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Are guidelines enough? An introduction to designing Web sites accessible to older people

S. Milne, A. Dickinson, A. Carmichael, D. Sloan, R. Eisma, P. Gregor
2005 IBM Systems Journal  
In this paper, the shortcomings of relying solely on accessibility guidelines are reviewed, and several ideas are proposed for encouraging a more holistic approach to accessibility.  ...  Although accessibility guidelines for designers are available, experience shows that these guidelines have not been successful enough in producing Web sites accessible to older people.  ...  Although legibility obviously affects the ability to read per se, in the context of Web pages suboptimum legibility markedly hinders the ability to efficiently scan a screen of items in search of a particular  ... 
doi:10.1147/sj.443.0557 fatcat:khafaqoi3nfytmxyll7uansbfu

Design and display of enhancing information in desktop information-rich virtual environments: challenges and techniques

NicholasF. Polys, DougA. Bowman
2004 Virtual Reality  
Using standard web-based software frameworks, we explore a number of implicit and explicit spatial layout methods for the display and linking of abstract information, especially text.  ...  These design techniques are relevant for instructional and informative interfaces for a wide variety of desktop VE applications.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank members of the 3D Interaction Group at Virginia Tech's  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10055-004-0134-0 fatcat:qpgmeuq3kvglroyuu72pjkcery

Teaching e-commerce Web page evaluation and design: a pilot study using tourism destination sites

Bernard Susser, Taeko Ariga
2006 Computers & Education  
Two groups of female students at a Japanese university studying either tourism or Web page design were assigned tasks that required cooperation to investigate whether a minimum of formal training and interaction  ...  between the two groups would result in an increase in the "design" studentsÕ awareness of content issues in page design, and an improvement in the "tourism" studentsÕ ability to evaluate Web pages related  ...  This survey of previous research has shown that while there is a large literature on and many guidelines for Web page design, there also are many criticisms of the research and wide variations in the guidelines  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2004.11.006 fatcat:barfx4qoavh2tkwxvterfk5umi

Graphic Design [chapter]

Linda L. Hill, Mehmet M. Dalkiliç, Brahim Medjahed, Mourad Ouzzani, Ahmed K. Elmagarmid, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Colin R. Reeves, Christopher B. Jones, Ross S. Purves, Michael F. Goodchild, Jayant Sharma, John Herring (+24 others)
2009 Encyclopedia of Database Systems  
The guidelines presented below lead to good legibility.  ...  Several other important design guidelines are variations on the principle of simplicity: (1) avoid clutter, (2) restrict the number of fonts you employ, and (3) align page elements on the same horizontal  ...  Does the design evoke appropriate moods? 2. Can you give a reason for each design decision you have made on your home page and on the interior pages?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_2715 fatcat:iininqxge5eepnfhu5gercmuzy

Consistency Priorities for Multi-device Design [chapter]

Rodrigo de Oliveira, Heloísa Vieira da Rocha
2007 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The methodology is being evaluated through a framework that generates Pocket PC interfaces from desktop web pages. Initial results point to the acceptance of the approach.  ...  We propose consistency priorities to support multi-device interface design minimizing the user's cognitive effort while performing the same task on different interfaces.  ...  Here's how it works: the original web page is shrunken to fit horizontally on the smaller screen, text font is increased to improve legibility and letters are cropped from right to left until sentences  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-74796-3_40 fatcat:tqmjgkdugjbhplkfm76w67oojq

Multimodal Accessibility of Documents [chapter]

Georgios Kouroupetroglou, Dimitrios Tsonos
2008 Advances in Human Computer Interaction  
For example, the title of a chapter can be recognized by placing it on the top of the page and in larger font size than the body of text.  ...  Readability and legibility are closely related to typographic elements, typeface design and font/background color combinations (  ...  The guidelines concern all the Web content developers (page authors and site designers) as well as the developers of authoring tools.  ... 
doi:10.5772/5916 fatcat:2mdkdmleqbgndbkyryetkanrmu

Expanding the Sémiologie Graphique for contemporary cartography, some ideas from visual semiotics, art history and design

Laurent Jégou
2018 Cartography and Geographic Information Science  
We consider research in semiotics, aesthetics and graphic design, with some fruitful results about the use of color or composition.  ...  In his paper we describe some ideas based on Bertin's Sémiologie Graphique with a focus on extending it for aesthetic quality issues in cartography.  ...  It's a composition of these items, often included in a larger page or poster layout, which also respect style guidelines.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15230406.2018.1513343 fatcat:pcblzpuggrc3niw2hdjob35swq

WCAG 2.1 Meets STEM: Application, Interpretation, and Opportunities for Further Standard Development

Jason White
2019 Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities  
This paper offers an overview of changes introduced in the recent Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 standard that have implications for the accessibility of content in science, technology  ...  The paper is concluded with a brief discussion of opportunities for further enhancing accessibility of STEM materials in future revisions of the Guidelines.  ...  At the most detailed level are the specific success criteria-verifiable assertions that must hold in order for a web page or a set of pages (e.g., a web site or application) to conform to the Guidelines  ... 
doi:10.14448/jsesd.11.0008 fatcat:v77bntu4drforohl5eztscu3vu

User Interface Design [chapter]

Elvis C. Foster
2014 Software Engineering  
The next higher level, in terms of universality and complexity, is spoken language.Most people can speak one language, some two or more.  ...  The lowest and most common level of communication modes we share are movements and gestures independent, that is, they permit people who do not speak the same language to deal with one another.  ...  Information Simply and Meaningfully  Reading, Browsing, and Searching on the Web  Intranet Design Guidelines  Extranet Design Guidelines  Statistical Graphics Structures of Menus  Single  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4842-0847-2_11 fatcat:cz6pd4xrnnhx3eqko2ejihessq

Using color effectively in computer graphics

L.W. MacDonald
1999 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
Guidelines for the use of color in Web page design must therefore depend, as always, on the communication purpose of the particular page (see Figure 22 ).  ...  The Web is an important new medium for computer graphics, in which colors on the screen depend on the originator (author) of the pages, the person viewing the pages via a browser, and the software tools  ... 
doi:10.1109/38.773961 fatcat:gngzcfryhzf2vjzf463zrjawum

Making It Work for Everyone: HTML5 and CSS Level 3 for Responsive, Accessible Design on Your Library's Web Site

Stewart C. Baker
2014 Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning  
This article argues that accessibility and universality are essential to good web design. A brief review of library science literature sets the issue of web accessibility in context.  ...  The bulk of the article explains the design philosophies of progressive enhancement and responsive web design, and summarizes recent updates to WCAG 2.0, HTML5, CSS Level 3, and WAI-ARIA.  ...  The following section of the paper presents one possible roadmap for the creation of an actual web page or series of web pages.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1533290x.2014.945825 fatcat:n4l3qgn7cneq7pygwk7q25wqse


Simon Harper, Sean Bechhofer
2007 ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction  
Yeliz Yesilada for answering all my questions and directing me to papers that were of interest.  ...  Simon Harper for their support, help and encouragement throughout the course of the research. I would also like to thank Dr.  ...  Level of understanding: A vast majority of the people working on Web page design are not expert in accessibility and thus expecting designers to understand all the guidelines and the reasoning behind them  ... 
doi:10.1145/1275511.1275516 fatcat:bkhnpezxxffkfirambdttb4n2a

Consistency on Multi-device Design [chapter]

Rodrigo de Oliveira, Heloísa Vieira da Rocha
2007 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The methodology is being evaluated through a framework that generates Pocket PC interfaces from desktop web pages. Initial results point to the acceptance of the approach.  ...  Research sub-areas: design methods, mobile computing, web design.  ...  Here's how it works: the original web page is shrunken to fit horizontally on the smaller screen, text font is increased to improve legibility and letters are cropped from right to left until sentences  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-74800-7_61 fatcat:ivo2dxr3ofeedkc72rf3plz55e

A Comparative Analysis of Maritime Universities Websites

Jasmin Ćelić, Aleksandar Cuculić, Sanjin Valčić
2016 Journal of Maritime & Transportation Science  
Websites and a variety of Internet pages that make up the World Wide Web are the primary user interfaces for online business, providing information and promotional activities on the Internet.  ...  The rapid and progressive development of this medium has led to the fact that there is almost no maritime education institution without its own website, or at least a web page.  ...  At the end of the 20th century, with the appearance of more powerful computers, these guidelines became increasingly important not only for hardware and software design, but also for web applications.  ... 
doi:10.18048/2016.51.10 fatcat:6y626wbakzgdxcjtetkjere2dq

DENIM: An Informal Web Site Design Tool Inspired by Observations of Practice

Mark Newman, James Lin, Jason Hong, James Landay
2003 Human-Computer Interaction  
to focus on different aspects of the design.  ...  Through a study of Web site design practice, we observed that designers employ multiple representations of Web sites as they progress through the design process and that these representations allow them  ...  the Web design investigation or the DENIM evaluation or, in one case, both.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327051hci1803_3 fatcat:sj5vks43zrbwlkzvr3jerlq3fa
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