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Formulating Simple Structured Queries Using Temporal and Distributional Cues in Patents

Le Zhao, James P. Callan
2009 Text Retrieval Conference  
This work focuses on the use of date fields and content fields of the query patent to formulate effective structured queries.  ...  The actual ranking query is constructed based on word distributions of title, claims and content fields of the query patent.  ...  This is a simple and efficient way of reformulating the structured query. No matter what ranking strategy is in use, date filtering always improves retrieval performance by a similar amount.  ... 
dblp:conf/trec/ZhaoC09 fatcat:vl4btoypnrckpkf6hnf6zogwiq

Formulating Simple Structured Queries using Temporal and Distributional Cues in Patents

Le Zhao, Jamie Callan
2018
This work focuses on the use of date fields and content fields of the query patent to formulate effective structured queries.  ...  The actual ranking query is constructed based on word distributions of title, claims and content fields of the query patent.  ...  This is a simple and efficient way of reformulating the structured query. No matter what ranking strategy is in use, date filtering always improves retrieval performance by a similar amount.  ... 
doi:10.1184/r1/6473378.v1 fatcat:mrpcv4dtmnat3mpdcaueqtis5a

Powers of 10: Modeling Complex Information-Seeking Systems at Multiple Scales

Peter Pirolli
2009 Computer  
Contact him at dt@endeca.com. pReCision AnD ReCAll IEEE Security & Privacy magazine can help with useful recommendations, authoritative analysis, and practical insights for securing your networks, applications  ...  Pick up on best practices and new developments in our unique mix of peer-reviewed articles and lively columns on the security and privacy issues that matter most.  ...  Social transactions can influence the gathering of requirements and formulation of a prob-lem representation before a search, the gathering and extraction of information during search, and the distribution  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2009.94 fatcat:bolxqndhfjaatpqtkflzribweq

Detecting irregularities in images and in video

O. Boiman, M. Irani
2005 Tenth IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV'05) Volume 1  
We show applications of this approach to identifying saliency in images and video, for detecting suspicious behaviors and for automatic visual inspection for quality assurance.  ...  We pose the problem of determining the validity of visual data as a process of constructing a puzzle: We try to compose a new observed image region or a new video segment ("the query") using chunks of  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the Israeli Science Foundation (Grant No. 281/06) and by the Alberto Moscona Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccv.2005.70 dblp:conf/iccv/BoimanI05 fatcat:ivjpli3q25ckncvetvjyp3vqna

Detecting Irregularities in Images and in Video

Oren Boiman, Michal Irani
2007 International Journal of Computer Vision  
We show applications of this approach to identifying saliency in images and video, for detecting suspicious behaviors and for automatic visual inspection for quality assurance.  ...  We pose the problem of determining the validity of visual data as a process of constructing a puzzle: We try to compose a new observed image region or a new video segment ("the query") using chunks of  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the Israeli Science Foundation (Grant No. 281/06) and by the Alberto Moscona Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11263-006-0009-9 fatcat:hykhbiyokna3rl7uby4r4h6at4

Streaming-media knowledge discovery

J. Pieper, S. Srinivasan, B. Dom
2001 Computer  
Another characterization of multimedia retrieval focuses on query formulation and data representation.  ...  The interface generated the results in response to a query on the keyword Clinton. Figure 5 . 5 The Cue-Radio agent interface.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.947094 fatcat:kziydciz7zdmliipnmiyifh744

Boosted learning in dynamic bayesian networks for multimodal speaker detection

A. Garg, V. Pavlovic, J.M. Rehg
2003 Proceedings of the IEEE  
We have tested our framework in the context of a novel multimodal HCI application: a speech-based command and control interface for a Smart Kiosk.  ...  Our framework covers static and dynamic Bayesian networks with both discrete and continuous states.  ...  Both audio-and video-based sensing can provide useful cues [4] , [11] . Visual cues can be useful in deciding whether a user is facing the system and whether they are moving their lips.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2003.817119 fatcat:r6qwpfcp65apnh45f7cspbsy2u

Mining Compositional Features From GPS and Visual Cues for Event Recognition in Photo Collections

Junsong Yuan, Jiebo Luo, Ying Wu
2010 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
As digital cameras with Global Positioning System (GPS) capability become available and people geotag their photos using other means, it is of great interest to annotate semantic events (e.g., hiking,  ...  We address this emerging event classification problem by mining informative features derived from image contents and spatio-temporal traces of GPS coordinates that characterize the underlying movement  ...  Given such a GPS-time trace, we extract 11 temporal and 11 spatial features to characterize the trace. We call these 22 GPS features structure similarity features.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2010.2051868 fatcat:i7up2v363rhaleu7jyk22eq6qy

Report on the fourth workshop on exploiting semantic annotations in information retrieval (ESAIR'11)

Omar Alonso, Jaap Kamps, Jussi Karlgren
2012 SIGIR Forum  
Currently, we have only started to explore the possibilities and only begun to understand how these valuable semantic cues can be put to fruitful use.  ...  ), and annotations bringing out the structure inherent in the data (e.g., sources, data schema's, document genres).  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank ACM and CIKM for hosting this workshop, in particular Craig Macdonald for his outstanding support in the organization.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2215676.2215682 fatcat:wqown64uqbd6hkfaibj5qmxe7y

Remedies against the Vocabulary Gap in Information Retrieval [article]

Christophe Van Gysel
2017 arXiv   pre-print
More specifically, we propose (1) methods to formulate an effective query from complex textual structures and (2) latent vector space models that circumvent the vocabulary gap in information retrieval.  ...  Consequently, there exists a vocabulary gap between queries and documents that occurs when both use different words to describe the same concepts.  ...  Code snippet 3: Simple queries can be fired using a simple interface.  ... 
arXiv:1711.06004v1 fatcat:6vkhvfby3zbzrepgopunm7gie4

CSFCube – A Test Collection of Computer Science Research Articles for Faceted Query by Example [article]

Sheshera Mysore, Tim O'Gorman, Andrew McCallum, Hamed Zamani
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Query by Example is a well-known information retrieval task in which a document is chosen by the user as the search query and the goal is to retrieve relevant documents from a large collection.  ...  Our test collection consists of a diverse set of 50 query documents in English, drawn from computational linguistics and machine learning venues.  ...  We include the query data distributions and the procedure for query selection in the annotator guidelines in our dataset release. 5 Candidate Pooling: Candidates per query are drawn from a corpus of  ... 
arXiv:2103.12906v3 fatcat:y4wdymtln5cojo2m2gw5alegpq

A comprehensive study of visual event computing

WeiQi Yan, Declan F. Kieran, Setareh Rafatirad, Ramesh Jain
2010 Multimedia tools and applications  
Later, we review an extensive set of papers taken from well-known conferences and journals in multiple disciplines. We analyze events, and summarize the procedure of visual event actions.  ...  We start by presenting events and their classifications, and continue with discussing the problem of capturing events in terms of photographs, videos, etc, as well as the methodologies for event storing  ...  Paul Miller, and Dr. Xiwu Gu etc. This work was partially supported by QUB research project: Unusual event detection in audio-visual surveillance for public transport (NO.D6223EEC).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-010-0560-9 fatcat:ak6u3eefefgjhmbpr7asru3n7u

Comparing the performance of collection selection algorithms

Allison L. Powell, James C. French
2003 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
Multicollection searching is cast in three parts: collection selection (also referred to as database selection), query processing and results merging.  ...  In this article, we present a detailed discussion of the methodology that we used to evaluate and compare collection selection approaches, covering both test environments and evaluation measures.  ...  We would also like to thank the anonymous referees for their thoughtful comments that led to material improvements in the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/944012.944016 fatcat:72siyg26abcltm2d3qkjvgs5eq

A scalable and adaptive method for finding semantically equivalent cue words of uncertainty

Chaomei Chen, Min Song, Go Eun Heo
2018 Journal of Informetrics  
We demonstrate how the new method can be used to expand a small seed list of uncertainty cue words and how the validity of the expanded candidate cue words are verified.  ...  These cue words offer a novel resource for the study of uncertainty in scientific assertions.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Science of Science and Innovation Policy (SciSIP) Program of the National Science Foundation (#1633286).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.joi.2017.12.004 fatcat:ycxlrguwnndydct2cavbyvdjyq

Passages: Interacting with Text Across Documents

Han L. Han, Junhang Yu, Raphael Bournet, Alexandre Ciorascu, Wendy E. Mackay, Michel Beaudouin-Lafon
2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
We conducted interviews with 12 patent examiners and 12 scientists and found that all face difculties using specialized tools for managing text from multiple documents across interconnected activities,  ...  Two user studies show that participants found Passages both elegant and powerful, facilitating their work practices and enabling greater reuse and novel strategies for analyzing and composing documents  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Many thanks to Domenico Golzio and Jean-Marc Janyszek from the European Patent Ofce for introducing us to the patent world and for their generous support in establishing the collaboration  ... 
doi:10.1145/3491102.3502052 fatcat:jg3srkr6wvh7dkbfqdvl5qpieu
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