.  ...  Relations Foundational Ontology Extensions for Situations The DOLCE Ontology ((Masolo et al., 2003) -more expressive and includes a Participation Pattern of objects taking part in the Events in the  ... 
doi:10.1145/1660877.1660900 fatcat:eveqrfw3w5htto4p3rvx7p3yf4

Constructive realism: advantages of ontology and methodology

Andrey Tcytcarev, Ruslan Bazhenov, Elena Amineva, Aleksander Pronin, B. Yazyev
2019 SHS Web of Conferences  
These are the epistemological component for extreme realism and the ontological component for radical constructivism.  ...  This article attempts to reveal and analyse the advantages of constructive realism as a methodological framework of contemporary science.  ...  For a long time, the realistic cognitive attitude remained a key pillar of the scientific approach. Today, this approach has lost its dominating role in epistemology for a number of reasons.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20197204009 fatcat:nsvmlwqtzrdknihe7htqgofo34

Formalism, Behavioral Realism and the Interdisciplinary Challenge in Sociological Theory

OMAR LIZARDO
2009 Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour  
A previous version of this paper was presented at the 2004 meeting  ...  problematic and incisively argues, drawing on the work of Alfred North Whitehead, for the suitability of a process ontology (1989a: chap 1) for the social sciences as a substitution for what he perceives  ...  In this sense the argument below is a direct challenge to this plea for a process-based ontology for sociology. I argue instead that entities must be empirically and logically prior to processes.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-5914.2008.00393.x fatcat:nq6nheyannddjif4eluyqxxv5q

Co-creation of experiential qualities

Vuk Uskoković
2011 Pragmatics & Cognition  
Cognitive sciences have been interminably in search for a consistent philosophical framework for the description of perceptual phenomena.  ...  It is argued that constructivist explanations inevitably refer to a 'hidden' ontological source of experience, and that a compromise between the constructivist and realistic standpoints presents a natural  ...  as a way, a connection between the epistemological foundation of one's mind and the ontological foundation of the external reality.  ... 
doi:10.1075/pc.19.3.08usk fatcat:gtkec4su7jcblgouj7ftbqcgse

Content Pragmatism Defended

Dimitri Coelho Mollo
2017 Topoi  
Acknowledgements Author indebted to Nir Fresco, Guido Löhr, an anonymous referee, and the audience at the 2016 NCH Mind and Brain conference for valuable feedback on earlier versions of this material.  ...  'Mental Representations, the foundation of Cognitive Science?'  ...  informs theorising in cognitive science. ... treating brain processes as representations is foundational to these research projects as they have been pursued.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11245-017-9504-6 fatcat:6mi4if57dngzdasexiyvjbvoqy

Ontology of Transcendence of Economic Subjects

2019 VOLUME-8 ISSUE-10, AUGUST 2019, REGULAR ISSUE  
A transcendental subject can be a project, which serves as a basis for the development of economic plans and programs to implement a conservative-type economic theory.  ...  the representation (substitution) of an abstract essence with material phenomena and processes.  ...  Within the metaphysical theorizing, the cognition theory comes into force as a theory of representation, under which the two versions of the ontological approach, the neo-nominalist and neo-realist, are  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.l3797.1081219 fatcat:462bueklfzgafkzkr4lbbpydsy

Globalization, State, Identity/Difference

Srini Sitaraman
1998 American Journal of Islam and Society  
Hence, the attention of critical social inquiry has focused predominantlyon the epistemological and ontological foundations of social scientific methods.By concentrating on epistemology and ontology, critical  ...  Reality" or "truth" can never be discovered or known completely because of the nature ofsocial activity. Furthermore, there are no fixed foundations for judging what is "real,""true," or "false."  ...  By concentrating on epistemology and ontology, critical social theorists have shown the structural weakness of positivist and realist theories.  ... 
doi:10.35632/ajis.v15i3.2161 fatcat:5ssw6v34azdcjact4nloblaeua

On the Realism of Human and Machine Representational Constraints: A Functionalist Account on Cognitive Ontologies [chapter]

David Zarebski
2017 Representation and Reality in Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines  
We intend to support the idea that a proper understanding of what is at stake in Information Systems Ontologies (ISO) and its relation with the representational constraints in human cognition may solve  ...  a recent issue about the status of philosophical intuitions in metaphysics.  ...  According to Smith, the primitive cognitive processes, study of which might be labelled as Cognitive Metaphysics [16] , are responsible for a great number of pre-theoretical and intuitive systems of belief  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-43784-2_18 fatcat:tjchkgfddfdhnkeeic7zcbdfhq

Must cognitive anthropology be mentalistic? Moving towards a relational ontology of social reality

Laurence Kaufmann, Fabrice Clément
2015 Social Anthropology  
The blob is a multilayered phenomenon that results from a two-way process, one going from the cultural settings to the core layers of the blob, the other going from natural neuro-psychological processes  ...  The social and cultural world is thus based on a process of 'interpenetration' that allows us to go in and out of each other's bodies and minds.  ...  Moving towards a relational ontology of social reality might thus help integrate the multilevel organisation of human life, including the mental and the social, into a general anthropology for which Bloch  ... 
doi:10.1111/1469-8676.12118 fatcat:zmejyesjv5edzbovbxnppyrifa

Page 3402 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 82, Issue 7 [page]

1995 Psychological Abstracts  
In reviewing Turvey’s work, both the insights of M. Heidegger (e.g., 1962, 1967, 1977) and findings in ecological psychology are utilized to argue for the need for a different ontological foundation.  ...  Propertied realism is argued against as a basis for ecological psychology’s ontology. A proper conception of intentionality provides a way to transcend traditional object- subject ontologies.  ... 

A critical realist interpretation of evolutionary growth theorising

Fulvio Castellacci
2006 Cambridge Journal of Economics  
The article discusses a critical realist interpretation of evolutionary growth theorising by focusing on some of its basic characteristics.  ...  After discussing these features, the article suggests that critical realism may indeed constitute an important philosophical and methodological foundation for the future development of evolutionary theories  ...  The adoption of a broader definition of evolutionary economics is relevant for our discussion of the critical realist foundations of the evolutionary approach, because it shows that appreciative theorising  ... 
doi:10.1093/cje/bel028 fatcat:lpkql26i2vcgdfyv5saievns54

Passive nihilism and ontotheology: A reply to Husbands on derivative temporality

Austin Hayden Smidt
2021 Finance and Society  
Conor Husbands' defense and expansion of Elena Esposito's temporality of finance is a much-needed intervention.  ...  However, in this response essay, I will show a few of the fundamental weaknesses of Esposito's project, and by extension will highlight some shortcomings of Husbands' defense-expansion.  ...  , which is in turn reduced to a neutral and inconsequential background of the infinity of positive worlds" (Prozorov, 2014: 42). 6.  ... 
doi:10.2218/finsoc.v7i1.5592 fatcat:yls2en3npzae7dw5iga2h3g6dq
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