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Does the discussion help? The impact of a formally assessed online discussion on final student results

Stuart Palmer, Dale Holt, Sharyn Bray
2008 British Journal of Educational Technology  
This paper presents a case study based on an undergraduate engineering management unit employing a formally assessed online discussion area.  ...  made to the online discussion.  ...  Intentional design includes designating conferences (online discussion areas) according the nature of the task (formal or informal), the duration of the task (one week, whole semester, etc), size of the  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00780.x fatcat:sudhpyx4cze6fbpux7nvbhjoye

Formalism in online education

Peter Serdyukov
2021 Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning  
One of the risks inherent in online learning is its growing formalization both in the organization of the learning and in its process, which may gravely affect students' learning, health, cognition, behavior  ...  was found that formalism permeates online education in many ways.  ...  Online learning formalization phases Teaching and learning (T&L) is a game with formal rules. Educational institutions impose strict formal guidelines on the learning process.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jrit-02-2021-0010 fatcat:wyjy6f5lrzactlkgxqjygynrci

Comparing Formal, Non-formal, and Informal Online Learning Environments [chapter]

Richard A. Schwier
2012 The Next Generation of Distance Education  
This paper will discuss these distinctions among formal, non-formal and informal education as they relate to learner to learner interaction online, and promulgate a seven point framework for best environments  ...  It is important to understand the different ways and contexts learners can interact with one another.  ...  users need clarity on the topic being discussed, is the knowledge sharing phase where learners can ask questions and elaborate on ideas regarding the topic.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-1785-9_9 fatcat:fhw4zn6sgjf5rmkw6khrvsobfu

Formal Analysis of Online Algorithms [chapter]

Benjamin Aminof, Orna Kupferman, Robby Lampert
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In [AKL10], we showed how viewing online algorithms as reactive systems enables the application of ideas from formal verification to the competitive analysis of online algorithms.  ...  Our approach is based on weighted automata, which assign to each input word a cost in IR ≥0 .  ...  Acknowledgment We thank Marek Chrobak for helpful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24372-1_16 fatcat:cgwtlhdni5do5gca54unrtd3xe

A Systematic Review of Empirical Studies on Participants' Interactions in Internet-Mediated Discussion Boards as a Course Component in Formal Higher Education Settings

Hong Zhou
2015 Online Learning  
This systematic review and synthesis of existing empirical studies examines peer-reviewed research articles published between January 2000 and May 2014 on the use of Internet-mediated discussion boards  ...  its results indicate several potential directions for future research, and connect the primary studies to provide a more holistic understanding of the participants' interactions in Internet-mediated discussions  ...  A characteristic of the online discussion reflected in more primary findings is considered stronger than a characteristic reflected in fewer primary findings.  ... 
doi:10.24059/olj.v19i3.675 fatcat:ks7t5o7jirg23pigjoc7k6qgiy

Supporting cross-cultural online discussion with formal and informal platforms: a case between Hong Kong and Taiwan

Liping Deng, Yang-Hsueh Chen, Sandy C. Li
2017 Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning  
The paper reports on a collaborative project on fostering cross-cultural online discussion between two universities with one in Hong Kong and the other in Taiwan.  ...  Two online platforms-Moodle as a formal channel for course-related discussion and Facebook as an informal channel for social-oriented interaction-were employed.  ...  As part of the individual assignments, the students wrote personal reflections on the online discussion experiences at the end of the semester.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41039-017-0050-z pmid:30613254 pmcid:PMC6302850 fatcat:lrcl3ugr2rbojmqbhawo77264q

Toward a Formal Sociology of Online Harassment

Katherine Cross
2019 Human Technology: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Humans in ICT Environments  
With this form, the public can more clearly visualize online harassment as a structural rather than individual phenomenon.  ...  Using contemporary research to modify Georg Simmel's formal sociological method, I provide researchers and the wider public with an easily visualized structure that most harassment campaigns follow: the  ...  DISCUSSION So far as formal sociology is concerned, there are some who might argue that it is being used too conservatively here.  ... 
doi:10.17011/ht/urn.201911265023 fatcat:gpjbiqx5anfnza5qcz3rfgtvgu

An Empirical Analysis of Formality in Online Communication

Ellie Pavlick, Joel Tetreault
2016 Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
We apply our model to an investigation of formality in online discussion forums, and present findings consistent with theories of formality and linguistic coordination.  ...  This paper presents an empirical study of linguistic formality. We perform an analysis of humans' perceptions of formality in four different genres.  ...  We would like to thank Martin Chodorow for valuable discussion and input, and Marilyn Walker, Shereen Oraby, and Shibamouli Lahiri for sharing and facilitating the use of their resources.  ... 
doi:10.1162/tacl_a_00083 fatcat:765xi5frezabzm3yefhqbxpzju

Formalizing Symbolic Interactionism

Wouter de Nooy
2009 Methodological Innovations Online  
Recent developments in quantitative social network analysis, however, can analyze processes theorized within this theoretical tradition.  ...  Results from a long-term project on literary criticism substantiate the argument and illustrate a major development in social network analysis.  ...  Self-reflections can be included as labels attached to the author or the work discussed.  ... 
doi:10.1177/205979910900400105 fatcat:ljlym4uy5zbqjit2m67gizeu54

Blending Formal and Informal Learning Networks for Online Learning

Betul Czerkawski
2016 International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning  
The results and illustrated course design framework may contribute to the discussion of blending informal and formal learning for online learning.</p>  ...  <p>With the emergence of social software and the advance of web-based technologies, online learning networks provide invaluable opportunities for learning, whether formal or informal.  ...  This paper presented a framework to assist the instructional development process so online instructors can achieve quality of instruction.  ... 
doi:10.19173/irrodl.v17i3.2344 fatcat:3osb7c5nzffsnj3asfzbupkadm

REFLECTIONS ON FREQUENCY EFFECTS IN LANGUAGE PROCESSING

Nick C. Ellis
2002 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
His processability theory (Pienemann, 1998) makes formal predictions regarding the structures that can be processed at a given level of L2 learning based on psychological mechanisms that underlie interlanguage  ...  I discuss the role of chunking in these processes in Ellis (1996 Ellis ( , 2001 ). As Gass and Mackey and R.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263102002140 fatcat:7zlauh2akbdplag55e6upwk25i

Formalizing Neurath's ship: Approximate algorithms for online causal learning

Neil R. Bramley, Peter Dayan, Thomas L. Griffiths, David A. Lagnado
2017 Psychological review  
Higher-level cognition depends on the ability to learn models of the world.  ...  This implies that the cognitive processes underlying causal learning must be substantially approximate.  ...  However, there are various ways to extend the formalism as we discuss in General Discussion, and our theory is not fundamentally tied to a particular representation. 3 We also restrict ourselves to cases  ... 
doi:10.1037/rev0000061 pmid:28240922 fatcat:5iief74vmjhq3dqaja64t6sc2u

Didactics and non-formal/informal relations. Online communication and knowledge processes

Serge Agostinelli, Valerie Campillo, Patrizia Magnoler, Pier Giuseppe Rossi
2011 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
The use of technologies in didactics raises several issues that deserve to be further examined both to support teachers' reflections about the effects of daily use of the Internet on students of, and to  ...  Both the dynamics between the participants and the results of the knowledge construction processes are changing and create a "hyperbolic space" characterised by relational circles of different range.  ...  On one hand we put the environments that students live in freely and in which they share their reflections and impressions on the university process. We can discuss informal contexts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.142 fatcat:bps3gfrp2zdpjpamakg5c5rylm

Frontmatter [chapter]

2022 Second Language Use Online and its Integration in Formal Language Learning  
The volumes included in the series all offer in their different ways, on the one hand, exposition and discussion of empirical findings and, on the other, some degree of theoretical reflection.  ...  Title: Second Language Use Online and its Integration in Formal Language Learning: From Chatroom to Classroom/Andrew D. Moffat.  ... 
doi:10.21832/9781800413634-fm fatcat:rgznubeobbdq7imo4yy72tgwou

FORMAL COURSE DESIGN AND THE STUDENT LEARNING EXPERIENCE

Gary Brown, Carrie B. Myers, Sharon Roy
2019 Online Learning  
This paper reports on efforts at Washington State University to develop and assess the course design and faculty development process and the impact the process has on student learning experiences.  ...  The implications of this study for faculty development and policy implementation are discussed.  ...  efficacy of online learning.  ... 
doi:10.24059/olj.v7i3.1846 fatcat:6mtcpi6erjflfatq6qpdugykem
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